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Strengthening energy-health nexus for health security
Jan 26, 2024

Strengthening energy-health nexus for health security

There is a fundamental link between energy and public health. In advancing health, energy security is critical.

Strengthening Europe's defense amidst Russian invasion and rise of Trump
Mar 22, 2024

Strengthening Europe's defense amidst Russian invasion and rise of Trump

The EU is now taking a multi-pronged approach to strengthen its defence capabilities in the midst of  Russian invasion of Ukraine and rise of Trump i

Strengthening India’s Global Influence through a Sound Public Diplomacy Policy
Oct 23, 2023

Strengthening India’s Global Influence through a Sound Public Diplomacy Policy

This brief tackles the crucial role of public diplomacy in enhancing India's global influence. It argues that India should exert effort to communicate its rich cultural heritage and economic growth story to foreign audiences, and recommends a roadmap that involves linking public diplomacy to national security, the establishment of a specialised public diplomacy agency, and creating the position of a chief public diplomat. A well-structured public

Strengthening municipal leadership in India: The potential of directly elected mayors with executive powers
Sep 04, 2018

Strengthening municipal leadership in India: The potential of directly elected mayors with executive powers

The question of municipal leadership is of great significance in urban governance in India. There are various models of the position of chief executive of an urban local body (ULB), predominantly tilting towards the ‘strong mayor’ model either through ‘presidentialisation’ of the office or through a ‘mayor-in-council’[1] system. In India, it is the ‘state appointed municipal commissioner’ model that holds sway, sitting over a popu

Strengthening the C4ISR capabilities of India’s Armed Forces: The Role of Small Satellites
Jun 15, 2020

Strengthening the C4ISR capabilities of India’s Armed Forces: The Role of Small Satellites

Small satellites have gained considerable importance in recent years. Although small spacecraft have existed for decades, their military applications have recently gained prominence owing to technological advances in their development and integration into the armed services of the major spacefaring countries across the world. This paper analyses the significance of small satellites in the C4ISR capabilities of the three service branches of the In

Stricter implementation of laws key to women's safety
Mar 19, 2014

Stricter implementation of laws key to women's safety

Safer cities are a product of technology, policing, community participation, education, and planning and architectural design. In the policy frame, focus should be on inclusive development, participatory approaches, identity mainstreaming, and sustainable urban development to create a more equal and tolerant urban society.

Striking with caution: Beyond the performative muscle flexing, Islamabad had little choice
Jan 28, 2024

Striking with caution: Beyond the performative muscle flexing, Islamabad had little choice

This return to business as usual is reflective of the wariness on both sides to escalate the crisis further and prevent it from metastasising into a new front of conflict.

Strong ties with US in India's interest
Jul 14, 2014

Strong ties with US in India's interest

Like China did in the early 1980s, India needs to exploit the opportunity of good relations with the US to become a stronger economic and military power. Indeed, as a decisive leader, Modi could well transform the relationship with the US and enable it to reach its full potential.

Super Hornets may pip Rafales in Indian Navy’s Carrier-based Fighter Aircraft Procurement
Jul 22, 2022

Super Hornets may pip Rafales in Indian Navy’s Carrier-based Fighter Aircraft Procurement

Purchase of F/A-18 Super Hornets can herald the beginning of a closer long-term relationship with the US, which shall be beneficial for India and espe

Surgical Strikes and Deterrence-Stability in South Asia
Jun 24, 2017

Surgical Strikes and Deterrence-Stability in South Asia

Indian announcement of having conducted surgical strikes across the de-facto border with Pakistan in Jammu and Kashmir has major implications for deterrence-stability in South Asia. New Delhi has sought to devise a military strategy to respond to Pakistan’s sub-conventional war that does not lead to escalation of conflict to nuclear levels and collapse of nuclear deterrence. This paper analyses India’s surgical strikes of September 2016, thei

Sustainable business practices: Imperatives and pathways
Aug 11, 2023

Sustainable business practices: Imperatives and pathways

A move towards universal business sustainability will need a multi-stakeholder approach, legal enforcement, and government policies

Sustainable finance bonds: The emerging face of finance
May 03, 2024

Sustainable finance bonds: The emerging face of finance

While sustainable development and green growth are replacing conventional notions of economic growth and development, conventional finance is being re

Syria: At the threshold
Oct 27, 2011

Syria: At the threshold

Everywhere in Syria the grand conspiracy of the US, Israel, Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar to overthrow the Assad regime is feverishly discussed. Turkey reportedly tried to mediate in this crisis by suggesting that Muslim Brotherhood should be included in the negotiations, but Damascus refused since the Brotherhood is a religious grouping.

Tackling India’s unemployment problem: Services, skills, and symmetry
Apr 15, 2024

Tackling India’s unemployment problem: Services, skills, and symmetry

The Indian service sector necessitates the implementation of specific policies to guarantee the adoption of technology and upskilling to secure growth

Tackling Industrial Pollution in India: Where is the Data?
May 10, 2023

Tackling Industrial Pollution in India: Where is the Data?

This brief argues that the understanding of city-level air quality could be strengthened if residents who live in spaces where industries are present, are able to access information about industrial emissions in their areas. Indeed, even as there are some 4,000 OCEMS (online continuous emissions/effluents monitoring systems) in place in different pollutive industries across the country, the data they collect—inarguably vital for public health�

Tactical gaps in Indo-Russia ties despite Putin-Modi’s bonhomie
Jun 05, 2017

Tactical gaps in Indo-Russia ties despite Putin-Modi’s bonhomie

Speculation was rife that the bilateral relationship had lost its strategic sheen and had become a transactional one, where Russia was just a convenient one-window stop for some military equipment.

Tactics & Counter-tactics: PWG NAxals & Security Forces
Mar 13, 2004

Tactics & Counter-tactics: PWG NAxals & Security Forces

Naxalites of the People¿s War Group (PWG) and the security forces (SF) continuously devise tactics and counter-tactics to defeat one another. In a latest move, the SFs formed Counter Action Teams (CAT) to target the Permanent Action Teams (PAT) of the PWG. The tactic achieved its first success in Warangal District, Andhra Pradesh (AP). On April 11, 2004 two prominent Naxalites were hunted down by a CAT in the district, after reportedly engaging

Takeaways for India from IPCC’s Assessment of Global Mitigation Efforts
Aug 14, 2023

Takeaways for India from IPCC’s Assessment of Global Mitigation Efforts

The findings of Working Group-III (WG-III) of the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) clearly highlight the global failure to scale-up mitigation actions to achieve the Paris Climate targets. Immediate and unprecedented action will now be needed to avoid catastrophic global warming in this century. The WG-III report details some of the policy actions needed at the global level to enable a sustai

Taliban’s Return Threatens Past Gains for Aghanistan’s Women and Girls
Feb 22, 2022

Taliban’s Return Threatens Past Gains for Aghanistan’s Women and Girls

In the midst of the chaotic withdrawal of the US-led forces from Afghanistan, the Taliban swept back to power in Kabul on 15 August 2021. Since then, the Taliban have repeatedly attempted to project a more moderate brand of governance. However, the Taliban leaders have yet to enunciate clear policies on issues such as women’s and girls’ access to education, employment, and political participation. Early indications nonetheless suggest that th

Talking to Pakistan Taliban: Will it work?
Sep 20, 2013

Talking to Pakistan Taliban: Will it work?

The Nawaz Sharif government's offer of the olive branch to TTP seems more like an act of desperation than a serious attempt to bring about stability in the country. As the previous deals with militants have shown, the outcomes have favoured militants more than the governments.

Talking to Taliban: Is it going anywhere?
Jul 29, 2011

Talking to Taliban: Is it going anywhere?

Reconciliation with the Taliban is critical to the US transition plan for Afghanistan. Although there have been secret and persistent talks with some key elements of the Taliban leadership during the last two years, a tangible outcome has yet to emerge from these negotiations.

Tamil Nadu industrial growth steady
Dec 22, 2016

Tamil Nadu industrial growth steady

The first industrial estate zones in India came up during the 1960s when R. Venkatraman and C. Subramanian were ministers under Chief Minister K. Kamaraj.

Taming digital titans
Mar 11, 2023

Taming digital titans

Are the regulatory arrangements for ensuring “competition in the market” adequate to control the Tech giants?

TAPI: What's in the pipeline?
May 22, 2012

TAPI: What's in the pipeline?

The TAPI pipeline is not merely about economics. Geo-political concerns have played a crucial role in pushing the project, especially the deteriorating US-Iran relationship, amongst others. Two US companies have evinced also keen interest.

Tech @2021: The dark underbelly of the chrome age
Jan 04, 2021

Tech @2021: The dark underbelly of the chrome age

As we enter the new decade, it is critical that nations and communities be able to realise the transformative potential of emerging technologies, in a

Tectonic shift in US’ attitude
Jan 18, 2020

Tectonic shift in US’ attitude

The existing stalemate between Iran and the US is not going to last forever. The situation is probably going to get far worse, before it gets better.

Tense X'mas for our Sudan FDI
Dec 26, 2013

Tense X'mas for our Sudan FDI

In March, a "matrix" between the two Sudans set conditionalities and dates both countries must respect. It was an insurance against political vagaries and deep deficit budgets. But with oil revenues falling into Machar's hands, the entire ambit of monies and transit fee from Juba could come unstuck one more time!

Tension in the Persian Gulf
Jun 25, 2019

Tension in the Persian Gulf

The U.S. and Iran are muddying the waters with accusations and counter-accusations

Terror has no religion but slow economic growth is ‘Hindu’?
Jun 12, 2019

Terror has no religion but slow economic growth is ‘Hindu’?

The idea of equating a slow GDP growth with Hinduism, and further attributing Hinduism to economic somnolence is being brandished as virtue-signalling

Terrorism in Thailand: Tech & Tactics Savvy
Apr 05, 2005

Terrorism in Thailand: Tech & Tactics Savvy

The Annexure gives available details of terrorist incidents reported from southern Thailand since October 25, 2004, when 85 Muslim youth arrested by the Thai security forces during a demonstration outside a police station died due to suffocation while they and many others were being transported to their place of intended detention.

Text, Context' Mismatch: UGC Vice-Chairman
Apr 19, 2005

Text, Context' Mismatch: UGC Vice-Chairman

Inaugurating a workshop on 'Role of Universities in Public Policy-Making', hosted by Observer Research Foundation (ORF), New Delhi, University Grants Commission Vice-Chairman Prof V.N. Rajasekharan Pillai, on April 19, 2005, urged Vice-Chancellors and educationists to recreate linkages between universities and Government, research organizations, administrators and society, in order to render universities more relevant and help in enacting effecti

Thailand’s geopolitical dilemma: Aligning with China while honouring US ties
Sep 10, 2023

Thailand’s geopolitical dilemma: Aligning with China while honouring US ties

Navigating the delicate balance between its association with the US and China amidst their ongoing global geopolitical competition presents a signific

That First Childhood Cigarette: Big Tobacco metaphor drags US Congress to address a bigger dilemma
Oct 22, 2021

That First Childhood Cigarette: Big Tobacco metaphor drags US Congress to address a bigger dilemma

The recent testimony by Frances Haugen placed Facebook under scrutiny after flagging its harmful algorithms, thus raising the question should governme

The 20th Party Congress and China’s New Roadmap
Aug 28, 2023

The 20th Party Congress and China’s New Roadmap

The 20th Party Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) in October 2022 and the subsequent leadership reshuffle gave a new mandate to a ruling elite that will sit at the helm till 2027. It happened at a time when the CPC is facing strong headwinds, among them a tech war with the United States (US) and a downturn in the domestic economy as a result of President Xi Jinping’s ‘zero-COVID-19’ policy. The CPC saw the protests that ensued a

The Afghanistan Factor in India’s Approach to Central Asia
Oct 13, 2014

The Afghanistan Factor in India’s Approach to Central Asia

This issue brief examines how Afghanistan facilitates India's objectives vis-a-vis Central Asia and explores how engagement with Central Asia, in turn, could play a major role in furthering India's interests in Afghanistan.

The Africa Climate Action Performance Report
Aug 12, 2022

The Africa Climate Action Performance Report

Although Africa’s greenhouse gas emissions are low, its contribution to climate change mitigation is critical to global climate action. This report evaluates Africa’s climate policy through the lens of ‘common but differentiated responsibilities,’ an asymmetrical allocation of responsibility for climate action, determined by differences in countries’ contributions to historical emissions and their current capabilities to fight climate c

The African continental free trade area and its implications for India-Africa trade
Oct 08, 2018

The African continental free trade area and its implications for India-Africa trade

The African countries are set to launch the African Continental Free Trade Area or AfCFTA, the biggest free trade agreement in the world since the World Trade Organization was created in the 1990s. When implemented, the AfCFTA is projected to increase intra-African trade by 52.3 percent by 2022, from 2010 levels. In turn, higher trade levels can facilitate economic growth, transform domestic economies, and help the countries achieve the Sustainab

The AI “black box” conundrum
Jun 11, 2024

The AI “black box” conundrum

It is difficult and highly impractical for any AI regulation to be effective if the technology in question is hidden behind black boxes, be it trainin

The Arab Spring & India: Promises and Challenges
Jul 20, 2011

The Arab Spring & India: Promises and Challenges

Saeed Naqvi, Distinguished Fellow at the Observer Research Foundation, traveled to Bahrain, Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia, Baghdad, Najaf, Amman, Cairo, Jerusalem and Ramallah after the Arab Spring broke out. Earlier, he visited Tunisia, Iran, Yemen, Somalia, Sudan, Western Sahara and Libya. In this paper, he shares his first-hand experiences and discussions with leaders and diplomats, many of whom have requested anonymity. This paper follows

The Arab Spring at 10: A more complex West Asia
Dec 19, 2020

The Arab Spring at 10: A more complex West Asia

The Arab Spring taught everyone that democracy, transition and political movements are not a spectator sport, but require rigour, time, planning and c

The art of juggling officialdom to control COVID19
Jul 20, 2020

The art of juggling officialdom to control COVID19

The recent spate of top IAS transfers in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region has exposed Maharashtra’s haphazard handling of the pandemic

The Bengaluru floods: The rising challenge of urban floods in India
Oct 15, 2022

The Bengaluru floods: The rising challenge of urban floods in India

India already ranks very high among countries in terms of disaster events with urban floods now being added to the list

The BEST chance
Jul 05, 2019

The BEST chance

A slew of reforms announced for Mumbai’s public transport buses can potentially change BEST’s fortunes, but doubts prevail.

The Bike-Taxi Alternative to Enhancing Urban Mobility in India
Aug 14, 2023

The Bike-Taxi Alternative to Enhancing Urban Mobility in India

Despite concerted efforts to improve urban public transport, the use of personal vehicles has increased across India. City administrations must consider promoting the use of paratransit vehicles, such as bike-taxis, that can provide ridership to more commuters than a private vehicle. While bike-taxis are prevalent in some Indian cities, their use is curtailed elsewhere in the country by state policy and statutes. Amid growing city congest

The Brahmaputra conundrum
Dec 04, 2017

The Brahmaputra conundrum

Despite denials from the Chinese authorities, there is strong speculation that plans for a 1000 km-long tunnel is being tested in order to transfer water from the Yarlung Tsangpo in Tibet to Xinjiang. Given this mix of Chinese denial and Indian apprehension, how should Indian strategists react?