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Healthcare (still) is a rich man's game in 2024: Navigating global trends
Dec 16, 2023

Healthcare (still) is a rich man's game in 2024: Navigating global trends

Throughout history, healthcare has often been a privilege of the affluent, a trend that continues into 2024 despite technological advancements

Hidden failures and a malnourished south: Health and nutrition in Chhattisgarh
Nov 12, 2018

Hidden failures and a malnourished south: Health and nutrition in Chhattisgarh

While the Health Index 2018 accords a favourable position to Chhattisgarh in terms of annual incremental performance, the state ranks 12th in terms of

High on Revenue, Low on Capital: India’s Defence Budget 2023-24
Feb 11, 2023

High on Revenue, Low on Capital: India’s Defence Budget 2023-24

This brief examines India’s defence budget for 2023-24. It outlines the economic context for India’s latest defence allocations, and examines the drivers of growth, the broad distribution of resources among the defence forces, and the impact of such distribution on modernisation and the domestic defence industry. The brief posits that the new defence budget, coming on the back of a hefty mid-year upward revision of the previous alloca

High-level Africa visits need quick follow-up, says ex-diplomat
Nov 22, 2016

High-level Africa visits need quick follow-up, says ex-diplomat

India is not only conjoined with Africa geographically and historically, but has interests intersecting over a wide range of areas.

Himalayan upgrade
Nov 22, 2017

Himalayan upgrade

The elections in Nepal will complete the democratic transition. India must play an enabling role

Historic support to PM Prachanda in the Parliament: Will he give a new direction to Nepal?
Jan 16, 2023

Historic support to PM Prachanda in the Parliament: Will he give a new direction to Nepal?

A period of instability continues to loom large over Nepal as, despite the overwhelming support garnered by PM Prachanda, it won’t translate into re

Household LPG access in India: An Update
Sep 21, 2022

Household LPG access in India: An Update

Nearly half of Indian households still use biomass for cooking. A credible transition to LPG or equivalent cooking fuels will come only when household

How a US Non-proliferation failure became a global cyber security threat
May 22, 2017

How a US Non-proliferation failure became a global cyber security threat

Though the devastating WannaCry ransomware attack was a failure on the NSA’s part, current UN cyber norms are far too weak to hold any international actor – let alone the US – responsible.

How Beijing’s New Maritime Rules in the South China Sea Will Affect India and Others
Sep 06, 2021

How Beijing’s New Maritime Rules in the South China Sea Will Affect India and Others

China's new maritime law – in which foreign vessels will have to submit details to Chinese authorities when transiting through its 'territorial waters' – has now come into force.

How Delhi and Paris became friends
Aug 27, 2019

How Delhi and Paris became friends

India and France have a shared interest in developing a coalition of middle powers committed to multipolarity

How does India's launched K-4 stack up against Pakistan, China?
Feb 01, 2017

How does India's launched K-4 stack up against Pakistan, China?

Developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), the K-4 will be an intermediate range submarine launched ballistic missile (SLBM).

How Ebrahim Raisi could exacerbate the security situation in Afghanistan
Jul 09, 2021

How Ebrahim Raisi could exacerbate the security situation in Afghanistan

It is natural for an economically floundering Iran to shelter its interests in Afghanistan.

How economic reforms influenced India’s foreign policy conversations
Jul 24, 2021

How economic reforms influenced India’s foreign policy conversations

The reforms generated rapid economic growth and transformed the way India engaged with the world.

How growth and equity get a boost in Finance Minister's economic stimulus package
May 15, 2020

How growth and equity get a boost in Finance Minister's economic stimulus package

FM Nirmala Sitharaman’s first tranche of announcements of the fiscal stimulus for economic recovery closely follows PM Modi's vision of making the economy self-reliant.

How Important was Abu Azzam?
Sep 30, 2005

How Important was Abu Azzam?

Before the elections in the beginning of this year, the authorities of the Iraqi Government had announced warrants for the arrest of 29 Iraqis and foreigners, who, according to them, are either former members of the Saddam Hussein Government or part of the Abu Mus¿ab al-Zarqawi terrorist network of the Al Qaeda.

How India was forced to conduct the nuclear tests of 1998
May 09, 2023

How India was forced to conduct the nuclear tests of 1998

The Pokhran II tests took place when India was undergoing major domestic crises, but there was bipartisan consensus to enable India’s nuclear aspira

How PM Modi scored with COVIDiplomacy
Mar 17, 2020

How PM Modi scored with COVIDiplomacy

Disrupting conventional thinking, Prime Minister Modi held a video conference to fight Covid-19 with all SAARC leaders.

How PM Modi's trips are securing India's defence
Jun 17, 2014

How PM Modi's trips are securing India's defence

Narendra Modi's visits out of New Delhi last week have emphasised the new government's understanding of India's Grand Strategy. In some ways, it marks a continuity with the policy of past governments, but in important ways it presages a departure.

How PNB fraud will affect govt's ability to mobilise big money
Feb 19, 2018

How PNB fraud will affect govt's ability to mobilise big money

Not all of the bad loan problem that Indian banks are going through is because of fraud

How should India meet the Maoist challenge?
May 14, 2010

How should India meet the Maoist challenge?

At a meeting organised by ORF several experts said the current discourse on the Maoist challenge has been dominated by a "paranoid" view

How the current great-power competition helps the Taliban in Afghanistan
Mar 18, 2023

How the current great-power competition helps the Taliban in Afghanistan

The conflict in Europe helped the Taliban in cementing itself more firmly as a legitimate political entity

How the French Presidential elections can alter European politics
Apr 14, 2022

How the French Presidential elections can alter European politics

The outcome of the ongoing French presidential elections will determine whether France prioritises fulfilling its responsibility to the EU more so ove

How the PM put India on an even keel
May 26, 2015

How the PM put India on an even keel

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been energetically pushing the Indian view. If he is able to transform the Indian economy and put it on a fast growth track in the coming years, he will sharply enhance India's weight in the international system.

How the Taliban is navigating the war in Gaza
May 06, 2024

How the Taliban is navigating the war in Gaza

Despite the public position taken by the Taliban on the war in Gaza, its response has remained largely muted.

How the ‘fall’ of IS, more than its rise, challenges global diplomacy
Dec 12, 2017

How the ‘fall’ of IS, more than its rise, challenges global diplomacy

The Syrian crisis, at its current juncture, looks set for a prolonged battle.

https://www.orfonline.org/research/no-childs-play-the-enduring-challenge-of-creating-child-friendly-cities/
May 15, 2023

https://www.orfonline.org/research/no-childs-play-the-enduring-challenge-of-creating-child-friendly-cities/

Child-friendly cities’ is an emerging concept in the urban management sector in many countries across the globe, including India, where it complements government schemes that aim to develop India’s urban spaces as centres of human capital development, knowledge hubs, and drivers of growth and prosperity. These flagship missions include, for example, the Smart Cities Mission and the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMR

Hybrid Pakistan
Mar 19, 2024

Hybrid Pakistan

India will be in no hurry to do business with its new management. Onus of rapprochement lies with Pakistan.

Hysterectomies in India: Prevalence, problems, and policies
Jul 11, 2022

Hysterectomies in India: Prevalence, problems, and policies

In light of World Population Day’s focus on individuals’ choices and rights, adequate policies should be adopted to create awareness amongst women

I2U2 बिझनेस फोरम: पश्चिम आशियासाठी महत्त्वाचा क्षण
Oct 15, 2023

I2U2 बिझनेस फोरम: पश्चिम आशियासाठी महत्त्वाचा क्षण

प्रादेशिक आर्थिक एकत्रीकरणाला प्राधान्य देऊन I2U2 बिझनेस फोरम समोर येत आहे. पश्चिम आशियाई प्रादेशिकतेसाठी मजबूत पाया म्हणून हे फोरम काम करू शकणार आहे.

If it sounds like mediation, it is mediation
Aug 21, 2019

If it sounds like mediation, it is mediation

India foiled US efforts to get involved in the '90s, when things were far worse in the Valley. Now through acts of commission, Modi has provided an opening for the US to enter.

If Pakistan remains India’s problem, Taiwan will remain America’s
Sep 23, 2021

If Pakistan remains India’s problem, Taiwan will remain America’s

The US needs to alter its policy towards Pakistan for an enhanced partnership on the Taiwan front

If talks and terror can’t go together, neither can trade and terror
Mar 29, 2024

If talks and terror can’t go together, neither can trade and terror

Pakistan may want to normalise relations by bifurcating their “India policy” from their “Kashmir policy”, but this is no longer acceptable to

IMF’s $6 billion loan to Pakistan risks supporting its terror infrastructure
May 14, 2019

IMF’s $6 billion loan to Pakistan risks supporting its terror infrastructure

There is a deeper politics at play here, a politics of negotiation and a transaction of international power games that is diluting the dangers of Paki

Impact of COVID-19 on rural lives and livelihoods in India
Apr 20, 2020

Impact of COVID-19 on rural lives and livelihoods in India

One can foresee many challenges as farmers and farm labourers set out to rebuild their lives and livelihoods.

Impact of Israel-Hamas conflict on terrorist radicalisation in India
Dec 26, 2023

Impact of Israel-Hamas conflict on terrorist radicalisation in India

With pan-Islamic and Pakistan-based terrorist organisations weaponising the deluge of footage from the Gaza Strip, their propaganda will impact terror

Impact of NRC Assam amongst people observation from the ground
Sep 27, 2019

Impact of NRC Assam amongst people observation from the ground

The migrant debate has been a point of tension in Assam’s multicultural and multi-ethnic society.

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on India’s federalism
Nov 27, 2021

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on India’s federalism

The pandemic proved that the Centre and states have different roles but need to work closely during a crisis, instead of adopting a centralised approa

Implementation of revised MVA penalties
Sep 17, 2019

Implementation of revised MVA penalties

While saving lives is a laudable objective, good driving habits alone are not enough to bring down deaths. Quality of roads, competence and freshness

Implications of the Evolving Situation in Afghanistan
Aug 15, 2021

Implications of the Evolving Situation in Afghanistan

The situation in Afghanistan continues to deteriorate.

In need of a fundamental overhaul
Dec 26, 2013

In need of a fundamental overhaul

Indians need to realise that the time has come for decision-making and thinking which is multi-year, though not in the Five Year Plan kind of a way. What is needed are steps that go beyond partisan approaches and election-cycles aimed at providing the desperately needed transformation of the way India manages its governmental system.

In Nepal, men are more equal than women
Jul 03, 2023

In Nepal, men are more equal than women

The citizenship amendment act paves the way for thousands of stateless Nepalis to become citizens, but women continue to be considered second-class ci

In pursuit of global labour mobility
Apr 29, 2021

In pursuit of global labour mobility

India needs to rethink its approach towards engaging in debates on the future of global labour mobility.

In search of a coherent international approach to governing technologies
Oct 17, 2021

In search of a coherent international approach to governing technologies

If States cannot agree on legally binding rules, norms are the next best option for shaping State behaviour in cyberspace, but is that enough?

Inching closer to the brink: on JCPOA
May 15, 2019

Inching closer to the brink: on JCPOA

As the US provokes Iran, the onus is on Europe to somehow stand by its end of the nuclear deal

Inclusive digital policies are key to mould women leaders
Apr 01, 2024

Inclusive digital policies are key to mould women leaders

The digital revolution opens new avenues for women's economic participation, however, to ensure true inclusion, this revolution must be steered by gen