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Cyber Arms Race in Space: Exploring India’s Next Steps
Sep 14, 2023

Cyber Arms Race in Space: Exploring India’s Next Steps

Indias reliance on outer space has become critical in its social and economic growthstories in addition to its transformative impact in the national security context. With growingreliance comes vulnerability to adversarial attempts to harm Indias capabilities, particularlyfrom the new threat of cyber warfare. Even as countries including India have debated the need todevelop certain counter-space capabilities, such as demonstration of an ASAT capa

Cyber Mercenaries: The Failures of Current Responses and the Imperative of International Collaboration
Dec 11, 2023

Cyber Mercenaries: The Failures of Current Responses and the Imperative of International Collaboration

Digital adoption, hastened globally by the COVID-19 epidemic, brought along with it both benefits and threats, including concerns of safety and security of the cyberspace. Current geopolitical dynamics, ongoing strategic and economic disputes, as well as attempts by authoritarian regimes to preserve power have allowed companies with malicious intent—known as ‘cyber mercenaries’—to develop and deploy offensive cyber capabilities. The tools

Cybersecurity Threats in Online Gaming: Learnings for India
Jan 10, 2024

Cybersecurity Threats in Online Gaming: Learnings for India

This brief examines the rapid growth of the global online gaming industry and the consequent increase in cyber threats. Issues such as microtransactions, money laundering, and predatory practices by developers can stymie the industry’s growth potential if not addressed. Many countries’ current gaming-focused regulatory frameworks do not cover these challenges and will need to be revised. India—a significant gaming market—must also conside

CyFy 2019: Chair’s note
Oct 15, 2019

CyFy 2019: Chair’s note

The real world is now complemented and implicated by the virtual world. This is a new domain altogether, and its governance is not bound by traditiona

Dams as disasters: Are the dams in Arunachal Pradesh aggravating flood damages in Assam?
May 12, 2022

Dams as disasters: Are the dams in Arunachal Pradesh aggravating flood damages in Assam?

Constructing structural interventions without undertaking proper evaluations has led to man-made disasters.

Data divide: The new face of digital inequality
May 17, 2024

Data divide: The new face of digital inequality

The data divide can drastically impact the progress of the 2030 Agenda, thus bridging this divide is imperative to ensure that no one is left behind

Data flow and privacy: G20 अध्यक्ष के रूप में भारत की डेटा प्रवाह और गोपनीयता में भूमिका!
Nov 11, 2022

Data flow and privacy: G20 अध्यक्ष के रूप में भारत की डेटा प्रवाह और गोपनीयता में भूमिका!

भारत को यह सुनिश्चित करना चाहिए कि data के सीमा पार प्रवाह प�

Data-centric innovation and digitalisation will catalyse India’s growth
Oct 29, 2020

Data-centric innovation and digitalisation will catalyse India’s growth

India’s strength lies in its large population, growing economy, pace of digital adoption and core tech competencies supported by a robust tech ecosy

Death and the city: Rethinking urban spaces for the deceased
Aug 19, 2023

Death and the city: Rethinking urban spaces for the deceased

Rethinking the policy, design, and function of city crematoriums and cemeteries is critical to making the city liveable and die-able

Death of Ayman Al Zawahiri and the end of Al Qaeda 'legacy'
Aug 02, 2022

Death of Ayman Al Zawahiri and the end of Al Qaeda 'legacy'

With the death of Ayman al-Zawahiri, the primary question that looms over Al Qaeda is who will replace him as the next chief.

Debt Diplomacy in Action: An Overview of China’s Loans and Investments in West Africa
Sep 15, 2023

Debt Diplomacy in Action: An Overview of China’s Loans and Investments in West Africa

In recent years, China has increasingly invested in West Africa to further its ambitious Belt and Road Initiative, diversify its supply chains, and acquire critical minerals and raw materials for its domestic industries. Indeed, China sees immense potential in West Africa for the region’s ability to provide a secure supply of critical minerals and energy resources insulated from the West. Beijing is now the region’s largest bilateral trading

Decarbonising coal use in India: Role of carbon capture, utilisation, and storage
May 31, 2023

Decarbonising coal use in India: Role of carbon capture, utilisation, and storage

The complex and elaborate coal network that underpins energy provision and social support in India should be complemented with CCUS for decarbonisatio

Decoding AI in emerging economies
Jan 31, 2024

Decoding AI in emerging economies

AI in emerging markets has seen significant growth. Instead of steering its growth in the Global South, the Global North should forge closer partnersh

Decoding India’s latest diplomatic push in the West Asian theatre
Dec 09, 2020

Decoding India’s latest diplomatic push in the West Asian theatre

While successfully balancing relations between Israel, Iran and Saudi Arabia power blocks, New Delhi’s affinity for this Gulf outreach is rooted in geopolitical and geo-economic realities

Decoding the Biden Administration’s Cyber Security Policy
Jan 15, 2024

Decoding the Biden Administration’s Cyber Security Policy

The Biden administration is seeking to establish a comprehensive cybersecurity strategy as part of its national security. This issue brief analyses the US’s cyber threat landscape and examines the Biden administration’s cybersecurity strategy. It explores the strategy’s ideological, geopolitical, technological, and diplomatic significance in a rapidly shifting domain.

Decoding the Land Acquisition Bill
Aug 31, 2013

Decoding the Land Acquisition Bill

The new land acquisition bill has brought transparency in land acquisition. But by incorporating too many instruments and agencies to ensure the same, it instead risks making the process bureaucratic. Thus, the bill ends up replacing a coercive colonial law with a cumbersome one.

Decoding Trump: How far does US actually carry NATO in the Baltics?
Aug 17, 2016

Decoding Trump: How far does US actually carry NATO in the Baltics?

A Donald Trump presidency could change the status quo of American participation in the NATO if his campaign statements are to be believed.

Decolonising Aid: Moving Beyond International Aid Intermediaries
Mar 18, 2024

Decolonising Aid: Moving Beyond International Aid Intermediaries

The international aid system is in need of reform. Despite rhetoric about localisation, a meagre 1.2 percent of international humanitarian aid directly reaches local actors. Overall, there is a lack of transparency and awareness in international policy circles on how funds flow from the donor level to the field. This brief argues that the issue is not just about a lack of capacity on the part of local actors—a sweeping statement often used by W

Decongesting cities: Reforming bus systems
Feb 10, 2020

Decongesting cities: Reforming bus systems

The foremost mode of transport in cities of developing economies, bus services, are also the most economical.

Defining the protection of ‘the public core of the internet’ as a national interest
Jul 19, 2017

Defining the protection of ‘the public core of the internet’ as a national interest

The norm to protect the public core of the internet, originally advocated by the Netherlands Scientific Council for Government Policy, can be operationalised in two ways. Both a layered approach and a functional approach to defining the public core of the internet provide productive ways to discuss safeguarding the functionality and integrity of the core logical and physical infrastructure of the internet from unwarranted state interventions. Thi

Defying the Odds: Pakistan’s coronavirus story
Sep 29, 2020

Defying the Odds: Pakistan’s coronavirus story

The virus has affected over 25 million people across 213 countries. Governments and citizens alike have had to adapt to the crisis. Pakistan’s story

Delhi is Failing Its Children, Air Pollution is Choking Their Future
Nov 06, 2021

Delhi is Failing Its Children, Air Pollution is Choking Their Future

India is ranked third only to Bangladesh and Pakistan for worst air quality. PM 2.5 concentration in India is 5.2 times above the WHO annual air quality guideline.

Delhi-Paris tango offers a third way in diplomacy
Feb 01, 2024

Delhi-Paris tango offers a third way in diplomacy

As dependable allies, the India-France partnership is a force for global good in a volatile world engulfed in multiple crises

Delhi’s efforts to build roads on the lines of European cities
Dec 19, 2020

Delhi’s efforts to build roads on the lines of European cities

Modern street planning does not stop at technical designing.

Delta under siege: Towards the 2026 Ganges Water Sharing Agreement
Jun 02, 2020

Delta under siege: Towards the 2026 Ganges Water Sharing Agreement

The Ganges Water Sharing Agreement will expire in 2026. What awaits then?

Democracy and electoral challenges in South Asia
Oct 30, 2015

Democracy and electoral challenges in South Asia

The South Asian region is witnessing some kind of democratic upsurge. For the first time, all the countries in the region have embraced democracy. Yet, democratic transitions in the region are filled with uncertainties and fragility. South Asian countries need to learn from each other's democratic experiences and support each other.

Democracy summit: How India should approach
Dec 09, 2021

Democracy summit: How India should approach

Despite several democracy watchdogs calling India as a backsliding democracy, the vibrant democratic practices conducted in India would say otherwise

Demonetisation 2.0 or routine currency management?
Jun 13, 2023

Demonetisation 2.0 or routine currency management?

The crucial difference between the withdrawal of INR 2000 notes and the 2016 demonetisation is the modus operandi of the withdrawal and the status as

Deniability a Must for Infidelity: The US-Pak Affair
May 07, 2011

Deniability a Must for Infidelity: The US-Pak Affair

Pakistani establishment would have to be out of its mind to enter Osama bin Laden's Abbotabad hideout on a white charger. Such foolhardiness would swell the ranks of Jihadi outfits in Pakistan. Murderer of Punjab Governor, Salman Taseer would resurface as a model.

Desertions en masse: PTI’s endgame?
May 22, 2023

Desertions en masse: PTI’s endgame?

The growing resignations of his party members and a defendant tone in Imran Khan’s rhetoric signify that the PTI is now struggling to chart its next

Devas v. Antrix: Lessons for India in Navigating Bilateral Investment Treaty Disputes
Aug 14, 2023

Devas v. Antrix: Lessons for India in Navigating Bilateral Investment Treaty Disputes

In Devas Multimedia Pvt. Ltd v. Antrix Corporation Ltd, the Supreme Court of India has upheld the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT) order winding up Devas Multimedia Ltd on the grounds of fraud. Antrix is the commercial arm of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), and Devas is a multimedia services company. The decision comes at a crucial time, as foreign investors of Devas are endeavouring to attach Indian assets

Developing countries shouldn’t waste this crisis
Apr 25, 2020

Developing countries shouldn’t waste this crisis

If one thing needs to change after the coronavirus, it’s the relationship between the state and migrant workers.

Development of Northeast and Modi's policy with its neighbours
Jun 26, 2014

Development of Northeast and Modi's policy with its neighbours

Along with proposing new measures and initiatives, the Narendra Modi government should focus on completing the already proposed projects that would benefit the region like the implementation of the Kaladan Multimodal transit project with Myanmar.

Dharavi redevelopment could create new paradigms in social housing
Jul 18, 2020

Dharavi redevelopment could create new paradigms in social housing

The complexity of Mumbai’s geography along with its bursting population has created lopsided informalities that the city needs to reconsider.

Dialogues required to resolve Asian disputes: 7th Fleet Commander
Apr 04, 2013

Dialogues required to resolve Asian disputes: 7th Fleet Commander

Commander of the US Seventh Fleet, Vice Admiral Scott H. Swift, feels that dialogues and frank discussions are the best solution to the ongoing disputes in the Indo-Pacific region.

Did US achieve its goal with Iraq mission?
Dec 21, 2011

Did US achieve its goal with Iraq mission?

The US's war in Iraq is over but it has ended in a fiasco. Iraq is unstable and Iran is emerging as the strongest force in the region.

Digital divide: वित्तीय समावेशन में डिजिटल डिवाइड की पड़ताल!
Jul 27, 2023

Digital divide: वित्तीय समावेशन में डिजिटल डिवाइड की पड़ताल!

भारत में कमज़ोर और निम्न आय वर्गों का उत्थान सुनिश्चित क�

Digital Dreams, Real Challenges: Key Factors Driving India’s AI Ecosystem
May 08, 2024

Digital Dreams, Real Challenges: Key Factors Driving India’s AI Ecosystem

India, like much of the rest of the world, is faced with the twin but opposing conditions of economic potential and social concerns that need to be negotiated to realise the digital dividends from artificial intelligence (AI) and achieve sustainable and balanced growth. AI systems involve layers of technological dependencies that necessitate and enable social and institutional interdependency between stakeholders, enabling conditions, and resourc

Digital Epiphany? COVID19 and our Tech Futures
May 20, 2020

Digital Epiphany? COVID19 and our Tech Futures

The coronavirus pandemic is wreaking havoc globally, leaving governments and communities struggling to find a response. This is happening even as new

Digital Ruble: Growing influence amidst sanctions?
Aug 01, 2023

Digital Ruble: Growing influence amidst sanctions?

As the Digital Ruble becomes more accessible, it promises to revolutionise financial transactions and reshape Russia's financial landscape

Digital Southeast Asia: Opportunities for Australia–India cooperation to support the region in the post-COVID-19 context
Feb 10, 2022

Digital Southeast Asia: Opportunities for Australia–India cooperation to support the region in the post-COVID-19 context

The accelerated digital transformation has provided India and Australia with ample opportunities to work together and in collaboration with other like

Digital twin: Making India’s clean energy architecture versatile
Mar 26, 2024

Digital twin: Making India’s clean energy architecture versatile

The use of digital twin technologies in renewable energy ecosystems will benefit producers, consumers, and governments alike

Disillusionment with democracy in Nepal
Dec 22, 2023

Disillusionment with democracy in Nepal

Nepal is witnessing a clear disillusionment with the federal political system as protests demanding the restoration of monarchy are on the rise

Dispelling doubts about the India story abroad
Sep 18, 2012

Dispelling doubts about the India story abroad

With the idea to dispel doubts about the India story abroad, Observer Research Foundation brought together the spokespersons of the two rival parties, the ruling Congress Party and the Opposition BJP, at a platform arranged by the US India Business Council (USIBC) in Washington on 18 September.

Displacement and surveillance of sex workers in India
Jul 29, 2022

Displacement and surveillance of sex workers in India

Regulations brought in related to sex work need to go beyond people who are forced into the profession to also be inclusive of the people who enter th