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G20’s Debt Service Suspension Initiative: A historical comparison
Jun 28, 2022

G20’s Debt Service Suspension Initiative: A historical comparison

With the rise of global debt levels in recent times, the current requirement of debt restructuring programmes is to ameliorate debt transparency.

Gandhi: Great influencer on Hindi Cinema despite celluloid aversion
Oct 02, 2019

Gandhi: Great influencer on Hindi Cinema despite celluloid aversion

It was through the movies that Gandhi emerged as a towering moral force. While filmmakers may not have imbibed his ideas consciously, their films reve

Gaps in social protection: The US is failing to make needed investments in people
Mar 16, 2022

Gaps in social protection: The US is failing to make needed investments in people

It is high time to dispel the notion that social assistance breeds welfare dependency, as evidence suggests otherwise.

Gender Gap in Agriculture and the ‘South Asian Enigma’
Oct 11, 2021

Gender Gap in Agriculture and the ‘South Asian Enigma’

Current data suggests that the global community is far from achieving the 2030 agenda of ending hunger, food insecurity, and malnutrition. By the end of 2019, 650 million people suffered from chronic hunger and 135 million experienced acute food-insecurity. Not all regions are equal: the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2020 found that some are experiencing less severe incidence of hunger on the GHI scale, compared to others. The most serious levels of

Gender-Responsive Budgeting in India, Bangladesh and Rwanda: A Comparison
Jul 22, 2020

Gender-Responsive Budgeting in India, Bangladesh and Rwanda: A Comparison

Gender-responsive budgeting (GRB) is a targeted fiscal instrument that several developing countries have cemented into their growth plans. GRB is used to ensure that policy prescriptions to alleviate gender inequality translate into outputs by linking them to budgetary allocations. Although the concept was introduced in India, Bangladesh and Rwanda at around the same time (the early 2000s), the three countries have followed different routes and a

Gendering the G20: Empowering women in the digital age
Jun 28, 2017

Gendering the G20: Empowering women in the digital age

Women make up a majority of the four billion people excluded from the digital economy. Policy narratives assert that the digital economy has the potential to transform the world of work. Conversely, there are concerns that the existing ‘digital divide’ within and across nations will simply exacerbate existing social inequalities and reinforce gender hierarchies. G20 member states have repeatedly committed to bridging pervasive gender gaps in

Gently Eastwards
Jul 02, 2004

Gently Eastwards

In 1990, after the end of the Cold War and the unification of Germany, the United States of America gave an assurance to the Soviet Union that the North Atlantic Treaty Organization would not expand its role beyond the borders of Germany.

Germany takes view of the Indo-Pacific
Oct 01, 2020

Germany takes view of the Indo-Pacific

Germany is the second EU country to have an Indo-Pacific policy after France — which views itself as an Indian Ocean country. Germany seeks to be pa

Germany: A wise verdict
Sep 26, 2017

Germany: A wise verdict

The ostrich policy of Merkel’s grand old coalition has reached a dead end. Even without the AfD, the government will have to address uncomfortable q

Getting acquainted with Taiwan’s 2024 presidential election candidates
Aug 08, 2023

Getting acquainted with Taiwan’s 2024 presidential election candidates

Each of the three candidates bring something new to the table, granting the Taiwanese voters ample alternatives in the upcoming presidential elections

Giant Pandas and Puppies, Moon Rocks and Mangoes: Gift Giving in Diplomacy
Aug 18, 2023

Giant Pandas and Puppies, Moon Rocks and Mangoes: Gift Giving in Diplomacy

Throughout history, nations have used gift diplomacy to project their cultural identity and national values, and establish rapport that can transcend

Global policeman: How should India read Trump’s declaration for the Indo-Pacific
Dec 31, 2018

Global policeman: How should India read Trump’s declaration for the Indo-Pacific

The Indian engagement with the US, whether in the form of America’s Indo-Pacific strategy or the four-nation Quad also implies that the regional nat

Going beyond third-party liability to regulate content: Examples from Germany and Singapore
Oct 08, 2020

Going beyond third-party liability to regulate content: Examples from Germany and Singapore

Given the complexities and the possible excess of making the Internet (more) fragmented, should we consider doing more than just demanding liability f

Golden jubilee and beyond: India–Bangladesh relations
Mar 25, 2021

Golden jubilee and beyond: India–Bangladesh relations

The national anthems of the two countries were written by Rabindranath Tagore, the great Bengali poet.

Good and bad of National Telecom Policy 2012
Jun 08, 2012

Good and bad of National Telecom Policy 2012

The New Telecom Policy if implemented in letter and spirit has the potential to fundamentally transform governance.

Good script, now act on it
May 21, 2013

Good script, now act on it

Pakistan's first transfer of power between elected governments is indeed a milestone, but how strong a precedent it will set is very much dependent on the performance of Nawaz Sharif and the PML-N. Confidence in civilian institutions, high voter turnout aside, remains dreadfully low.

Goodbye money. Nice knowing you
Oct 03, 2011

Goodbye money. Nice knowing you

Radical transformation in governance can only begin when we are pushed to the wall and have no other option but to take the monster head on

Governance issues to blame for alienation in J&K, says expert
Oct 13, 2016

Governance issues to blame for alienation in J&K, says expert

J&K is a fractured state estranged from the rest of the nation constitutionally, Article 370 elevates the state in the scheme of Indian federalism,

Governing the Ganges and Brahmaputra: Beyond Reductionist Hydrology
Sep 18, 2020

Governing the Ganges and Brahmaputra: Beyond Reductionist Hydrology

This paper argues that the challenges in the governance of two Himalayan river systems, the Ganges and the Brahmaputra, emerge largely from crucial information and knowledge gaps. The dominance of the paradigm of “reductionist hydrology” solely based on structural interventions has resulted in the lack of recognition of the long-run costs incurred through ecosystem damages and water conflicts at various levels. The knowledge gaps—including

Govt & India Inc: Time to diffuse the 'red lines'
Apr 30, 2018

Govt & India Inc: Time to diffuse the 'red lines'

Mr S. Jaishankar is reported to have said he was happy to join “the Tata Group… India’s most respected brand globally”.

Great power berserk: Fair is foul, foul is fair
Jul 27, 2012

Great power berserk: Fair is foul, foul is fair

Has New Delhi forgotten its breast beating against cross-border terrorism in Kashmir atleast since 1989? How will it ever raise that issue again having voted along with the west which stands for cross border terrorism by US, France, UK, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Turkey against Syria?

Great walls: Addressing domestic barriers to climate action projects in India
Dec 11, 2017

Great walls: Addressing domestic barriers to climate action projects in India

This report is part of the Observer Research Foundation’s “Financing Green Transitions” series which aims to find potential linkages between private capital, in all its forms, and climate action projects. The series will primarily examine domestic and international barriers to private capital entry for mitigation oriented climate projects, while also examining potential avenues for private capital flow entry towards adaptation and resilienc

Greater  India-Pak trade  interaction can dispel fears
Jul 31, 2013

Greater India-Pak trade interaction can dispel fears

The normalisation of trade between India and Pakistan could lead to preferential trade arrangement under SAFTA (South Asian Free Trade Agreement of 1996). This would increase regional trade and stability.

Green Hydrogen: An Opportunity for India-Africa Cooperation
Jan 16, 2023

Green Hydrogen: An Opportunity for India-Africa Cooperation

Although India and Africa have long shared close ties, engagement between the two regions is yet to reach its full potential. However, amid the global green transition and attempts to enhance energy security, green hydrogen—increasingly seen as the ‘fuel of the future’—could provide a new avenue for cooperation between the regions. Such a partnership, focused on building a global value chain for the large-scale adoption of green h

Green taxonomies: A tool with underutilised potential
Feb 21, 2024

Green taxonomies: A tool with underutilised potential

Countries are increasingly adopting green taxonomies to foster a sustainable finance market to attract international investors

Grim reality: India's informal labour force
Oct 06, 2020

Grim reality: India's informal labour force

The country has been grappling with low consumption demand for quite some time and the loss of livelihoods for the migrant workers would undoubtedly aggravate the problem

Growing Russia-India-China tensions: Splits in the RIC strategic triangle?
Mar 18, 2020

Growing Russia-India-China tensions: Splits in the RIC strategic triangle?

There are growing tensions in New Delhi’s engagement within this arrangement and its other alignments.

Growth in coal production in India: Inching towards peak coal?
Mar 30, 2024

Growth in coal production in India: Inching towards peak coal?

The global shift in coal consumption towards Asia, led by China and India, signifies a looming peak in coal demand by the early 2030s.

Guided Democracy, by Whom?
May 02, 2004

Guided Democracy, by Whom?

If it is any yardstick for a vibrant democracy, India today has six former Prime Ministers around. Only two of them, namely, Atal Bihari Vajpayee and P V Narasimha Rao completed a full term, and thus became mascots of political stability in their time. Yet, subsequent elections proved that stability was not the only concern of the Indian voter. To him, political stability is a vehicle for his deliverance and in ways he understands.

Gulf Cooperation Council: Could be a 'Game Changer' for India
Jun 02, 2015

Gulf Cooperation Council: Could be a 'Game Changer' for India

While India's economic presence in the Gulf region has transformed from merely an exchanges between merchants and human capital, as a geopolitical player, India's role has remained subdued.

H1B और L1 वीज़ा पर पाबंदी: अप्रवासियों के ख़िलाफ़ ट्रंप का बड़ा क़दम
Aug 27, 2020

H1B और L1 वीज़ा पर पाबंदी: अप्रवासियों के ख़िलाफ़ ट्रंप का बड़ा क़दम

इस बात की पूरी संभावना है कि भारत, अमेरिका के इस क़दम की अन�

Hamas attack snarls up US choices in West Asia
Oct 11, 2023

Hamas attack snarls up US choices in West Asia

The Hamas attack may impose new security and political realities on the region and pose challenges in an election year for Biden

Hamas is now what Al-Qaeda became after 9/11
Oct 12, 2023

Hamas is now what Al-Qaeda became after 9/11

Hamas was never a household name beyond a point unlike Al-Qaeda or the Islamic State. Until now

Hamas-Israel war's global energy impact will depend on whether the conflict theatre widens
Oct 13, 2023

Hamas-Israel war's global energy impact will depend on whether the conflict theatre widens

Even if there’s a ground invasion by Israel into Gaza and an extended conflict, the impact on energy prices and the resultant OPEC response would depend on the scale and reach that the conflict takes. If it remains localised without affecting major oil producers or transit routes, prices may see limited immediate change, prompting OPEC to maintain current production levels

Hambantota: Critical node in the Asia-Africa Growth Corridor?
Jan 01, 2019

Hambantota: Critical node in the Asia-Africa Growth Corridor?

In order for the Hambantota port project to reap potential benefits for Sri Lanka and the regional economy, there are three crucial aspects: bunkering

Hands across the Himalayas
Feb 05, 2011

Hands across the Himalayas

The author, who was part of the ORF delegation which took part in discussions with Chinese party and government officials, says that the possibilities for India and China to collaborate must transcend boundary disputes and other age-old issues.

Har Ghar Jal in India: The social determinants of health approach in action
Mar 21, 2024

Har Ghar Jal in India: The social determinants of health approach in action

The progress made through the Jal Jeevan Mission has laid a robust foundation for a transformative shift in public health dynamics, yet the journey to

Hardly any Water in Wikileaks Revelations
Mar 28, 2011

Hardly any Water in Wikileaks Revelations

Professional diplomats will find little that is new or startling in the Wikileaks cables. For them the quality and content of reporting in the leaked cables is quite standard fare. Transmitting to Headquarters information gleaned from contacts, assessing its worth,

Harnessing Agriculture for Achieving the SDGs on Poverty and Zero Hunger
May 11, 2023

Harnessing Agriculture for Achieving the SDGs on Poverty and Zero Hunger

Agriculture remains the world’s biggest employer and the most important source of food and raw material for various economic activities. The fulfillment of a number of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is anchored on the performance of the sector. This brief examines the most crucial negative consequences of how modern agriculture is practiced, and how these will make it difficult for the world to realise the SDGs. Drawing on examples fr

Has President Trump lost the plot in the Middle East?
Nov 04, 2017

Has President Trump lost the plot in the Middle East?

Not only are the important regional players getting into a huddle to discuss the implications of President Trump’s actions, but are also re-calibrat

Health as a welfare good in India: Towards a more substantive social protection imperative
Apr 05, 2024

Health as a welfare good in India: Towards a more substantive social protection imperative

Although the government has initiated schemes to extend proper healthcare, many sections of people are still excluded from its coverage or are unable

Health is Wealth: Indian Private Sector Investments in African Healthcare
May 22, 2023

Health is Wealth: Indian Private Sector Investments in African Healthcare

The increasing range of cross-boundary health issues has prompted the integration of health into the discipline of diplomacy, and this trend is reflected in India-Africa partnership. India’s development partnerships are, however, predicated on the idea of development effectiveness, which requires active private sector engagement. By focusing on four opportunity sectors — medical tourism, tele-health, frugal innovations, and the pharmaceutica

Health Policy belongs to the national security domain and different stakeholders must engage
Apr 18, 2020

Health Policy belongs to the national security domain and different stakeholders must engage

Samir Saran, President, ORF was interviewed by Oxford Political Review in the backdrop of the Indian government’s decision to enforce a complete loc

Health security must get the attention it deserves in India’s response to Covid19
Apr 22, 2020

Health security must get the attention it deserves in India’s response to Covid19

India needs to create a robust and inclusive health response system employing an entire-government approach to build the resilience needed to respond