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Understanding Sudan’s civil war
May 24, 2023

Understanding Sudan’s civil war

To achieve any meaningful and lasting settlement to the conflict, the two warring generals need to agree on handing over power to civilians and integr

Understanding the fall in Opium production in Afghanistan
Jul 05, 2023

Understanding the fall in Opium production in Afghanistan

The far-reaching implications of the policy changes brought by the Taliban and their unprecedented impact on the region warrant global attention

Understanding the South Asian fighters phenomenon in the Russia-Ukraine war
Apr 17, 2024

Understanding the South Asian fighters phenomenon in the Russia-Ukraine war

The shortage of manpower in Russia, along with the allure of higher wages and citizenship, continue to serve as pull factors for migrants from South A

Unemployment remains the biggest challenge for Nepal
Dec 18, 2020

Unemployment remains the biggest challenge for Nepal

Before it is too late, it is necessary on the part of the federal, provincial and local governments to provide easy loans and grants to entrepreneurs,

Union Budget 2023-24: Allocations for India’s urban sector
Mar 15, 2023

Union Budget 2023-24: Allocations for India’s urban sector

The highest allocations being given to the housing and transport sectors indicates that the government’s priority during 2023-24 is to provide shelt

Union Budget inflationary, says former Revenue Secretary
May 03, 2011

Union Budget inflationary, says former Revenue Secretary

If the dreams of this Union Budget have to become a reality, two important aspects need to be addressed -- transparency and efficiency, says former Revenue Secretary Sivaraman.

United States and the world
Jan 25, 2005

United States and the world

Continuity rather than change may well be the mark of the second Bush administration's foreign policy.It was billed as `the liberty speech.' George W. Bush, beginning his second term as President, said: ""It is the policy of the United States to seek and support the growth of democratic movements and institutions in every nation and culture, with the ultimate goal of ending tyranny in our world.""

United States, Russia and the future of New START
Jun 29, 2020

United States, Russia and the future of New START

It is important to reign in the growing shift towards building larger stockpiles with the demise of international agreements.

Universal basic income and India's China lesson: Paradiplomacy revisited
May 10, 2017

Universal basic income and India's China lesson: Paradiplomacy revisited

Robust economic growth, coupled with a dibao-like subsistence guarantee to target poor through poverty household registry, and UBI in Macau and Hong K

Unleashing the CBI, the BJP style
Oct 16, 2015

Unleashing the CBI, the BJP style

From 'being the Congress's most trusted alliance partner' during the UPA years, the CBI has now morphed into the BJP's instrumentality of 'fixing' political opponents. Prima facie it appears to be the case and analysts think one will see more empirical evidence of an aggressive CBI in the coming weeks as the BJP feels the pressure on rising intolerance in the country.

Unlocking capital for climate response in the emerging world
Apr 23, 2021

Unlocking capital for climate response in the emerging world

The policy decision to decarbonise capital flows are important in driving the necessary shift towards a more sustainable and resilient global order, b

Unpacking Pakistan's economic meltdown
Jun 15, 2023

Unpacking Pakistan's economic meltdown

The likelihood of Pakistan defaulting on its foreign obligations this year appears more imminent than ever

Unquiet on the front
Aug 12, 2013

Unquiet on the front

After the Ladakh intrusion, Delhi has sensibly stepped up the conversation on LAC management with Beijing. The recent violence on the LoC demands the same with Islamabad. When he meets Nawaz Sharif in New York next month, Manmohan Singh must seek Pakistan's renewed political support for the LoC ceasefire and an agreement to translate that commitment into a military reality.

Unravelling of ‘Naya Pakistan’
Apr 12, 2022

Unravelling of ‘Naya Pakistan’

Reveals continuing limitation of politics and Imran Khan’s failure to change it

UNSC seat: Is there a short-cut on the long road ahead?
Nov 15, 2010

UNSC seat: Is there a short-cut on the long road ahead?

India will repent at leisure if it gives up the race for the UNSC seat now only to find, after some years, that countries with lesser weight but greater perseverance have left us irretrievably a rung lower in the international hierarchy.

Unseen currents, missed opportunities: Women in water management
Mar 21, 2024

Unseen currents, missed opportunities: Women in water management

As India navigates the complexities of sustainable development, ensuring gender equality in the waterscape emerges as a pivotal element in creating a

Unshackle Indian retail e-commerce
Mar 28, 2022

Unshackle Indian retail e-commerce

Through timely regulation, the government can aid in enlarging the ecosystem of retailers in e-commerce

Untying the Gordian knot: Catalysing green energy investments in emerging and developing economies
Dec 15, 2017

Untying the Gordian knot: Catalysing green energy investments in emerging and developing economies

This report is part of the Observer Research Foundation’s “Financing Green Transitions” series which aims to find potential linkages between private capital, in all its forms, and climate action projects. The series will primarily examine domestic and international barriers to private capital entry for mitigation oriented climate projects, while also examining potential avenues for private capital flow entry towards adaptation and resilienc

UPI in the Gulf: Revolutionising remittances
Feb 20, 2023

UPI in the Gulf: Revolutionising remittances

Enabling UPI services in the Gulf can simplify and streamline the process of sending money to India

Upping retirement age in India debate
Dec 05, 2019

Upping retirement age in India debate

As India faces an inevitable downturn of its demographic graph over the next few decades, it must adopt a nuanced strategy to keep the ageing, but fit

Urban youth are seeking jobs abroad
Apr 01, 2024

Urban youth are seeking jobs abroad

Amidst the high rate of unemployment in India, many urban youth are taking up blue-collar jobs abroad

Urbanisation in China in the Light of the Latest Census
Jun 06, 2011

Urbanisation in China in the Light of the Latest Census

With its transition from a middle income to a developed country, China is facing several challenges. Inconsistent and changing categories of administrative divisions create problems in the governance of urban centres.

Urgent need for a national immigration policy
Aug 19, 2016

Urgent need for a national immigration policy

There is an urgent need for a national immigration policy in which the government ought to aim at giving immigrants their rights.

US -Russia Relations at a Crossroads
Aug 02, 2013

US -Russia Relations at a Crossroads

Láffaire Snowden, the Moscow CIA station chief's name being published by Russia; tit-for-tat lists of alleged human rights violators released by the two countries; Syria, Iran, Ballistic Missile Defence, nuclear arms reductions—these are the issues concerning US-Russia relations that have dominated the headlines in the last few weeks. It would appear that the Cold War is upon us again! However, seen from another perspective, there are some sig

US faces a renewed Shi'ite challenge
Jan 22, 2024

US faces a renewed Shi'ite challenge

The US today is on the horns of a dilemma in the Middle East.

US Navy under Biden gets its first woman chief
Jul 31, 2023

US Navy under Biden gets its first woman chief

In nominating Adm Franchetti to the highest position of the US Navy, the Biden administration has pushed for a more diverse American military

US needs a federal data protection law right now: Marietje Schaake
Jan 29, 2021

US needs a federal data protection law right now: Marietje Schaake

If this is a moment that will change the Internet, how will that process proceed from here? And for whom will it change?

US Secondary Sanctions and Petroleum Imports: Safeguarding India’s Energy Security
Apr 06, 2022

US Secondary Sanctions and Petroleum Imports: Safeguarding India’s Energy Security

The drastic and sudden drop in Venezuelan and Iranian oil exports to India in 2019-2020, due to the looming threat of US secondary sanctions, is the latest supply chain disruption to India’s energy security. To avoid similar disruptions in the future, India must act decisively to increase its Strategic Petroleum Reserves to meet at least 90 days of emergency oil stocks, and combine lobbying efforts between India’s private and public oil compa

US secondary sanctions: Framing an appropriate response for India
Jan 07, 2019

US secondary sanctions: Framing an appropriate response for India

Sanctions, a mechanism to penalise international legal violations, usually prohibit nationals of the “sanctioning country” from engaging in specified activities with the “targeted country.” Secondary or extraterritorial sanctions, on the other hand, penalise third-country individuals and companies for dealing with sanctioned countries. Recent measures adopted by the US—the enactment of the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanc

US swing to Pacific real and enduring
Mar 14, 2012

US swing to Pacific real and enduring

The United States' pivot to Asia is real and enduring, according to Professor Jeffrey W Legro, Professor of Politics and Randolph P. Compton Professor in the Miller Center at the University of Virginia.

US to withdraw from Open Skies Treaty
May 25, 2020

US to withdraw from Open Skies Treaty

For the US, the OST is not particularly useful as an intelligence gathering tool, but the reality is that it was always intended as a confidence build

Us versus them
Aug 24, 2016

Us versus them

Sheltering under the benign glow of Ashoka Pillar lions, the tribe of Government of India servants is the worst afflicted by the “us versus them”

US' recent decisions to cloud Pompeo’s visit to India
Jun 14, 2019

US' recent decisions to cloud Pompeo’s visit to India

Washington is seeking to share onus with New Delhi on continuing the cultivation of strategic ties.

US-India Defence Cooperation: Constraints, opportunities, and solutions
Jun 21, 2023

US-India Defence Cooperation: Constraints, opportunities, and solutions

The visit of Modi to Washington D.C. promises to be a harbinger of a major transformation in US-India defence ties

Using shared cultural heritage of South Asia for conflict resolutions
Sep 04, 2012

Using shared cultural heritage of South Asia for conflict resolutions

The SAARC region needed to be rescued from colonial era cultural definitions as they were too narrow and a broader range was sought to create cultural zones within the natural boundaries, argues well-known Sri Lankan archeologist Prof. Sudharshan Seneviratne.

Utilising blockchain for cross-border payments: Implications for India
Aug 20, 2023

Utilising blockchain for cross-border payments: Implications for India

Cross-border payment is one part of the banking sector that has yet to benefit from recent progress in digitalisation. Most international transactions are still processed using a 600-year-old correspondent banking system devised by the Medici.[1] However, this system of manual entry of transactions is not a scalable solution for the burgeoning digital payments space. While this may seem like an issue for institutions, a huge segment of the popul

Uttarakhand: The politics of disaster
Jul 01, 2013

Uttarakhand: The politics of disaster

Uttarakhand devastation would not have been so furious but for years of human greed, administrative and political connivance. We greedily ravaged nature beyond its tolerance and without any rules. When nature responded with a kind of pent up fury, our response was sluggish and confused.

Vice President releases book on Late R. K. Mishra
Jun 29, 2010

Vice President releases book on Late R. K. Mishra

The Vice President of India, Shri. M. Hamid Ansari and the Union Finance Minister, Shri. Pranab Mukherjee, remembered the contributions of late Shri R.K. Mishra, ORF Founder Chairman, while releasing 'A Brahmin Without Caste: Remembering Rishi Kumar Mishra' -- a volume contributed by 56 personalities from different walks of life.

Vietnam ropes in stakeholders to  counter China territorial dispute
Jan 24, 2014

Vietnam ropes in stakeholders to counter China territorial dispute

Hanoi's decision in granting oil blocks to New Delhi could make China uneasy as Chinese foreign policy, especially towards the South China Sea and the East China Sea, has undergone a major shift in the last few years.

Vital sea lanes of communications as a core interest for China: Inferences for India’s national security
Aug 18, 2020

Vital sea lanes of communications as a core interest for China: Inferences for India’s national security

China’s energy interests, constant pursuit for natural resources, expanding commercial interests combined with a quickly growing diaspora in the Ind

Von der Leyen walks the election tightrope
Mar 28, 2024

Von der Leyen walks the election tightrope

Although Von der Leyen has proved her mettle over the years, only time will tell if she would be able to maintain her legacy in other critical areas s

Vulnerabilities, equities, and progress
Apr 14, 2021

Vulnerabilities, equities, and progress

The ease and speed with which cyberweapons can be recycled heighten risks in ways that are incomparable to other domains of conflict.

Waiting to Explode: Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea
Aug 11, 2023

Waiting to Explode: Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea

This paper aims to analyse the reasons for the rise of piracy in the Gulf of Guinea, its characteristics, the primary drivers for the growing menace and international responses; it also compares the differences in modus operandi between Gulf of Guinea and Somalian piracy. Till the early 1980s, piracy was often dismissed as being “archaic Tand folklore of the past”, rarely entering the main maritime discourse. But true to its nature, ‘moder

Wake-up Call from the North-East
Oct 06, 2004

Wake-up Call from the North-East

Twenty-six persons were killed and over a hundred injured by two explosions in Dimapur, the only railway station in Nagaland in India's North-East, on October 2, 2004, the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The same day, in a series of co-ordinated attacks in different places in Assam, also in the North-East, involving the use of hand-held weapons, hand-granades and explosives,19 persons were killed.