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The Next Normal: Building resilience in the post-COVID-19 workspace
Oct 20, 2020

The Next Normal: Building resilience in the post-COVID-19 workspace

The workplace of the future must acknowledge and embrace a more well-rounded conception of the home and work, including valuing the full range of expe

The next tango with Paris
Feb 14, 2013

The next tango with Paris

Delhi must indeed prepare for the inevitable emergence of China as a full-fledged naval power in the Indian Ocean in the longer term. In the interim, as India seeks to consolidate its natural advantages in the Indian Ocean, France is a compelling naval partner.

The nuances of Russia’s response to the Israel-Hamas War
Oct 28, 2023

The nuances of Russia’s response to the Israel-Hamas War

Given the complexity of the current conflict between Israel and Hamas, Russia will most likely expand its diplomatic efforts to bring the tensions to

The Nuclear Deal: India cannot be Coerced
Nov 09, 2005

The Nuclear Deal: India cannot be Coerced

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh concerned about the looming energy crisis, is determined to expand the contribution of civilian nuclear power to India¿s energy budget. For this it is necessary to remove the shackles imposed by the United States and its friends on international nuclear transactions.

The nuclear factor in the India–Pakistan relationship
May 09, 2023

The nuclear factor in the India–Pakistan relationship

Pakistan’s growing weakness could alter the nuclear dynamics in the subcontinent in the coming years

The Obama Visit: Issues and Challenges
Jul 31, 2023

The Obama Visit: Issues and Challenges

Indo-US relations that have witnessed a remarkable transformation in recent years, both in tenor and substance, are under intense scrutiny on the eve of US President Barack Obama's forthcoming visit to India. While relations between the two democracies have moved from one of 'estrangement' to a relationship of 'engagement' at many levels, there are outstanding issues that need to be addressed. This Issue Brief explores the prospects for cooperati

The oil link: Understanding Japan’s Israel-Palestine policy
Nov 06, 2023

The oil link: Understanding Japan’s Israel-Palestine policy

The ongoing Hamas-Israel conflict demands a delicate balance from Tokyo, as it navigates its relationships in the Middle East alongside its internatio

The Pathos of Pakistan: With Article 370 gone, Pakistan loses its 'jugular vein' and its face
Aug 12, 2019

The Pathos of Pakistan: With Article 370 gone, Pakistan loses its 'jugular vein' and its face

Pakistan is cornered after India revoked Article 370. But it is still a time of great caution for India. We must watch the neighbour's moves, his begging bowl in one hand, dagger in the other.

The PIE Index 2020-21: Measuring the Health of Primary and Secondary Education Systems in India
Jul 20, 2023

The PIE Index 2020-21: Measuring the Health of Primary and Secondary Education Systems in India

Education in India is compulsory and free for primary and middle school, yet about 20 percent of children aged 6-14 remain absent. Analysts offer various explanations for India’s continued challenges in ensuring universal basic education, including lack of access to schools and poor educational environment. In this context, an index measuring the health of the early education system can be a valuable tool. This paper devises a Performance, Infr

The Politics of Water Governance in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Basin
Sep 14, 2023

The Politics of Water Governance in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Basin

Transboundary water politics in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna basin areaffected not only by inter-government relations between India, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh,but also by dynamics on different scales, including the hydropolitics between Indian stateswithin the basin. At the same time, the disputed issues, and the patterns of power dynamicsbetween actors, are similar in transboundary interactions in the basin as well as in inter-stateinteracti

The power of polarisation: Eroding American democracy
Jul 06, 2022

The power of polarisation: Eroding American democracy

Political polarisation gnaws at American democracy from within as mutual intolerance has drastically increased in the United States.

The problem with Narendra Modi’s Pakistan policy is not ideology – but hubris and incompetence
Sep 24, 2018

The problem with Narendra Modi’s Pakistan policy is not ideology – but hubris and incompetence

His party claimed to be different from the effete government led by the Congress and its foreign policy therefore needs to be held to a higher standard.

The product space frontier: Opportunities for strategic investment
Aug 10, 2018

The product space frontier: Opportunities for strategic investment

India should strategically map pathways for diversification using the product space technology and upgrade capabilities at the frontier of its product

The Qatari Conundrum: The Changing face of West Asia’s Political Landscape
Aug 02, 2013

The Qatari Conundrum: The Changing face of West Asia’s Political Landscape

Qatar is creating a large footprint for itself in the West Asian Qpolitical landscape. The Gulf state was previously known primarily for its oil and gas reserves, and compliance with US interests in the region. However, Qatar has in the recent past made significant efforts to assert regional pre-eminence through an aggressive foreign policy. Emir Shaikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, who recently handed over the reins of power to his son, Tamim bin

The Quad and the wicked problem of tech standards
Jun 01, 2022

The Quad and the wicked problem of tech standards

The 5Gi case displays India’s ambition to play a significant role in the formation of the global tech regime.

The question of Arab unity and reform?
Apr 15, 2005

The question of Arab unity and reform?

¿Arise, ye Arabs, and awake!¿ was the seditious 19th century slogan of Arab nationalism in its infancy. It aroused them against the Ottoman rule but did not hinder the subsequent imperial designs of Britain and France. The moment of liberation became the start of newer forms of dominance.

The Red Sea crisis and political equity of non-state armed actors
Feb 02, 2024

The Red Sea crisis and political equity of non-state armed actors

The growing influence of non-state militant actors in the global order needs to be scrutinised

The Relevance of Ancient Indian Strategy in Contemporary Geopolitics
Jul 01, 2021

The Relevance of Ancient Indian Strategy in Contemporary Geopolitics

This brief examines India’s relations with Pakistan and China using the lens of Kautilya, the ancient Indian strategic thinker—and argues for pragmatism: assessing the basis and severity of the threats, searching for possible strategic opportunities amidst the risks, and overall, avoiding the scenario of a two-front war. It begins by acknowledging that Pakistan and China view India through different prisms: for Pakistan, that of ideology; and

The return of America — Has Trump forced Biden’s hand on continuing the ‘America First’ foreign policy?
Dec 28, 2020

The return of America — Has Trump forced Biden’s hand on continuing the ‘America First’ foreign policy?

In some ways, Joe Biden’s election victory will reverse many of the trends from the past four years, including on multilateralism, democracy promoti

The return of history has begun to unravel the Davos Consensus
Jan 31, 2023

The return of history has begun to unravel the Davos Consensus

Geopolitics has split the world again and bloc-wise trade arrangements will have winners and losers

The right cost-benefit analysis for e-vehicles
Mar 14, 2018

The right cost-benefit analysis for e-vehicles

The effective total emissions, social costs, higher electricity prices, and loss of energy caused by production, transport and storage of electricity need to be included in any calculation.

The road to an evenly distributed TechFuture should put the needs of the Global South front and centre
Oct 17, 2021

The road to an evenly distributed TechFuture should put the needs of the Global South front and centre

Countries in the Global South are keen on leveraging cyberspace for their economic development, and thus, have a considerable interest in the security

The Role of China-Made Frigates in the Pakistan Navy’s Power Projection Matrix
Jun 15, 2023

The Role of China-Made Frigates in the Pakistan Navy’s Power Projection Matrix

This brief evaluates the capabilities of the Chinese-origin frigates acquired by Pakistan, and explores the potential implications of their induction on the operational approach of the Pakistan Navy. The brief argues that the Pakistan Navy’s acquisition of Chinese-origin frigates must be viewed as part of its attempted transformation from a force adopting an offensive sea-denial strategy to one gearing towards enhanced regional

The Role of Commercial Ties in Advancing India-Taiwan Relations
Aug 30, 2023

The Role of Commercial Ties in Advancing India-Taiwan Relations

India and Taiwan have historically maintained ‘unofficial’ ties. There have been notable shifts in recent years, as seen in the creation of representative offices in both that serve de facto as embassies. Today the two are aiming to foster more robust economic ties. The COVID-19 pandemic, China’s assertive behaviour, and the growing significance of Taiwan in regional geopolitics, have prompted India to pay greater attention to the island na

The Role of Lithium-Based Energy Storage in India’s Climate Goals
May 12, 2023

The Role of Lithium-Based Energy Storage in India’s Climate Goals

Energy storage is key to both effective integration of renewable energy systems with the electricity grid, and accelerating the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs). This brief discusses the technological trends in lithium-ion (Li-Ion) batteries, and assesses the energy storage needs of the Indian power and transportation sectors. It looks at the geographic distribution of lithium and cobalt in onshore and offshore locations across

The role of monetary policy in climate change mitigation
May 24, 2023

The role of monetary policy in climate change mitigation

Climate change is one of the most significant challenges defining the 21st century, and ways to deal with it occupy an important space in current policymaking discourse. Central banks in different parts of the world have recently started playing a part in articulating strategies to combat climate change. This brief explores the position of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in this regard. It outlines the physical and transition risks associated wit

The rollercoaster saga of Israel-Hamas relations
Oct 14, 2023

The rollercoaster saga of Israel-Hamas relations

It has become fashionable to forget the support that Hamas received from Israel during its formative years in the 1980s.

The saboteur and his confederacy plan
Nov 30, 2016

The saboteur and his confederacy plan

Jawaharlal Nehru was clear with his idea of India: an Undivided India which included the Provinces under British Rule and the amorphous mass of small and big Princely States, which did not desire to be part of such an idea of ‘India’. In his battle to subjugate the Princes, Nehru found an ally in the last Viceroy Lord Louis Mountbatten sent by the new British Prime Minister Clement Attlee. The implementation was then run like a relay race whe

The Saudi crown prince lands into India’s crown security concerns
Feb 21, 2019

The Saudi crown prince lands into India’s crown security concerns

The crux of this visit should be seen from the view of what kind of tectonic changes MBS succeeds in bringing to Saudi Arabia.

The Saudi Shockwaves
Jun 28, 2003

The Saudi Shockwaves

For over seven decades the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia took justifiable pride in the stability of its political system, the tranquility of its social scene, and the in the overall loyalty of its citizenry. The compelling simplicity of the Saudi flag reflected the cohesion. Occasional murmurs of discontent, and an eruption or two in recent decades, did not belie this judgment.

The Shishupala Doctrine: Narendra Modi and de-truncating the Indo-Pak power asymmetry
Jun 01, 2019

The Shishupala Doctrine: Narendra Modi and de-truncating the Indo-Pak power asymmetry

The historic second term of Narendra Modi’s government can serve to exacerbate the material asymmetry between India and Pakistan. For this reason an

The shocking gender gap in India
Nov 04, 2014

The shocking gender gap in India

India ranks 114 out of 142 countries in the Global Gender Gap index this year. Except Pakistan, most of the South Asian countries rank higher than India. What the index shows is a reflection of reality that no matter how rapidly India grows, women's status in society needs faster improvement.

The slowdown in renewable capacity addition in India: Secular trend or cyclical flux?
May 09, 2024

The slowdown in renewable capacity addition in India: Secular trend or cyclical flux?

Recent headlines show India's renewable energy, especially solar, is slowing despite optimism. The government's coal focus hints at a shift.

The Social and Political Dimensions of Ethnic Conflicts in Manipur
Nov 11, 2023

The Social and Political Dimensions of Ethnic Conflicts in Manipur

The state of Manipur has been steeped in violent conflicts between ethnic groups for decades. The latest, ongoing strife between the Kukis and the Meiteis that erupted in early May has exposed the failure of state forces to contain the violence, even as it reflects the deep-rooted hostility between the two ethnic groups. This brief attempts to engage with the multifaceted, historical ethnic conflict between the Kukis and the Meiteis of Manipur. I

The spectre of a naval conflict in the Persian Gulf
May 22, 2019

The spectre of a naval conflict in the Persian Gulf

The threat posed by Iran’s Revolutionary Guards Navy to the Strait of Hormuz is real, but exaggerated. Its advantages in open, asymmetric warfare wo

The spoils of World War 2 are handing World War 3 victories to China
Sep 21, 2021

The spoils of World War 2 are handing World War 3 victories to China

The World Bank Group’s manipulation of Doing Business rankings to promote China is part of a larger and continuing malaise that needs to end now

The state of democracy in Pakistan
Sep 15, 2022

The state of democracy in Pakistan

For Pakistan to become truly democratic, significant revamping of the country's structural scaffolding is necessary.

The state of India's pulses sector
Dec 08, 2016

The state of India's pulses sector

Pulses are the cheapest source of protein for Indians – and thus a favoured food item nationwide. The Indian pulses sector, however, faces numerous challenges. Scrutiny of the sector increased sharply after price fluctuations in 2015-16 and the increase in import of pulses. Government interventions, as part of the anticipated supply response to the shortfall in availability of pulses, did not entirely mitigate the problem. The sector stands at

The state of surveillance in India: National security at the cost of privacy?
Feb 17, 2022

The state of surveillance in India: National security at the cost of privacy?

As India makes rapid technological advancements, should it rethink its regulatory framework governing surveillance?

The State of the Economy
May 27, 2015

The State of the Economy

Prime Minister Modi's moves on the social sector insurance policy for the poor stand out as an outstanding achievement. But in all other sectors much needs to be done and assessments on the government's performance are divided.

The Status of Gorkhas in International Law
Jan 11, 2024

The Status of Gorkhas in International Law

This brief discusses the status of Gorkhas who have joined the Russian Army and the Wagner Group as civilians, combatants, and mercenaries. Would Gorkhas, who otherwise constitute part of the regular armed forces in the United Kingdom and India, enjoy the same status if they join an ongoing conflict without entering into any bilateral agreement between the states? If not, what will the Gorkhas' status be under the prevailing international law reg

The Storm in the Arab Spring
Mar 03, 2012

The Storm in the Arab Spring

Tunisia, Eygpt, Syria?events may seem to be following a pattern but the changing dynamics in West Asia point to far more complex political and strategic games being played: The US role, Saudi phobia, Israeli and Iranian intrigues. Oil. And, to top it all, the Shia-Sunni face-off. Is Turkey being lured in as a possible Joker in the pack? Welcome to another Great Game.

The strategic and military-technological significance of Israel
Dec 22, 2023

The strategic and military-technological significance of Israel

The formidable strength of Israel’s military forces is essential not only for the survival of Israel but also for the balance of power in the Middle

The Sustainable Development Agenda: Evaluating the G20 as a Stage for National and Collective Goals
May 10, 2023

The Sustainable Development Agenda: Evaluating the G20 as a Stage for National and Collective Goals

This brief examines the contribution of the G20 in facilitating the implementation of its member countries’ sustainable development goals. It reviews the G20 priorities over the years, its informal governance mechanisms, and the progress made so far by the member countries in achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The brief finds that even as the G20 has aligned its priorities and initiatives with the SDGs, the responsibility fo