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A Survey of India-US Defence Cooperation
Mar 15, 2024

A Survey of India-US Defence Cooperation

Manoj Joshi, “A Survey of India-US Defence Cooperation,” ORF Special Report No. 224, March 2024, Observer Research Foundation.

A wasted gift
Aug 10, 2018

A wasted gift

India’s government recently announced a safeguard duty (SGD) on solar cells and modules from China (and Malaysia) starting with 25% in the first year. This decision does not only jeopardise the own renewable energy targets but also harm the own economy. Why not let pay China for India's energy transition?

A year on, India mulls over its Myanmar policy
Feb 01, 2022

A year on, India mulls over its Myanmar policy

The Myanmar coup has left India in a tight spot as it continues to factor in its strategic interests in Myanmar

A ‘sustainable’ New Delhi Declaration: G20’s acceleration on the SDGs
Sep 14, 2023

A ‘sustainable’ New Delhi Declaration: G20’s acceleration on the SDGs

Through a combination of digital transformation, financing, sustainable agriculture, healthcare strengthening, and education, the G20 nations show str

A. Q. Khan: The Ghost that Continues to Haunt
Dec 21, 2004

A. Q. Khan: The Ghost that Continues to Haunt

Dr.A. Q. Khan, the self-styled father of Pakistan's atomic bomb, is back in the headlines following a statement disseminated by the National Council of Resistance of Iran, a group opposed to the present regime in Teheran, on November 17, 2004, that between 1994 and 1996 (Mrs.Benazir Bhutto was then in power) Dr. Khan gave Iran a Chinese-developed nuclear warhead design.

A.I. in the Chinese military: Current initiatives and the implications for India
Feb 11, 2020

A.I. in the Chinese military: Current initiatives and the implications for India

The different service arms of China’s armed forces are all undergoing substantial transformation, including exploring the possibilities of integrating Artificial Intelligence (AI) to boost their combat power and effectiveness especially in a time of war. This paper evaluates the significance and potential of AI in improving China’s military capabilities. Chinese official documents and their enunciation of military doctrine indicate that the c

Aam Aadmi Party’s five-year agenda for MCD
Dec 20, 2022

Aam Aadmi Party’s five-year agenda for MCD

Would AAP be able to translate policy into action during its five-year tenure?

Abe Shinzo’s Indo-Pacific Legacy
Jul 16, 2022

Abe Shinzo’s Indo-Pacific Legacy

Abe’s role and legacy in transforming Japan’s role in global affairs, as well as in enhancing India-Japan ties, cannot be emphasized enough.

Abe-Modi meet: Is Japan the new Russia for India?
Sep 13, 2017

Abe-Modi meet: Is Japan the new Russia for India?

In an era of Asian strategic uncertainties and global power transition, India-Japan defence and security linkages have become particularly significant.

Acting East: Indian defence co-operation in Asia
Sep 05, 2019

Acting East: Indian defence co-operation in Asia

India must remember that it is only by exporting to Asia that it can transform its ‘Act East’ policy from being a tokenistic one into an influenti

Actions on Motor Vehicle Emission in Delhi
Aug 30, 2022

Actions on Motor Vehicle Emission in Delhi

Various studies on air quality in Delhi have reported that transport sector is a major contributor to air pollution.

Addressing Dhaka
Jun 24, 2014

Addressing Dhaka

Bangladesh offers a rare strategic opportunity to transform the geopolitics of the subcontinent. A comprehensive partnership with Dhaka might be the key that will eventually open the door to a productive engagement with Pakistan.

Addressing Mumbai’s traffic woes
Jan 17, 2023

Addressing Mumbai’s traffic woes

Mumbai can learn from Tokyo's tech interventions to ease road traffic 

Addressing the blood access and availability crisis
May 15, 2024

Addressing the blood access and availability crisis

The technological solution implemented by Chhattisgarh to improve blood availability and accessibility can serve as a template for other states to dea

Aditya-L1 Mission: Another Feat for India’s Space Program
Jan 20, 2024

Aditya-L1 Mission: Another Feat for India’s Space Program

India’s maiden solar mission undertook a journey of around 1.5 million km from Earth, taking 127 days to reach its final destination.

Adopting a ‘wait and watch’ approach
Feb 26, 2018

Adopting a ‘wait and watch’ approach

Why India and Iran had modest expectations of President Hassan Rouhani’s visit to New Delhi this month

AfCFTA: Need for integrating the African Continental Infrastructure Framework
Jun 06, 2019

AfCFTA: Need for integrating the African Continental Infrastructure Framework

An efficient and low-cost transport system is a prerequisite for African countries to become competitive in the global market.

Affirmative action in higher education : Insights from recent empirical research
May 11, 2023

Affirmative action in higher education : Insights from recent empirical research

Affirmative action, especially in the form of reservation policies, to address the issues of inclusion and equity has been in place in India for a long time. The available evidence suggests that the policies of reservation have not been an unqualified success. Indeed, implementation of the reservation policies has faced a variety of issues ranging from problems of identifying the beneficiary groups and the creamy layer to legal interpretation of

Afghanistan 2015: New Delhi's policy options
Dec 12, 2014

Afghanistan 2015: New Delhi's policy options

Delhi must not forget that the tyranny of geography limits India's role in Afghanistan. Delhi is in no position to compete with Rawalpindi in Afghanistan. Nor can it dream of replacing US military power across the Durand Line. For now, Delhi must welcome the current dialogue between Kabul and Rawalpindi.

Afghanistan and the region’s future is tied to Hydro-Diplomacy
Oct 16, 2021

Afghanistan and the region’s future is tied to Hydro-Diplomacy

The role that water can play in the direction that the Taliban takes, be it towards Iran, Pakistan or China, cannot and must not be discounted

Afghanistan Today & Tomorrow
Oct 11, 2010

Afghanistan Today & Tomorrow

Saeed Naqvi, Distinguished Fellow at ORF, recently journeyed across Afghanistan where he met scores of political leaders, Taleban, US officials, filmmakers, journalists, NGOs, religious leaders and ordinary Afghans. The result is an insightful document on Afghanistan at the crossroads. Do Americans have an Endgame planned? Or, more important, can a superpower in a theatre of strategic importance, have a linear exit plan when multiple strategic op

Afghanistan, India, and Trump
Dec 28, 2016

Afghanistan, India, and Trump

Given his limited choices in stabilising Afghanistan, which include supporting a national election, US President-elect Donald Trump will find India to be a reliable and trusted partner in this process

Afghanistan: Can the private sector be a driver for growth?
Jun 27, 2014

Afghanistan: Can the private sector be a driver for growth?

The year 2014 is, in many ways, the year of reckoning for Afghanistan which is undergoing three simultaneous transitions - security, political and economic. Unlike the first two, the economic transition has not had the advantage of clear deadlines and roadmaps and has suffered from lack of long term planning.

Afghanistan: Could implications of the hospital, funeral carnage upend the peace process?
May 15, 2020

Afghanistan: Could implications of the hospital, funeral carnage upend the peace process?

The attacks have rendered true government apprehensions about the ability of the Taliban to control the violence — their own, and that engineered by

Afghanistan: No Sign of End to Instability
Jan 31, 2008

Afghanistan: No Sign of End to Instability

The situation in Afghanistan is grim. There is a tendency to confuse random acts of violence with the instability caused by the the Taliban or the neo-Taliban. An analysis of the violent incidents in Afghanistan in the past few years has revealed that more than two-thirds of the violence has been related to land, resources or power-politics, pointing towards unequal sharing of power at the sub-national level. A round-table discussion on Afghanis

Afghanistan: Pakistan obstructing peace talks?
Feb 21, 2014

Afghanistan: Pakistan obstructing peace talks?

The killing of a former Taliban minister, Mullah Abdul Raqeeb, has raised questions about the involvement of the Pakistan establishment in the peace process and a possible rift within the ranks of the militant movement.

Afghanistan: Peace talks must prioritise inclusivity and compromise
Sep 08, 2020

Afghanistan: Peace talks must prioritise inclusivity and compromise

The talks must be viewed as an opportunity to transform the Afghan social and political landscape, by reflecting local voices – especially that of w

Afghanistan: Rising violence, uncertain peace
Mar 23, 2015

Afghanistan: Rising violence, uncertain peace

In Afghanistan, how the unity government strikes an internal balance will in turn determine in long run its ability to carry forth a range of bold policy initiatives through political consensus. It would also to an extent impact morale on the battlefield.

Africa and COVID19: Impact, Response, and Challenges to Recovery
Sep 28, 2020

Africa and COVID19: Impact, Response, and Challenges to Recovery

The COVID-19 outbreak poses immense challenges to Africa’s resilience. The pandemic’s economic fallout, caused by disruptions in global and regional value chains and a slump in commodity prices, can derail the progress which the continent has recorded in recent years. Despite the bleak forecasts, however, African countries have managed to mount a concerted response to the pandemic. This paper examines the extent of the economic and health imp

Africa Monitor | Volume V; Issue XIX | USD 30 billion pledged for farming
Sep 19, 2016

Africa Monitor | Volume V; Issue XIX | USD 30 billion pledged for farming

Prospects for agriculture in Africa took a huge boost as more than 30 billion USD in investments to expedite the transformation was extended.

African Union summit amidst the COVID-19 pandemic
Feb 23, 2021

African Union summit amidst the COVID-19 pandemic

The AU is trying to hold its own with the reforms. It is trying to be more efficient and transparent. However, the reforms are more technocratic than

After Attari
Apr 16, 2012

After Attari

The problem of contemporary India's foreign policy making is not that states have acquired a veto over the Centre. Most state leaderships have not only supported regional economic integration and trans-border connectivity, but are also craving for it.

After Gaza, backsliding of counter-terrorism narrative
Apr 30, 2024

After Gaza, backsliding of counter-terrorism narrative

Counter-terror narratives are backsliding, and this trend needs to be arrested as a compromise with a section of these groups becomes an acceptable way out.

After Savouring Moment of Triumph, Pakistan Will Now Face Moment of Truth in Afghanistan
Oct 12, 2021

After Savouring Moment of Triumph, Pakistan Will Now Face Moment of Truth in Afghanistan

Cut this any which way you like, the US still holds all the aces and can influence different outcomes in AfPak region depending on how it defines its interests.

After the NATO summit in Vilnius, what does the West have to offer Ukraine?
Jul 24, 2023

After the NATO summit in Vilnius, what does the West have to offer Ukraine?

The Vilnius Summit appears to be a transit point to more consequential future decisions even as it is unclear what security guarantees the G7 will pro

After Trump’s Kashmir remarks, India must tell the US where it gets off
Jul 23, 2019

After Trump’s Kashmir remarks, India must tell the US where it gets off

Modi needs to emphatically clear the air to control the ramifications of Trump’s prattling.

AI and credit scoring: The algorithmic advantage and precaution
May 31, 2024

AI and credit scoring: The algorithmic advantage and precaution

The responsible use of AI-based credit scoring requires ongoing efforts from both industry and regulatory bodies. Despite its promise, its implementat

AI in health: Promises, pitfalls, pathways
Apr 05, 2024

AI in health: Promises, pitfalls, pathways

Mirroring global trends, the Indian market for AI in healthcare is growing rapidly, but many pitfalls must be negotiated and opportunities tapped befo

AI मुळे सॉफ्टवेअर क्षेत्रात होणारे आमूलाग्र बदल
Aug 14, 2023

AI मुळे सॉफ्टवेअर क्षेत्रात होणारे आमूलाग्र बदल

सॉफ्टवेअर सेवा उद्योगात AI म्हणजेच कृत्रिम बुद्धिमत्तेला महत्त्व प्राप्त होत आहे. त्यामुळे भारतातील टेक कंपन्या याला कसे सामोरे जातात त्यावर या क्षेत्रातली रोजगार निर्�

Aligning climate and health goals
Nov 02, 2021

Aligning climate and health goals

The sustainable development, climate action and COVID-19 recovery strands of the common agenda need to be better aligned to target the most vulnerable

All roads connect Delhi and Brussels
Apr 24, 2022

All roads connect Delhi and Brussels

For both India and the EU, strong bilateral ties rooted in close cooperation on green transition, digital transformation, and maintenance of the geopo

Allied to the problem
Apr 11, 2006

Allied to the problem

At the end of a French delegation's visit to Pakistan recently, the Pakistan Foreign Office put out its usual statement. It referred to Pakistan as an anchor of peace in the region and said that the leader of the French delegation, former Premier Senator (Francois) Poncet, had commended Pakistan's role in promoting peace and stability.

Along with US' new South Asia policy, India’s Chabahar initiative changing region’s narrative
Nov 14, 2017

Along with US' new South Asia policy, India’s Chabahar initiative changing region’s narrative

The moment Chabahar opens, and Indian support becomes freely available, Afghanistan's dependency on Pakistan would reduce. This would provide Afghanis

Ambassadors to Pakistan
Nov 12, 2012

Ambassadors to Pakistan

Delhi must bite the bullet and make the political case for moving forward boldly with Islamabad and Dhaka. Nothing will demonstrate India's commitment to transforming its relations with its neighbours more than an early visit to Pakistan by the Prime Minister.

America's Summer of Discontent
Aug 30, 2005

America's Summer of Discontent

One grieving mother camping outside the ranch where President Bush is on vacation has made her countrymen sit up and introspect about the war the US is waging in Iraq. Cindy Sheehan, mother of army specialist Casey Sheehan who died in the Sadr City section of Baghdad on April 4, 2004, and other family members who too have lost their loved ones, have become the new face of opposition to the war in Iraq.

American 'Pivot to Asia': Great strategy, but badly implemented
Feb 05, 2013

American 'Pivot to Asia': Great strategy, but badly implemented

Describing the US's 'Pivot to Asia' as "rhetoric without reassurance", Chatham House scholar on US foreign policy says it is a great strategy, but it has been badly implemented.

America’s déjà vu moment
May 01, 2024

America’s déjà vu moment

As the Biden administration grapples with the intricate interplay of domestic pressures and international obligations, particularly in the midst of an election year, there is a palpable sense of urgency to confront a myriad of challenges.