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The land acquisition debate: A review
Aug 16, 2012

The land acquisition debate: A review

Land acquisition remains at the centre of many controversies and public policy paralysis in India. There are very few public policy issues in India that rival land acquisition in terms of its complexity, challenges and significance to country's growth and transition to more urbanised and industrialised status.

The menace of street dogs in Indian cities
Dec 23, 2022

The menace of street dogs in Indian cities

Caring for street dogs is misplaced kindness that comes at the cost of citizen safety

The Merits and Demerits of Skyscrapers: Learnings for India
May 05, 2023

The Merits and Demerits of Skyscrapers: Learnings for India

Skyscrapers are typically constructed to meet the housing needs arising from increased urbanisation, but they may also fulfil national ambitions to display economic might. This paper examines the advantages and disadvantages of building skyscrapers to establish key learnings for India.

The Morbi mishap: Not the first, not the last
Nov 29, 2022

The Morbi mishap: Not the first, not the last

A shortage of staff and funds and an outdated municipal governance system weigh the ULBs down, disabling them from properly executing their duties

The mystery of China’s shrinking megacities
May 09, 2018

The mystery of China’s shrinking megacities

In the long⎯term, new cities can adopt a ‘decentralised urbanisation’ approach, where stronger linkages between urban and rural areas should be

The National Rural Livelihoods Mission: Drawing Lessons from the First Ten Years
Jul 23, 2021

The National Rural Livelihoods Mission: Drawing Lessons from the First Ten Years

The National Rural Livelihoods Mission was launched in June 2011 to create institutional platforms for the rural poor, enabling them to increase household incomes through livelihood support and access to financial services. This brief evaluates the achievements of the programme in its first 10 years. It finds that the Mission has met with some successes in improving the lives of rural women, who are the backbone of the programme, and consequently

The need to rethink skilling India
Dec 07, 2017

The need to rethink skilling India

The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) must account for the possibility of interstate migration, rapid urbanisation and possible changes in the social fabric as populations react to new job opportunities.

The relationship between public green spaces and population in a city
Jan 19, 2022

The relationship between public green spaces and population in a city

For better quality of life, city planners need to take into consideration the additional population that will flow in due to greater urbanisation whil

The rise of gated communities in Indian cities
Jul 07, 2022

The rise of gated communities in Indian cities

The inability of the urban centers to provide a high quality of life has caused a rise in gated communities in India

The silent threat: Exploring the link between air pollution and diabetes
Nov 14, 2023

The silent threat: Exploring the link between air pollution and diabetes

Recent research has drawn attention to the potential link between air pollution and diabetes, indicating that environmental factors may play a crucial

The State of India’s Cities and Towns
Dec 10, 2013

The State of India’s Cities and Towns

This "Book of Charts" on the "State of Cities and Towns", produced by ORF Urban Policy Research Initiative, paints a descriptive picture of the current state and developments in employment, education and public infrastructure provision, among others, and the disparities between states, within states and between different sections of the urban society.

The twin-connection: Revitalising sister-city relationships
Apr 08, 2024

The twin-connection: Revitalising sister-city relationships

As the world faces unprecedented challenges such as climate change, pandemics, and disparities, sister-city relationships can help nurture a harmoniou

The two major 2024 election manifestos and what they have to say for cities
May 04, 2024

The two major 2024 election manifestos and what they have to say for cities

Both manifestos have made laudable assertions regarding city problems, however, the issues of the financial domain of ULBS and certain pending urban r

There's a need to end teenage pregnancies in India, it's harming the national economy
Jan 14, 2020

There's a need to end teenage pregnancies in India, it's harming the national economy

Teenage pregnancy is almost double in rural areas, 9.2%, as compared to urban, 5%, in India.

Towards a 10-trillion-Dollar Indian Economy based on the SDG agenda
Jan 26, 2022

Towards a 10-trillion-Dollar Indian Economy based on the SDG agenda

India’s trajectory towards becoming a powerhouse economy is only possible by reconciling between the irreconcilable trinity of equity, efficiency an

Towards a sustainable smart city: The case of Aizawl
Aug 17, 2018

Towards a sustainable smart city: The case of Aizawl

India’s hill cities are unique poles of development. While they have managed to record some degree of economic growth, increasing urban population and unfavourable topography have also made such growth haphazard and unsustainable. In turn, this has threatened the quality of the built environment and of urban life in these cities. This report studies the case of the hill city of Aizawl, the administrative capital of Mizoram, which is part of the

Towards Zero Deaths: Imperatives for Safer Indian Railways
Jan 21, 2021

Towards Zero Deaths: Imperatives for Safer Indian Railways

In 2019, the Indian Railways (IR) recorded zero fatalities from accidents caused by operational errors. However, many people continue to meet with train-related mishaps that are beyond the IR’s control; many of these accidents result in death. The IR’s experience in preventing deaths in accidents caused by operational errors (technically called “consequential accidents”) offers lessons on minimising all railways-related fatalities. This p

Transforming denial into deliberation: The case of manual scavenging
Dec 21, 2021

Transforming denial into deliberation: The case of manual scavenging

Despite acknowledging the detrimental effects of manual scavenging, no concrete effort to make any real change has been witnessed over the years.

Trump's politics the new normal in US
Nov 19, 2018

Trump's politics the new normal in US

While the Republican Party is becoming more firmly entrenched in the rural, mainly white parts of the country, the suburban areas are going in the Democratic direction

Underground parking in Indian cities
Jan 29, 2024

Underground parking in Indian cities

Since cities have little control over automobile policy, they must accommodate more automobiles within their geographical limits by employing better p

Understanding digital twin technology
May 17, 2024

Understanding digital twin technology

As digital twin technology continues to evolve, its impact is visible across industries, but without clear regulations, the path to encouraging this g

Understanding Trump and Biden’s courtship of the white voter 
Sep 17, 2020

Understanding Trump and Biden’s courtship of the white voter 

While Trump attempts to expand his base from blue-collar whites to suburban white voters, Biden’s courtship of that crucial voting block stands ecli

Unrest in Tibet and the Chinese response
Mar 30, 2009

Unrest in Tibet and the Chinese response

The current phase of disturbances in Tibet began when five monks in the monastery town of Derge in Gansu province on 27 January demanding the independence of Tibet and return of the Dalai Lama demonstrated outside the monastery attracting crowds of villagers

US 2024 presidential elections: A stocktaking
Jan 04, 2024

US 2024 presidential elections: A stocktaking

It seems like the 2024 US election is riding on issue-centric campaigns, given the limited impact of persona from either party

Value capture taxation: A public policy approach
Jul 13, 2022

Value capture taxation: A public policy approach

India can implement value capture taxation that can help address urban land use challenges such as rising economic and social inequalities.

Valuing water for a smart and sustainable city: Lessons from Kolkata
Aug 21, 2023

Valuing water for a smart and sustainable city: Lessons from Kolkata

The issue of valuing water is contentious because of its physical, political and economic dimensions. Yet, it is an important debate, as valuation is key in estimating the benefits and costs of different management options. An effective valuation supports better informed decision-making in the allocation and use of the resource, as well as in the implementation of SDG6, i.e. to “ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanita

Voter apathy in municipal elections
Jan 16, 2023

Voter apathy in municipal elections

A rising trend of voter apathy in municipal elections has been witnessed across the country

Water for Indian Cities: Government Practices and Policy Concerns
Jul 31, 2023

Water for Indian Cities: Government Practices and Policy Concerns

The demand for basic infrastructure and services in Indian cities has increased phenomenally due to rapidly growing populations. Such unmet demands often adversely affect the quality of urban life, the economic productivity, as well as the process of sustainable development. The main purpose of this brief is to highlight the problems involved in improving access to water supply in Indian cities faced with a severe water shortage crisis. A case st

Water Issues in South Asia
May 13, 2011

Water Issues in South Asia

Water security is a growing concern in South Asia today. Growing population, expanding urban centres, widespread pollution and mismanagement are pushing several countries in the region towards a water crisis. Mr. B. G. Verghese, well known journalist, author and expert on water issues, calls for better understanding and cooperation among the countries in South Asia to address the challenge of ensuring adequate and equitable availability of water

Water supply in Delhi: Five key issues
Jun 08, 2020

Water supply in Delhi: Five key issues

Massive populations in many parts of the world, including in India, continue to grapple with lack of access to clean and safe water. This paper studies the case of Delhi. It describes the conditions under which water is produced and supplied to domestic consumers in Delhi and explains the capacity of the water and sewerage agency to discharge its duties. The analysis finds challenges in five aspects related to water supply in Delhi: quantity; qua

Water Valuation and Pricing in India: Imperatives for Sustainable Water Governance
Nov 02, 2023

Water Valuation and Pricing in India: Imperatives for Sustainable Water Governance

This paper highlights the importance of water valuation and pricing for sustainable and efficient water allocation and management in India. An efficient water-pricing mechanism could be a tool to address the impending crisis of water scarcity, which necessitates a robust, objective, and holistic valuation technique. Every unit of water consumed for economic purposes has an ecological footprint, and this opportunity cost or externality factor need

When 'safety' becomes a ghetto for women
Mar 20, 2013

When 'safety' becomes a ghetto for women

In the urban-rural stereotyping, the phrase 'city girls' epitomises the impact of urban excesses on the apparent modesty and traditional aspect of femininity. City girls are assumed to be loud, to say the least, and of 'morally inappropriate character' on the extreme. Even within cities, this dilemma of how girls in cities ought to behave persists.

Why a lower poverty line?
Mar 27, 2012

Why a lower poverty line?

According to the Planning Commission, rural poverty has declined faster than urban poverty regardless. If this is true, it would definitely have got reflected in better housing and sanitation. It would also have meant a decline in malnourished children and maternal death. But the census figures show a different picture.

Why city master plans fail to materialise
Feb 26, 2024

Why city master plans fail to materialise

Unless urban planning is heavily incentivised with quality men and money, development plans are likely to remain on paper

Why is healthcare expensive in India?
Nov 02, 2022

Why is healthcare expensive in India?

India has world class healthcare in urban agglomerations, but public healthcare continues to be overcrowded and underfunded

Why we need a new social contract for our cities
Sep 08, 2020

Why we need a new social contract for our cities

Many cities are suffering due to the weakness of their disaster management capacities and inadequacies of community engagement mechanisms.

Will the dead be cremated as part of Europe's austerity?
Apr 27, 2012

Will the dead be cremated as part of Europe's austerity?

In Prague, the expensiveness of the custom of burial has become an issue. And this issue is of relevance to most urban societies including ours as pressure on urban land will result in pressure on graveyards.

World Population Day calls for reimagining Indian cities
Jul 11, 2023

World Population Day calls for reimagining Indian cities

World Population Day 2023 is an apt occasion to rethink strategies to make the most of India’s population and demographic dividend

Youth capital for resilient societies
Aug 12, 2022

Youth capital for resilient societies

The realisation of SDGs is incumbent upon youth participation in the target areas.

अधिभार लावा, वाहतूक कोंडी टाळा
Sep 16, 2019

अधिभार लावा, वाहतूक कोंडी टाळा

सार्वजनिक वाहतुकीला चालना मिळावी आणि वाहतूक समस्येवर उपाय सापडावा, म्हणून आपण शहरांतील रस्त्यांकडे स्थावर मालमत्ता म्हणून गांभार्याने पाहायला हवे. 

अमेरिकेची २०२४ ची अध्यक्षीय निवडणूक: एक पडताळणी
Jan 20, 2024

अमेरिकेची २०२४ ची अध्यक्षीय निवडणूक: एक पडताळणी

असे दिसते की, अमेरिकेतील दोन्ही पक्षांतील व्यक्तिमत्त्�

अर्थसंकल्प २०२२-२३ आणि नगर नियोजन
Oct 01, 2023

अर्थसंकल्प २०२२-२३ आणि नगर नियोजन

योग्य शहरी विकासासाठी नगर नियोजनाबाबत केंद्रीय निर्देशांचे पालन करण्याच्या दृष्टीने राज्यांनी संवेदनशील राहू नये.

असमानतेच्या रोगापासून शहरे वाचवायला हवी
Dec 09, 2021

असमानतेच्या रोगापासून शहरे वाचवायला हवी

कोरोनासारख्या रोगांच्या साथीला तोंड देताना, इतर विकसनशील देशांसाठी केस स्टडी म्हणून धारावीचे प्रारूप अतिशय महत्त्वाचे ठरले आहे.

आग लागण्याआधीची धोक्याची सूचना
Aug 03, 2019

आग लागण्याआधीची धोक्याची सूचना

गृह मंत्रालयाच्या अभ्यासानुसार, भारतात किमान ८,५९९ अग्निशमन केंद्रांची आवश्यकता आहे, परंतु सध्या केवळ २,०८७ केंद्रे कार्यरत आहेत.