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The Growing Tech Focus of the Quad
Jul 09, 2022

The Growing Tech Focus of the Quad

Writing new rules of the road for critical and emerging technologies is a key imperative for the Quad.

The Gwadar protests: Balochistan stands up for its rights
Jan 13, 2022

The Gwadar protests: Balochistan stands up for its rights

To safeguard Chinese interests in Gwadar, the Pakistani government gives in to demands placed by the local population

The higher education commission of India bill: A failure of imagination
Aug 21, 2023

The higher education commission of India bill: A failure of imagination

The Ministry of Human Resource Development in late June floated the Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) Bill, 2018, to repeal the seven-decade-old University Grants Commission (UGC) Act, 1956. The HECI, when established, will replace the UGC that has been the bedrock of India’s higher education system. This brief analyses the draft bill and examines its deficiencies. It suggests that the present bill fails to address the shortcomings of

The I2U2 summit: Geoeconomic cooperation in a geopolitically complicated West Asia
Jul 14, 2022

The I2U2 summit: Geoeconomic cooperation in a geopolitically complicated West Asia

The I2U2 grouping could be a game-changer in the region as it provides a platform for all the member states to outline new areas of cooperation.

The Implications of India’s Revised Roadmap for Biofuels: A Lifecycle Perspective
Aug 14, 2023

The Implications of India’s Revised Roadmap for Biofuels: A Lifecycle Perspective

Transport activity in India has increased more than sevenfold over the last two decades, its gasoline-fuelled pathway leading to a rapid rise in negative environmental externalities. To decouple the sector’s growth from high emissions, policymakers are scaling up efforts to deploy cleaner fuels for the sector; in particular, liquid biofuels have received a significant push. However, while biofuels help lower emissions at the point of us

The importance of Modi's Paris visit
Apr 09, 2015

The importance of Modi's Paris visit

France is set to host the most important of climate conventions at the end of this year, one that will determine the successor to the Kyoto Protocol. This makes for an important area where India and France can cooperate.

The India Stack as a Potential Gateway to Global Economic Integration
Mar 22, 2024

The India Stack as a Potential Gateway to Global Economic Integration

India’s Digital Public Infrastructure (DPI), known as India Stack, has not only had a profound impact on the country’s economy but also has potential significance for global economic integration. This brief elucidates how this framework has facilitated financial inclusion, spurred innovation, and propelled economic growth in India. It highlights the foundational role of the India Stack in transforming the country’s financial landscape, and

The India-China Nuclear Dynamic: India’s Options
Dec 22, 2020

The India-China Nuclear Dynamic: India’s Options

The ongoing India-China face-off in Eastern Ladakh may appear to be a small-scale confrontation between conventional forces. But it is still one between nuclear-armed states, and the threat of escalation cannot be denied. In its wake, India has carried out a series of missile tests, while China too has fired a number of ballistic missiles near the Paracel and Spratly Islands, apparently to warn the US, but hardly something New Delhi can ignore. T

The India-US defence industrial and technology cooperation: From aspirations to outcomes
Jun 28, 2023

The India-US defence industrial and technology cooperation: From aspirations to outcomes

There is a genuine desire on both sides to rapidly transform their defence partnership, but only time will tell if this intent translates into concret

The India-US defence partnership is deepening
Oct 30, 2020

The India-US defence partnership is deepening

The optics around the 2+2 Dialogue in Delhi are defining — the defence ties between the two countries have come of age

The India-US Dialogues
Jan 24, 2015

The India-US Dialogues

The India-US Dialogues, hosted by Observer Research Foundation and Network 18 on January 24 with panels ranging from security and international relations to business and economics, encapsulating the range of issues on everyone's minds.

The India-US Summit: Going beyond bilateral trade gains
Jul 13, 2023

The India-US Summit: Going beyond bilateral trade gains

As countries reconfigure value chains to lower critical dependencies, the deals inked at the India-US meeting strengthen bilateral and multilateral co

The India–US trade dispute and India’s evolving geopolitical role
Aug 01, 2019

The India–US trade dispute and India’s evolving geopolitical role

While the strategic partnership between the United States and India remains robust, some analysts see the relationship as becoming significantly strai

The Jihadi Factor in India-Pakistan Peace Process
May 01, 2006

The Jihadi Factor in India-Pakistan Peace Process

The India-Pakistan peace process, punctuated with -uctuating waves of optimism and anxiety, has completed three years, and it is appropriate, and timely, to review whether the primary On April 22, 2003 the Indian Prime Minister, Mr Atal Bihari Vajpayee, told the Indian Parliament that India was unilaterally opening “the doors for talks” with Pakistan. The offer was based on two simple premises: one, that Pakistan would stop cross-border in

The land acquisition debate: A review
Aug 16, 2012

The land acquisition debate: A review

Land acquisition remains at the centre of many controversies and public policy paralysis in India. There are very few public policy issues in India that rival land acquisition in terms of its complexity, challenges and significance to country's growth and transition to more urbanised and industrialised status.

The last wake-up call for a united Europe
Dec 29, 2020

The last wake-up call for a united Europe

After the end of the Cold War, we did not realise that two different and contrasting ambitions were at stake: the transnational purpose of the Western

The legacy of Vajpayee and Singh
May 16, 2014

The legacy of Vajpayee and Singh

Narendra Modi's emphasis on Vajpayee's foreign policy legacy is politically significant for a number of reasons. It has offered much-needed reassurance all around that India will not abandon its traditional nuclear restraint, continue to seek peace with neighbours and promote regional prosperity through the economic integration of the subcontinent.

The legitimacy of India’s grievance with the international rating triumvirate
Jul 27, 2023

The legitimacy of India’s grievance with the international rating triumvirate

While it might be tempting to dismiss the importance of international rating agencies based on periods of robust inflows of foreign investment, the im

The Libyan quagmire: An uneasy path towards democracy
Mar 10, 2022

The Libyan quagmire: An uneasy path towards democracy

For Libya to successfully achieve democratic transition, it will need to overcome the various impediments in its path.

The limits of Moditva
Dec 28, 2012

The limits of Moditva

The interesting thing is that almost all the current crop of leaders who enjoy connect with their people at the regional level are prime ministerial aspirants in 2014. Everyone is positioning himself or herself in subtle ways already.

The Lobito Corridor: The West’s bid against Chinese domination in Central Africa
Dec 11, 2023

The Lobito Corridor: The West’s bid against Chinese domination in Central Africa

The wide array of economic sectors covered under the PGII’s Lobito Corridor is aimed at countering Chinese presence in African countries

The man behind the new president
Nov 14, 2016

The man behind the new president

What Trump’s election show is that electors still prefer a man to a woman.

The merger of municipal corporations: Good or bad?
May 25, 2022

The merger of municipal corporations: Good or bad?

Arguments are being advanced for and against the trifurcation of the Municipal Corporation of Delhi as one single entity to deliver good governance 

The Middle East Initiative claptrap
Sep 30, 2004

The Middle East Initiative claptrap

In 1991, President George H.W. Bush proclaimed that the victory in the Gulf war presented an extraordinary opportunity to settle the Middle East conflict. This led to the Madrid conference, secret parleys between Israeli and PLO negotiators in Norway and then to signing of what came to be known as the Oslo accords in a grand ceremony at the White House in 1993.

The military’s continuing hold over Pakistan
Mar 22, 2024

The military’s continuing hold over Pakistan

Pakistan’s new government rests on a stolen mandate engineered by the military

The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC)’s Nepal compact finally ratified
Mar 14, 2022

The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC)’s Nepal compact finally ratified

Despite the previous impediments to the MCC-Nepal Compact, it has finally been given the green light.

The missing Bear Hug (and other Indo-German stories)
Mar 23, 2018

The missing Bear Hug (and other Indo-German stories)

Deepening an existing India-Germany partnership is the need of the hour.

The Monkeypox outbreak: How prepared are we?
Sep 12, 2022

The Monkeypox outbreak: How prepared are we?

A more coordinated international response is needed to prevent monkeypox from spreading further.

The most unwanted people
Dec 27, 2017

The most unwanted people

It is clear that Myanmar wants to deflect international pressure. The details of the criteria for the return of the Rohingya refugees have not yet been spelt out; nor is there any clarity on the legal status of Rohingyas upon return, or any guarantee that they will not be subjected to further violence.

The Myanmar Crisis continues to raise questions on ASEAN unity and centrality
Jul 15, 2023

The Myanmar Crisis continues to raise questions on ASEAN unity and centrality

The Thailand caretaker government’s decision to engage with the military junta in Myanmar has threatened ASEAN unity

The national security discourse is changing
Sep 10, 2021

The national security discourse is changing

Policymakers and practitioners are leading the emerging consensus on the need to fundamentally reassess assumptions

The need for African centrality in the Lethal Autonomous Weapons debate
Apr 08, 2019

The need for African centrality in the Lethal Autonomous Weapons debate

LAWS are transforming into an arena of geopolitical and strategic competition while also reflecting the same inequalities that have characterised tech

The need for integrated SOPs to combat human trafficking along India–Nepal border
Mar 23, 2021

The need for integrated SOPs to combat human trafficking along India–Nepal border

It becomes imperative that both India and Nepal urgently address the existing gaps in cross-border management by formulating integrated SOPs that targ

The need for nuance in African fintech
Aug 01, 2023

The need for nuance in African fintech

The economies of sub-Saharan Africa differ, and trying to replicate fintech solutions from one part of the continent to the other can have the same ef

The new Great Game: An all Asian game?
Apr 06, 2017

The new Great Game: An all Asian game?

Major global powers like Russia and China and regional powers like Iran are now ready to embrace the Taliban — in their own interest, but ostensibly

The new name of Madhesh province surprises Nepal
Feb 05, 2022

The new name of Madhesh province surprises Nepal

Would granting the name Madhesh Pradesh to Province 2 in Nepal on ethnic lines become a hindrance in the future?

The Next Normal: Building resilience in the post-COVID-19 workspace
Oct 20, 2020

The Next Normal: Building resilience in the post-COVID-19 workspace

The workplace of the future must acknowledge and embrace a more well-rounded conception of the home and work, including valuing the full range of expe

The next tango with Paris
Feb 14, 2013

The next tango with Paris

Delhi must indeed prepare for the inevitable emergence of China as a full-fledged naval power in the Indian Ocean in the longer term. In the interim, as India seeks to consolidate its natural advantages in the Indian Ocean, France is a compelling naval partner.

The nuances of Russia’s response to the Israel-Hamas War
Oct 28, 2023

The nuances of Russia’s response to the Israel-Hamas War

Given the complexity of the current conflict between Israel and Hamas, Russia will most likely expand its diplomatic efforts to bring the tensions to

The Nuclear Deal: India cannot be Coerced
Nov 09, 2005

The Nuclear Deal: India cannot be Coerced

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh concerned about the looming energy crisis, is determined to expand the contribution of civilian nuclear power to India¿s energy budget. For this it is necessary to remove the shackles imposed by the United States and its friends on international nuclear transactions.

The nuclear factor in the India–Pakistan relationship
May 09, 2023

The nuclear factor in the India–Pakistan relationship

Pakistan’s growing weakness could alter the nuclear dynamics in the subcontinent in the coming years

The Obama Visit: Issues and Challenges
Jul 31, 2023

The Obama Visit: Issues and Challenges

Indo-US relations that have witnessed a remarkable transformation in recent years, both in tenor and substance, are under intense scrutiny on the eve of US President Barack Obama's forthcoming visit to India. While relations between the two democracies have moved from one of 'estrangement' to a relationship of 'engagement' at many levels, there are outstanding issues that need to be addressed. This Issue Brief explores the prospects for cooperati

The oil link: Understanding Japan’s Israel-Palestine policy
Nov 06, 2023

The oil link: Understanding Japan’s Israel-Palestine policy

The ongoing Hamas-Israel conflict demands a delicate balance from Tokyo, as it navigates its relationships in the Middle East alongside its internatio

The Pathos of Pakistan: With Article 370 gone, Pakistan loses its 'jugular vein' and its face
Aug 12, 2019

The Pathos of Pakistan: With Article 370 gone, Pakistan loses its 'jugular vein' and its face

Pakistan is cornered after India revoked Article 370. But it is still a time of great caution for India. We must watch the neighbour's moves, his begging bowl in one hand, dagger in the other.

The PIE Index 2020-21: Measuring the Health of Primary and Secondary Education Systems in India
Jul 20, 2023

The PIE Index 2020-21: Measuring the Health of Primary and Secondary Education Systems in India

Education in India is compulsory and free for primary and middle school, yet about 20 percent of children aged 6-14 remain absent. Analysts offer various explanations for India’s continued challenges in ensuring universal basic education, including lack of access to schools and poor educational environment. In this context, an index measuring the health of the early education system can be a valuable tool. This paper devises a Performance, Infr