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New Delhi’s recent Kashmir policy has hurt its international reputation but not its real position
Mar 02, 2020

New Delhi’s recent Kashmir policy has hurt its international reputation but not its real position

Externally, New Delhi has inconsistently wavered between attempting to influence the international debate on Kashmir and treating it as a purely domes

New direction for China’s anti-corruption campaign
Jun 28, 2022

New direction for China’s anti-corruption campaign

China’s recent anti-corruption campaign has been designed to plug any gaping holes in China’s national security.

New geographies are transcending old divides
Jul 26, 2019

New geographies are transcending old divides

In a world buffeted by multiple headwinds, it appears that we have a dearth of progressive leadership. How can individuals and institutions rise abo

New law on foreign relations adds to China’s lawfare arsenal
Jul 28, 2023

New law on foreign relations adds to China’s lawfare arsenal

With the Foreign Relations Law, China has added a new weapon to its arsenal against sanctions and further consolidates the Party’s grip on foreign e

New sanctions, old debate: The case of North Korea
Mar 13, 2013

New sanctions, old debate: The case of North Korea

The US threats and its troop presence in South Korea are alleged to have contributed to North Korean insecurity, but its drive to develop more nuclear weaponry cannot be understood without taking into account domestic dynamics. To bring about a genuine change in North Korea's behaviour, its internal dynamics will have to be considered.

No discrimination in CTBT: Brajesh Mishra
Apr 29, 2008

No discrimination in CTBT: Brajesh Mishra

Mr. Brajesh Mishra, former National Security Advisor and now Trustee of Observer Research Foundation, recently gave an interview to Mr. Karan Thapar. The interview was televised by CNN-IBN. Given below is the text of the interview"

No solace in this quantum of accountability
Feb 26, 2013

No solace in this quantum of accountability

Deploying the "national security" argument against reform in the intelligence agencies is a fig leaf for defending cronyism, incompetence, inefficiency, and corruption. A proper regulatory mechanism can only strengthen national security, not weaken it. It is time to bring in facts and lessons from global best practices to this debate.

No ‘sayonara’ for Japan in Indo-Pacific geopolitics
Apr 03, 2023

No ‘sayonara’ for Japan in Indo-Pacific geopolitics

A Japan that is deeply invested in Indo-Pacific stability and prosperity is reassuring

Non-state actors will be key players in future
Oct 28, 2009

Non-state actors will be key players in future

Mr Efraim Halevy, a former Mossad chief and National Security Advisor to the Prime Minister of Israel, addressed the ORF faculty on developments in West Asia

North Korea's Cyber Skirmishes
Dec 08, 2011

North Korea's Cyber Skirmishes

Two weeks back an unconfirmed media report stated that hackers from North Korea had illegally accessed Email Ids of students and graduates from the Korea University's Graduate school of Information Security.

Northeast's growing salience in regional diplomacy
Sep 29, 2014

Northeast's growing salience in regional diplomacy

That economic diplomacy through the Northeast has over-shadowed security-related concerns in India's regional diplomacy is a major departure from the past. Connectivity has been identified as a priority area of the Modi government.

Norway’s Arctic Council chairship: Priorities vs geopolitics
Jun 03, 2023

Norway’s Arctic Council chairship: Priorities vs geopolitics

As Norway takes over as the Chair of the Arctic Council, it will have to tread a fine line between its priorities and the geopolitics in the regions

Not-so-toothless norms for outer space
Oct 06, 2022

Not-so-toothless norms for outer space

Potential norms against ASAT tests can be used to hold states liable for possible damages

NPT at 50: Celebration or mid-life crisis?
Mar 14, 2020

NPT at 50: Celebration or mid-life crisis?

The treaty reflects Cold War realities. It is increasingly irrelevant in a new multipolar world, marked by asymmetry

NSA releases 'Samudra Manthan'
Mar 05, 2013

NSA releases 'Samudra Manthan'

National Security Advisor Shivshankar Menon on March 5 released the book "Samudra Manthan: Sino-India Rivalry in the Indo-Pacific", authored by Dr. C. Raja Mohan, Head of the Strategic Affairs Programme of Observer Research Foundation.

NSAB CHAIRMAN MOOTS PIPELINE THROUGH CHINA
Nov 26, 2007

NSAB CHAIRMAN MOOTS PIPELINE THROUGH CHINA

NEW DELHI, NOVEMBER 29: The Chairman of the National Security Advisory Board and President of the Centre for International Affairs of Observer Research Foundation, Mr. Maharajakrishna Rosgotra here today called for concerted efforts to find alternative sources of energy, especially solar energy.

Nuclear Developments in Iran: Comprehending the Indian View
Apr 21, 2015

Nuclear Developments in Iran: Comprehending the Indian View

This paper examines Indian policies and decisions on Iran's nuclear programme and reveals a number of critical factors which have influenced New Delhi on this matter in varying degrees.

Nuclear Disaster Management in India-Issues and Prospects
Feb 23, 2012

Nuclear Disaster Management in India-Issues and Prospects

Highlighting the inevitability of Nuclear power being an essential requirement to address India's growing Energy security needs in the time to come, Mr Shashidhar Reddy, Vice Chairman National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) said.

Nurturing Responsible Young Netizens through Digital Civics
Dec 05, 2022

Nurturing Responsible Young Netizens through Digital Civics

To ensure that the youth become effective ‘Digital Citizens’ of India, cybersecurity awareness focusing on digital civics and cyber hygiene needs

Nurturing sustainable food systems amidst climate change and global food demand
Aug 31, 2023

Nurturing sustainable food systems amidst climate change and global food demand

There is an urgent need for sustainable and resilient food systems to guarantee sustainable diets that are nutritious and aligned with the evolving ec

Oceania: A bolder Australia with Trump in Asia
Nov 02, 2020

Oceania: A bolder Australia with Trump in Asia

The ongoing US-China tensions have put middle-power countries like Australia in a tough spot. Australians are also widely rejecting Trump’s “Ameri

OCEN: A digital transformation of credit systems?
Dec 26, 2022

OCEN: A digital transformation of credit systems?

OCEN could emerge as a uniquely Indian digital success story in the years ahead

OCEN: क्रेडिट सिस्टम यानी ऋण देने की प्रक्रिया का डिजिटलीकरण!
Jan 04, 2023

OCEN: क्रेडिट सिस्टम यानी ऋण देने की प्रक्रिया का डिजिटलीकरण!

आने वाले वर्षों में OCEN ज़बरदस्त सफलता हासिल कर जन-जन तक नि�

Oil geopolitics: Revisiting petrodollar recycling
Apr 03, 2023

Oil geopolitics: Revisiting petrodollar recycling

The changes in geopolitical alignments between oil-producing and consuming nations are likely to have a significant impact on petrodollar recycling in

Oil Supply Routes in the Asia Pacific: China’s Strategic Calculations
Jul 23, 2023

Oil Supply Routes in the Asia Pacific: China’s Strategic Calculations

This Paper examines the existing critiques of China's oil supply diversification strategies in the Asia Pacific. It deconstructs the growing energy relationship between China and the Middle East that has made the security of the Hormuz Strait and the Malacca Strait vital to China's energy security. It also analyses specific geographic and strategic chokepoints in China's oil supply route and concludes that supply diversification motivations are d

Okinawa poll debacle: PM Abe’s first challenge
Oct 06, 2018

Okinawa poll debacle: PM Abe’s first challenge

Shinzo Abe, who returned to power in 2012, showed extraordinary interest in carrying out several measures in the Japan’s security sphere. But rather

On Navy Day, an assessment of future maritime operations in Asia
Dec 04, 2018

On Navy Day, an assessment of future maritime operations in Asia

The Indian Navy’s effectiveness as a net-security provider will depend, in large measure, on its leadership’s ability to plan for complex future c

Once Again, Concerns Arise About China-Pakistan WMD Nexus
Mar 11, 2024

Once Again, Concerns Arise About China-Pakistan WMD Nexus

Indian customs officials reportedly intercepted a Malta-flagged merchant ship carrying a computer numerical control machine en route from China to Pakistan.

One Year of ISPS Code Implementation
Jul 16, 2005

One Year of ISPS Code Implementation

The primary aim of the ISPS Code was to strengthen the security of international shipping, ports, waterways and the high seas by directing the governments, shipping companies and port operators to enhance security of the maritime edifice.

ORF-Hammurabi & Solomon suggestions to Justice Verma Committee
Jan 04, 2013

ORF-Hammurabi & Solomon suggestions to Justice Verma Committee

ORF and Hammurabi & Solomon, a law firm, have submitted a memorandum to Justice Verma Committee, detaling suggestions in the law and the government setup to provide for speedier justice and enhance safety and security of women.

Overcoming an EU-China trade and trust deficit
Dec 06, 2023

Overcoming an EU-China trade and trust deficit

Beijing seeks normalisation of ties with Europe; however, for Brussels, reconciliation will be conditional on Beijing’s willingness to address funda

Pak Army's Second Kargil
Apr 13, 2004

Pak Army's Second Kargil

Waziristan last month ostensibly to hunt down al Qaida and Talibanelements has been a visible failure which could dramatically alterthe already existing fault lines in the force divided betweenloyalty to Musharraf, nation and religion.South Waziristan is one of the seven areas -Khyber, Kurram,Orakzai, Mohmand, Bajaur, North and South Waziristan - which wereclubbed together as the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)by the British who wanted

Pak boat operation exposes intel gaps again
Jan 06, 2015

Pak boat operation exposes intel gaps again

There are several problems with the story as it has been put out and many of these have been listed in the internet or in newspapers. But what the incident does seem to bring out is the continuing dysfunction of our intelligence system and the high levels of incompetence in matters of national security.

Pakistan Army: The unyielding guardian
Feb 07, 2024

Pakistan Army: The unyielding guardian

In the upcoming elections, the likelihood of a new political leadership emerging in Pakistan which has a new approach and narrative remains slim

Pakistan in Yemen
Mar 31, 2015

Pakistan in Yemen

With Saudi Arabia now so fearful of a rising Iran, it is quite clearly Pakistan's payback time. And Yemen could mark the beginning of a new and more significant phase in Pakistan's involvement in the security politics of the Gulf.

Pakistan is working overtime to reignite the fires of jihad in Kashmir
Feb 17, 2018

Pakistan is working overtime to reignite the fires of jihad in Kashmir

By merely eliminating terrorists, security forces aren’t addressing the Jihadi ecosystem existing in J&K.

Pakistan's naval transformation: Dangerous delusions, soaring ambitions
Dec 12, 2016

Pakistan's naval transformation: Dangerous delusions, soaring ambitions

The combination of dangerous delusions, soaring ambitions and a fatal nuclear obsession could spark another round of strategic brinkmanship in South Asia, with disastrous consequences for regional security. Navy is supposed to be the new domain for another round of brinkmanship

Pakistan: A looming military offensive and quest for international support
Jan 19, 2023

Pakistan: A looming military offensive and quest for international support

The growing presence of anti-Pakistan terror groups has prompted Pakistan to adopt a hard stance

Pakistan: The Sharifs pick a new sheriff and nemesis
Nov 25, 2022

Pakistan: The Sharifs pick a new sheriff and nemesis

Would the appointment of a new army chief change the relationship between the military and the Pakistani government?

Pakistan: Why has China halted CPEC projects
Nov 25, 2020

Pakistan: Why has China halted CPEC projects

Political fragility, increased interference of security agencies and the army establishment in the matters of civilian administration and even CPEC pr

Pakistan: शरीफ़ भाइयों ने चुना नया ‘सेनाध्यक्ष’ और ‘दुश्मन’!
Jul 28, 2023

Pakistan: शरीफ़ भाइयों ने चुना नया ‘सेनाध्यक्ष’ और ‘दुश्मन’!

क्या नए सेनाध्यक्ष (army chief) की नियुक्ति से पाकिस्तानी फौज और

Pakistan’s India policy: Hot words, cold feet
Apr 04, 2021

Pakistan’s India policy: Hot words, cold feet

If earlier the army would sabotage things, this time the civilians have done so.

Pakistan’s polity in turbulence
Dec 07, 2019

Pakistan’s polity in turbulence

The Pakistani military might now try to focus on India so as to resurrect its diminishing credentials, especially as General Qamar Javed Bajwa will be under pressure. He will have to prove his worth by making sure the regional security environment deteriorates.

Pampered metros need a reality check on fuel
Sep 09, 2018

Pampered metros need a reality check on fuel

India is particularly vulnerable to collateral damage on its energy security.