Search: For - RAN

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Increasing inequality a big challenge in Brazil too
Apr 01, 2013

Increasing inequality a big challenge in Brazil too

The Brazilian economy is in a new period of transition. Its challenges today are of tax incentives in order to steer foreign investments towards the domestic shores and curbing rising inequality and urban-rural divide.

Independence for Kosovo: Secession or Self-Determination?
Aug 14, 2008

Independence for Kosovo: Secession or Self-Determination?

Is the United States in the process of creating a brand new Muslim bloc? If that be the case, it would know that the execution of the plan necessarily involves the cessation of Kosovo from Serbia in the name of "Self-Determination". This, Russia will not allow at any cost. Belgrade is Moscow's Slav ally. And, in a complex way, the Albanian-Serb and the Washington-Moscow stand-off links up with the global scramble for energy source

India and a Stable Indo-Pacific: Managing Maritime Security Challenges in the Bay of Bengal
Mar 27, 2024

India and a Stable Indo-Pacific: Managing Maritime Security Challenges in the Bay of Bengal

India has the longest coastline in the Bay of Bengal, making it critical for the country to manage maritime security challenges in this space. However, given the transnational nature of most maritime threats, India must cooperate with other Bay littorals and the major powers to address these issues. The Bay of Bengal is a vital part of the Indo-Pacific geostrategic construct, and a secure Bay is fundamental to a stable Indo-Pacific. By addressing

India and Bangladesh need to create a 20 year joint vision of growth and development
Mar 25, 2019

India and Bangladesh need to create a 20 year joint vision of growth and development

Samir Saran, President of ORF, spoke to New Age's Shahidul Islam Chowdhury about the various matters affecting India-Bangladesh relations, including t

India and China: A gathering nuclear storm?
Aug 21, 2023

India and China: A gathering nuclear storm?

The Doklam crisis of 2017 illustrates the increasing tension in India and China’s nuclear relationship. There are elements of stability and instability in such relationship, and this brief examines them. Stability, on one hand, is derived from a history of military and political restraint, ongoing institutionalised negotiations, and growing economic relations. However, the continuing border dispute and disagreement on a non-demarcated Line of A

India and Counterforce: A Question of Evidence
May 14, 2020

India and Counterforce: A Question of Evidence

Even as India has had a long-running debate about many aspects of its nuclear doctrine, most importantly, its No First Use (NFU) policy, the country continues to maintain the NFU. This paper makes a critical assessment of recent arguments made by Christopher Clary and Vipin Narang that India may be reconsidering its NFU policy because of counterforce “temptations”. The paper dissects the evidence they present—statements made by mostly retir

India and East Africa: Cooperation as the key to Financial Inclusion
Oct 30, 2019

India and East Africa: Cooperation as the key to Financial Inclusion

Financial Inclusion can help formalise the economy, increase transparency and efficiency, and provide financial stability for India and Africa.

India and International Sanctions: Delhi’s Role as a Sanctioner
Sep 26, 2013

India and International Sanctions: Delhi’s Role as a Sanctioner

Over the years, sanctions have emerged as a preferred foreign-policy tool for many States, especially in the West. Sanctions serve a number of purposes, including the application of economic and political pressure on specific governments with a view to change their stance on a particular issue. International organisations, throughout the 20th century, used sanctions to impose their positions. The League of Nations first imposed sanctions in 1921

India and its neighbours
Jan 05, 2012

India and its neighbours

There is an increasing realisation in New Delhi about the cross-benefits available to the country on social, political, economic and strategic fronts from its neighbours as they are bound to benefit from healthy bilateral and multilateral arrangements encompassing the entire South Asian region.

India and Japan: Changing Dimensions of Partnership in the post-Cold War Period
Mar 06, 2010

India and Japan: Changing Dimensions of Partnership in the post-Cold War Period

Indo-Japanese relations have witnessed a paradigm shift since 2000 when both countries launched a global partnership in order to address a range of issues affecting regional and global peace and prosperity. Systematic efforts made by the leaders of both countries since then have strengthened their partnership. Until very recently, their interactions were mainly limited to economic issues, but today they cover a wide spectrum of subjects including

India and Pakistan - Bridging the gap
May 09, 2009

India and Pakistan - Bridging the gap

The First R K Mishra Memorial Lecture was delivered by Major General Mahmud Ali Durrani. He was Pakistan's National Security Adviser till January 2009. A former Ambassador to the United States, General Durrani has been closely associated with Mr RK Mishra, and Observer Research Foundation, in promoting peace and dialogue between India and Pakistan

India and Russia share an evergreen relationship of trust and confidence
Sep 14, 2019

India and Russia share an evergreen relationship of trust and confidence

Indian envoy to Russia, Ambassador D. Bala Venkatesh Varma, discusses Indo-Russia ties and the recently concluded Modi-Putin Summit in Vladivostok. Th

India and the Economic Meltdown: Challenges and Possible Responses
Apr 15, 2009

India and the Economic Meltdown: Challenges and Possible Responses

The financial crisis across the globe and the ensuing responses by nations and non-state actors has dominated both public consciousness and political debate in the recent past. The discussion on suitable stimulus packages, the causes for the financial disorder and future restructuring of the financial systems has often been dominated by the rhetoric of specific constituencies serving individual interests even as it loses sight of the substantive

India and the future of nuclear arms control
May 12, 2023

India and the future of nuclear arms control

India began its nuclear journey on a responsible note, and should continue to do so, even if arms control is a tall order amidst complex nuclear polit

India and the Global Commons: A Case Study of the International Solar Alliance
Aug 14, 2023

India and the Global Commons: A Case Study of the International Solar Alliance

This brief reviews the crucial role of India in global climate politics and highlights the country’s partnerships on sustainable energy in Africa through the India-led International Solar Alliance (ISA). The brief finds that, beyond contributing to climate change mitigation, India—through ISA, in particular—is helping ensure energy security and sustainable livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa by providing poor communities access to natural, ec

India and the U.S. Make a Strategic Case for Health Cooperation
Aug 17, 2023

India and the U.S. Make a Strategic Case for Health Cooperation

India and the United States (US) have been cooperating in the health sector since the late 1960s. The cooperation has intensified in the past decade, riding on institutional structures established following the launch of the US-India Health Initiative in 2010. It has seen further expansion since the COVID-19 pandemic, and today covers a wide range of areas including disease prevention and combating infectious diseases, maternal and child

India and the ‘Quad’: Forging an innovative approach
Nov 21, 2018

India and the ‘Quad’: Forging an innovative approach

India needs to be innovative in dealing with challenges and leveraging opportunities that arrangements like the Quad present.

India Announces Republic Day Chief Guest: French President Emmanuel Macron
Jan 05, 2024

India Announces Republic Day Chief Guest: French President Emmanuel Macron

New Delhi and Paris have a lot in common in terms of their strategic perspectives on a free, open, inclusive, and prosperous Indo-Pacific.

India at the Centre of the Indian Ocean Submarine Cable Network: Trusted Connectivity in Practice
Apr 06, 2023

India at the Centre of the Indian Ocean Submarine Cable Network: Trusted Connectivity in Practice

India is on its way to becoming “the Saudi Arabia of data”. This brief argues that India enjoys unmatched advantages of demography, economy, and geography and could be a hub of the submarine cable network that would facilitate the transport of data across the Indian Ocean. India’s public and private sectors should leverage these advantages to push the country to the centrestage of connectivity across the region and beyond. India’s

India Commissions Latest Aircraft Carrier
Sep 06, 2022

India Commissions Latest Aircraft Carrier

While the Vikrant’s commissioning definitely boosts India’s naval capabilities, the overall trend in naval power is clearly shifting away from India.

India Faces a Diplomatic Storm in the Middle East
Jun 13, 2022

India Faces a Diplomatic Storm in the Middle East

This episode illustrates the danger facing Indian foreign policy from domestic political developments, increasingly centered on religious conflict.

India has failed to cash in on its relationship with America
Feb 04, 2014

India has failed to cash in on its relationship with America

There is a significant difference between the texture of the relationship that the US enjoys with other democracies like UK, Germany, France and Japan, and the one it has with India. And neither are we able to cash in on it to the extent the Chinese and the Pakistanis managed.

India has only been 'managing' Kashmir, says former Vajpayee advisor
Aug 13, 2015

India has only been 'managing' Kashmir, says former Vajpayee advisor

Taking part in the discussion on his new book "Kashmir: The Vajpayee Years", Mr A.S. Daulat, a former Advisor to Atal Bihari Vajpayee, said there have been troubling signs in the Kashmir Valley, such as a number of disappearances and the radicalisation and training of certain sections of youth.

India is ill-prepared for the changing dynamics in Afghanistan
Feb 16, 2019

India is ill-prepared for the changing dynamics in Afghanistan

India has a range of interests to protect in Afghanistan. For far too long New Delhi’s reliance on Washington’s role as a security provider has been its major vulnerability.

India is not a bystander in the AUKUS saga
Sep 25, 2021

India is not a bystander in the AUKUS saga

Observers in New Delhi profess mixed feelings — some joy for Australia, but more commiseration with France

India needs more banking services
May 05, 2014

India needs more banking services

Banking to be inclusive would require greater financial literacy and gender equality. All banks should include women, especially poorer ones, in their financial services. Perhaps later on, more banking licences would be granted, perhaps even to big industrial groups.

India needs to refine its position on Internet Governance
Sep 03, 2015

India needs to refine its position on Internet Governance

As ICANN moves towards multi-stakeholder leadership, it must continue its efforts to become more global and more inclusive. In order for India to be a part of this transformation, it needs to refine its position on internet governance and include a wide range of perspectives, say experts.

India not ready for RCEP
Dec 28, 2020

India not ready for RCEP

Indian growth over the last three decades has been largely consumption driven, but consumption has been hit by lockdown.

India should cautiously welcome Trump’s views on ‘One China’ policy
Dec 19, 2016

India should cautiously welcome Trump’s views on ‘One China’ policy

India should understand from Trump’s approach that no one is going to pull India’s chestnuts out of the fire for it and treat 'One China' cautiously

India should help Sri Lanka find a solution
Jan 03, 2008

India should help Sri Lanka find a solution

A visiting team of Sri Lankan Tamil political leaders addressed an interaction at the ORF Chennai Chapter of the Observer Research Foundation on 3 January 2008. The team comprised Mr V Anandasangaree, president of the Tamil United Liberation Front (TULF), Mr D Sithardthan of the People's Liberation Organisation of Tamil Eelam (PLOTE) and Mr T Sritharan from the Eelam People's Revolutionary Liberation Front (EPRLF).

India should reopen the IPI pipeline project
Jun 18, 2015

India should reopen the IPI pipeline project

Considering India's vast energy needs and demand for natural gas, India should push to frame the Iran-Pakistan-India pipeline as a trilateral project once more. The thaw in the Iran-US relations could possibly encourage India to increase its engagement with Iran. Also, India has shown signs in recent months of being open, once again, to engaging with Pakistan.

India unlocks with road rage
Sep 02, 2020

India unlocks with road rage

As India gradually opens up after the lockdown, the gains from the MV Act seem to be unravelling as we seem to be going back to our old normal of cong

India will come apart if secular contract is torn
Jan 07, 2022

India will come apart if secular contract is torn

Shockingly, some campaigns are being led by people who are camouflaging their murderous rhetoric by wearing the saffron robes of Hindu renunciants. Last month, the theme of many speeches at a religious conclave in Haridwar was the need to ‘finish off’ Muslims. It would be easy to ignore this as the ranting of fringe Hindutva elements, but it’s no longer clear whether they are the fringe or the vanguard.

India's Central Asian diplomacy can find common ground with China
Jan 09, 2014

India's Central Asian diplomacy can find common ground with China

Central Asia, which is seen by India as a potential region to explore its wider energy options in the form of hydrocarbons, hydro-electric power and uranium reserves, is apparently slipping out of its hands largely due to the energy stance of other countries.

India's Demographic Dividend: Where are the jobs?
Apr 11, 2013

India's Demographic Dividend: Where are the jobs?

With the labour force participation rate expected to rise significantly in the coming years in India, it is imperative that the government formulates a common policy on business development and regulation. India's high economic growth story cannot be taken for granted.

India's economic relations with Bangladesh and Nepal
Nov 11, 2013

India's economic relations with Bangladesh and Nepal

Noting that India, Bangladesh and Nepal are transiting poor economies, Jayshree Sengupta, Senior Fellow, ORF, says there is an urgent need to focus on holistic development in these countries and enhanced connectivity between them to improve economic relations.

India's FDI dreams
Oct 17, 2014

India's FDI dreams

Billions of dollars in FDI have been assured to India thanks to Prime Minister Modi's successful foreign tours. However, there also has to be real technology transfer that spills over to the local economy. Only then, Modi's dream of FDI as 'First Development India' can be fulfilled.

India's Foreign Policy: Favouring the US?
Oct 05, 2005

India's Foreign Policy: Favouring the US?

The defining moment in India's international relations did not occur when Delhi voted with the US and its allies on Iran on the IAEA board. The real watershed in India's foreign policy occurred in May 1998,

India's Foreign Policy: Past, Present and the Future
Jul 30, 2015

India's Foreign Policy: Past, Present and the Future

The foreign policy of the Modi government is the continuation of the foreign policies introduced by the Manmohan Singh government, whose hallmark was the concrete decision to link India's economic transformation and growth of India with its foreign policy approach and objectives, says Dr. Shashi Tharoor.

India's Foreign Policy: The Challenges Ahead
Jun 05, 2007

India's Foreign Policy: The Challenges Ahead

The primary task of India's foreign policy is to ensure an external environment that is conducive to the country's transformation and development.What are the issues and what kind of foreign policy would enable us to eradicate poverty, to grow at 8-10 percent and to transform India into a moderately well off State where our people can realize their potential? You can question the goal, but if you accept these as the goals, you end up with three c

India's major power engagement: China fiasco
Apr 24, 2017

India's major power engagement: China fiasco

The way China is encroaching in continental South Asia and the maritime domain of the Indian Ocean — it can raise the hackles of any Indian leadersh

India's quiet lead in Nepal's power dreams
Apr 11, 2023

India's quiet lead in Nepal's power dreams

India has shied away from developing Nepal’s hydropower resources in the past, but this is changing

India's Reactive Strategic Culture must Change
Jun 22, 2006

India's Reactive Strategic Culture must Change

Alexander of Greece, the Scythians, Genghis Khan, Mahmud Ghazni (17 times), Mohammed Ghori, Timur the Lame and the Mughals, among others, all invaded India through the Khyber Pass. But, like it is said of the Bourbons of France, though we forgot nothing, we learnt nothing.

India, Kazakhstan need to look beyond economic cooperation
Apr 29, 2011

India, Kazakhstan need to look beyond economic cooperation

While the bilateral relation between India and Kazakhstan has strengthened in the past few years, accessibility remains a major obstacle to our economic cooperation. Given the present problems, India, in the immediate future, needs to focus on the Iranian route and the North-South Corridor.

India, stability, and ‘new world order’ - Global security from New Delhi’s vantage
Mar 19, 2024

India, stability, and ‘new world order’ - Global security from New Delhi’s vantage

India has embarked on a large-scale infrastructure development program, ranging from highways to airports, a critical government-led push to provide the economy a strong base to build upon.

India, US must go beyond geopolitics
Oct 01, 2014

India, US must go beyond geopolitics

Whatever Modi may want to do in the coming years is circumscribed by the fact that India does not have too many cards in its hands. It is not an oil-rich country, or one with some ideology to export. It is a poor country whose primary goal is to transform the lives of its people.

India-Africa Forum Summit: A new twist to Modi's foreign policy?
Oct 20, 2015

India-Africa Forum Summit: A new twist to Modi's foreign policy?

With the upcoming 3rd India-Africa Forum Summit (IAFS-III) this month, Prime Minister Modi is set to prove a point to the country that he indeed follows a proactive foreign policy with exuberance and austerity. IAFS-III seems to be critical for reshaping and nourishing historical India-Africa ties and is considered as not just another diplomatic event.

India-ASEAN FTA in services: Good for the region, very good for India
Jul 31, 2013

India-ASEAN FTA in services: Good for the region, very good for India

The potential welfare gains arising from the services agreement appear to be in India's favour as well as for member economies of ASEAN. The policy focus of both ASEAN and the individual member nations has been on merchandise trade liberalisation, and on inducing foreign investment-led transfer of technology, which has so far resulted in low regional integration in services.

India-Australia rare earth supply chain collaboration
Jul 01, 2023

India-Australia rare earth supply chain collaboration

Australia and India as emerging partners can collaborate to strengthen the rare earth supply chain and build resilience