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Localisation: A Model Strategy for Family Planning and Maternal and Newborn Healthcare in India
Aug 24, 2023

Localisation: A Model Strategy for Family Planning and Maternal and Newborn Healthcare in India

Adapting health interventions to the social, economic, political, ecological, and cultural contexts of local communities increases trust and acceptability for policies and programmes. Locally led initiatives entrust local stakeholders with providing insights into grassroots-level realities and community-sensitive approaches. Global and country-wide evidence also highlights that granting authority and accountability to local stakeholders improves

Locating Sri Lanka in Biden’s Indo-Pacific Strategy
Aug 14, 2023

Locating Sri Lanka in Biden’s Indo-Pacific Strategy

As China’s rise threatens the democratic rules, values, and institutions that have shaped the post-war world order, the United States (US) is increasing its outreach in the Indo-Pacific region. Distant South Asian island nations such as Sri Lanka are today receiving greater attention from the US. This brief seeks to bridge the gap in the literature on the US’s Sri Lanka policy and highlights how the current US government positions Sri Lanka i

Looking ahead retrospectively: A Bangladeshi perspective
Jan 15, 2021

Looking ahead retrospectively: A Bangladeshi perspective

The revival of the multi-modal connectivity web in today’s context — with the Bay of Bengal central to it — holds rich promises for all South an

Looking at the pros and cons of call for rewriting history
Oct 24, 2019

Looking at the pros and cons of call for rewriting history

The study of history is an academic pursuit and has always been a contested field — as it should be.

Losing the Bay of Bengal
Mar 04, 2014

Losing the Bay of Bengal

The next government must recognise that the Bay of Bengal is no longer a backwater but a strategic hub connecting the Indian and Pacific Oceans as well as China and the Bay of Bengal. Delhi must match its rhetoric on trans-border connectivity with much needed political will and administrative competence.

Love thy neighbour
Jun 11, 2015

Love thy neighbour

Beyond resolving outstanding problems, Modi's visit to Bangladesh has led to the setting up of agreements, MoUs and protocols which will transform our relations in the future. The key issues here are connectivity and economic partnership.

LTTE: Karuna puts the clock back in more ways than one
Mar 10, 2004

LTTE: Karuna puts the clock back in more ways than one

By rebelling against supremo Prabhakaran in an unprecedented way, ¿Col¿ Karuna, LTTE¿s sacked commander for Sri Lanka¿s Eastern Province, has put the clock back in more ways than one. In a way, it has also put the LTTE at the crossroad all over again as never before, coming as it does after the historic Ceasefire Agreement with the Sri Lankan Government, but how far is too early to determine.

Macron Brussels and Washington
Sep 16, 2019

Macron Brussels and Washington

Because of geopolitical changes, we are living the end of Western hegemony, and the West needs to cooperate with Russia in order to create a new syst

Macron, Brussels and Washington
Sep 16, 2019

Macron, Brussels and Washington

Because of geopolitical changes, we are living the end of Western hegemony, and the West needs to cooperate with Russia in order to create a new syst

Macron’s Africa Policy: Situating Jihadist threat in Mali and the Sahel region
May 16, 2022

Macron’s Africa Policy: Situating Jihadist threat in Mali and the Sahel region

Would Macron be able to quell the Jihadist movements in Africa as part of France’s Africa policy in his second term?

Macron’s Muddled China Outreach
Apr 13, 2023

Macron’s Muddled China Outreach

Macron has raised doubts about how serious France is when it comes to managing the negative externalities of China’s rise.

Macron’s Re-election, A Victory With Challenges
Apr 29, 2022

Macron’s Re-election, A Victory With Challenges

France has voted, Europe is relieved, and the French President needs to move fast to douse the flames of polarisation

Macron’s second term will be harder – his centrism pushed opponents to extreme Left & Right
May 03, 2022

Macron’s second term will be harder – his centrism pushed opponents to extreme Left & Right

If Macron loses control of the National Assembly in June, he may be forced into an uneasy co-habitation that will limit his policy options. He knows that.

Macron’s visit to India takes place at an important juncture in regional geopolitics
Mar 12, 2018

Macron’s visit to India takes place at an important juncture in regional geopolitics

France has begun to pay serious attention to the Indo-Pacific region after a long time.

Macron’s wake-up call to EU
Dec 03, 2019

Macron’s wake-up call to EU

The French President has rightly said that the bloc needs to assert sovereignty over its political and security decisions

Magnanimous machines: Why AI work should work for people and not the other way around
Oct 17, 2021

Magnanimous machines: Why AI work should work for people and not the other way around

Machine learning allows us to replicate past patterns at an astonishing rate, we should work towards not replicating past mistakes and patterns

Maharshatra's Electric Vehicle policy: Challenges with planning and implementation
Feb 09, 2022

Maharshatra's Electric Vehicle policy: Challenges with planning and implementation

The policy speed bumps in the planning and implementation of states’ EV policies need to be addressed to achieve nationwide adoption

Major breakthrough in Nepal–India relations: Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba’s visit to India
Apr 15, 2022

Major breakthrough in Nepal–India relations: Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba’s visit to India

A shift in India’s policy towards Nepal’s power trade is proving to be favourable for the latter

Making a case for rightsizing KMP tenure as a good governance requirement in Indian BFSI sector
Jun 15, 2020

Making a case for rightsizing KMP tenure as a good governance requirement in Indian BFSI sector

Bad corporate governance impacts negatively on a company's integrity and transparency — and directly hurts customer trust and subsequently the compa

Making BITs Less Biting: India’s Reform of the Investment Regime
Nov 26, 2016

Making BITs Less Biting: India’s Reform of the Investment Regime

In response to increasing criticism of the existing international investment regime, various countries, including India, have been revising their model investment treaties. is paper analyses India's recently approved Model Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT). It makes an assessment of the text's practical implications from the perspective of ongoing negotiations of investment agreements with several countries, as well as India's transition towards

Making Iraq out of Lebanon
Mar 09, 2005

Making Iraq out of Lebanon

After having made a Lebanon out of Iraq, the US, duly assisted by France and other West European powers, has embarked on a policy, which is likely to make an Iraq out of the Lebanon.

Making Iraq out of UK
Jun 25, 2005

Making Iraq out of UK

There were four more explosions in London on July 21,2005, but of a much lower intensity as compared to those of July 7,2005. The target again was the public transportation system. As on July 7,2005, there were three explosions in the underground railway system and one in a bus. Apart from injuries to one person, no other human casualty has been reported. Material damage was also very little as compared to July 7.

Maldives: EC crisis ends, polls as scheduled
Mar 15, 2014

Maldives: EC crisis ends, polls as scheduled

After managing well the crisis over the Election Commission in Maldives, the government now will have to initiate legal and political measures to institutionalise facilitating mechanisms for smooth transition. Again, the initiative would lie with President Yameen.

Maldives: How independent is Independence?
Jul 24, 2015

Maldives: How independent is Independence?

For a nation celebrating the golden jubilee of the country's Independence, Maldives has been at sixes and sevens through the previous year. And for a people who have taken politics and democracy with all its dynamism and vibrancy,

Maldives: Supreme Court orders fresh polls
Oct 08, 2013

Maldives: Supreme Court orders fresh polls

Maldives President Mohammed Waheed Hassan Manik had indicated in a national address last week that he would transfer power on 11 November. Yet, the Supreme Court's observation may have thrown up an eminently avoidable possibility.

Maldives: What after Nasheed's 'refuge' in Indian mission?
Feb 14, 2013

Maldives: What after Nasheed's 'refuge' in Indian mission?

In Maldives, the development following former President Nasheed seeking refuge in Indian Embassy after an arrest warrant from a local court has raised a number of issues -- legal, political and diplomatic. Presidential polls are due in the country in September this year.

Managing new actors in the space domain
Jun 29, 2019

Managing new actors in the space domain

New entrants in the Indo-Pacific offer both opportunities and challenges for outer space.

Managing on-street parking in Indian cities
Mar 14, 2024

Managing on-street parking in Indian cities

The surge in vehicle ownership has created a persistent on-street parking challenge amidst increasing demand for parking space

Managing the energy trilemma: Role of liquefied petroleum gas
Aug 16, 2023

Managing the energy trilemma: Role of liquefied petroleum gas

LPG use in transport and industry will further strengthen its energy security without compromising on sustainability and equity

Mann Ki Baat: Innovation in Indian policymaking
Sep 19, 2017

Mann Ki Baat: Innovation in Indian policymaking

Governments are architects designing our range of choices and social environment. Using formal behavioural science towards design, they can craft smar

Mapping the Arc of US Support to Ukraine: Economic, Political, and Strategic Imperatives
Apr 24, 2024

Mapping the Arc of US Support to Ukraine: Economic, Political, and Strategic Imperatives

The US has provided financial and military support to Ukraine since 2014, when Russia took control of Crimea, and more firmly since February 2022, when the ongoing Russia-Ukraine war began. Indeed, US military, political, and strategic support to Ukraine is crucial to Kyiv as the conflict continues. For the Biden administration, aid to Ukraine is a vital principle on which his party politics hinges; it is a critical pathway to rebuild transatlant

Maritime agendas on mere paper won't do
Aug 17, 2012

Maritime agendas on mere paper won't do

India's Maritime Agenda may appear to be a major step forward, but unless translated into a time-bound action plan which is resolutely implemented and closely monitored, it may remain merely another document.

Maritime dispute resolved, Delhi and Dhaka should work for turning Bay into economic hub
Jul 16, 2014

Maritime dispute resolved, Delhi and Dhaka should work for turning Bay into economic hub

Resolution of the maritime dispute between India and Bangladesh has opened up a new horizon for cooperation between the two countries. They can now join together to exploit the natural sources in the Bay. Both countries should try to transform the Bay of Bengal region into a major hub for trade and commerce, bringing prosperity to the region.

Master plan for Delhi 2021-2041: Expected scope and challenges
Feb 16, 2021

Master plan for Delhi 2021-2041: Expected scope and challenges

Delhi is expected to record a population in the range of 28-30 million by the year 2041. To meet their requirements and to resolve numerous problems p

Matching resources to strategic priorities: The US Marine Corps’ and Indian Army’s concerns
Mar 16, 2023

Matching resources to strategic priorities: The US Marine Corps’ and Indian Army’s concerns

IA needs a real transformation and not incremental improvement if it is to effectively take on the PRC forces

MDB Reform: Needs, approaches, missteps
Mar 15, 2024

MDB Reform: Needs, approaches, missteps

While the recent push for MDB transformation is welcome and reform urgently needed, the IEG report’s recommendations should be evaluated more critic

MDP decision revives hopes on Roadmap Talks
Aug 14, 2012

MDP decision revives hopes on Roadmap Talks

MDP's decision to call off the daily protest demonstrations, demanding early presidential polls, has revived the hopes of early resumption of the All-Party Roadmap Talks, initiated by President Mohammed Waheed Hassan at the instance of Indian Foreign Secretary Ranjan Mathai in March.

Measuring urbanisation in India
Dec 13, 2017

Measuring urbanisation in India

Living conditions in fast-growing rural areas across India are deteriorating due not only to the impact of urbanisation but the lack of capacity of the local governments to manage such transitions. This brief makes the case for changing the administration status of such areas from “rural” to “urban”, establishing urban governance mechanisms therein, and making them resilient. For identification of such areas, the state government’s opin

Mecca summit: Peace initiative or one-upmanship
Aug 18, 2012

Mecca summit: Peace initiative or one-upmanship

Any evaluation of Shia politics in West Asia would be flawed until it takes into account the considerable influence that the holy city of Najaf exerts on Baghdad, Teheran, the Hezbullah and the majority of Bahrainis.

Media more swayed by commercial interests, says expert
Mar 09, 2014

Media more swayed by commercial interests, says expert

The "old, new and the social media" in India are "swayed less by ideology and more by commercial interests," according to a senior media professor, Dr Maya Ranganathan.

Meeting the fiscal deficit target somehow
Aug 28, 2019

Meeting the fiscal deficit target somehow

By transferring Rs 1.76 lakh crore from the RBI’s surplus funds, the government is determined to meet its fiscal deficit target of 3.3 per cent of the GDP because doing that seems to be its top priority, rather than spending more on infrastructure, welfare programmes and centrally sponsored development schemes.

Mega rail projects an opportunity to slash India's carbon emissions
Nov 19, 2009

Mega rail projects an opportunity to slash India's carbon emissions

The Indian railway is the largest passenger rail system in the world, yet it makes up just about 13% of India's transport sector

Mekong-Ganga Dialogue: Learning to manage river basins
Jun 24, 2013

Mekong-Ganga Dialogue: Learning to manage river basins

The second Mekong-Ganga Dialogue, held in Laos and Thailand, effectively threw diverse and comparative insights into wide range of water issues plaguing both the regions and deliberated upon possibilities of cooperation and collective actions to sustainably manage water resources.

Military approach not enough to deal with IS
May 11, 2015

Military approach not enough to deal with IS

Only a military approach is not enough to solve the problem of Islamic State. A crucial part of the overall strategy to deal with the IS should include creation of an inclusive state apparatus inside Iraq and Syria, felt speakers at a conference on "Transformations in West Asia: Regional Perspectives" organised at ORF.

Military cares; does the State?
Oct 28, 2016

Military cares; does the State?

PM Modi and Manohar Parrikar have lately been attempting to set the record straight about the issue of disability pension of the military.

Military reforms have put China’s combat capability way ahead of India’s
Feb 08, 2019

Military reforms have put China’s combat capability way ahead of India’s

Indian decision makers face two hard choices: either reduce the size of the Indian Army or significantly expand the defence budget.