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Breaking banks, building dreams: A case for women’s savings in India
Mar 07, 2024

Breaking banks, building dreams: A case for women’s savings in India

India is seeing a shift towards greater financial inclusion and women's empowerment. Policies supporting this trend can create a more equitable financ

Breaking the gridlock
Jul 03, 2012

Breaking the gridlock

Smart Grid technology solutions can not only help India reduce its transmission and distribution losses, but can also help leap to the future by bundling major public utilities over one single grid.

Breakthrough in fusion energy: Is abundant low carbon energy within reach?
Oct 09, 2021

Breakthrough in fusion energy: Is abundant low carbon energy within reach?

The recent technological advancement in the energy front could translate into abundant low carbon energy supply; however, there are multiple problems

BRI in Nepal: An Appraisal
Jun 10, 2024

BRI in Nepal: An Appraisal

Nepal signed the framework agreement of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) with China in May 2017. Of the initial 35 projects that Nepal had proposed, the final number eventually came down to nine. Seven years later, none of the BRI projects have been completed. In 2023, the tenth year of the BRI, controversies surrounding China’s attempt to co-opt even ‘non-BRI’ projects under the framework, and Nepal’s efforts to secure more grants inst

BRICS expansion is a desperate bid to maintain relevance
Sep 21, 2023

BRICS expansion is a desperate bid to maintain relevance

The BRICS expansion is a big win for China as it would be able to enhance its geopolitical influence by admitting Argentina, Egypt, Ethiopia, Iran, Sa

BRICS: A wall for some and a platform for others
Apr 04, 2013

BRICS: A wall for some and a platform for others

China as the leader of the pack will use BRICS for control and dominance. The West will see this as a threat to existing arrangements and try to pull it down before it takes off. Indian presence will remain weak so long as our economic reforms and progress remain slow and our internal political and policy frameworks remain uncertain.

Bridging global workforce gaps: An Indian perspective
May 31, 2024

Bridging global workforce gaps: An Indian perspective

India’s youthful demographic profile can positively impact the global labour market if strategic efforts are employed

Bridging the gap: Addressing international barriers to climate action projects in the developing world
Dec 12, 2017

Bridging the gap: Addressing international barriers to climate action projects in the developing world

This report is part of the Observer Research Foundation’s “Financing Green Transitions” series which aims to find potential linkages between private capital, in all its forms, and climate action projects. The series will primarily examine domestic and international barriers to private capital entry for mitigation oriented climate projects, while also examining potential avenues for private capital flow entry towards adaptation and resilienc

Bridging the gap: India Bangladesh relations
Aug 21, 2010

Bridging the gap: India Bangladesh relations

India and Bangladesh relations got a new boost following Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee's brief visit to Bangladesh recently, demonstrating New Delhi's keenness in enhancing bilateral relations.

Bridging Water Demand and Supply Gap in Delhi
Jun 24, 2020

Bridging Water Demand and Supply Gap in Delhi

In this article, the situation of water supply and disposal in Delhi is described. The analysis reveals that Delhi government is lagging behind in ser

Bringing India and Thailand Closer via the Trilateral Highway Through Myanmar
Nov 21, 2023

Bringing India and Thailand Closer via the Trilateral Highway Through Myanmar

This brief underlines the immense potential for increased cross-border trade, tourism, and people-to-people interactions between India and its Southeast Asian neighbours. In particular, it evaluates the importance of India–Thailand relations, emphasising the present state of the India–Myanmar–Thailand Trilateral Highway (IMT-TH). Although India and Thailand share a maritime boundary along India’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Th

BSF-BGB tension: India-Bangladesh border management need a rethink
Oct 21, 2019

BSF-BGB tension: India-Bangladesh border management need a rethink

The recent India-Bangladesh border incident suggests a need to rethink the dialogue processes among the border guarding forces.

Budding Russia-Pakistan Camaraderie: Should India be Concerned?
Mar 02, 2022

Budding Russia-Pakistan Camaraderie: Should India be Concerned?

India has no reason to be fazed by the growing ties between Pakistan and Russia as showcased by Imran Khan’s recent visit to Moscow.

Budget 2022: Enabling finance for green growth and innovation
Jan 28, 2022

Budget 2022: Enabling finance for green growth and innovation

Budget 2022 could be a turning point for India in achieving its climate ambitions if adequate steps are taken to improve investments and innovation in

Budget 2023 pushes the pedal on growth and reforms
Feb 02, 2023

Budget 2023 pushes the pedal on growth and reforms

The underlying philosophy behind this budget is to help India transition from entitlements to empowerment

Budget 2023, aspirations and India’s vision for the G20: Do they converge?
Feb 02, 2023

Budget 2023, aspirations and India’s vision for the G20: Do they converge?

G20 India aims to provide a global approach to realising common aspirations like a just green transition, renewed forms of multilateralism, digital

Budget 2023: A mixed bag for climate action
Feb 03, 2023

Budget 2023: A mixed bag for climate action

The Union Budget provides a boost to the energy transition but fails to address the critical need to synergise climate adaptation with India’s devel

Budget 2023: Whither India's digital golden age?
Feb 03, 2023

Budget 2023: Whither India's digital golden age?

Digital India has made significant progress in transforming India into a digitally empowered society and Budget 2023 is making wider strides in the sa

Budget 2024: Sri Lanka’s road to economic recovery?
Jan 17, 2024

Budget 2024: Sri Lanka’s road to economic recovery?

Sri Lanka’s Budget 2024 has ambitious proposals that could push the country forward, however, it continues to stare at a long road to economic recov

Build on the constituency of peace and trust, say visiting Pak journalists
Jan 24, 2011

Build on the constituency of peace and trust, say visiting Pak journalists

Visiting Pakistani journalists informed a select gathering at Observer Research Foundation that the ongoing turmoil in their country was the result of a transition from military dictatorship to coalition politics in the democratic setup.

Building Climate-Resilient Food Systems
Aug 16, 2023

Building Climate-Resilient Food Systems

Climate change, conflicts, and various crises have exposed the vulnerabilities of global food systems. Acute food insecurity and undernourishment have become more prevalent in recent times, and the imperative is to build more robust and sustainable food systems that do not adversely impact the environment. The COVID-19 pandemic has only underlined the importance of food security in times of crises. This brief explores the promise of clima

Building national digital health infrastructures in India
Apr 05, 2024

Building national digital health infrastructures in India

Given the diversity of stakeholders and technical requirements, there is a need for flexible standards to achieve scale and drive the adoption of digi

Building Resilience in India’s Power Sector
Jul 21, 2023

Building Resilience in India’s Power Sector

India’s power sector requires sustained efforts to achieve the power generating capacity target of approximately 1.2 terawatts by 2047. It needs such capacity to meet the demands of economic growth and achieve the Sustainable Development Goal 7 of providing universal electricity access. At the same time, the country also needs to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to meet commitments to global climate action agreements. This paper revi

Building resilience with digital public infrastructure
Oct 26, 2022

Building resilience with digital public infrastructure

The G20 can steward inclusive approaches to digital transformation, directing international development cooperation, and strengthening multilateralism

Bundeswehr: Cyber security, the German way
Oct 20, 2016

Bundeswehr: Cyber security, the German way

There are a number of measures the Bundeswehr needs to take to fill the ranks of its planned cyber command.

Business hurdles need attention to improve economic relations: Germany
Nov 04, 2015

Business hurdles need attention to improve economic relations: Germany

The Indo-German relationship is undergoing a transformation but areas such as lesser ease of doing business, bureaucratic hurdles and red tapism need further attention to improve economic relations, according to Mr Achim Fabig, Consul-General of the Republic of Germany, in Chennai.

Bust the terror syndicates
Jul 20, 2006

Bust the terror syndicates

Decisive and ruthless crackdown on jihadis is the need of the hour, not more empty rhetoric ---- Lashkar-e-Tayyeba (LeT), headed by Hafiz Saeed based in Pakistan, is a threat to India's security and sovereignty and must therefore be branded as 'enemy of the nation'. There need not be a legal provision to do so. The Cabinet Committee on Security, chaired by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, is empowered to take such a decision.

By bailing out BEST buses of financial loss, will MCGM end up being a rich or poor dad?
May 21, 2019

By bailing out BEST buses of financial loss, will MCGM end up being a rich or poor dad?

While the financial assistance has come at a critical time and will provide BEST with the backbone to straighten itself out, it is not a panacea for i

Campaign Finance Reforms in India : Issues and Challenges
Feb 13, 2013

Campaign Finance Reforms in India : Issues and Challenges

The essence of any democratic system is the healthy functioning of political parties and consequently free and fair elections. Free and fair elections imply not only a legal institutional framework for the conduct of elections and a transparent electoral process.

Can China deliver in West Asia?
Apr 12, 2023

Can China deliver in West Asia?

Despite the diplomatic normalisation, fundamental issues that divide Saudi Arabia and Iran will remain. Can China deliver as a peacemaker in West Asia

Can China’s ‘new urban strategy’ save its cities from the looming climate crisis?
Jul 21, 2021

Can China’s ‘new urban strategy’ save its cities from the looming climate crisis?

China will need to be more specific in spelling out its climate plans.

Can competition tools fix social media?
Oct 13, 2021

Can competition tools fix social media?

Replacing tech authoritarianism with state overreach will only exacerbate problems plaguing social media platforms

Can Macron’s vision prevent the death of Europe?
May 01, 2024

Can Macron’s vision prevent the death of Europe?

Macron’s recent speech prior to the European elections has reiterated his ideas on defence, and his fervent push for European strategic autonomy and

Can Obama overcome Domestic Opposition to the TPP?
Jun 06, 2015

Can Obama overcome Domestic Opposition to the TPP?

In an ironic situation, President Obama finds his own party, the Democrats, his key opponents while, the Republicans, his greatest allies as he pushes for the Trans Pacific Partnership agreement.

Can the P20 infuse democracy into a less democratic global architecture
Nov 06, 2023

Can the P20 infuse democracy into a less democratic global architecture

Since P20-type parliamentary diplomacy has seen acceptance, slight organisational changes can place the P20 on track for being an exemplar multilatera

Can the World Breathe Easy Now?
Jan 30, 2004

Can the World Breathe Easy Now?

2004 is a significant year for Europe. In May of this year, the European Union (EU) will induct ten new members, eight of which were part of the former Communist regime of the Soviet Union. While four of these East European states (Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slovakia) are struggling with mounting budget deficits and contemplating awkward spending cuts, France and Germany (the dominant European powers) are immersed in a deep economic

Can US Lead While Europe Scrambles for Oil
Mar 14, 2011

Can US Lead While Europe Scrambles for Oil

Can good sense prevail in Washington once again? Military action in Libya will generate anti Americanism, which will swell the ranks of Al Qaeda and cause the "Arab Youth" bulge to find a frightening outlet.

Can we reverse migratory flows to urban centres?
Nov 20, 2013

Can we reverse migratory flows to urban centres?

In China, villages have the same facilities in housing, water, drainage, medical care as in towns. If the government of India wishes to reduce the migratory flows, then each village has to be transformed to a small town ? at least in infrastructure.

CAR: Back to chaos and lawlessness
Jan 06, 2014

CAR: Back to chaos and lawlessness

Since France has said that it will not be continually involved in African intervention, the solution to security problems in Africa must come from the Africans themselves. The establishment of a pan-African force to react to crisis with support from Europe has been suggested by France.

Cashing in
Dec 07, 2012

Cashing in

The UPA's cash transfer scheme, delivering over Rs.3.2 lakh crore in subsidies and welfare programmes to the poor directly to their bank accounts, if executed well would not only reduce poverty faster would curb a lot of the wasteful spending that has fattened vested interests at all levels.

Catalysing Progress Through Capacity-Building Initiatives: Learnings from India’s Pan-African e-Network Project in Ghana and Malawi
Nov 14, 2023

Catalysing Progress Through Capacity-Building Initiatives: Learnings from India’s Pan-African e-Network Project in Ghana and Malawi

Capacity building is a central feature of India’s outreach to Africa. Over the last seven decades, the Indian government has provided numerous scholarships to African students through the Indian Council for Cultural Relations and the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation scheme. India has also established several technical institutes throughout the continent. However, assessments of India’s capacity-building initiatives remain limited. Th

Caught in the crossfire of cyber conflict
Sep 26, 2022

Caught in the crossfire of cyber conflict

The recent cyberattack on Albania by Iran highlights the intensification of conflict within cyberspace.

Cause and Effect: The Factors that Make Pakistan's Military a Political Force
Feb 28, 2024

Cause and Effect: The Factors that Make Pakistan's Military a Political Force

This issue brief assesses the enduring political influence of the military in Pakistan. It delves into the historical, social, and geopolitical factors that have propelled the military's rise in the nation's governance structure. The brief also examines the military-bureaucratic nexus and its role in perpetuating military dominance, and the implications of a weak civil society and its constrained ability to counterbalance military power.

CCP Congress: Assessing Xi’s tenure
Oct 11, 2022

CCP Congress: Assessing Xi’s tenure

Xi’s overall achievements may be a mixed bag, but his biggest success has been in carrying out wide-ranging reforms of the military and security app

Cementing the BRICS as an effective economic bloc
Jul 24, 2014

Cementing the BRICS as an effective economic bloc

The BRICS is growing more relevant and increasingly institutionalised. Economic growth rates continue to outpace the rest of the developing world. According to the UNDP, Brazil, China and India's combined GDP will be greater than the combined GDP of the US, the UK, Canada, France, Germany and Italy by 2020.

Census 2021: Likely confirmation of past urbanisation trends
Aug 03, 2020

Census 2021: Likely confirmation of past urbanisation trends

How do states rank in 2021 in terms of urbanisation? What impact does reverse migration on account of COVID-19 have on demography and economy?

Chabahar Port: India's counterweight to China's BRI in Eurasia
May 15, 2024

Chabahar Port: India's counterweight to China's BRI in Eurasia

The Chabahar Port deal between India and Iran can help the former gain connectivity to Eurasia and counter China’s growing regional influence

Chabahar, port of a smart call
May 16, 2024

Chabahar, port of a smart call

India's ability to successfully execute a 10-year agreement on the Chabahar port showcases New Delhi's continuing ability to manoeuvre in a geopolitically fragmented world.