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Fast Data for Faster Decision-making: The Utility of High-frequency Economic Indicators
May 24, 2023

Fast Data for Faster Decision-making: The Utility of High-frequency Economic Indicators

The COVID-19 pandemic is posing unique challenges to policymakers across the globe, necessitating efficient action in short timeframes. During such crises, having the right data at the right time is crucial to making informed policy decisions.  Traditional economic indicators can be inadequate owing to issues of timeliness, granularity, and difficulty in collection. There is a need therefore for higher-frequency and more granular data to track e

Fast-Tracking the Flight of India’s Drone Industry
Aug 16, 2023

Fast-Tracking the Flight of India’s Drone Industry

India is keen to leverage its nascent civilian drone (or unmanned aerial vehicle) industry to become a global hub. Since 2021, it has built a conducive policy ecosystem to support the domestic drone industry. In what this brief collectively calls the ‘Drone Regulations 3.0’, it includes the liberalised Drone Rules 2021, a production linked incentive scheme, the unmanned aerial vehicle traffic management policy, the certification scheme for un

FASTag ला हवी सुधारणांची हमी
Jan 09, 2020

FASTag ला हवी सुधारणांची हमी

FASTag हा चांगल्या हेतूने केलेला आणि अत्यावश्यक असणारा बदल असला तरी, अनियोजित आणि घाईघाईतील अमलबजावणीमुळे गोंधळ माजू शकतो.

FDI as a tool of social liberation
Dec 11, 2012

FDI as a tool of social liberation

The social and economic profile of the participants in India's vast retail trade is complex and varied. Besides, there is ample evidence that large sections of the petty bourgeoisie (trader and shopkeepers) may not be happy with their current existence. They would not mind if global capital inflows result in the creative destruction of existing arrangements.

FDI opening timed wrongly
Dec 05, 2011

FDI opening timed wrongly

Opening up retail trade should not have happened at a time when inflation is high, GDP growth rate is falling, industrial growth and exports are declining. Unfortunately, it would take a long time for the multi-brand retailers to establish their own supply chains and hence inflation is unlikely to come down in the near future.

Fear of Persia: Saudis call for a Gulf Arab Union
May 16, 2012

Fear of Persia: Saudis call for a Gulf Arab Union

As Delhi focuses on managing Washington's pressure to reduce oil imports from Iran and avoid the imposition of unilateral U.S. economic sanctions on India, it could easily miss the unfolding power play in the Gulf between Tehran and Riyadh.

Fighting Trumpism
Nov 07, 2020

Fighting Trumpism

It has transformed frustrations into a nihilistic anger. But it is not the real America.

Filling the Blanks: Putting Gender into Military A.I.
Aug 21, 2023

Filling the Blanks: Putting Gender into Military A.I.

Defence structures around the world are seeing a technological upheaving as new and emerging technologies like artificial intelligence (AI) are being added to military arsenals. However, military AI largely lacks precision and is often developed without any threat-modelling which takes gender into account, examples of which are already being seen in civilian applications of AI. Translated into a conflict environment, deploying such AI systems cou

Financial inclusion a viable business model now
May 10, 2012

Financial inclusion a viable business model now

Out of the 660,000 habitations in India with a population of 100 or more, only 33,000 have a commercial bank branch. That's approximately one branch for every 20 habitations.

Financial Inclusion of Women: Current Evidence from India
Aug 17, 2023

Financial Inclusion of Women: Current Evidence from India

Financial inclusion is critical to achieving the economic empowerment of women—one of the targets under the fifth Sustainable Development Goal on gender equality. In India, one in every five women lack access to a bank account. Although the country’s programmes promoting financial inclusion have increased the percentage of women having access to a bank account, wide gaps remain in account use, and access to savings and credit. Women c

Financing India’s renewable energy vision
May 12, 2023

Financing India’s renewable energy vision

India’s target of achieving 175 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2022 might appear ambitious, but it is crucial as it will have a positive impact on the country’s economic growth, energy security and the fight against climate change. Financing is emerging as the key challenge to this vision, slowing down the pace of growth; as of December 2019, over 50 percent of the 2022 target is yet to be achieved. This brief outlines India’s existing

Finding a judicious way out of Mullaperiyar impasse
Feb 08, 2012

Finding a judicious way out of Mullaperiyar impasse

The Mullaperiyar dam agreement commits only the waters of the reservoir to Tamil Nadu. It does not guarantee supplies if the dam fell into disuse. So, a new agreement with commitments from Kerala for fixed supplies would be in Tamil Nadu's interest too.

First Xi-Modi meeting finds common ground
Jul 21, 2014

First Xi-Modi meeting finds common ground

The crucial factor that can help transform India-China bilateral is Modi himself. For the first time, the Chinese will interact with an Indian leader who can be politically strong in safeguarding India's sovereign interests, while at the same time being very welcoming in embracing China economically.

Fiscal prudence still matters
May 11, 2020

Fiscal prudence still matters

Govt will need to spend more, but should credibly commit through institutional reform to future transparency and prudence

Flawed education system in Kashmir
Mar 20, 2023

Flawed education system in Kashmir

The declining education system needs to be tackled with targeted measures to economically and ideologically transform the Valley

FM walks the talk, honestly and judiciously, but very diffidently
Feb 02, 2018

FM walks the talk, honestly and judiciously, but very diffidently

ore reassurance comes from the fiscal deficit target for 2018-19 set at 3.3 per cent of GDP.

Focus on the peace pipeline
Sep 08, 2004

Focus on the peace pipeline

AS THE Foreign Ministers of India and Pakistan hold their first structured political dialogue in four decades, the question of building trans-border natural gas pipelines is likely to figure prominently in the bilateral agenda.

For a ‘win-win’ situation in health, India and China don’t need a ‘Medicine God’
Jul 27, 2018

For a ‘win-win’ situation in health, India and China don’t need a ‘Medicine God’

More research is needed to understand the barriers that Indian companies are facing in China.

Forecasts for oil demand growth in India: Hope or reality?
Mar 16, 2024

Forecasts for oil demand growth in India: Hope or reality?

Trends in consumption growth in the last two decades suggest that IEA’s expectation of a decline in demand for petrol in India on account of growth

Foreign Universities in India: Lessons and Learnings from Global Experiences
Oct 20, 2023

Foreign Universities in India: Lessons and Learnings from Global Experiences

In May 2023, India’s University Grants Commission announced draft guidelines to allow foreign universities to establish operations in the country. This paper explores the potential outcomes of the decision by assessing the experiences of foreign institutions in China, the United Arab Emirates, South Korea, and Malaysia. The case studies highlight that only a few world-class universities are keen to establish campuses in foreign countries. As su

Forests for Future: Achieving India’s net-zero goals
Jun 04, 2024

Forests for Future: Achieving India’s net-zero goals

Adopting effective forest management strategies will provide a sustainable and cost-effective solution, significantly advancing India's net-zero emiss

Forging China-Resistant Supplier Compacts
Aug 14, 2023

Forging China-Resistant Supplier Compacts

China’s approach to trade has stood impervious to change. It is time for a new geoeconomic approach to counter China. Like-minded nations can fashion rapid arrangements to grow the supply chains that matter most, such as for electric vehicles (EV). The US and India, plus Australia, Canada, Japan, Britain, Taiwan, Korea, and Mexico can form an EV supply chain compact to create a level playing field within the group and incentivise their

Fostering market demand for green industries
Jun 09, 2021

Fostering market demand for green industries

It is important to not only bridge the demand gap for an optimal transition to green growth, but also create appropriate legal frameworks to actualise

Four Expectations from COP26
Nov 02, 2021

Four Expectations from COP26

The COP26 summit will need to work towards four key outcomes: increased finance for climate action; more ambitious emissions reduction commitments; fi

Four famines in an interconnected world: What can the G20 do?
Jun 28, 2017

Four famines in an interconnected world: What can the G20 do?

Nearly 20 million people in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, and Yemen are facing what has been described as the largest food crisis in the world in 70 years. Conflict is the main reason behind these famines, abetted by drought, climate change, poverty, and the existing vulnerability of the people in these countries. Security issues have led to a dramatic decline in agricultural production and have adversely affected the supply and distribution of

Four Years of a Military Despot
Oct 14, 2003

Four Years of a Military Despot

I have no problem with military officers running a nation as long as they are out of uniform and have won the mandate to do so. But when a military officer ousts a legitimate civilian government, refuses to shed his uniform and abuses the basic democratic right of franchise, there is a reason for the civilized world to be alarmed and ashamed. Such men are a blot on the democratic, civilized world.

Framing multistakeholder conversations on encryption
Dec 06, 2016

Framing multistakeholder conversations on encryption

On August 12, 2016 the Observer Research Foundation convened the first in a series of multistakeholder roundtables on encryption. This report is the outcome of the discussion of issues and proposal of solutions conducted at the roundtable. Being a complex, technical-legal question around access to data for law enforcement, encryption has long been a contested issue. Creating best-in-class regulation on encryption will require targeted interventio

French officials in Syrian custody could rock Sarkozy's electoral boat
Mar 03, 2012

French officials in Syrian custody could rock Sarkozy's electoral boat

Should the story of the French in Syrian custody become public in France, the voters will ask: did the government sanction illegal entry of our soldiers into foreign countries? Is the Syrian rebellion an imported rebellion?

Fresh look at our backyard
Jul 23, 2019

Fresh look at our backyard

Poor choices and domestic turmoil have hindered India’s economic transformation

From Kargil to Balakot: The continuing challenges to India’s modern air power
May 22, 2023

From Kargil to Balakot: The continuing challenges to India’s modern air power

Most leading air forces around the world were quick to learn from the experiences of the US Air Force between the Vietnam War in the 1960s and the Gulf War three decades later. This resulted in the widespread adoption by these forces of Precision Guided Munitions (PGMs) beginning in the mid-1990s. Only a few of these air arms, however, have matched the overall effectiveness of US air power, which combines aircraft survivability with weapon range,

From multilaterals to multinationals: Provision of global public goods
Dec 19, 2018

From multilaterals to multinationals: Provision of global public goods

The debate on the extent of private participation covers not only public goods within a country but also global goods that transcend boundaries: c

From reactive to proactive: Japan’s advances in cybersecurity and cyber defence strategies
Mar 27, 2024

From reactive to proactive: Japan’s advances in cybersecurity and cyber defence strategies

Japan's efforts to elevate its cybersecurity are transforming its defence capabilities across land, sea, air, and outer space, marking a shift in its

From Rio to Paris: India in global climate politics
Dec 24, 2017

From Rio to Paris: India in global climate politics

This paper analyses India’s participation in more than two decades of global climate politics. India has transitioned from a protest voice on the fringes of global climate policy to one that is actively shaping international efforts to combat climate change. Analysis of the drivers behind India’s negotiating positions on climate change thus far has focused on the competing motives of equity and co-benefits, which has however been insufficient

From theory to practice: Leveraging AR/VR for educational excellence
Jul 01, 2023

From theory to practice: Leveraging AR/VR for educational excellence

India needs to foster the integration of spatial computing into education to capitalise on its transformative benefits

From ‘Pivot to Asia’ to Trump’s ARIA: What drives the US’ Current Asia policy?
Feb 19, 2020

From ‘Pivot to Asia’ to Trump’s ARIA: What drives the US’ Current Asia policy?

After President Donald Trump’s 2017 visit to Asia, the Indo-Pacific region assumed greater significance in the United States’ foreign policy calculus, as articulated in the ‘Indo-Pacific Strategy Report’ released by the US Department of Defence. On 31 December 2018, Trump passed the Asia Reassurance Initiative Act (ARIA), which authorises US$1.5 billion in spending for a range of US programmes in East Asia and Southeast Asia to “develop

From “Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas” to “Main Bhi Chowkidar”: The forgotten macroeconomic flagships
May 10, 2019

From “Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas” to “Main Bhi Chowkidar”: The forgotten macroeconomic flagships

In the transition from “Sabka Saath Sabka Vikas” to economically meaningless but politically loaded “Main Bhi Chowkidar” – the major macro-e

Fulfilling the SDG on Zero Hunger: A Progress Report on BIMSTEC Nations
Nov 02, 2020

Fulfilling the SDG on Zero Hunger: A Progress Report on BIMSTEC Nations

The countries of BIMSTEC, or the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation, are working to translate the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) into action plans to ensure access to adequate and nutritious food. They are transforming their food systems based on their priorities and capacities to fulfill, in particular, the 2030 SDG Goal 2 that aims to “end hunger, achieve food security, and promote sustainable

Future of coal: Financial consequences
Oct 12, 2020

Future of coal: Financial consequences

The coal sector as a whole faces the problem of stranded asset on account of competition from renewable ― and policies changing globally ― away fr

G20 Summit 2019: Will it be just another gathering of world leaders?
Jun 24, 2019

G20 Summit 2019: Will it be just another gathering of world leaders?

The G20 has gradually transformed itself from a forum for economic crisis management — through international cooperation and discussion on specific

G20 के समूह देश: प्रवासी नागरिकों की आर्थिक विकास में अहम् भूमिका!
Oct 07, 2022

G20 के समूह देश: प्रवासी नागरिकों की आर्थिक विकास में अहम् भूमिका!

G20 देशों में घटते श्रम बल के असर को कम करने में प्रवासी एक न�

G20 देश: स्थलांतरित कामगार आर्थिक वाढीस मदत करू शकतात का?
Aug 01, 2023

G20 देश: स्थलांतरित कामगार आर्थिक वाढीस मदत करू शकतात का?

घटत्या कामगार शक्तींचा प्रभाव कमी करण्यासाठी स्थलांतरित हा एक महत्त्वाचा उपाय असू शकतो आणि G20 देशांसाठी दीर्घकालीन नफ्यात योगदान देऊ शकतो.

G20 में अफ्रीकी संघ का सफ़र- सधी हुई शुरुआत लेकिन आगे बड़ी चुनौती!
Jan 16, 2024

G20 में अफ्रीकी संघ का सफ़र- सधी हुई शुरुआत लेकिन आगे बड़ी चुनौती!

G20 में अफ्रीकी संघ की सदस्यता अफ्रीका महादेश को काफ़ी कुछ �

G20: Prospects for climate cooperation
Sep 22, 2023

G20: Prospects for climate cooperation

The real challenge is to translate the call for climate cooperation iterated at the G20 Summit in New Delhi into deeds given the divergent development