Search: For - urban

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Cities, not nation states, are likely to script the next age
Oct 16, 2017

Cities, not nation states, are likely to script the next age

It is almost certain that cities will script the story of our future. If India is to capitalise on this megatrend, it becomes essential for the country to engage in widespread and deep reforms, which go beyond infrastructure and focus on reforming governance mechanisms and empowering local government.

Climate action plan and Indian cities
Jun 09, 2023

Climate action plan and Indian cities

Since climate change will impact cities worldwide, ULBs will play a crucial role in addressing the climate-related challenges

Climate change and food security in India
May 23, 2023

Climate change and food security in India

Climate change has added to the enormity of India’s food security challenges. While the relationship between climate change and food security is complex, most studies focus on one dimension of food security, i.e., food availability. This paper provides an overview of the impact of climate change on India’s food security, keeping in mind three dimensions — availability, access, and absorption. It finds that ensuring food security in the face

Climate crisis compass for water management
May 10, 2024

Climate crisis compass for water management

India’s critical water infrastructure must be built to withstand, respond to, and recover rapidly from climate disruptions

Conceptualising an inclusive future of work in India
Aug 27, 2018

Conceptualising an inclusive future of work in India

The rise of modern technologies may drastically alter the employment landscape in India, potentially displacing large portions of the workforce. India requires an inclusive future of work that retains those currently in work while also creating sufficient new opportunities for the growing labour force. This paper reviews extant literature on technological change, automation, and their impact on the future of work in India and, by extension, educa

Confronting Cascading Disasters, Building Resilience: Lessons from the Indian Sundarbans
Jan 29, 2021

Confronting Cascading Disasters, Building Resilience: Lessons from the Indian Sundarbans

The intersecting impacts of COVID-19 and climate change are compounding the vulnerabilities of coastal communities.  This paper examines the disastrous effects of cyclone Amphan in the Bengal delta region of the Indian Sundarbans amidst a countrywide lockdown triggered by the pandemic, and their cascading consequences for a rural community inhabiting this climate hotspot. It highlights the livelihood crisis experienced by internal rural-urban mi

Constituting Special Planning Authority within the area of a planning authority
Apr 29, 2022

Constituting Special Planning Authority within the area of a planning authority

Complications are arising over the need to establish special planning authorities (SPAs) within the physical boundaries of urban local bodies (ULBs).

Contraceptive decision-making in India
Jul 11, 2023

Contraceptive decision-making in India

Women’s contraceptive decision-making continues to be at an all-time low in both urban and rural areas. This needs to be addressed by initiating ade

Controlling crowds in public areas as India unlocks
Aug 28, 2020

Controlling crowds in public areas as India unlocks

A decentralised cluster planning approach holds the key to social distancing in urban public spaces.

COVID-19 and migrant workers in India: Reinstating ethics of care as state policy
Apr 27, 2020

COVID-19 and migrant workers in India: Reinstating ethics of care as state policy

Migrant workers have perennially remained at the socio-economic margins of our society silently serving as the instrumental labour force of the urban

Creating jobs for the youth
Feb 15, 2019

Creating jobs for the youth

The public sector is a big employer of youth, but its share as a job provider has been shrinking despite the fact that government jobs are the preferr

Creating ‘doughnut’ cities for resilience in 2021
Dec 22, 2020

Creating ‘doughnut’ cities for resilience in 2021

The transition towards circular urban economies in India needs policy frameworks that allow the development of skills and the inclusion of informal wo

Crime in India: A Critical Review of Data Collection and Analysis
May 16, 2024

Crime in India: A Critical Review of Data Collection and Analysis

Safe countries bestow multiple social and economic benefits on the individual and larger community. Therefore, crime levels must be controlled. While India is a relatively peaceful country by global standards, there is significant scope for improvement in terms of policing, the national criminal justice system, and how data on crimes is collected and analysed. Amid India’s rapid urbanisation, it is crucial to study the various facets of crimina

Crime in India’s largest cities: An analysis
Apr 09, 2024

Crime in India’s largest cities: An analysis

While the NCRB data on crimes in India is the most comprehensive set of data, it suffers from some data deficits that need to be addressed

Crunching the numbers
Apr 26, 2023

Crunching the numbers

Population can be an asset or a liability, depending on how India deals with it

Decarbonising Cities: The 2021 post-pandemic resilience mantra
Dec 22, 2020

Decarbonising Cities: The 2021 post-pandemic resilience mantra

Creating low carbon cities calls for a paradigm shift in government policies related to the built environment, particularly pertaining to land use, ho

Decolonising heritage sites in post-colonial–cum–apartheid cities: Experiences and suggestions from the Global South
Nov 20, 2021

Decolonising heritage sites in post-colonial–cum–apartheid cities: Experiences and suggestions from the Global South

The continuation of oppressive colonial ideology through the preservation of heritage sites is stifling social change.

Delhi needs a good master plan
Feb 17, 2022

Delhi needs a good master plan

The draft master plan provides Delhi with the opportunity to improve the living conditions of its citizens

Demolition of Noida Towers: A zero-tolerance policy towards violation of laws
Sep 07, 2022

Demolition of Noida Towers: A zero-tolerance policy towards violation of laws

The recent demolition of the twin towers of Noida showcases that violation of urban laws in the real estate industry will no longer be tolerated.

Dual-pronged approach to flood relief
Jul 25, 2019

Dual-pronged approach to flood relief

A comprehensive strategy that includes a mix of crisis response and impact mitigation, while also taking into account urban and rural planning, livelihood issues and health perspective, is needed to mitigate the Northeastern State’s agony.

Emptying Nepal
Mar 15, 2024

Emptying Nepal

The exodus of people from Nepal has resulted in a scenario that will become unsustainable for the economy of Nepal

Engendering India’s burgeoning cities
Dec 05, 2016

Engendering India’s burgeoning cities

Mainstreaming gender in urbanisation can be a useful tool in understanding and tackling exclusionary growth and access to resources in urban spaces more generally.

Enhancing population health: India's policies and programmes
Apr 05, 2024

Enhancing population health: India's policies and programmes

India is prioritising access to affordable, high-quality healthcare services through recent government policies, reflecting a strong commitment to hea

Experiments in Alcohol Prohibition: A Review of Maharashtra’s Chandrapur Experience
Aug 14, 2023

Experiments in Alcohol Prohibition: A Review of Maharashtra’s Chandrapur Experience

Maharashtra imposed alcohol prohibition in the Chandrapur district in April 2015. However, in 2021, the state government annulled the liquor ban as evidence indicated that the district administration had failed to comprehensively implement it, with several social and economic consequences that compromised the wellbeing of Chandrapur. Experiments in prohibition in India and the US show that it is nearly impossible for such widespread socia

Extreme Heat Events in India’s Cities: A Framework for Adaptive Action Plans
Jan 22, 2021

Extreme Heat Events in India’s Cities: A Framework for Adaptive Action Plans

Among the most severe consequences of climate change is the global rise in average temperatures, and the resultant increase in the frequency and intensity of heatwaves. Cities are particularly vulnerable to heatwaves as their high built density absorbs and retains heat, leading to higher temperatures than the surrounding areas and causing the ‘heat island’ effect. India’s northwest region routinely experiences abnormally hot days during the

Femtechs: The great disruptors in the women’s healthcare space?
Jul 18, 2023

Femtechs: The great disruptors in the women’s healthcare space?

Femtech would prove to be a crucial tool in helping women access healthcare and empower them

Few promises, countless doubts: Mumbai – Pune hyperloop
Aug 06, 2019

Few promises, countless doubts: Mumbai – Pune hyperloop

As India’s economy urbanises, urban mobility is becoming ever more important. Does Hyperloop provide a solution?

Fixing man-made disasters in Indian metro cities
Feb 18, 2019

Fixing man-made disasters in Indian metro cities

India’s metros are building an unenviable reputation for themselves through a series of man-made disasters.

Focus on bus transport system
Jan 15, 2019

Focus on bus transport system

The ‘BEST’ principle adopted by successful global cities can provide a solution to perils of India’s urban transportation.

Food security in China and its role in pushing the G20 Agenda
May 10, 2023

Food security in China and its role in pushing the G20 Agenda

Though China has significantly reduced the rate of malnutrition, the country still faces challenges in ensuring food security

Formulating open-space policies for India’s cities: The case of Mumbai
Apr 22, 2020

Formulating open-space policies for India’s cities: The case of Mumbai

Over the past decade, Mumbai’s civil society has raised concerns over the way in which the municipal corporation appears to be prioritising rapid development at the cost of the city’s public space. Indeed, the city has lost significant areas of its open spaces owing to various reasons, among them archaic policies, unrealistic goals, and the labyrinthine division of power and jurisdiction between the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation and othe

G20 शहरांसाठी ‘जागतिक व्यासपीठ’ हवे
Jan 30, 2021

G20 शहरांसाठी ‘जागतिक व्यासपीठ’ हवे

संयुक्त राष्ट्रांच्या अजेंडा-२०३०मध्ये शहरे सुरक्षित, शाश्वत व सक्षम करणे हे ध्येय आहे. त्यासाठी जी-२० राष्ट्रगटाच्या धर्तीवर सिटी-२० गट बनणे आवश्यक आहे.

Games delay India's aspiration of building sustainable cities
Jul 17, 2010

Games delay India's aspiration of building sustainable cities

The Commonwealth Games was planned to showcase a modern India. But it has actually set back India's urban modernisation plans through disproportionate focus.

Getting to the Green Frontier
Jan 26, 2022

Getting to the Green Frontier

The Indian government’s commitment to pursuing low-carbon development is evident in its ambitious targets and path-breaking climate initiatives

Harnessing data to optimise air quality policies
Jul 24, 2023

Harnessing data to optimise air quality policies

A dynamic framework incorporating predictive policy formulation supported by data can be the next phase in tackling air quality issues effectively and

Have Indian cities bid farewell to the Bus Rapid Transit System?
Nov 03, 2020

Have Indian cities bid farewell to the Bus Rapid Transit System?

BRTS cities are now struggling with a surfeit of public transport systems — the normal bus service, BRTS and the Metro.

Health Infrastructure Planning Amid COVID-19: The Case of Mumbai
Jan 13, 2021

Health Infrastructure Planning Amid COVID-19: The Case of Mumbai

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused unprecedented stress on India’s urban public health infrastructure, underscoring the need for urban planning to account for increased demand for health amenities during crises. This paper evaluates the city of Mumbai’s 1991 and 2034 development plans and finds inherent infrastructural inadequacies. It calls on urban-policymakers to complement development plans with robust dynamic health strategies that conside

Healthcare infrastructure remains neglected: The case of Nanded hospital
Nov 09, 2023

Healthcare infrastructure remains neglected: The case of Nanded hospital

To address the issue of poor healthcare infrastructure, the states need to prioritise this sector by diverting funds, creating more capacity in existi

Household consumption expenditure in India: A small share for energy
Apr 25, 2024

Household consumption expenditure in India: A small share for energy

In India, expenditure on energy grew faster than expenditure on food and non-food expenditure. This could either mean energy prices increased or that

How do you measure new movements?
Apr 11, 2013

How do you measure new movements?

During a discussion on "Urban Middle Classes and the Ascent of New Politics in India" at ORF, it was noted that success should not be measured in terms of the ability to ensure successful electoral outcomes but as an attempt to make better societies.

How Fares the PMAY (U)? Taking Stock of India’s National Housing Programme
May 12, 2022

How Fares the PMAY (U)? Taking Stock of India’s National Housing Programme

Across India’s burgeoning cities, the supply of affordable homes is highly inadequate to keep pace with the growing need; as a result, slums and other informally built areas, where living conditions are extremely poor, have grown. In 2015 the Indian government implemented a national housing programme, Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (urban) or PMAY (U) to bridge the gap in affordable housing. This report evaluates the progress of PMAY (U), and finds

https://www.orfonline.org/research/no-childs-play-the-enduring-challenge-of-creating-child-friendly-cities/
May 15, 2023

https://www.orfonline.org/research/no-childs-play-the-enduring-challenge-of-creating-child-friendly-cities/

Child-friendly cities’ is an emerging concept in the urban management sector in many countries across the globe, including India, where it complements government schemes that aim to develop India’s urban spaces as centres of human capital development, knowledge hubs, and drivers of growth and prosperity. These flagship missions include, for example, the Smart Cities Mission and the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMR