Search: For - RAN

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A carbon price can rationalise mitigation outlays across technologies
Jul 13, 2023

A carbon price can rationalise mitigation outlays across technologies

India’s decarbonisation plans rest on its ability to generate green energy. Until then, the energy transition path till 2070 will remain at best, a

A Case for the "Devil"?
Apr 14, 2010

A Case for the "Devil"?

Strangely, in Maoist circles there is near nostalgia for Shivraj Patil

A coalition that could help secure our Afghan interests
Sep 15, 2020

A coalition that could help secure our Afghan interests

New Delhi, Tehran and Moscow could coordinate their efforts on Afghanistan as the US exits

A Conceptual Relook at the Indian Army’s Terminal Air Defence
Dec 22, 2022

A Conceptual Relook at the Indian Army’s Terminal Air Defence

The ongoing Russia-Ukraine war has underlined the emerging realities of states’ air defence needs, including those for medium- and long-range air defence missile systems. The most important facet in the domain of air defence relates to terminal air defence—or the defence of a single object or a limited area like a ship, building or an airfield, now usually against air attacks and guided missiles. This report underscores the need for India to

A Conceptual Relook at the Indian Army’s Terminal Air Defence
Dec 27, 2022

A Conceptual Relook at the Indian Army’s Terminal Air Defence

The ongoing Russia-Ukraine war has underlined the emerging realities of states’ air defence needs, including those for medium- and long-range air defence missile systems. The most important facet in the domain of air defence relates to terminal air defence—or the defence of a single object or a limited area like a ship, building or an airfield, now usually against air attacks and guided missiles. This report underscores the need for India to

A day of constitutional infamy
Apr 04, 2022

A day of constitutional infamy

With the No-Confidence Motion against the Imran-led government dismissed, Pakistan descends further into political turmoil.

A Deal too Far?
Mar 02, 2006

A Deal too Far?

On the eve of President George W. Bush's visit to India and Pakistan, both sides are racing to complete the nuclear agreement announced in the July, 18, 2005 communiqué between Bush and Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh the time he reaches

A Divided ‘Visegrad Four’ Navigates Relations with the European Union
Oct 03, 2023

A Divided ‘Visegrad Four’ Navigates Relations with the European Union

The Visegrad Four (V4) countries—Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary—are examples of communist states that have transitioned to liberal and democratic governance systems. In recent years, their visibility in the European Union (EU) has surged due to their contrarian positions on certain critical issues facing the Union, such as mass migration and, since 2022, the conflict in Ukraine. This paper analyses the impact of these trend

A European Malaise
Jul 05, 2023

A European Malaise

Far-right parties are on the march in Europe as identity issues become complicated and traditional values are seen as under attack

A European-Central Asian strategy to counter Russia and China’s influence
Mar 15, 2024

A European-Central Asian strategy to counter Russia and China’s influence

By guaranteeing significant investments in new supply chains and tackling poverty in the Central Asian nations, the EU can forge a coherent and mutual

A fixed annual statutory fund could be the answer to cash strapped cities
Jun 18, 2020

A fixed annual statutory fund could be the answer to cash strapped cities

The pandemic has highlighted both the increasing significance of cities in the larger national governance ecosystem as also exposed their vulnerabilit

A Food Systems Approach to Food Security and Nutrition
May 16, 2023

A Food Systems Approach to Food Security and Nutrition

The world is currently witnessing an increase in the prevalence of undernourishment as well as a rise in the incidence of overweight, obesity, and non-communicable diseases. Addressing issues of food security and nutrition would not be possible without adopting a food systems perspective—from farm to fork. Indeed, in 2021, countries developed national pathways to transforming food systems to accelerate progress towards the Sustainable Developme

A foreign tour with  slightly different goals
Apr 09, 2015

A foreign tour with slightly different goals

Modi's visit to Germany and France will give him an opportunity to discuss key political issues relating to Ukraine and the Middle-East. India is feeling the indirect impact of the Russian estrangement from Europe as this has led to closer strategic ties between Moscow and Beijing.

A French Five-Course Meal
Feb 14, 2013

A French Five-Course Meal

India and France must start looking together at the region and the world. A Franco-Indian vision document could be a vital first step towards developing a cooperative framework for stability and security in the region. And the relationship must be purposeful, nimble and creative.

A guidebook on Pacific diplomacy: India looks to the ‘Far East’
Jul 24, 2023

A guidebook on Pacific diplomacy: India looks to the ‘Far East’

Since his assumption to power in 2014, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been slowly stretching the arm of the country’s foreign policy into Pacific waters in furtherance of the ‘Act East’ policy. While India’s relationship with the Pacific island states (read, not Australia and New Zealand) is quite unestablished, Modi is attempting to set the foundations for prosperous future cooperation. In the form of a guidebook for India on Pa

A just path to a decarbonised future
Nov 12, 2021

A just path to a decarbonised future

The Global South needs to drive the just transition discourse further to make it more inclusive and move from words to deeds.

A Kautilyan View of India’s Non-Zero-Sum Game in the Neighbourhood
Aug 11, 2023

A Kautilyan View of India’s Non-Zero-Sum Game in the Neighbourhood

This brief seeks to apply ancient Indian strategic thought to the country’s approach towards its immediate neighbourhood. Employing a Kautilyan perspective on India’s allies within the broader framework of foreign policy end goals, it proposes a non-zero-sum view towards four of its neighbours: Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal. The brief classifies these neighbours based on the attitudes they exhibit and presents a nuanced approach tow

A look at the expanded ambit of the Washington-Manila MDT
May 13, 2023

A look at the expanded ambit of the Washington-Manila MDT

The further strengthening of ties between the US and the Philippines is indicative of the breadth and scope of maritime security arrangements in the r

A lot of pomp and show, but little strategic content
Nov 17, 2015

A lot of pomp and show, but little strategic content

PM Modi's official visit to the UK is unexceptional. This is despite the hype and hoopla that accompany any Modi tour. However, what was different was that for the first time Modi had to respond to issues like Gujarat 2002 riots and the climate of intolerance back home.

A low risk Pak retaliation to NATO attacks
Dec 02, 2011

A low risk Pak retaliation to NATO attacks

Pakistan has no option but to respond to public outrage. Blocking of the two NATO supply routes to Afghanistan and denying the use of a Baloch airfield to the CIA is actually a low risk retaliation when Iran, Hezbullah, Syria are much more in the eye of a huge, global storm.

A new chapter in defence and tech
Feb 22, 2023

A new chapter in defence and tech

The India-U.S. initiative on critical and emerging technologies could have a transformative impact on bilateral relations

A new churn in the Indo-Pacific
Sep 18, 2021

A new churn in the Indo-Pacific

Will the growing security partnership between Australia, US and UK strengthen Indo-Pacific security or loosen the bonds with another key player, Franc

A new Cold War
Mar 06, 2018

A new Cold War

Both the US and Russia have been developing a range of new weapons over the past decade and a half — recent developments have prompted the Russians to highlight their “achievements”.

A new disorder: Global economic multilateralism at an inflection point
Sep 24, 2019

A new disorder: Global economic multilateralism at an inflection point

French president Emmanuel Macron tried to manage the contradictions, but nothing of substance was achieved in Biarritz.

A new nuclear non-proliferation initiative? The American Hypocrisy and Pakistan
Mar 17, 2004

A new nuclear non-proliferation initiative? The American Hypocrisy and Pakistan

In February 2004, President George Bush outlined his new nuclear non-proliferation approach, in his ¿seven points¿ speech at the National Defense University. It include the setting up of proliferation security initiative which will control and monitor not only shipments and nuclear transfer of material/technology but also will be empowered to take direct action against the violators of the law.

A New Silk Road Strategy for Afghanistan
Feb 08, 2013

A New Silk Road Strategy for Afghanistan

After the scheduled western forces drawdown from Afghanistan in 2014, one viable option that would assist Afghan economic development is the US-driven New Silk Road Strategy. But, China, Russia, and Iran have specific visions of a viable NSRS, and these do not necessarily sit well with the US strategy.

A New Social Contract for the Digital Age
Dec 19, 2018

A New Social Contract for the Digital Age

A new social contract between citizens, consumers, employees, the state, and enterprise is needed to delineate a new understanding around rights, responsibilities and entitlements. Digital  transformations  are  rapidly  altering  the  nature  of  work,  models  of employment,    contracts,    regulations    and    protections.    Increasingly,    the responsibilities  of the state are becoming the obligations  of,�

A New Year gift to Syria: A possible agreement?
Dec 28, 2012

A New Year gift to Syria: A possible agreement?

The US is entering its trickiest phase in the Af-Pak region, where elections are due in both, Pakistan and Afghanistan just around the time Washington has set for its troops to depart. Can troops depart without an overt or covert understanding with Iran which has a long border with Afghanistan?

A passage through Europe
Jun 06, 2017

A passage through Europe

Prime Minister Modi’s outreach to Europe has injected pragmatism in a relationship which was adrift for some time. Now the proverbial ball is in Europe’s court.

A path to NSG: India’s rise in the global nuclear order
Dec 24, 2017

A path to NSG: India’s rise in the global nuclear order

This research provides an empirical analysis of India’s limited, but transformative position in the global nuclear order. By examining India’s bid for a Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) membership, this paper makes three major arguments. First, India’s attempt to acquire veto power status through the NSG challenges classical revisionism in international relations theory. Second, India’s rise through the NSG is based on selective coalition-bu

A pause in the post-Soviet space
Oct 10, 2005

A pause in the post-Soviet space

It can happen in the hurly-burly of politics that a flood of images abruptly wells up to the naked eye and demands attention so that we do not miss out on an entire slice of politics breaking away to get transmuted as current history.

A Proactive Indian Navy: Upcoming Naval Exercises
Mar 13, 2021

A Proactive Indian Navy: Upcoming Naval Exercises

The Indian Navy has a bevvy of planned engagements this spring,. including with the UAE and France.

A Proposed Architecture for a Central Bank Digital Currency for India
Jul 14, 2023

A Proposed Architecture for a Central Bank Digital Currency for India

Most central banks across the globe are today seized with the idea of cryptocurrency, with countries like Sweden and China already embarking on their pilot projects. This paper argues that most of the proposed architectures for a Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) are not designed to mimic the paper currency in its digital form. It proposes an architecture that largely retains all the properties of a paper currency, with only one limitation—i

A record boom
Dec 13, 2023

A record boom

India is still a net importer, but its momentum is in the right direction.

A relevant BRICS: Reimagining global economic reform
Feb 27, 2024

A relevant BRICS: Reimagining global economic reform

As BRICS navigates the evolving global economic landscape, its trade, investment, and finance progress underscores its significance as a transformativ

A roadmap for skills universities in India
May 25, 2018

A roadmap for skills universities in India

Setting up skills universities across the country is an ambitious and expansive initiative. It cannot afford to fall prey to the ignorance of the poli

A scheme should raise earnings and not hurt passengers’ pockets
Nov 19, 2018

A scheme should raise earnings and not hurt passengers’ pockets

Government should take suitable steps to improve the share of rail transport in both freight and passenger segments

A space monkey and the art of rocket diplomacy
Feb 15, 2013

A space monkey and the art of rocket diplomacy

Iran is being treated more like North Korea, even though it is one of the world's great civilisations, with major historical and scientific achievements. And, as anyone who has deeply analysed the personalities of Ahmadinejad and Kim Jong Un knows, they don't look like one another. Or like one another.

A strategic compass guides the India-Australia trade deal
Apr 08, 2022

A strategic compass guides the India-Australia trade deal

The two countries’ geopolitical compulsions, especially regarding containing china in the indo-pacific, have translated into closer trade ties

A Survey of India-US Defence Cooperation
Mar 15, 2024

A Survey of India-US Defence Cooperation

Manoj Joshi, “A Survey of India-US Defence Cooperation,” ORF Special Report No. 224, March 2024, Observer Research Foundation.

A wasted gift
Aug 10, 2018

A wasted gift

India’s government recently announced a safeguard duty (SGD) on solar cells and modules from China (and Malaysia) starting with 25% in the first year. This decision does not only jeopardise the own renewable energy targets but also harm the own economy. Why not let pay China for India's energy transition?

A year on, India mulls over its Myanmar policy
Feb 01, 2022

A year on, India mulls over its Myanmar policy

The Myanmar coup has left India in a tight spot as it continues to factor in its strategic interests in Myanmar

A ‘sustainable’ New Delhi Declaration: G20’s acceleration on the SDGs
Sep 14, 2023

A ‘sustainable’ New Delhi Declaration: G20’s acceleration on the SDGs

Through a combination of digital transformation, financing, sustainable agriculture, healthcare strengthening, and education, the G20 nations show str