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Challenges of urbanisation in Africa
Jun 13, 2019

Challenges of urbanisation in Africa

If Africa’s development is handled wisely, it can bring about unprecedented transformation in the continent.

Changing geo-political realities in Afghan-Pakistani region will have new implications
Mar 03, 2015

Changing geo-political realities in Afghan-Pakistani region will have new implications

The Afghan-Pakistani region is in transition and the changing geo-political realities will have new implications, says Kamran Bokhari, Vice President of Middle Eastern and South Asian Affairs at Stratfor. He says old paradigms cannot be used to gauge new realities.

Changing Indian space policy landscape
Oct 18, 2021

Changing Indian space policy landscape

The need for a transformation of the Indian space policy landscape goes beyond just the need for creating jobs or for improving tax revenues from the

Changing mindsets big challenge before both Obama and Rouhani
Sep 30, 2013

Changing mindsets big challenge before both Obama and Rouhani

It is not only President Obama who feels boxed in by the Lindsay Grahams and John McCains of his country but Rouhani too has formidable set of foes to fight, before either can climb down from his stated position. Not everyone in Iran wants his President to negotiate the country out of its present misery.

Changing the script
Mar 26, 2020

Changing the script

The Chinese government and its private sector, both have reached out to nations as diverse as France, Spain, Italy, Belgium, Iran, Iraq, the Philippines, and even the US

China and Russia Navigate Shared Threat of Terrorism from Afghanistan
Apr 27, 2023

China and Russia Navigate Shared Threat of Terrorism from Afghanistan

China and Russia both seek closer ties with the Taliban in Kabul, even as they have refrained from fully recognising the regime. This brief explores China’s and Russia’s converging interests in Afghanistan, and argues that their primary concern is a shared existential threat of terrorism from Afghanistan. Beijing and Moscow regard Afghanistan as a potential source of trans-regional instability, and they are adopting a pragmatic approa

China and the New Leadership in Myanmar
May 25, 2011

China and the New Leadership in Myanmar

As part of its political transition from military to "civilian" rule, Myanmar adopted a new constitution through a national referendum in 2008 and conducted its first national elections in two decades in November 2010.

China in Latin America: A rising power’s forays into US backyard
Jan 12, 2018

China in Latin America: A rising power’s forays into US backyard

China, a late entrant in Latin America, has now emerged as the region’s major economic partner. Bilateral trade between the two stands today at more than USD 200 billion. By augmenting investments and trade in Latin America, Beijing has managed to project itself as an alternative to the United States, which had previously enjoyed overarching influence in the region. The US’ inability to lead Latin America into a path of sustainable econ

China one up on America
Jan 18, 2022

China one up on America

It is making giant strides where the US refused to go

China under Xi is an ‘abnormal’ state
Aug 10, 2023

China under Xi is an ‘abnormal’ state

Incidents of sudden disappearance of celebrities have been common in China. But Qin Gang’s case is special. Not only has he disappeared but his public records are also being erased.

China Weekly Report | Volume VI; Issue 36 | Party expands Xi Jinping’s political power, anoints him ‘core’ leader
Nov 02, 2016

China Weekly Report | Volume VI; Issue 36 | Party expands Xi Jinping’s political power, anoints him ‘core’ leader

Communist Party's elevation of President Xi Jinping’s to the core gives him greater influence over reshuffles of top ranks at gathering among other roundups

China's aggression towards Japan is a global threat
Dec 05, 2013

China's aggression towards Japan is a global threat

India must urgently explore a variety of options to restore deterrence vis-à-vis China. This first thing is to back Japan. India also has to work on a range of options including economic and hard options. It must also take a fresh look at reinvigorating its ties with Vietnam, Japan, Australia, Singapore and the littoral states.

China's BRICS summit — What to expect?
Sep 01, 2017

China's BRICS summit — What to expect?

BRICS has a huge potential to transform into a strong, effective and viable institution.

China's looking at its Trump card
Dec 20, 2016

China's looking at its Trump card

An erratic US President Trump, with a poor grasp of policy, can give Beijing a free run not only in South-east Asia, but Central and West Asia as well

China's opportunities and challenges in a crisis-ridden West Asia
Oct 22, 2023

China's opportunities and challenges in a crisis-ridden West Asia

While China may aid West Asian countries to hedge their interests against the US, the lack of Chinese diplomacy on ground shows that there is still a

China's rise is a worry for 'flat-footed' US
Apr 01, 2015

China's rise is a worry for 'flat-footed' US

The decision of key American allies like the UK, Germany, France, South Korea and Australia to join the Chinese-led Asian Infrastructure Development Bank (AIIB) marks another step forward in the shaping of a Chinese-led Asian economic and, possibly, security order.

China, Africa, and the geopolitics of lithium
Nov 09, 2023

China, Africa, and the geopolitics of lithium

The course of the global energy transition may be determined by the effectiveness of Africa’s lithium exploration negotiations with China

China, all-weather friend of Bangladesh
Sep 17, 2010

China, all-weather friend of Bangladesh

Bilateral relations between China and Bangladesh will strengthen further once the road and rail links are established between the two countries through Myanmar. The prospects for the road-rail links have brightened after Myanmar cleared the transit facility, the Chinese envoy for Bangladesh has said.

China-India data sharing for early flood warning in the Brahmaputra: A critique
Dec 04, 2019

China-India data sharing for early flood warning in the Brahmaputra: A critique

This brief makes an assessment of the data-sharing arrangement between China and India as outlined in the Memorandum of Understanding for sharing hydrological information on the Brahmaputra river system, aimed at facilitating advance warning for floods in India during monsoon. Using hydro-meteorological data, this brief assesses the arrangement and identifies its limitations, primary of which is the wrong choice for the location of measuring stat

China: Today and Tomorrow
Oct 17, 2006

China: Today and Tomorrow

In China, the regime's vision and capacity to transform the society and state has made a lot of difference, said Mr Harish Khare, Senior Associate Editor and Chief of the Delhi Bureau of The Hindu. Contemporary Chinese elite, cohesive as they are, have played a vital role in shaping-up the country.

China’s belt and road initiative: Implications in Africa
May 10, 2023

China’s belt and road initiative: Implications in Africa

Over the last two decades, China has established a significant economic presence in most African countries. Its lucrative economic investment package, flexible political approach, and focused big-ticket development projects under the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) provide an ostensibly massive opportunity to African countries. However, the unilateral nature of the initiative, the lack of transparency and accountability to African countries, and t

China’s Cruise Missile Capabilities: Implications for the Indian Army and Air Force
Apr 10, 2023

China’s Cruise Missile Capabilities: Implications for the Indian Army and Air Force

This brief evaluates the state and development of China’s cruise missile capabilities, specifically that of its air-launched and ground-launched missile forces. It finds that China has developed a formidable inventory of cruise missiles, which poses a threat to India’s own military infrastructure.  The brief lays out the imperative for India: to build up its long-range cruise missile forces. It argues that India’s current capabilities woul

China’s Military-Civil Fusion Strategy, the US Response, and Implications for India
Jul 21, 2023

China’s Military-Civil Fusion Strategy, the US Response, and Implications for India

Military modernisation was the fourth and last of Deng Xiaoping’s ‘Four Modernisations’. Even before the third modernisation got underway—that of science and technology—China began using commercial technologies to advance its military capabilities. This strategy has gained salience since Xi Jinping came to power in 2012 and made it the state’s key goal to transform the PLA into a “world-class military”. Military-Civil Fusi

China’s moves to strengthen its atomic arsenal
Mar 09, 2021

China’s moves to strengthen its atomic arsenal

Silo-based missile capabilities increase the odds of survivability for China’s small arsenal and are integral to Beijing’s nuclear modernisation e

China’s Nuclear Forces Continue to Expand
Feb 05, 2024

China’s Nuclear Forces Continue to Expand

China’s nuclear expansion could lead to a spiraling arms race.

China’s quest for the renewables
Jul 18, 2022

China’s quest for the renewables

In its quest to achieve net zero, China has introduced new plans to promote green transition and has made significant progress in low-carbon developme

China’s secrecy on COVID surge revives horror of 2020 outbreak
Jan 09, 2023

China’s secrecy on COVID surge revives horror of 2020 outbreak

The world community seeks more clarity from China as it downplays the recent surge in COVID cases

China’s Sharp Power: Blunting the World’s Edge or a Moment of Global Awakening?
Aug 16, 2023

China’s Sharp Power: Blunting the World’s Edge or a Moment of Global Awakening?

Sharp power—a state's attempt to alter the behaviour of other countries through the manipulation of culture, education systems, and the media to further its interests—is a key tool of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Issues related to regime legitimacy and the CCP's development priorities have shaped China's sharp power approach. In the Xi Jinping era, there is some anxiety in the party ranks that external conditions are turning aga

China’s strategic ambitions seen in the Hambantota port in Sri Lanka
Jul 27, 2018

China’s strategic ambitions seen in the Hambantota port in Sri Lanka

New Delhi’s Indian Ocean woes aren’t confined to Sri Lanka. Across the Indian Ocean’s littorals, the Chinese navy has been preparing to establish a stronger security presence. On Pakistan’s Makran coast, the PLAN has deployed regularly, including at Gwadar, also constructed by CMPorts. Earlier this year, the PLA is said to have initiated talks with the Pakistan military for another outpost at Jiwani.

China’s terror dilemma in CPEC: A Xinjiang strategy?
Aug 17, 2023

China’s terror dilemma in CPEC: A Xinjiang strategy?

This brief aims to examine one of China’s possible responses to the various extremist and terrorist activities that plague the internal security of Pakistan, given the necessity of securing its USD 62 billion investment in the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). Given that Pakistan is failing to control this problem, China will have to take measures of its own to secure CPEC. The response of China could possibly be inspired by its strateg

China’s West Asian peace diplomacy a reality check for India
Mar 23, 2023

China’s West Asian peace diplomacy a reality check for India

The China-brokered Saudi Arabia-Iran deal puts the spotlight on New Delhi’s ties with Tehran

China’s ‘spy ship’ poses a dilemma for New Delhi
Aug 20, 2022

China’s ‘spy ship’ poses a dilemma for New Delhi

India’s security officials worry that China would use the ship’s visit as a precedent for future deployments by Chinese warships to Sri Lanka.

Chinese Global Exchange Diplomacy and Influence Operations: An Overview
Feb 15, 2024

Chinese Global Exchange Diplomacy and Influence Operations: An Overview

Since the onset of the twenty-first century, China has employed various instruments of exchange diplomacy to overcome its historical 'century of humiliation’ and realise its 'Middle Kingdom’ dream. Riding on the platform of the Belt and Road Initiative, China has leveraged its strong economy and large human resources through tourism, education, and sister-city arrangements to strengthen people-to-people contact between its citizens, diaspora,

Chinese leadership promoting strategy of military assertiveness
Jul 24, 2015

Chinese leadership promoting strategy of military assertiveness

China's increasing assertiveness is not ad hoc and random; it fits in with their overall military strategy. And, finding this strategy to be quite effective, Chinese leadership are promote it, according to Dr. Oriana Skylar Mastro of the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University.

Chinese Takeaway
Jul 25, 2012

Chinese Takeaway

With the World Bank punishing Bangladesh by withdrawing support to $3 billion multipurpose bridge over River Padma, Dhaka is hoping that China will step into the breach. Could India pit ch in too? Or Delhi and Beijing collaborate on a transformative economic venture in Banglade sh, setting a new basis for regional cooperation?

Chinese views on India’s nuclear developments
May 09, 2023

Chinese views on India’s nuclear developments

China has not engaged in a nuclear dialogue with India despite India being a full-fledged nuclear weapons state; this is unlikely to change in the nea

Choice in electricity retail: Will consumers choose green power?
Mar 11, 2024

Choice in electricity retail: Will consumers choose green power?

The Indian electricity market's future might incline towards renewable energy suppliers, possibly featuring specialised green providers.

CIA Vs DIA
Jan 25, 2005

CIA Vs DIA

I have been in receipt of some mail from my readers asking for my comments on the reports carried by the "Washington Post" and the CNN TV channel of the US during the week-end regarding the Defence Intelligence Agency (DIA) of the USA setting up a new intelligence collection unit called the Strategic Support Branch (SSB), which has been operating in Iraq, Afghanistan and other countries since 2002.

Cities with extreme deficits of quality of life
Oct 17, 2019

Cities with extreme deficits of quality of life

A city’s inability to offer infrastructures that enable life, such as drinking water, conditions of hygiene, electricity and other such life-enablin

Civil War in Yemen
Jun 08, 2015

Civil War in Yemen

Beginning March 26, 2015, a Saudi Arabia-led coalition of countries, comprising nine other Arab countries, backed by the USA, France and UK, launched air strikes in Yemen against the Houthis and army units loyal to former Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh.

Civil-Military relations at a breaking point in Pakistan
Oct 23, 2021

Civil-Military relations at a breaking point in Pakistan

Will Prime Minister Imran Khan complete his term in light of current tensions between his administration and the military?

Cleaning DRDO's Augean stables
Jan 22, 2015

Cleaning DRDO's Augean stables

Cost and time over-runs have reportedly led to losses of approximately Rs29,000 crore in the DRDO; some 10 projects have been delayed for over five years. The Armed Forces continue to be woefully short of modern weapon systems, ammunition and a vast range of critical equipment.

Closing the Gulf
Feb 14, 2012

Closing the Gulf

There is a periodic urge in the West to fix Iran. Syria and Iran had been listed on the State Sponsors of Terrorism list for decades even before September 11, 2001. In 2002, George Bush described Iran as a member of the 'Axis of Evil'. Despite all this, there were talks of negotiations.

Coal production by the private sector in India: The perils of promise
Jan 09, 2024

Coal production by the private sector in India: The perils of promise

The fundamental crisis in the coal sector is not only the lack of transparency but rather the need for efficient markets for fuel that can keep up wit

Coal Shortage in India: Beyond Supply and Demand
May 01, 2022

Coal Shortage in India: Beyond Supply and Demand

India is facing a sudden shortage in power generation in power plants amidst the scorching summer heat.

Cold war in Middle East
Aug 13, 2012

Cold war in Middle East

The challenge for India is much larger than voting choices on the international resolutions on Syria. It is about finding effective ways to cope with the expanding Saudi-Iran rivalry, which is not limited to Syria.

Colombo’s turnaround
Jul 25, 2023

Colombo’s turnaround

Renewed proximity with India can help Sri Lanka reduce its dependence on foreign reserves, while giving Delhi the leverage to push for benefits

Commercial space mining: Economic and legal implications
Sep 24, 2017

Commercial space mining: Economic and legal implications

The United States and Luxembourg have adopted domestic space laws granting certain legal rights to space mining companies. These moves have initiated a debate on the future of this industry, as well as the passing of relevant laws governing outer space and its resources. This paper makes an assessment of commercial space mining activities in the broader context of the emerging space economy. It finds that entrepreneurs are increasingly looking at