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Nepal at a critical juncture
May 16, 2008

Nepal at a critical juncture

Several immediate challenges confront Nepal after the recent Constitutional Assembly elections and yet there are positive signs of Nepal emerging as a vibrant republic. This was the general consensus at a round-table discussion on "Emerging Political Situation in Nepal and Policy Options for India" organised by Observer Research Foundation on May 16, 2008.

Nepal's sluggish economic growth: Causes and cure
Mar 01, 2012

Nepal's sluggish economic growth: Causes and cure

Going by the latest economic status of the countries of the world, it looks like Nepal is joining the league of Sub-Saharan Africa. With a per capita income of $490.

Nepal's youth are leaving the country in droves
Jan 29, 2024

Nepal's youth are leaving the country in droves

The lack of economic opportunities at home is forcing 1,700 Nepalis to fly abroad every day, including to the Russia-Ukraine War

Nepal: An emerging power centre in South Asia
Jul 03, 2023

Nepal: An emerging power centre in South Asia

India has played a vital role in Nepal’s quest to develop its power sector. The national forces of Nepal should take necessary steps to ensure that

Nepal: Celebrating the bonhomie with China
Aug 07, 2015

Nepal: Celebrating the bonhomie with China

Nepal and China celebrated 1 August as the anniversary day of 60 years of establishment of their diplomatic relations. President Ram Baran Yadav and Chinese President Xi Jinping exchanged congratulatory messages on the occasion of the 60th anniversary.

Nepal: Finding a way forward
Jan 25, 2016

Nepal: Finding a way forward

Nepal is no stranger to Constitution drafting, having gone through six such rounds since 1948, with the seventh culminating in September 2015. is recent exercise, however, was unique as it was conducted, for the rst time, without the oversight of the monarchy. Certain populations of Nepali society had specic stakes in a new Constitution. For many of Nepal's marginalised communities such as the Madhes is, for example, the new Constitution oe

Nepal: India advocates consensus during President's visit
Dec 28, 2012

Nepal: India advocates consensus during President's visit

Nepal President Dr Ram Baran Yadav's India visit last week helped to bring some clarity on New Delhi's current position vis-a-vis the political developments in Nepal. Although the visit came at the height of political tensions back home,

Nepal: Mounting pressure on Tibetan refugees
Jul 08, 2011

Nepal: Mounting pressure on Tibetan refugees

As China exerts greater pressure on the Communists-led Government in Nepal to curb all anti-Chinese activities emanating from its soil, those Tibetan refugees wanting to transit Nepal or seeking refugee status are having rough days ahead.

Nepal: Trade ties with India recharged
Jan 10, 2014

Nepal: Trade ties with India recharged

The year 2013 ended on a note of strengthened confidence between Nepal and India. On 21-22 December 2013, the Inter-governmental Committee Meeting on Trade, Transit and Cooperation to Control Authorised Trade, between the two countries was held in Kathmandu.

Nepal: Understanding the India migration in Covid times
Oct 27, 2020

Nepal: Understanding the India migration in Covid times

If there are no alternative livelihood with newer employment opportunities, and given the sluggish economic growth pattern of the country — internat

Nepal: Will the last CA extension deliver the goods?
Dec 05, 2011

Nepal: Will the last CA extension deliver the goods?

Political parties in Nepal should preserve at any cost the newly-found consensus. All other contentious issues must be handed over to an independent body to deal with. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission and Disappearances Commission should be formed without delay to address the issues of grievances.

Nepal’s Continuing Quest for Federalism and Peace
Aug 11, 2023

Nepal’s Continuing Quest for Federalism and Peace

This paper analyses the debate surrounding federal restructuring in Nepal and the position taken by various political stakeholders. It argues that an early political consensus on federalism is imperative; otherwise, the country may slip into greater ethnic conflict. Nepal is currently experiencing perhaps one of the most turbulent phases in its contemporary political history. In 2008, Nthe 240-year-old institution of monarchy—for long seen a

Nepal’s response to Covid19
Mar 30, 2020

Nepal’s response to Covid19

Nepal is yet to make an announcement of plans to see how it works on economic recovery and how it will approach multilateral and bilateral agencies fo

Netaji’s mayoral tenure: People-centric administration through nationalistic ethos
Jan 24, 2024

Netaji’s mayoral tenure: People-centric administration through nationalistic ethos

Analysing Netaji’s efforts during his mayoral tenure offers motivation across the socio-political spectrum to give due importance to municipal affai

New Age Warfare' and 'New World Order
Sep 16, 2004

New Age Warfare' and 'New World Order

It may not mean much in terms of substance. Symbolic as it may seem, the more recent Spanish re-identification with the Franco-German European combine in the post-Iraq War era still has a message for the world. It has sent out fresh signals that multi-polarity is still alive and kicking, and a 'New World Order' may be yet to emerge years after the 'Cold War' ended - and is still going through the inevitable processes.

New balance of powers
Jul 17, 2015

New balance of powers

The Iran nuclear deal could mark a strategic realignment between the US and its traditional Sunni allies in the region. The Arab countries have been vocal in criticising Washington's policies in Egypt, Syria and Iraq, which they say have given an upper hand to "Iranian allies".

New Constitution is still more about power-politics, not power- devolution
Dec 19, 2016

New Constitution is still more about power-politics, not power- devolution

PM Ranil Wickremesinghe’s Party has decided on retaining the Executive Presidency and ‘power-devolution’ under the existing ‘unitary State’ model

New contours in Nepali politics
May 18, 2023

New contours in Nepali politics

The arrival of the new party RSP represents a distinct shift in the Nepali polity, one that is ringing the death knell of traditional parties

New Delhi and Islamabad: In search of new friends?
Nov 20, 2012

New Delhi and Islamabad: In search of new friends?

Like Moscow and New Delhi, Riyadh and Islamabad are old allies. There are numerous issues which will ensure that closeness between New Delhi and Riyadh will not cause bilateral ties to spiral downward. If Riyadh gives up on Islamabad, the latter will move closer to Tehran, something the Saudis want to avoid.

New dynamism in India-Japan relations
Sep 06, 2014

New dynamism in India-Japan relations

Having historical ties that date back to Nehru and Abe's grandfather Nobusuke Kishi, both India and Japan and their leaders are aware that if the 21st century belong to Asia, India and Japan are the two nations that could really shape and guide this progress.

New foreign trade policy: Going for the big push
Apr 03, 2015

New foreign trade policy: Going for the big push

After a long delay, the government has finally announced the much awaited new foreign trade policy, with thrust export promotion, reducing trade transactions costs, e-commerce, services exports and ease of doing business. It is a welcome relief to see that economic reforms on the trade front are back on track and in full swing.

New India's global role
Sep 26, 2005

New India's global role

Since the end of the Cold War, the world order has been in a state of dynamic transition. With unprecedented military, economic and technological preponderance, the US dominates the scene. Europe is reunited, at peace and engaged in consolidating its political unity and economic integration.

New Japanese Prime Minister’s push towards a free and open Indo-Pacific
Nov 02, 2020

New Japanese Prime Minister’s push towards a free and open Indo-Pacific

Like Abe, Suga believes that the concept of Free and Open Indo-Pacific would foster peace, transparency and inclusiveness in the vast region by recogn

New knowledge paradigms for Tech and I: Toward a more ethical digital society
Jun 06, 2019

New knowledge paradigms for Tech and I: Toward a more ethical digital society

Measuring the proportion of internet users globally is done in disparate ways, and even those who have some degree of access may not have meaningful a

New Middle East
Jul 24, 2013

New Middle East

If there ever was a moment for India to stick by the principle of non-intervention in the internal affairs of other nations, this is it in the Middle East. The region is in the throes of a difficult political transition and Delhi must deal with the governments of the day, irrespective of their internal orientation.

New Prime Minister, New Challenges
Aug 21, 2004

New Prime Minister, New Challenges

Pakistan's Prime Minister-designate Shaukat Aziz has been elected to the National Assembly with a thumping majority. His victory is being projected as a peaceful transition of power¿from Jamali to Shujaat to Aziz-- and as a sign of democracy maturing in Pakistan.

New urban governance exemplars: A glance at Delhi's Bhagidari model
Mar 12, 2013

New urban governance exemplars: A glance at Delhi's Bhagidari model

The Delhi Government's Bhagidari programme with all its pitfalls and challenges comes as a refreshing idea in the context of urban governance. Given its potential to transform state-ctizen interface, there is need to give it statutory backing. Also, there is enough space for forther improvement of the programme.

New Year rings in reconciliation in West Asia
Jan 13, 2021

New Year rings in reconciliation in West Asia

Ties between Qatar and the three GCC members went downhill after uprisings in Arab countries that began in Tunisia, the beginning of the so-called “Arab Spring”.

Nexus with politicians helping the PWG
Oct 13, 2003

Nexus with politicians helping the PWG

THE politician's lust for power is a significant factor that has allowed the People's War Group (PWG) Naxalites to grow and gain in strength. Routinely, several political leaders at various levels have sought the rebels' support to win elections. In April 2003, a local legislator in Warangal district went to pay "homage" to a PWG leader killed in a police encounter, Polam Sudarshan Reddy "Ramakrishna",

NGOs and the games nations play
Jun 26, 2014

NGOs and the games nations play

NGOs that deter economic progress or infrastructure growth have to be actively discouraged. The agenda and priorities have to be Indian and not determined in some remote western city. The government, in turn, has to be transparent and active in providing solutions to environmental and human problems.

Nipah virus: The need for contextually-situated public health responses
May 29, 2024

Nipah virus: The need for contextually-situated public health responses

With shifting climate patterns, and rising viral transmissibility, the risk of Nipah outbreaks remains substantial, thus emphasising the need for ethi

Nipah: A deadly and mysterious disease
Sep 20, 2023

Nipah: A deadly and mysterious disease

While the Nipah virus is less contagious than COVID, it is deadly and thus further studies need to be undertaken

Niti Aayog’s 'Vision 2032' disappoints
Apr 25, 2017

Niti Aayog’s 'Vision 2032' disappoints

Three years ago, when the Planning Commission was transformed into Niti Aayog, expectations were high.

No consistency in Centre's Kashmir policy
Oct 25, 2010

No consistency in Centre's Kashmir policy

The integration of Jammu and Kashmir with the rest of India is the ultimate solution to the Kashmir problem, said Dr. Subha Chandran at an interaction on 'Jammu & Kashmir: Internal Threats and External Interests' at the ORF Chennai Chapter.

No discrimination in CTBT: Brajesh Mishra
Apr 29, 2008

No discrimination in CTBT: Brajesh Mishra

Mr. Brajesh Mishra, former National Security Advisor and now Trustee of Observer Research Foundation, recently gave an interview to Mr. Karan Thapar. The interview was televised by CNN-IBN. Given below is the text of the interview"

No end likely soon to European refugee crisis
Sep 29, 2015

No end likely soon to European refugee crisis

The current refugee crisis in Europe is unlikely to end soon as one third of Syria's 20 million population are potential migrants, if the situation in the country itself will not change, says Jakob von Weizsaecker, Member of the European Parliament.

No place to call home: The plight of Afghans
Jun 09, 2022

No place to call home: The plight of Afghans

In addition to the Taliban’s failure in administrating Afghanistan, border skirmishes with Iran and Pakistan have further added to the plight of the

No time for double standards
Nov 12, 2015

No time for double standards

The intolerant liberal in India considers all alternative opinion to be moronic and the right-wing ideologue describes opposition to their stated position as blasphemy. Both are unwilling to listen to the other, much less understand and accept a civilised debate. Consequently, both are equally dangerous.

Non-geostationary satellite constellation for Digital India
Dec 06, 2016

Non-geostationary satellite constellation for Digital India

The LEO satellite constellation has important implications for transcontinental communications. It can be used for meeting the 25 million Indian diasp

Non-infrastructure solutions to urban traffic congestion
Mar 08, 2019

Non-infrastructure solutions to urban traffic congestion

These solutions have greater social and economic value than any other.

North Korea's nuclear test: Regional dynamics
Feb 13, 2013

North Korea's nuclear test: Regional dynamics

The advancements that North Korea has made in terms of miniaturization of the nuclear device may be significant, particularly in the backdrop of long-range delivery vehicles. Having tested the longer-range missiles in recent months, threat to even the US has increased.

Norway’s Arctic Council chairship: Priorities vs geopolitics
Jun 03, 2023

Norway’s Arctic Council chairship: Priorities vs geopolitics

As Norway takes over as the Chair of the Arctic Council, it will have to tread a fine line between its priorities and the geopolitics in the regions

Now, plan for power for all
Sep 01, 2016

Now, plan for power for all

Around 300 million people in India’s villages are still without power.

Nuclear imperialism in China’s Xinjiang
Oct 19, 2020

Nuclear imperialism in China’s Xinjiang

A third of the PRCs uranium for nuclear energy comes from extortion in the Yili basin of Xinjiang. This is also home to a great population of Uighurs.

Nuclear power: The case for small modular reactors
Jan 15, 2022

Nuclear power: The case for small modular reactors

With rising world energy requirements, could small modular reactors be the future of clean energy?

Nuclear rethink: A change in India's nuclear doctrine has implications on cost & war strategy
Aug 19, 2019

Nuclear rethink: A change in India's nuclear doctrine has implications on cost & war strategy

A nuclear doctrine states how a nuclear weapon state would employ its nuclear weapons both during peace and war.

Nuclear Umbrella
Jan 29, 2014

Nuclear Umbrella

A closer reading of the joint statement issued by Chinese President Xi Jinping after a meeting with the President of Ukraine, Viktor Yanukovych last month, suggested China was merely offering boiler plate assurances to Ukraine.

Nurturing Cooperation in the Critical Minerals Supply Chains
Apr 04, 2024

Nurturing Cooperation in the Critical Minerals Supply Chains

The world is experiencing a crucial shift; a new industrial revolution. This time, the colour is green, and the aim is a cleaner, more livable world for future generations. This industrial revolution will require unprecedented access to critical minerals like graphite, cobalt, lithium, and copper, used for some of the most advanced technologies of our time. Many of these minerals are scattered around the globe, and states that do not have the nat