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Exploring the blue in the India-France partnership
Feb 10, 2023

Exploring the blue in the India-France partnership

Their established ties rest on a foundation of common values and goals

Exploring the Metaverse: Challenges and Opportunities for India in the ‘Next Internet’
Aug 16, 2023

Exploring the Metaverse: Challenges and Opportunities for India in the ‘Next Internet’

The metaverse is a real-time, three-dimensional world that is accessible through Virtual Reality (VR) head-mounted display. Called ‘the next Internet’, the metaverse is multi-technology and incorporates hardware infrastructure with immersive technology, blockchain technology, computer vision, and ubiquitous interfaces. Globally, metaverse is still in the nascent stage as stakeholders work to figure out its innovative and practical app

Fair share of nuclear power
Jan 17, 2006

Fair share of nuclear power

The Iran nuclear issue is touching yet another point of criticality. The build-up was evident to the naked eye, the crescendo almost predictable. It was six weeks ago that Secretary of Iran¿s Supreme National Security Council, Ali Larijani, expressed Teheran's frustration that EU-3 (Britain, France and Germany) was stonewalling in the negotiations, meandering into blind alleys, lost in thoughts.

Fencing frontiers with Myanmar: The benefits and challenges of FMR along India-Myanmar border
Jan 08, 2024

Fencing frontiers with Myanmar: The benefits and challenges of FMR along India-Myanmar border

Initiated in 1970, the FMR experienced a resurgence in 2016, finding a place within the broader Act East Policy of New Delhi.

Filling the Blanks: Putting Gender into Military A.I.
Aug 21, 2023

Filling the Blanks: Putting Gender into Military A.I.

Defence structures around the world are seeing a technological upheaving as new and emerging technologies like artificial intelligence (AI) are being added to military arsenals. However, military AI largely lacks precision and is often developed without any threat-modelling which takes gender into account, examples of which are already being seen in civilian applications of AI. Translated into a conflict environment, deploying such AI systems cou

Financing for Agenda 2030: Deepening India-EU Development Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific
Feb 12, 2024

Financing for Agenda 2030: Deepening India-EU Development Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific

As the world confronts multiple challenges which are intricately connected, our path for development stands at a crucial juncture. In the context of the embroiling polycrisis, progress on the sustainable development goals (SDGs) has been steady but fragile with major and persistent challenges. Financing for Agenda 2030 has emerged as a major bottleneck with several developing economies, especially the least developed countries (LDCs), low-income

Financing India’s renewable energy vision
May 12, 2023

Financing India’s renewable energy vision

India’s target of achieving 175 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2022 might appear ambitious, but it is crucial as it will have a positive impact on the country’s economic growth, energy security and the fight against climate change. Financing is emerging as the key challenge to this vision, slowing down the pace of growth; as of December 2019, over 50 percent of the 2022 target is yet to be achieved. This brief outlines India’s existing

Finish what you started
Jul 22, 2013

Finish what you started

As Delhi and Washington try to develop separate, special relationships with Beijing, there is a danger of misreading each other's intentions. Both India and the US want a secure Afghanistan and moderate Pakistan, but their approaches are not always in sync. An honest conversation between Joe Biden and the Indian leaders is critical at this juncture to prevent misperceptions from derailing India-US security cooperation in Asia.

Firebreaks, firewalls, and ‘windows of opportunity’ in cyber norms
Oct 17, 2021

Firebreaks, firewalls, and ‘windows of opportunity’ in cyber norms

The Global South must amplify its ideas, perspectives, and positions on cybernorms as multilateral institutions like the UN work towards a framework f

Five issues to navigate at the upcoming 2023 NATO Summit
Jul 10, 2023

Five issues to navigate at the upcoming 2023 NATO Summit

Against the critical security backdrop and Kyiv’s counteroffensive, the NATO leaders will assemble for the upcoming summit in Lithuania

Five years of sinification of Islam in China
Oct 18, 2023

Five years of sinification of Islam in China

Over the course of five years, Beijing has curbed religious freedom under the pretext of “reorienting” Muslims of China towards core socialist val

Fixing Cyber Vulnerabilities: An Agenda for the Quad
Feb 16, 2024

Fixing Cyber Vulnerabilities: An Agenda for the Quad

The COVID-19 pandemic sparked rapid digitalisation worldwide, with work-from-home interactions, online payments, and online consultations for various services becoming acceptable practices. While this shift in the manner and nature of work brought enormous benefits, crucially in terms of access, it has also increased the kind of cyber security threats that countries face, with vulnerabilities felt particularly in the health and financial sectors.

Flawed education system in Kashmir
Mar 20, 2023

Flawed education system in Kashmir

The declining education system needs to be tackled with targeted measures to economically and ideologically transform the Valley

Flux and Flexibility
Dec 29, 2003

Flux and Flexibility

With the SAARC summit only days away, the focus should be as much on re-positioning India, both in the regional and emerging global context, as on terrorism and security. Prime Minister Vajpayee set the mood a fortnight ago by referring to a 'common currency' for, and hydro-power cooperation among member-nations.

FM surprises the poor, unorganised
Mar 03, 2015

FM surprises the poor, unorganised

The Union Finance Minister surprised many with his social sector-centric budget. No one expected the Modi government to go for enhancing the MNREGA by Rs 5000 crore or to have a huge kitty of subsidies ($37 billion) aimed at the poor. There seems to be a vision towards giving India a universal social security system for all and especially the poor.

Follow the money
Jul 08, 2019

Follow the money

The NIA raids have had a salutary effect, but a lot more needs to be done to shut down the funding networks and penalise and reduce to penury of the conflict entrepreneurs.

For a multipolar Eurasia, Russia must cooperate with India
Nov 12, 2018

For a multipolar Eurasia, Russia must cooperate with India

India will not politically prefer Russia to the US — rather it must learn to work with both. In the Indo-Pacific, India’s equities lie with Washin

For India, a Complicated SCO Summit
Sep 20, 2022

For India, a Complicated SCO Summit

Across the SCO there is conflict at various levels that complicates India’s engagement, from Russia’s invasion of Ukraine to simmering Sino-Indian tensions.

Forcing China’s hand?
Apr 12, 2019

Forcing China’s hand?

The U.S. initiative to have Masood Azhar blacklisted at the UN Security Council marks a new turn

Forging a strategic ‘Gateway’: The Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea
Nov 18, 2020

Forging a strategic ‘Gateway’: The Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea

Security cooperation is intrinsic to a ‘Gateway’ to ensure the safety of stakeholders as well as their efforts at collaboration.

Forking paths: Sustainable development in the time of a pandemic
Jan 04, 2021

Forking paths: Sustainable development in the time of a pandemic

We could either choose the way that leads to better institutions and global systems, or the other, which compromises on environmental, social and ethi

Forward from the Tokyo Quad Summit and IPEF
May 27, 2022

Forward from the Tokyo Quad Summit and IPEF

The growing focus on the Indo-Pacific as reflected by the recent Quad summit and the launch of IPEF indicates that despite the ongoing war in Europe,

Four famines in an interconnected world: What can the G20 do?
Jun 28, 2017

Four famines in an interconnected world: What can the G20 do?

Nearly 20 million people in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, and Yemen are facing what has been described as the largest food crisis in the world in 70 years. Conflict is the main reason behind these famines, abetted by drought, climate change, poverty, and the existing vulnerability of the people in these countries. Security issues have led to a dramatic decline in agricultural production and have adversely affected the supply and distribution of

France in the Indo-Pacific: French, Indian Defense Ministers Meet for 3rd Annual Dialogue
Dec 24, 2021

France in the Indo-Pacific: French, Indian Defense Ministers Meet for 3rd Annual Dialogue

France has continued to remain one of India’s trusted strategic partners, with cooperation extending across many issues.

France-India-UAE Trilateral: India’s Minilateral Engagements Ticks Up
Feb 16, 2023

France-India-UAE Trilateral: India’s Minilateral Engagements Ticks Up

The trilateral partnership has the potential to emerge as an action-oriented minilateral in the broader Indo-Pacific.

France-UK relations: A much-needed strategic reboot
Dec 08, 2022

France-UK relations: A much-needed strategic reboot

The changing geopolitical reality compels both France and the UK to recalibrate their relations.

France’s West Asia Moment
Feb 15, 2023

France’s West Asia Moment

France is stepping up its strategic role, providing an alternative for countries seeking security guarantees from a powerful, nuclear, Western militar

From Buyer to Builder: The Indian Navy’s Rocky Road to Self-Reliance
Sep 10, 2020

From Buyer to Builder: The Indian Navy’s Rocky Road to Self-Reliance

This paper evaluates deficiencies in India’s naval shipbuilding programme, and identifies factors that adversely impact naval warship construction in the country. It argues that despite considerable effort, India’s shipbuilding endeavours continue to suffer from systemic deficits that cannot be addressed through ad hoc policy interventions and short-term solutions. Through an assessment of strengths and weaknesses of India’s defence shipyar

From Kargil to Balakot: The continuing challenges to India’s modern air power
May 22, 2023

From Kargil to Balakot: The continuing challenges to India’s modern air power

Most leading air forces around the world were quick to learn from the experiences of the US Air Force between the Vietnam War in the 1960s and the Gulf War three decades later. This resulted in the widespread adoption by these forces of Precision Guided Munitions (PGMs) beginning in the mid-1990s. Only a few of these air arms, however, have matched the overall effectiveness of US air power, which combines aircraft survivability with weapon range,

From MIC to NSIC
Oct 11, 2011

From MIC to NSIC

Nomenclature notwithstanding, the evolution of an Indian National Security Industrial Complex (NSIC) must be watched with interest and caution.

From multilaterals to multinationals: Provision of global public goods
Dec 19, 2018

From multilaterals to multinationals: Provision of global public goods

The debate on the extent of private participation covers not only public goods within a country but also global goods that transcend boundaries: c

From pragmatism to failed influence—Shifting Eastern Europe-China relations
Mar 27, 2023

From pragmatism to failed influence—Shifting Eastern Europe-China relations

Questions on values, interests, and security have started a rethink in their approach towards China

Fulfilling the SDG on Zero Hunger: A Progress Report on BIMSTEC Nations
Nov 02, 2020

Fulfilling the SDG on Zero Hunger: A Progress Report on BIMSTEC Nations

The countries of BIMSTEC, or the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation, are working to translate the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) into action plans to ensure access to adequate and nutritious food. They are transforming their food systems based on their priorities and capacities to fulfill, in particular, the 2030 SDG Goal 2 that aims to “end hunger, achieve food security, and promote sustainable

G20 should have demonstrated power of numbers and guided future of climate governance
Jul 10, 2017

G20 should have demonstrated power of numbers and guided future of climate governance

The alignment of G20 policies with the Sustainable Development Goals, and emphasis on energy security, is high on India’s climate agenda.

G20 अध्यक्षपद आणि भारताचे आंतरराष्ट्रीय सहमतीचे प्रयत्न
Aug 18, 2023

G20 अध्यक्षपद आणि भारताचे आंतरराष्ट्रीय सहमतीचे प्रयत्न

पंतप्रधान नरेंद्र मोदी यांच्यासमोरील कार्य स्पष्ट आहे: विकास परत आणण्यासाठी जगाला सुरक्षित करा. यासाठी ते G20 च्या आत आणि बाहेर आंतरराष्ट्रीय सहमती निर्माण करत आहेत.

G20 परिषदेच्या अध्यक्षपदासाठी भारताचं सायबर सुरक्षेला प्राधान्य
Dec 07, 2022

G20 परिषदेच्या अध्यक्षपदासाठी भारताचं सायबर सुरक्षेला प्राधान्य

सायबर क्षेत्र सुरक्षित करण्यासाठी आणि सायबर सुरक्षेच्या  समस्यांना प्राधान्य देण्यासाठी जागतिक भागीदारीचे नेतृत्व करण्याची भारताकडे आता संधी आहे.

G20: Prospects for climate cooperation
Sep 22, 2023

G20: Prospects for climate cooperation

The real challenge is to translate the call for climate cooperation iterated at the G20 Summit in New Delhi into deeds given the divergent development

Gaiko Forum report on ORF symposium on Japan-India cooperation
Mar 17, 2008

Gaiko Forum report on ORF symposium on Japan-India cooperation

Gaiko Forum, Japan's prominent think tank sponsored by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan, has published a detailed report on the symposium on "Security and Strategic Challenges in Asia: Prospects of Japan-India Cooperation" organised by Observer Research Foundation in association with the Gaiko Forum and the Embassy of Japan in New Delhi, on March 18, 2008.

Gaps in social protection: The US is failing to make needed investments in people
Mar 16, 2022

Gaps in social protection: The US is failing to make needed investments in people

It is high time to dispel the notion that social assistance breeds welfare dependency, as evidence suggests otherwise.

Gender Gap in Agriculture and the ‘South Asian Enigma’
Oct 11, 2021

Gender Gap in Agriculture and the ‘South Asian Enigma’

Current data suggests that the global community is far from achieving the 2030 agenda of ending hunger, food insecurity, and malnutrition. By the end of 2019, 650 million people suffered from chronic hunger and 135 million experienced acute food-insecurity. Not all regions are equal: the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2020 found that some are experiencing less severe incidence of hunger on the GHI scale, compared to others. The most serious levels of

Geopolitical realities may yet push India closer to Nato
Jun 30, 2023

Geopolitical realities may yet push India closer to Nato

It offers a notable contrast that India’s ties with Russia haven’t taken off despite New Delhi’s keenness while its relationship with the US has expanded notwithstanding hesitations.

Geopolitics of International Health Regulations and the role of India’s G20 Presidency in IHR Reforms
Nov 07, 2022

Geopolitics of International Health Regulations and the role of India’s G20 Presidency in IHR Reforms

With India looking forward to its G20 presidency in 2023, it becomes a vital actor in pushing international health reforms

German defence policy after renewed war in Europe
Dec 08, 2022

German defence policy after renewed war in Europe

Germany’s NSS can help map its return to strategic action by redefining its foreign and security policy

Getting acquainted with Taiwan’s 2024 presidential election candidates
Aug 08, 2023

Getting acquainted with Taiwan’s 2024 presidential election candidates

Each of the three candidates bring something new to the table, granting the Taiwanese voters ample alternatives in the upcoming presidential elections