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India-US Intelligence Cooperation: Leapfrogging the curve
Apr 02, 2024

India-US Intelligence Cooperation: Leapfrogging the curve

The immense potential in broadening bilateral intelligence cooperation between India and the US to stay ahead of evolving threats needs to be explored

India-US relations: Let's get real
Jun 06, 2012

India-US relations: Let's get real

As political India wakes up to a more complex security environment enveloping it, Delhi needs to demonstrate greater pragmatism in enhancing cooperation with Washington.

INDIA-US STRATEGIC DIALOGUE
Dec 10, 2004

INDIA-US STRATEGIC DIALOGUE

On December 10-11, 2003, the Observer Research Foundation (ORF) and the RAND Corporation held a ¿strategic dialogue¿ in New Delhi. The meeting brought together scholars, diplomats, and functionaries from the governments of India and the United States to discuss policy issues important to both countries. This report , which summarizes the discussions, should be of interest to high-level policy makers in the Indian and US governments, as well as

India-US-Australia Defence Cooperation
May 25, 2011

India-US-Australia Defence Cooperation

A roundtable on India-US-Australia cooperation at ORF revolved around issues that are of common interests to all three countries, such as maritime security and cooperation, piracy and disaster management among other issues.

Indian Army's year of technological advancement in 2024
Feb 03, 2024

Indian Army's year of technological advancement in 2024

While the Indian Army’s emphasis on integrating advanced tools reflects a proactive response to evolving challenges, a broader transformation warran

Indian Defence Procurement: Righting the Ship
Feb 10, 2021

Indian Defence Procurement: Righting the Ship

This brief examines India’s defence procurement record for fundamental platforms, weapons, and systems, as well as planned acquisitions and projects under development. The new Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP 2020) assumes greater salience not only against India’s chequered acquisition history, but also the increasingly constrained resource environment and deteriorating regional security scenario. The brief offers a set of broad recommendat

Indian fishing is in troubled waters?
Jul 27, 2012

Indian fishing is in troubled waters?

Maritime security concerns of nations, big and small, are for real. Livelihood issues too are for real. Neither can be compromised in the face of the other.

Indian Foreign Minister Jaishankar Goes to Russia
Nov 12, 2022

Indian Foreign Minister Jaishankar Goes to Russia

New Delhi’s relations with Moscow continue to be good, but the long-term prognosis is complicated, especially by China.

Indian investments in Africa: Scale, trends, and policy recommendations
May 24, 2017

Indian investments in Africa: Scale, trends, and policy recommendations

Indian investments in Africa, from both public and private sector entities, have increased considerably in the last decade. Yet despite the growing importance of Indian investments in Africa, only a few empirical studies have been carried out on the subject. This paper undertakes a disaggregated analysis of Indian foreign direct investment outflows to Africa from 2008 to 2016, and presents three main findings. First, it confirms earlier analyses

Indian startup ecosystem: Sunrise sectors and social entrepreneurship on the horizon
Feb 21, 2023

Indian startup ecosystem: Sunrise sectors and social entrepreneurship on the horizon

While significant steps have been taken in recent years to boost the startup ecosystem, a lot more still needs to be done for India to emerge as a glo

Indian TechFin: क्या हमारे पास उपलब्ध नियम-क़ायदे पर्याप्त हैं?
Dec 28, 2022

Indian TechFin: क्या हमारे पास उपलब्ध नियम-क़ायदे पर्याप्त हैं?

भारतीय टेकफिन के उत्थान ने विनियामक चुनौतियां पेश की हैं

India–EU TTC meet: Amping up the strategic partnership
May 24, 2023

India–EU TTC meet: Amping up the strategic partnership

The TTC will enable India and the EU to add heft to their strategic partnership and showcase their strengths and policy outlooks on issues of mutual i

India–Saudi Arabia military cooperation takes a step forward
Feb 22, 2022

India–Saudi Arabia military cooperation takes a step forward

Even though India has little to offer in comparison to other countries in terms of defence technology, it can aspire to become a hub for cooperative d

India’s ASEAN Challenge
Nov 17, 2022

India’s ASEAN Challenge

In the face of geopolitical turmoil and a Chinese exit, India must negotiate its Indo-Pacific trade ties with caution

India’s balancing act between Russia and the US amidst growing tensions
Feb 10, 2022

India’s balancing act between Russia and the US amidst growing tensions

India’s recent abstention at the UNSC indicates that it will continue to maintain favourable relations with both the countries whilst prioritising i

India’s defence outreach towards a fast-changing West Asia
May 02, 2023

India’s defence outreach towards a fast-changing West Asia

To protect its strategic interests in the Gulf region, India is expanding its defence outreach

India’s East Asia outreach shows its centrality to regional stability
Apr 15, 2024

India’s East Asia outreach shows its centrality to regional stability

New Delhi is trying to deepen ties to confront common threats but in-group differences pose hurdles

India’s Era of Partnerships: From Non-Alignment to Crafting a ‘New Balance’
Jan 26, 2022

India’s Era of Partnerships: From Non-Alignment to Crafting a ‘New Balance’

India is shedding its past diffidence in foreign policy matters and is making bold moves in crafting partnerships for a rules-based, democratic intern

India’s expanding programme of joint military exercises
Dec 22, 2022

India’s expanding programme of joint military exercises

In recent times, India has extensively expanded its security partnerships. But will this kind of security cooperation suffice for India’s requiremen

India’s Foreign Secretary Visits Post-Coup Myanmar
Jan 03, 2022

India’s Foreign Secretary Visits Post-Coup Myanmar

Given the geopolitical and security interests, India cannot afford to ignore or isolate Myanmar.

India’s infrastructure challenges: Domestic constraints and geopolitical opportunities
Sep 29, 2017

India’s infrastructure challenges: Domestic constraints and geopolitical opportunities

With $100 trillion in international long-term capital available for investment, there is no dearth of funding that can be tapped into, to bring India�

India’s Intelligence Agencies: In Need of Reform and Oversight
Sep 13, 2023

India’s Intelligence Agencies: In Need of Reform and Oversight

This report draws from the conference on the Future Challenges to India's Intelligence System organised by ORF in February 2015. What tasks face India's intelligence agencies in implementing reforms in order to address the more complex national security threats confronting the country today?

India’s Irritation With China Grows
Aug 30, 2022

India’s Irritation With China Grows

The Indian and Chinese diplomatic missions in Sri Lanka sparred on social media over the visit of a Chinese military research vessel to the island nation.

India’s Latest Concerns With the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor
Aug 10, 2022

India’s Latest Concerns With the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor

India has raised objections to the possibility of China and Pakistan involving third countries in the CPEC.

India’s leadership in green hydrogen will be decided by its leadership in the electrolyser
May 24, 2022

India’s leadership in green hydrogen will be decided by its leadership in the electrolyser

The manufacturing of electrolysers remains crucial for India’s aim to become the global hub for GH.

India’s major power gambit
Oct 04, 2019

India’s major power gambit

Global trends are evolving rapidly and major powers are re-defining their ties with each other to match their contemporary requirements. In light of these trends, New Delhi will also have to be diplomatically nimble as it seeks to engage major powers more substantively.

India’s Maritime Agenda Pivots to Western Indian Ocean
Aug 16, 2023

India’s Maritime Agenda Pivots to Western Indian Ocean

The Western Indian Ocean Region (WIOR) is linked to India in several ways, yet it remains conspicuous in its absence from India’s foreign policy discourse. This lack of attention is now beginning to reverse as external players stake their geopolitical claims in the region. India has responded by reorienting its own nautical outlook towards WIOR and building friendly relationships with African countries that straddle the region. This bri

India’s maritime power is growing, but challenges loom
Aug 14, 2023

India’s maritime power is growing, but challenges loom

As India marks its 77th Independence Day, New Delhi is well on its way towards building strong strategic partnerships in the Indo-Pacific

India’s Moment in the Geopolitics of Oil
Apr 04, 2023

India’s Moment in the Geopolitics of Oil

Global energy markets have battled continuous uncertainty over the past three years, disrupted first by the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020 and 2021, and by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in 2022. India has been adept at navigating both these disruptions, using economic diplomacy to position itself favourably in the geopolitics of oil. New Delhi’s delicate balancing of its political relationship with both Washington DC and Moscow has been accompanied

India’s New Small Satellite Launch Vehicle Fails
Aug 19, 2022

India’s New Small Satellite Launch Vehicle Fails

Despite the failure of the August 7 rocket launch, the ISRO appears to be taking a determined but prudent path for the future.

India’s outreach to the Taliban: Engage, don’t endorse
Jun 08, 2022

India’s outreach to the Taliban: Engage, don’t endorse

India should not press brakes on its Afghan policy and should seize the important strategic and security opportunities offered by Afghanistan.

India’s Participation in the NSG: Capturing the Debate
Apr 27, 2015

India’s Participation in the NSG: Capturing the Debate

The paper examines how the Nuclear Suppliers Group has evolved over the years and the role the Group defines for itself. It also attempts to provide a more nuanced understanding of the consequences of India's NSG-membership.

India’s Place in the New US Indo-Pacific Strategy
Feb 24, 2022

India’s Place in the New US Indo-Pacific Strategy

New Delhi finds a prominent place in the strategy’s focus on Washington’s network of allies and partners across the Indo-Pacific.

India’s response to state fragility in Africa
Oct 27, 2017

India’s response to state fragility in Africa

New Delhi is increasingly positioning itself as a significant player in African peace, security and development. Examining the question of how India responds to state fragility in Africa, this brief finds that India’s engagement is mostly transactional: working around, rather than on, sources of political fragility. Development and security interventions tend to operate in silos, but might change if Indian commercial investments are threatened

India’s Small Satellite Mission: Time for the Next Leap Forward
Apr 04, 2015

India’s Small Satellite Mission: Time for the Next Leap Forward

The paper analyses small satellite activities within India in various institutions and identifies the opportunities as well as the gaps.

India’s South China Sea policy has not changed. Now, as before, there’s no appetite to challenge China
Sep 16, 2019

India’s South China Sea policy has not changed. Now, as before, there’s no appetite to challenge China

India’s back-to-back moves to boost relations with Japan and Russia, particularly in security matters, appear to indicate it wants a bigger naval role in the contested South China Sea to counter a rising China. The reality is far different

India’s strategic unicorn in Chabahar
Dec 12, 2017

India’s strategic unicorn in Chabahar

The security dimension of Chabahar is based on a preferential approach towards Indian interests rather than one based on exclusivity by Iran

India’s tactfulness between Russia and the West continues
Jul 06, 2022

India’s tactfulness between Russia and the West continues

India remains consistent in its stance on the Ukraine crisis despite growing pressures from the West.

India’s Taliban dilemma: Diplomatic engagement and moral disquietness
Mar 24, 2023

India’s Taliban dilemma: Diplomatic engagement and moral disquietness

Taliban diplomats attending the course extended by the MEA should not be misconstrued as India’s overall approach towards the Taliban

India’s Taliban Outreach
Jun 17, 2022

India’s Taliban Outreach

Greater engagement with the Taliban will create new possibilities for India as other regional players such as China, Russia and Iran look for ways to step up their engagement

India’s unaddressed concerns from the SCO-RATS summit
May 26, 2022

India’s unaddressed concerns from the SCO-RATS summit

The SCO member states need to resolve their disagreements and divergences and build trust to achieve a peaceful, safe, and thriving Eurasia.

India’s Use of Force: The Missing Indirect Approach
Sep 14, 2023

India’s Use of Force: The Missing Indirect Approach

Why does India have so few available options to manage security threats? In crisismanagement, Indian policy-makers have faced all-or-nothing choices, either passivelyabsorbing provocations, or overreacting with massive mobilisations and threats ofgeneral war. In wartime, with the notable exception of the 1971 war, India hasgenerally fought to degrade enemy military capabilities rather than to achieve decisiveoperational effects. This paper argues

India’s ‘Act-East’ must satisfy ASEAN expectations
Jan 24, 2018

India’s ‘Act-East’ must satisfy ASEAN expectations

ASEAN states are keen to know if India is willing to take a stronger stand on maritime security in the Asia-Pacific.

Indications of industrial revival
Aug 19, 2014

Indications of industrial revival

On the job creation front, there is need for higher manufacturing growth and the creation of 'decent' jobs and not just menial jobs of security guards and peons as around 10 million people will be enter the job market each year over the next decade.

Indo US Differences over F-16: एफ-16 पर बाइडेन ने पलटा ट्रंप का फैसला; क्‍या है भारत की बड़ी चिंता?
Sep 14, 2022

Indo US Differences over F-16: एफ-16 पर बाइडेन ने पलटा ट्रंप का फैसला; क्‍या है भारत की बड़ी चिंता?

अमेरिका ने पाकिस्तान को एफ-16 युद्धक विमान को अपग्रेड करने का फैसला भारत के खिलाफ है. ऐसे में यह सवाल भी उठता है कि बाइडेन प्रशासन का भारत के प्रति क्‍या नजरिया है. क्‍या बाइडे