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An Underdeveloped Corporate Bond Market: The Achilles’ Heel of India’s Growth Story
Mar 11, 2023

An Underdeveloped Corporate Bond Market: The Achilles’ Heel of India’s Growth Story

India’s aspirations to become the third largest economy in the world by 2027, and a developed country by 2047, need to be backed by a liquid, deep, and well-functioning debt market—something that the country does not have. Banks in India typically lack the ability to sponsor long-term projects because their liabilities are of a relatively shorter tenure. An efficient Indian corporate bond market with lower costs and faster issuances could pro

An unlikely match: Women and the far-right
Jan 04, 2021

An unlikely match: Women and the far-right

Why are women gravitating towards right-wing populist ideology?

Analysing Bhutan’s fourth National Assembly elections
Feb 08, 2024

Analysing Bhutan’s fourth National Assembly elections

Unlike elections in many parts of the world, Bhutan experienced a seamless transfer of power during its most recent elections

Analysing Jaishankar’s Nepal visit: Road to a new power-play?
Aug 23, 2019

Analysing Jaishankar’s Nepal visit: Road to a new power-play?

In order to maintain and rekindle the amicability of ties, EAM Jaishankar’s visit is of utmost importance, arranging for India a fortuity to do away

Analysing Ufa Declaration
Jul 15, 2015

Analysing Ufa Declaration

The sharpest and the most explicit critique of the US in Ufa Delcaration is its failure to ratify the IMF 2010 reform package. The second major criticism is over the on-going furore over governance of the internet. The BRICS countries see the ICT sector as a critical platform they can leverage in their transition from emerging to developed economies.

Anchored in Bharat, Budget 2022 exudes confidence, powers India’s growth
Feb 01, 2022

Anchored in Bharat, Budget 2022 exudes confidence, powers India’s growth

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman budget remains unassuming in grand announcements, matter of fact in its outlook, and deglamorised in form—just t

Answering big questions about Türkiye in the Indian Ocean
Apr 18, 2024

Answering big questions about Türkiye in the Indian Ocean

Türkiye current outreach and aspirations in the Indian Ocean are largely opportunistic rather than part of a grand strategy

Anti-incumbency, political outsiders, and millennial presidents in Latin America
Sep 01, 2023

Anti-incumbency, political outsiders, and millennial presidents in Latin America

Latin America is increasingly proving that the old notions of ‘left’ and ‘right’ are no longer the principal themes in electoral democracy.

Arab Regimes Tottering Variously
Feb 19, 2011

Arab Regimes Tottering Variously

Regimes sympathic to the Palestinian plight would, to that extent, be insulted from peoples' wrath in Syria and Libya, for instance. Demonstrations in Iran and Libya are part of the internal turmoil in these countries, unrelated to the Palestinian issue.

Arab states and China tighten partnership at a time of turmoil
Jun 10, 2024

Arab states and China tighten partnership at a time of turmoil

China’s primary chase in West Asia remains economic and it will continue to push for economic integration despite the region’s challenges.

Arctic: The quasi-global common
Feb 10, 2024

Arctic: The quasi-global common

The current ecological and geopolitical shifts in the Arctic region may warrant a thorough revaluation of the Arctic Council’s functions and authori

Are recent reforms in China’s development cooperation programme effective?
Oct 03, 2023

Are recent reforms in China’s development cooperation programme effective?

Although China has initiated steps to improve its development cooperation programme, many of the commitments have yet to materialise

Are we kneeling before terror?
Nov 09, 2005

Are we kneeling before terror?

The October 29 serial blasts in Delhi are a warning to all of us who are basking in the afterglow of a make-believe harmony across the Line of Control. Opening bus routes, transit points, good wishes, hugs, flowers, smiles are all fine and necessary in one way to engage a neighbour who has been more of an adversary in the past half-a-century of its existence.

Artificial intelligence and personhood: Interplay of agency and liability
Mar 04, 2024

Artificial intelligence and personhood: Interplay of agency and liability

Questions around legal personhood for AI systems loom large given the potentially adverse consequences and the need to determine liabilities and remed

Artificial intelligence technologies have a climate cost
Feb 04, 2022

Artificial intelligence technologies have a climate cost

The AI-climate change link is understudied, not least because the largest companies working in this space are neither transparent nor meaningfully committed to understanding it

As China Strengthens Army Logistics, the Implications for India’s Eastern Frontier
Nov 26, 2021

As China Strengthens Army Logistics, the Implications for India’s Eastern Frontier

Logistics is meaningless if it cannot do what is central to war—fighting. In order to bolster the logistical capabilities of all the major service branches of the Chinese military—including the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN), PLA Air Force (PLAAF), and the PLA Rocket Force (PLARF)—the People’s Republic of China (PRC) under President Xi Jinping established a Joint Logistic Support Force (JLSF) in 2016. To what extent does the JLSF

As India Acts East, the Role of West Bengal
Apr 22, 2021

As India Acts East, the Role of West Bengal

This brief examines the role of West Bengal as a leverage for India to enhance its relations with its eastern and southeastern neighbours. It identifies the domestic and geo-economic aspirations of the state, and outlines the impact of certain misplaced policies and the state’s conflictual relationship with the union government on West Bengal’s development goals. The brief calls on India to nurture a pragmatic, cooperative brand of federalism

As India chase $5 trillion economy, it faces daunting tasks to improve life
Nov 14, 2019

As India chase $5 trillion economy, it faces daunting tasks to improve life

The transition to a $5 trillion economy will require many drastic changes, especially in the pace of urbanisation.

As Myanmar spirals out of control, India must use its clout
Aug 09, 2023

As Myanmar spirals out of control, India must use its clout

Despite being on the backfoot as the country’s civil war intensifies, the military regime is showing no interest in a democratic transition that may be the country’s only hope. India must explore various options for a peaceful resolution to the crisis and provide humanitarian assistance to displaced people

Asia central to the stability and prosperity of the US
Feb 15, 2013

Asia central to the stability and prosperity of the US

Security concerns in Asia are largely related to non-traditional security threats such as terrorism, piracy, disaster management and transnational crime. These threats are becoming more and more traditional as countries have to deal with them on a daily basis.

Asia's emerging geopolitical faultlines
Dec 01, 2017

Asia's emerging geopolitical faultlines

The emerging faultlines in the Indo-Pacific are clear: An illiberal China intent on shaping a unipolar Asia, pitted against a ‘concert of democracies’ who seek a multipolar and rules-based alternative.

Asian Military Spending: A sign of worsening security environment
Mar 04, 2021

Asian Military Spending: A sign of worsening security environment

With no guarantee that the security environment in the Indo-Pacific will settle down any time soon, the expectation is that military spending will continue to increase.

ASICS report and the 10 instruments of urban change: An analysis
Dec 05, 2023

ASICS report and the 10 instruments of urban change: An analysis

India’s urban challenges are too deep and systemic to be fixed through a few tactical stabs. A long-term strategic view of urban transformation is n

Assessing Co-benefits from Metro Rail in India: Industrialisation and Land Value Capture Financing
Jan 06, 2023

Assessing Co-benefits from Metro Rail in India: Industrialisation and Land Value Capture Financing

The report examines India's urbanization, highlighting rapid population growth, metro rail expansion, sustainable transport policies, and financing challenges, while assessing efforts in localization and revenue enhancement for metro systems.

Assessing RBI's draft disclosure framework on climate-related financial risks
Apr 17, 2024

Assessing RBI's draft disclosure framework on climate-related financial risks

RBI’s draft disclosure framework on Climate-related financial risks is a welcome step, but there are challenges ahead

Attacks on the United Arab Emirates test resilience of nascent peace moves in West Asia
Feb 11, 2022

Attacks on the United Arab Emirates test resilience of nascent peace moves in West Asia

Will the continued attacks on Abu Dhabi douse the glimmer of optimism raised by recent efforts to bring about peace in West Asia?

AU's push for global financial reforms is a must for SDG revival
Jun 05, 2024

AU's push for global financial reforms is a must for SDG revival

Massive resources are needed to realign Africa's SDGs, and the current global financial order is proving to be inadequate. The AU must boost efforts a

AUKUS and the Eastern Indo-Pacific’s Evolving Security Architecture
Aug 14, 2023

AUKUS and the Eastern Indo-Pacific’s Evolving Security Architecture

The formation of AUKUS (a security alliance between Australia, the UK, and the US) and its likely forward momentum in the near- and medium-term is certain to redefine the security architecture in the eastern Indo-Pacific region. Given the twin objectives of maintaining the balance of power and ensuring deterrence against China, several new initiatives and defence agreements between the member countries are on the anvil. The interface of A

AUKUS, strategic autonomy, and the future of the Indo-Pacific: A French perspective
Oct 04, 2021

AUKUS, strategic autonomy, and the future of the Indo-Pacific: A French perspective

France’s vision for the Indo-Pacific is distinctly not pivoted towards being part of the US-China rivalry that is brewing in the region

AUKUS: An Asian and European perspective
Sep 30, 2021

AUKUS: An Asian and European perspective

Australia will need to bridge the trust deficit that joining the AUKUS has created with its European allies

AUKUS: How not to win friends
Sep 27, 2021

AUKUS: How not to win friends

An announcement meant to create ripples in the Indo-Pacific has created waves across the Atlantic. But this gives France and India an opportunity

Australia seeks skilled manpower from India
Jul 22, 2009

Australia seeks skilled manpower from India

Australia would be holding a skills Expo in India next year which would inform prospective migrants about the employment and lifestyle opportunities available in Australia

Australia, India and Japan Trilateral: Breaking the Mould
Dec 10, 2015

Australia, India and Japan Trilateral: Breaking the Mould

After the first trilateral dialogue between Australia, India and Japan in June 2015, another trilateral process immediately got underway. is paper makes an assessment of the prospects of this new formation in the light of history, contemporary coalescing interests, and the inadequacies of the existing trilaterals. While the conventional view is that this trilateral is merely an offshoot of US foreign policy and ranged against China, this paper ar

Australia’s bold moves present opportunities for India to capitalise on Indo-Pacific strategic convergence
Mar 13, 2023

Australia’s bold moves present opportunities for India to capitalise on Indo-Pacific strategic convergence

Australian premier Anthony Albanese’s consequential visit to India unveils opportunities for trade, investment, energy cooperation and greater naval engagement in the Indo-Pacific. If these take off, the strategic architecture of the Indo-Pacific could be poised for a big transformation

Automation in moderation: Preserving fundamental rights while moderating online content at scale
Apr 14, 2021

Automation in moderation: Preserving fundamental rights while moderating online content at scale

In order to safeguard against function creep, governments and platforms must be transparent about how and where automated tools are used.

Azadi March in Pakistan - Nawaz Sharif vs Army?
Aug 22, 2014

Azadi March in Pakistan - Nawaz Sharif vs Army?

The synchronised protest marches undertaken by Imran Khan, the chairman of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) and cleric Tahir-ul Qadri, chairman of the Pakistan Awami Tehreek (PAT), culminated in a combined sit-in outside the Parliament building in Islamabad.

Balancing IP and Competition Concerns in India’s Audio-Visual Content Sector
Aug 16, 2023

Balancing IP and Competition Concerns in India’s Audio-Visual Content Sector

India has become the largest and fastest-growing producer of audio-visual (AV) content in the world, with the highest number of hours of content every day. This brief discusses issues of intellectual property (IP) and competition in the AV content sector. Under India’s Copyright Act 1957, the owner of AV content is accorded exclusive copyright over their work, which includes the right to monetise. Effective copyright protection incentiv

Ball is in Pakistan’s military court
Jul 19, 2019

Ball is in Pakistan’s military court

India’s multi-pronged strategy of using various instrumentalities of power — legal, diplomatic, economic and military — seems to have had some effect in shaping Pakistan’s behaviour.

Bangladesh: Indian angle in internal politics
Apr 20, 2013

Bangladesh: Indian angle in internal politics

Indian High Commissioner to Bangladesh Pankaj Saran had a narrow escape as his car was attacked in Khulna. Initial investigation showed that the bombs were of low intensity.

Bangladesh: Warming up to the US on all fronts
Jun 08, 2012

Bangladesh: Warming up to the US on all fronts

Bangladesh, once described as 'basket case' by veteran US strategist Henry Kissinger, has gathered new prominence in US' South Asia policy. The visit of US Secretary of State by Hillary Clinton in May this year that resulted in signing of a joint statement

Bangladesh–India ties: Time to seize the opportunities
Mar 25, 2021

Bangladesh–India ties: Time to seize the opportunities

The window of opportunity opened up through the ongoing initiatives must now be seized through win-win follow-up initiatives.

Bangladesh’s economic future: A seven-point agenda
Jan 11, 2024

Bangladesh’s economic future: A seven-point agenda

With Awami League winning the 4th consecutive term, this re-election opens up interesting implications for the country’s economic future

Banking on BRICS to deliver
Mar 27, 2012

Banking on BRICS to deliver

BRICS is in transition and cannot afford to lose growth momentum. Multilateral institutions such as a BRICS Bank can aid in sustaining directed, equitable and resilient growth.

Barrier-free boulevards: Designing cities for all abilities
Jun 11, 2024

Barrier-free boulevards: Designing cities for all abilities

Inclusion in urban planning is often an afterthought, leading to ineffective retrofitting. A paradigm shift is needed to make inclusive design a core

BCIM corridor key to development of border regions
Dec 19, 2013

BCIM corridor key to development of border regions

The BCIM economic corridor has the potential of transforming a conflict zone into a cooperation zone. This can happen only if adequate measures are taken to check any possible negative impacts of the corridor by involving all of the key stakeholders.

Be a Benevolent Big Brother: Shujaat Hussain
Mar 31, 2005

Be a Benevolent Big Brother: Shujaat Hussain

A lively and frank debate on India-Pakistan relationship marked the meeting between a high-powered delegation from Pakistan led by former Prime Minister Chaudhary Shujaat Hussain and an Indian team of senior diplomats, strategic analysts, commentators and policy makers led by former Indian Foreign Secretary M Rasgotra, who is presently, International Affairs Adviser, Observer Research Foundation (ORF), New Delhi, at ORF, Campus on March 31, 2005.

Behind the lines of credit
Mar 30, 2015

Behind the lines of credit

The Modi government must now attempt to transition India's economic engagements towards a more deliberate, durable and definitional framework. Well-administered LoCs offer a great avenue to do this -- and therefore must be given commensurate strategic priority and attention.

Beijing's Afghan role
Dec 17, 2014

Beijing's Afghan role

China has good relations with most of Afghanistan's neighbours, including Iran, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. But it is Beijing's emerging partnership with the Pakistan army in Afghanistan that is the most interesting new element in the region.