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Serving the purpose: Diplomacy versus war in latest US–Russia talks
Jan 18, 2022

Serving the purpose: Diplomacy versus war in latest US–Russia talks

Diverging takes on Ukraine and security measures in the region show that diplomacy is the best way forward for the two powers

Shared values of US, India face profound global challenges, say US Ambassador
Aug 14, 2015

Shared values of US, India face profound global challenges, say US Ambassador

The shared values that the United States and India hold dear face profound challenges in a number of areas that threaten global security and the international order, according to the US Ambassador to India, Mr. Richard Verma.

Shared values of US, India face profound global challenges, say US Ambassador
Aug 14, 2015

Shared values of US, India face profound global challenges, say US Ambassador

The shared values that the United States and India hold dear face profound challenges in a number of areas that threaten global security and the international order, according to the US Ambassador to India, Mr. Richard Verma.

Shared Values, Common Goals: Finding Convergences in the Indo-Pacific Strategies of India and South Korea
Sep 26, 2023

Shared Values, Common Goals: Finding Convergences in the Indo-Pacific Strategies of India and South Korea

India and South Korea stand as important middle powers whose influence in the Indo-Pacific region is expanding in their own ways. At the same time, their bilateral partnership today has even bigger potential to serve as a stabilising factor amid shifting regional geopolitical equations. The current year—the 50th since the two countries established formal diplomatic ties—is an opportune moment for harnessing their converging interests. This br

Sharif in China: How Are China-Pakistan Ties?
Nov 11, 2022

Sharif in China: How Are China-Pakistan Ties?

For all the right statements and claims of the unbreakable, iron-clad relationship between Beijing and Islamabad, there was very little substance to Sharif’s trip.

Shinzo Abe and India:  A lasting legacy
Jul 08, 2022

Shinzo Abe and India:  A lasting legacy

Revisiting late Former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s legacy on both domestic and international fronts.

Shinzo Abe’s win will shape Asia’s future
Oct 26, 2017

Shinzo Abe’s win will shape Asia’s future

From envisioning a new security architecture for the Indo-Pacific region to seeing India’s potential as a key partner, he has shown great foresight

Shoots of change: India’s agritech revolution
Jan 12, 2024

Shoots of change: India’s agritech revolution

Indian agritech is making impressive strides and expanding its global footprint, but it is still at a nascent stage and has penetrated only 1 percent

Sino-Indian Border Infrastructure: Issues and Challenges
Jul 31, 2023

Sino-Indian Border Infrastructure: Issues and Challenges

This paper looks at the recent Chinese infrastructural developments along the Sino-Indian border, including building of highways, road links and oil pipelines that have improved the country's force deployment and sustenance capabilities. The paper also assesses India?s infrastructure initiatives on the border front and argues that they are inadequate, especially in light of the Chinese developments.

Sino-Indian competition in Myanmar in the spotlight with Indian Navy chief visit
Feb 24, 2020

Sino-Indian competition in Myanmar in the spotlight with Indian Navy chief visit

Myanmar remains hugely important for India. The naval visit last week again focused attention on the role of India and China in the Southeast Asian state, even though New Delhi’s weakness lies more in non-security realms.

Sino-Myanmar Relations and Impact on the Region
Feb 26, 2011

Sino-Myanmar Relations and Impact on the Region

An interaction on 'Sino-Myanmar Relations and Impact on Region' at ORF Chennai noted that Indian response to the security threat emanating from this strategic relationship was inadequate. And India has not been effectively executing the 'Look East' policy.

Snowden effect
Jun 25, 2013

Snowden effect

It is not often that China defends the rights of whistleblowers against the state and America finds itself defensive about internet freedom. That precisely is what Edward Snowden, the young American who has exposed the expansive cyber espionage activities of the National Security Agency in the United States against its own citizens and the rest of the world, has achieved.

Social Media and Political Leaders: An Exploratory Analysis
Jul 21, 2023

Social Media and Political Leaders: An Exploratory Analysis

Politicians have always used the media to communicate with the electorate. What makes social media unique is the scale, speed, and minimal cost at which leaders can do this task. This paper analyses the relationship between political leaders and the microblogging site, Twitter. It provides a comprehensive and systematic analysis of the use of Twitter by two contemporary Indian political leaders—Narendra Modi and Rahul Gandhi. It describ

Social protection to mitigate poverty: Examining the neglect of India’s informal workers
Aug 21, 2023

Social protection to mitigate poverty: Examining the neglect of India’s informal workers

Social protection is crucial in tackling extreme poverty and ensuring equitable development, thus catalysing the transition to a more stable and robust economy. About 50 percent of India’s economy hinges on its informal workers, who comprise 90 percent of the country’s total workforce. Yet, these informal workers continue to be excluded from current social-protection schemes, leaving them with no social or financial safety net and trapping th

Solar Energy in India: Contestation of Land Rights 
May 03, 2022

Solar Energy in India: Contestation of Land Rights 

Growth and development in renewable energy power generation call for acquiring more suitable land to install RE generating equipment/machinery, and th

Solving India’s Nuclear Liability Conundrum
Jan 22, 2015

Solving India’s Nuclear Liability Conundrum

This Paper offers a broad and objective analysis on the controversial issue of 'uclear liability', India's concerns and provides a recommendation for a coherent and comprehensive approach to resolve this conundrum.

Somalian Piracy: An Alternative Perspective
Nov 10, 2010

Somalian Piracy: An Alternative Perspective

The tendency of nation States to attempt solving the problem of modern piracy exclusively through the employment of their naval and military might is a flawed effort and has, more often than not, proved unsuccessful. At best, it has resulted in a temporary suppression of the problem that has inevitably re-manifested itself at a later stage.

South Asia South Asia Weekly 61
Mar 02, 2009

South Asia South Asia Weekly 61

Terai region continues to reel under strike and the security situation remains to be worrisome. For nearly a week, the Tharu community has been staging massive protests in several Terai districts following the government's decision to label them as Madhesis.

South Asia Weekly 90
Sep 20, 2009

South Asia Weekly 90

National Security Advisor (NSA) M K Narayanan is of the view that the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam's international financial network is intact. He said that the epicentre of the separatist Tamil movement can turn out to be Tamil Nadu.

South Asia Weekly 95
Oct 25, 2009

South Asia Weekly 95

Several thousand Tamil refugees have started seeking asylum in Australia and Canada. Both the countries, however, are wary of accepting the asylum seekers for security reasons.

South Asia Weekly Report 69
Apr 27, 2009

South Asia Weekly Report 69

With the Sri Lankan security forces continuing their advance into north-eastern Mulaithivu district, the last stronghold of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), the international community has again raised its concern over the safety of trapped Tamil civilians.

South Asia Weekly Report 71
May 11, 2009

South Asia Weekly Report 71

After days of speculation and diplomatic haggling, the United Nations Security Council finally decided to discuss the humanitarian issue in Sri Lanka arising out of the ethnic conflict in the island nation.

South Korea and India: A perplexing partnership
Mar 16, 2023

South Korea and India: A perplexing partnership

As ROK and India commemorate the 50th anniversary of their ties, both countries need to move beyond the normative approach towards a robust bilateral

Space Code of Conduct: A Japanese perspective
Jul 25, 2012

Space Code of Conduct: A Japanese perspective

The Japanese perspective on the Space Code is based on its diplomatic and technological concerns, not on its military and security needs. Since MoD is not engaged in the process of decision-making for the Code, it would be difficult to assume that Japan would commit to the Code for security purposes.

Space militarisation inevitable
Mar 24, 2015

Space militarisation inevitable

At the launch of the ORF Kalpana Chawla Annual Space Initiative, experts felt that space is unlikely to become an exception to the security-seeking nature of the international system. They felt States should accept space militarisation as a reality and develop institutions to regulate its use for both peaceful and military purposes.

Sri Lanka and Afghanistan: A growing partnership
Oct 22, 2019

Sri Lanka and Afghanistan: A growing partnership

As two democracies, Afghanistan and Sri Lanka share many development needs and challenges — this underpin their growing ties.

Sri Lanka is the key to India's interests
Jan 14, 2015

Sri Lanka is the key to India's interests

The election of a new government in Colombo provides New Delhi a great opportunity to reset its relations with Sri Lanka. Both countries need to set aside the contentious past and see how they can construct a 21st century relationship based on economic ties and the awareness of the need to understand each other's security concerns.

Sri Lanka situation requires new approach
Jul 10, 2006

Sri Lanka situation requires new approach

Sri Lanka¿s worsening security situation under an undeclared war is most likely to persist. Both the LTTE and President Rajpakshe¿s government are violating the four-year-old ceasefire agreement, which, in fact, seldom was honoured seriously, but neither of them is in a position to formally break it and declare an open, all-out war. Both of them are under intense international pressure to desist from doing so.

Sri Lanka: Indian PM's visit on cards?
Jun 10, 2011

Sri Lanka: Indian PM's visit on cards?

The week-end Sri Lanka visit of the Indian troika comprising National Security Advisor (NSA) Shivshanker Menon, Foreign Secretary Nirupama Rao and Defence Secretary Pradeep Kumar is important to both the nations for reasons that are more than the obvious.

Sri Lanka: Why Tamil Nadu’s call to ‘retake’ Kachchativu is ill-timed, too
Jun 03, 2022

Sri Lanka: Why Tamil Nadu’s call to ‘retake’ Kachchativu is ill-timed, too

India may consider a joint-patrol mechanism, either bilateral or under the Colombo Security Conclave (CSC), as it would also help keep the fishers’

States’ use of non-state actors in cyberspace
Aug 17, 2023

States’ use of non-state actors in cyberspace

Without proper legislation, states using non-state actors for cyberwarfare pose a significant threat to governments, businesses, and individuals

Stepping stones: Is a Seoul-Tokyo rapprochement in the making?
May 26, 2023

Stepping stones: Is a Seoul-Tokyo rapprochement in the making?

The geopolitical realities are proving to be a strong catalyst for improved relations between Japan and South Korea

Stormy seas in the South Pacific
Jun 02, 2022

Stormy seas in the South Pacific

China seeks to counterbalance the West's influence in the South Pacific region.

Straddling cooperation and challenges at BRICS
Jun 30, 2022

Straddling cooperation and challenges at BRICS

India placed on the agenda the need for strengthening civil society organisations and think-tanks

Strategic implications of Indo-Japanese cooperation on the ‘Asia and Africa growth corridor’
Aug 17, 2023

Strategic implications of Indo-Japanese cooperation on the ‘Asia and Africa growth corridor’

India and Japan’s economic vision is that of an ‘Asia and Africa Growth Corridor’ (AAGC) empowering states to peacefully counter and constrain Chinese revisionism. However, a stable AAGC will depend on enhanced security cooperation and the current rules-based order upheld by the US-led security framework. While current Indian and Japanese engagements in Asia are conducive to successful cooperation, weaker economic and military engagements w

Strategy, not money, must drive Modi's military overhaul
May 27, 2014

Strategy, not money, must drive Modi's military overhaul

Taking care of the urgent requirements, the new Cabinet Committee on Security of the Modi government should insist on a radical overhaul of the national security system before funding new acquisitions.

Strengthening India’s Global Influence through a Sound Public Diplomacy Policy
Oct 23, 2023

Strengthening India’s Global Influence through a Sound Public Diplomacy Policy

This brief tackles the crucial role of public diplomacy in enhancing India's global influence. It argues that India should exert effort to communicate its rich cultural heritage and economic growth story to foreign audiences, and recommends a roadmap that involves linking public diplomacy to national security, the establishment of a specialised public diplomacy agency, and creating the position of a chief public diplomat. A well-structured public

Strengthening India’s partnership with the PICs by addressing climate-resilient agriculture
Feb 16, 2023

Strengthening India’s partnership with the PICs by addressing climate-resilient agriculture

New Delhi’s aim to become a global power in the future with a vision of multipolar world order will be possible by expanding its goodwill amongst th

Strengthening Indo-Israel Agritech cooperation
Jul 26, 2023

Strengthening Indo-Israel Agritech cooperation

Institutional collaborations and joint ventures between India and Israel can help address India’s water and food security challenges

Striking the right balance: AI, Aadhaar, and governance
Jun 12, 2023

Striking the right balance: AI, Aadhaar, and governance

Allowing AI to be trained on datasets like Aadhaar raises evident concerns. To address AI benefits and privacy concerns, the government must examine A

Sustainability in space
Oct 11, 2022

Sustainability in space

Given the development of new and emerging technologies, the sense of urgency around space sustainability may soon skyrocket

Sustainable agriculture, climate change and nutrition: a complex challenge
Sep 06, 2023

Sustainable agriculture, climate change and nutrition: a complex challenge

Your reflection published by Observer Research Foundation brings a complex view between food security, climate change, sustainable agriculture and land use. Is there awareness of this inseparable relationship?

Sustainable food value chains for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals
Oct 17, 2022

Sustainable food value chains for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals

The circular economy plays a pivotal role in tackling the climate crisis and achieving the SDGs

Sweden and a stronger NATO
Mar 08, 2024

Sweden and a stronger NATO

Although facing initial obstacles from Türkiye and Hungary, Sweden has ultimately secured NATO membership, marking a significant milestone for the No

Sweden’s NATO bid: Facing the Turkish wall
Mar 24, 2023

Sweden’s NATO bid: Facing the Turkish wall

Sweden’s NATO bid hangs in the air as Türkiye stalls the ratification of the accession bid