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The US-China Cyber-Agreement: Implications for India
Sep 13, 2023

The US-China Cyber-Agreement: Implications for India

This essay considers the implications of the new cyber-security agreement betweenChina and the United States in terms of the evolution of an international legal regime governingthe use of cyberspace. This agreement lays down the foundations for norm emergence in thearena, which could also carry implications for India by shaping the country's response andcarving its path towards becoming a crucial international stakeholder in the cyberspace regime

The weaponisation of cashbacks on UPI by Google Pay
Oct 28, 2019

The weaponisation of cashbacks on UPI by Google Pay

Digital payments are no longer about ensuring that money reaches the intended person or entity. Instead, the data exhaust of the transaction has becom

The world is in flux. Self-reliance is vital
Mar 14, 2022

The world is in flux. Self-reliance is vital

Trusted connectivity, diversified sources of materials, and resilient financial and trading arrangements have become a strategic imperative for India

The World's First Terrorist Air Force
Jun 03, 2005

The World's First Terrorist Air Force

Speaking at a meeting of the Foreign Correspondents' Association of Sri Lanka at Colombo on May 26,2005, Hagrup Haukland, the chief of the Norwegian-led military mission, which monitors the three-year-old ceasefire between the Government of Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), confirmed the allegation of the Sri Lankan Government that the LTTE had constructed an airstrip near Iranamadu in the Wanni area under its control in

The WTO is a house out of order
Apr 01, 2024

The WTO is a house out of order

Amidst economic and geopolitical uncertainties, the lack of movement on reviving and reforming the World Trade Organisation will only exacerbate divis

The Wuhan summit and the India–China border dispute
Jun 26, 2018

The Wuhan summit and the India–China border dispute

The recent Wuhan summit between India and China has been called many things: from a “game changer” to a much needed “reset” in Indian-China relations. It has generated expectations in the two countries that they will avoid any clash due to miscalculation and error. This has strengthened the tradition that India and China have maintained since the Border Peace and Tranquility Agreement of 1993, of resolving problems bilaterally through dia

The zero-poverty destination comes closer
Jul 10, 2018

The zero-poverty destination comes closer

Much needs to be done and our destination is still several countries away — the 73 million Indians living in extreme poverty today add up to more than the populations of Thailand, France and the UK.

The ‘Crore Commanders’ of Pakistan army
Aug 30, 2020

The ‘Crore Commanders’ of Pakistan army

While post-retirement employment is not illegal, there are serious questions of propriety and conflict of interest that crop up, especially when the g

The ‘Green’ in Delhi’s Draft Master Plan: Weighed and Found Wanting
Dec 27, 2021

The ‘Green’ in Delhi’s Draft Master Plan: Weighed and Found Wanting

With increasing awareness of the role that a healthy and clean environment plays in the well-being of societies, governments are adopting environment-friendly approaches in the conduct of development activities. This brief examines the environment planning proposals contained in the draft Master Plan for Delhi (MPD) for the period 2021-41. Although the MPD proposes many new ideas to improve prevailing conditions as well as a framework to monitor

The ‘Minus Everyone’ Formula
May 28, 2023

The ‘Minus Everyone’ Formula

As long as Imran is there—whether in jail, exile, or even forced retirement—he will pose a threat to the Pakistan Army

There is a change in US attitude to South Asia. India should leverage the moment
Oct 14, 2021

There is a change in US attitude to South Asia. India should leverage the moment

This is a transformative period in the US-India relationship. New Delhi should be more self-confident in its ability to shape the trajectory of this engagement

There is an answer to Modi’s enigma on Galwan
Jun 24, 2020

There is an answer to Modi’s enigma on Galwan

Modi’s efforts appear prescient, but the answers to the questions he posed remain equally elusive. How do you maintain stability on a border that h

There is no binary view in tackling climate change, says J. M. Mauskar
Jan 18, 2016

There is no binary view in tackling climate change, says J. M. Mauskar

The Paris Agreement is a post-2020 continuation of the global fight by all countries against climate change and its impacts, said J. M. Mauskar in an

There’s a bot of gold on the AI horizon, but is past data enough to navigate the future?
Aug 18, 2018

There’s a bot of gold on the AI horizon, but is past data enough to navigate the future?

Artificial intelligence is turbocharging individual companies’ stock market valuations but overall economic productivity is sliding. These are not c

These troubled waters
Jun 30, 2017

These troubled waters

The Qatar crisis unfolded soon after the Riyadh summit of Muslim countries, attended by President Trump. Iran was the whipping boy at the Riyadh summit.

They link power, politics and business
Jan 27, 2015

They link power, politics and business

Much in the manner that the Sino-American dツtente transformed the Asian balance of power in the 1970s, the construction of a strong strategic partnership between India and America is bound to change the Asian geopolitical order and rejig the regional alignments.

This is the time to face up to cyber threats
Oct 02, 2017

This is the time to face up to cyber threats

The ICT supply chain in India is only as strong as its weakest link: the end user. If the user is from rural India, with a limited understanding of the devices and transactions she accesses, her device is a point of vulnerability.

Three to tango
May 07, 2013

Three to tango

Nepal Maoist leader Prachanda's proposal for trilateral cooperation between Nepal, India and China is his big idea. But his geopolitical epiphany could soon be a forgotten footnote if India and China can?t find ways to ensure peace and tranquility on their long and contested boundary.

Thriving toilet economy of India’s financial capital
Oct 29, 2018

Thriving toilet economy of India’s financial capital

Figures speak for themselves in India’s most populous city. Census 2011 data revealed that nearly 42% of Mumbai’s total population of nearly 1.3 c

Through the looking-glass: Towards a citizen-centric urban metaverse
Nov 14, 2023

Through the looking-glass: Towards a citizen-centric urban metaverse

In embracing the metaverse, data-driven smart cities can unlock transformative possibilities for urban life quality for building new planning models

Thrust on making borders irrelevant
Jul 05, 2010

Thrust on making borders irrelevant

Terrorism, water and Afghanistan form facets of the wide range of issues which allow possible collaboration between India and Pakistan. These include trade and commerce, energy sharing, increased transport, communication links and simplified visa procedures.

Time for a new chapter in India-Africa relations
Feb 08, 2024

Time for a new chapter in India-Africa relations

To unlock the full potential of India-Africa relations, it is imperative to foster a mutually beneficial partnership through enhanced collaboration an

Time is right for the big healthcare push in India
Apr 05, 2024

Time is right for the big healthcare push in India

Infrastructure deficits and a lack of awareness about available healthcare benefits remain significant obstacles to achieving universal health coverag

Time ripe for think tanks to rethink dissemination of information
Jan 19, 2019

Time ripe for think tanks to rethink dissemination of information

A gradual development has tasked think tanks with the responsibility of shaping contemporary narratives around economics, security, politics, nuclear arrangements, among others.

Time to decapitate Lashkar
Jul 21, 2005

Time to decapitate Lashkar

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's call for zero-tolerance to terrorism in Washington on July 18 has come at a time when there is an urgent need for a global consensus on this issue. The Ayodhya and London attacks have clearly proved the re-emergence of terrorism with a renewed vigour.

Time to focus on job creation
Aug 25, 2011

Time to focus on job creation

The new NSS survey clearly shows that 8 per cent GDP growth of the last five years has not translated into a higher level of job creation. There was a dramatic deceleration in total employment growth. And this means that India has been experiencing jobless growth during the last five years.

Time to restate the organising principles of BRICS
Jun 12, 2017

Time to restate the organising principles of BRICS

The text of the speech delivered by ORF Vice President Samir Saran at the inauguration of the 9th BRICS Academic Forum in Fuzhou, China.

Tipping point in West Asia
May 28, 2018

Tipping point in West Asia

So far, Iran’s response to U.S. provocation has been rhetorical but President Rouhani has little room for manoeuvre

To avert disaster the US must deal with North Korea
Mar 08, 2017

To avert disaster the US must deal with North Korea

The US must consider giving nuclear no-first-use assurance to North Korea in return for non-use and no further missile or nuclear tests

To Price or not to Price? Making a Case for a Carbon Pricing Mechanism for India
Sep 26, 2022

To Price or not to Price? Making a Case for a Carbon Pricing Mechanism for India

The 2021 Conference of Parties 26 (COP26) propelled nations to ramp up their climate targets and the concomitant Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions. However, the updated NDCs and the announced pledges for 2030 remain insufficient and poorly aligned with the targets of the Paris Agreement. The reduction in projected 2030 emissions is estimated to be 7.5 percent—far lower than the 30 percent requi

Tokyo's defence
Jan 02, 2014

Tokyo's defence

India, which hosts Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe as chief guest at the Republic Day celebrations later this month, must come to terms, like the rest of the region, with Tokyo's determination to shape the Asian security order. After he returned to power a year ago, Abe has set about transforming Japan's military strategy.

Towards a ceasefire in Libya
Jun 08, 2020

Towards a ceasefire in Libya

European powers should seize this break to bring Libya’s almost decade-long tryst with unprecedented violence to an end.

Towards a Deliberative BIMSTEC
Aug 06, 2020

Towards a Deliberative BIMSTEC

The Bay of Bengal region links South Asia and Southeast Asia, with the BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) serving as a platform of trans-border cooperation. The BIMSTEC’s prime assets are the historical and cultural links between the nations, and their spirit of community. However, the lack of both a robust decision-making mechanism and a set of common rules have slowed down the growth of th

Towards a larger Indian shipping industry
Mar 24, 2020

Towards a larger Indian shipping industry

Myopic policies have robbed Indian shipping companies of a level playing field to transport the country’s EXIM cargoes and caused losses to the econ

Towards a malnutrition-free India: Best practices and innovations from POSHAN Abhiyaan
Mar 13, 2020

Towards a malnutrition-free India: Best practices and innovations from POSHAN Abhiyaan

While India’s malnutrition rates have dropped dramatically, the country is still home to the largest number of stunted and wasted children in the world. Owing to the cultural and geographical variance across states, combatting malnutrition requires a granular approach. POSHAN Abhiyaan, the government’s national nutrition mission launched in 2017, aims to provide a convergence mechanism for the country’s response to malnutrition. This specia

Towards a sustainable smart city: The case of Aizawl
Aug 17, 2018

Towards a sustainable smart city: The case of Aizawl

India’s hill cities are unique poles of development. While they have managed to record some degree of economic growth, increasing urban population and unfavourable topography have also made such growth haphazard and unsustainable. In turn, this has threatened the quality of the built environment and of urban life in these cities. This report studies the case of the hill city of Aizawl, the administrative capital of Mizoram, which is part of the

Towards an Ecosystems Approach to Fisheries Management Along the Bengal Coast
Jul 08, 2021

Towards an Ecosystems Approach to Fisheries Management Along the Bengal Coast

The management of fish stocks along the Bengal coast has traditionally relied on the formula of dictating where, when, and how much to catch of one particular kind of fish to mitigate the risk of stock depletion. This paper argues that this conventional approach is inadequate in dealing with the multitude of threats, both local and global, posed by anthropogenic interventions in the natural systems and processes. It builds a case for an Ecosystem

Towards an India–US consensus on counterterrorism cooperation
Apr 08, 2020

Towards an India–US consensus on counterterrorism cooperation

This paper examines the environmental and policy-level challenges to the actualisation of US-India counterterrorism cooperation. Indeed, despite their seeming convergence on the imperative of effective counterterrorism, there has been limited cooperation between the two countries. While the US’ sense of “American exceptionalism” and its hegemon status purports a utilitarian notion of the adversary, India’s regional power status makes its

Towards circular cities: A multistakeholder approach
Jan 05, 2023

Towards circular cities: A multistakeholder approach

There is a need to look beyond the use and conservation of resources by re-imagining cities as vibrant socio-cultural systems of people and communitie

Towards Digital Inclusion 2.0
Oct 18, 2021

Towards Digital Inclusion 2.0

Inclusion 2.0 can only be achieved when strands of access integrate an understanding of the history of oppression, feminist perspectives, and ethnic p

Towards linguistically diverse information societies
May 17, 2024

Towards linguistically diverse information societies

English dominates the Internet. But as the next billion swarm online from the developing world, access to relevant content in a language one comprehen

Towards public financing of elections and political parties in India: Lessons from global experiences
Nov 24, 2017

Towards public financing of elections and political parties in India: Lessons from global experiences

Democracy costs a lot of money. To fight elections and run their routine activities, political parties in India seek donations from all possible sources including ‘illegal’ and ‘interested’ money. This has serious ramifications in preserving the integrity of Indian democracy. An increasing number of countries, meanwhile, have taken the path of public subsidies and direct funding of parties and political activities — aiming to reduce dep

Towards sustainable fashion apparel supply chains
Aug 11, 2023

Towards sustainable fashion apparel supply chains

As transparency and sustainability become defining factors in consumer choices, luxury brands have an opportunity to drive responsible practices withi

Towards the Integration of Emerging Technologies in India’s Armed Forces
Feb 24, 2023

Towards the Integration of Emerging Technologies in India’s Armed Forces

The application of emerging technologies will play a key role in the performance of India’s armed forces. All three services understand the significance of these technological innovations in modern warfare, although their development has been uneven across the branches. This analysis provides an overview of how far the three services of the Indian armed forces have gone in integrating Artificial Intelligence (AI), cyber technology, and

Towards Universal Access to Clean Cooking Fuels and Technologies: The Role of Policy, National Incomes, and Social Behaviour
Aug 14, 2023

Towards Universal Access to Clean Cooking Fuels and Technologies: The Role of Policy, National Incomes, and Social Behaviour

Goal seven of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) commits the international community to providing access to clean cooking fuels and technologies to all by 2030. Progress has been slow, however, and in about 40 of the UN’s 189 member countries for which data is available, more that 80 percent of the populations continue to lack such access. Using case studies, this brief analyses the role of a country’s policies, i

Towards Zero Deaths: Imperatives for Safer Indian Railways
Jan 21, 2021

Towards Zero Deaths: Imperatives for Safer Indian Railways

In 2019, the Indian Railways (IR) recorded zero fatalities from accidents caused by operational errors. However, many people continue to meet with train-related mishaps that are beyond the IR’s control; many of these accidents result in death. The IR’s experience in preventing deaths in accidents caused by operational errors (technically called “consequential accidents”) offers lessons on minimising all railways-related fatalities. This p