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Debt ad Infinitum: Pakistan’s Macroeconomic Catastrophe
May 31, 2023

Debt ad Infinitum: Pakistan’s Macroeconomic Catastrophe

This paper dissects the causes behind Pakistan’s ongoing economic crisis. The causes include dwindling forex reserves, the phenomenon of ‘galloping inflation’, a falling Pakistani Rupee, uncompetitive and undiversified export basket, burgeoning external debt, lack of fiscal prudence, debt distress, and a worsening business environment—all cascading to a balance of payment crisis. While austerity measures, appeals for loan rollover to debt

Decade-long detention: Rohingyas in Myanmar camps
Jul 01, 2022

Decade-long detention: Rohingyas in Myanmar camps

The international rules-based order has failed the Rohingyas who now have spent 10 years in Myanmar detention camps.

Deciphering China-Pakistan naval exercises in the Indian Ocean
Nov 20, 2023

Deciphering China-Pakistan naval exercises in the Indian Ocean

Pakistan’s maritime strategy in the Indian Ocean pivots around engagement with China. But the strategy also has a diplomatic dimension that should n

Deciphering North Korea’s nuclear strategy: A deceptive pursuit
Oct 13, 2023

Deciphering North Korea’s nuclear strategy: A deceptive pursuit

Pyongyang’s nuclear strategy operates within a complex global context and carries broader implications for global security

Deciphering the colours of India’s economic growth
Sep 11, 2020

Deciphering the colours of India’s economic growth

Can a system — where social security has traditionally been a failure — at all opt for the normative ethical principles of degrowth for the cause

Decoding India’s Priorities at the SCO: Connectivity, Counterterrorism, and Afghanistan
Aug 09, 2023

Decoding India’s Priorities at the SCO: Connectivity, Counterterrorism, and Afghanistan

As an emerging power in the current multipolar global order, India can use the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) to protect, promote, and project its geostrategic and geoeconomic interests. The SCO is also a platform for India to reaffirm its commitment to revive and deepen its centuries-old civilisational, spiritual, and cultural ties with other member countries. This paper explores India's priorities at the SCO, chiefly connectivity, coun

Decoding Khalistan’s playbook in the West
Jun 16, 2023

Decoding Khalistan’s playbook in the West

A policy response can be developed to counter the Khalistani threat to India and Western countries’ internal security and India’s relations with t

Decoding Rural Revitalisation, Xi Jinping’s New Priority
Aug 16, 2023

Decoding Rural Revitalisation, Xi Jinping’s New Priority

As the world grapples with uncertainty in the post-COVID-19 era, China appears to be focusing on bolstering its rural economy. China claims to have brought nearly 100 million people out of poverty since 2012, but the regime feels that unbalanced development can jeopardise the gains of poverty alleviation. The widening economic gap could also foment unrest in the rural areas. Additionally, the government believes that the reliance on grain

Decoding the Atlantic Declaration
Jun 22, 2023

Decoding the Atlantic Declaration

The Atlantic Declaration is a symbolic representation of the political will in UK and US to work together on critical areas and make this alliance rea

Decoding the Biden administration’s Indo-Pacific Strategy
Feb 19, 2022

Decoding the Biden administration’s Indo-Pacific Strategy

A dedicated Indo-Pacific strategy has been released by the Biden administration, showcasing the US’ long-term commitment to the region

Decoding the Rafale controversy
Oct 16, 2018

Decoding the Rafale controversy

The opacity in the Rafale deal only raises doubts, with its fallout on national security and the 'Make in India' programme.

Decoding Wagner’s challenge to Putin
Jul 12, 2023

Decoding Wagner’s challenge to Putin

The Wagner mutiny raises some uncomfortable questions about the President’s control

Deep fake, disinformation, and deception
Aug 25, 2023

Deep fake, disinformation, and deception

The adoption of generative AI in cognitive warfare poses a significant threat to national security

Deepening of India-Japan strategic and global partnership
Mar 23, 2023

Deepening of India-Japan strategic and global partnership

The official two-day visit by PM Kishida indicates that Japan seeks closer cooperation between the Indo-Pacific countries

Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020: Imperatives for Further Reforms
Feb 04, 2021

Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020: Imperatives for Further Reforms

The Ministry of Defence released the Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020 (DAP 2020) in September last year, in a move to further streamline the procurement process and provide a boost to indigenous arms manufacturing. This brief argues that measures articulated in the DAP—highly anticipated as it was—need to be complemented by additional reforms to create a robust procurement machinery that supports faster and cheaper acquisition as well as hi

Defence budget 2022-23: Securing India, pursuing self-reliance
Feb 01, 2022

Defence budget 2022-23: Securing India, pursuing self-reliance

Keeping in line with the security needs of India, the defence budget saw a significant increase. Will this be enough to boost defence research and dev

Defence Budget 2024 and India's deep tech leap
Mar 08, 2024

Defence Budget 2024 and India's deep tech leap

The government’s aim to facilitate deep tech investments to augment defence systems and security infrastructure is a step in the right direction

Defence budget : Long-term strategy needed
Feb 16, 2006

Defence budget : Long-term strategy needed

The emergence of Bangladesh as the new hub of international Islamist terrorism, insurgency in Nepal and Maoist militancy across several states, add new challenges to national security threats that India traditionally tackles. Despite these, India's defence expenditure continues to decrease in real terms and as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) every year.

Defence Budget and its discontents
Jan 24, 2023

Defence Budget and its discontents

Allocations made for capital expenditure must increase if India is to keep pace with China's rising military might

Defence expenditure: Going beyond the Budget
Mar 20, 2013

Defence expenditure: Going beyond the Budget

Defence needs to be viewed as an integral part of national planning so as to comprehensively quantify the overall requirement to meet our legitimate security needs and strategic aspirations.

Defence: Not really an ideal Budget
Jul 11, 2014

Defence: Not really an ideal Budget

Modi Govt's defence budget will only sharpen the divide between an increasingly assertive China and the Indian security establishment trying hard to cope up with the Chinese military modernisation programme. China's 2014 military budget is of $132 billion while Indian budget is of approximately US $ 37 bn only.

Defining the protection of ‘the public core of the internet’ as a national interest
Jul 19, 2017

Defining the protection of ‘the public core of the internet’ as a national interest

The norm to protect the public core of the internet, originally advocated by the Netherlands Scientific Council for Government Policy, can be operationalised in two ways. Both a layered approach and a functional approach to defining the public core of the internet provide productive ways to discuss safeguarding the functionality and integrity of the core logical and physical infrastructure of the internet from unwarranted state interventions. Thi

Demilitarisation of Siachen
Apr 05, 2005

Demilitarisation of Siachen

The Observer Research Foundation¿s (ORF) Institute of Security Studies hosted a roundtable discussion on the ¿Demilitarisation of Siachen¿, on May 4, 2005, at ORF Campus, New Delhi. The discussion was chaired by Gen (Retd) VP Malik, former Chief of the Army Staff.

Democracy: US needs a rethink
Apr 20, 2023

Democracy: US needs a rethink

Democracies have not always been true to the ideals they promote and it is precisely because of their ambitions that such ideals have taken a backseat

Democratising Technology for the Next Six Billion: India’s ‘Digital Public Goods’ Innovation
Nov 16, 2021

Democratising Technology for the Next Six Billion: India’s ‘Digital Public Goods’ Innovation

Access to, and development of indigenous digital platforms and cutting-edge technologies is imperative for robust socio-economic development and national security. In turn, such process needs to be democratised, and undertaken in a sustainable manner. India is a first mover in this novel idea of democratising technology and developing Digital Public Goods. Operationalised in the digital infrastructure called India Stack, India’s strategy aims t

Deradicalisation as Counterterrorism Strategy: The Experience of Indian States
Aug 04, 2020

Deradicalisation as Counterterrorism Strategy: The Experience of Indian States

Various Indian states have attempted to implement their respective deradicalisation programmes to counter radicalised thought amongst those identified as being at-risk, as well as those contemplating on joining, or are returning after having joined terror groups. Maharashtra and Kerala, for example, claim that their programmes are a success. Yet little is known regarding the structure of these deradicalisation programmes, their implementation, th

Determining India's engagement in Africa
Oct 15, 2014

Determining India's engagement in Africa

The manner in which to determine the relationship between India and Africa is two-fold: micro analysis and macro analysis. This includes focusing on economic and energy diplomacy, political and security engagement and pan-African projects and strategies, says Dr. Arndt Michael of the University of Freiburg, Germany.

Developing Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A dilemma for Delhi
Nov 21, 2022

Developing Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A dilemma for Delhi

When India first began developing the ANI in the 1980s, the defence and foreign policy establishments were not entirely in agreement

Developing the blue economy requires collaborative effort
Jan 03, 2023

Developing the blue economy requires collaborative effort

While pursuing growth of the sector, the environmental sustainability and social equity aspects must also be understood using science, technology, finance and innovation

Dhaka spillover
Dec 19, 2013

Dhaka spillover

Whatever be the academic arguments, the die has been cast in Dhaka for a definitive contest between the forces of progress and regression. The outcomes are likely to have a lasting impact on the subcontinent's political future and India's regional security environment. It is time Delhi's political classes paid some serious attention to the developments in Bangladesh.

Digi Yatra: Convenience at a Cost?
Jan 02, 2023

Digi Yatra: Convenience at a Cost?

Although the Digi Yatra aims to make airports future-ready, it does not tackle the real causes of congestion in airports

Digital Civics के माध्यम से ज़िम्मेदार युवा नेटिजन्स का पोषण!
Dec 12, 2022

Digital Civics के माध्यम से ज़िम्मेदार युवा नेटिजन्स का पोषण!

युवाओं को भारत के प्रभावी ‘डिजिटल सिटीजन्स’ अर्थात ‘डिज�

Digital divide: वित्तीय समावेशन में डिजिटल डिवाइड की पड़ताल!
Jul 27, 2023

Digital divide: वित्तीय समावेशन में डिजिटल डिवाइड की पड़ताल!

भारत में कमज़ोर और निम्न आय वर्गों का उत्थान सुनिश्चित क�

Digital is not always the answer
Jul 18, 2023

Digital is not always the answer

Digital currency alone cannot be a magical remedy for a nation's economic challenges

Digital Southeast Asia: Opportunities for Australia–India cooperation to support the region in the post-COVID-19 context
Feb 10, 2022

Digital Southeast Asia: Opportunities for Australia–India cooperation to support the region in the post-COVID-19 context

The accelerated digital transformation has provided India and Australia with ample opportunities to work together and in collaboration with other like

Dire straits: The Horn of Africa faces deepening crises
Jan 23, 2023

Dire straits: The Horn of Africa faces deepening crises

The international community must ensure that measures are in place to deal with the food and health crises unfolding in the Horn region

Displacement and surveillance of sex workers in India
Jul 29, 2022

Displacement and surveillance of sex workers in India

Regulations brought in related to sex work need to go beyond people who are forced into the profession to also be inclusive of the people who enter th

Dissecting the Centre–State tussle over the extension of BSF jurisdiction in states
Nov 09, 2021

Dissecting the Centre–State tussle over the extension of BSF jurisdiction in states

Cracks in the federal structure of India is witnessed as the jurisdiction of the BSF is increased in three states without prior consultation

Do internet search engines stifle human cognition?
Feb 07, 2023

Do internet search engines stifle human cognition?

India must act fast to mitigate the high risks, ensure that search engines live up to their responsibilities, and be transparent

Do no harm: Protect humanitarian private data
Oct 26, 2022

Do no harm: Protect humanitarian private data

Humanitarian organisations need to prioritise data safety and protection, especially in those regions where data laws are weak or non-existent

Does the UN matter?
Nov 30, 2004

Does the UN matter?

Does the United Nations really matter when it comes to war and peace in the 21st century? To ask this question when long promised reform of the UN seems at hand ¿ the report of the High Level Panel appointed by Secretary General Kofi Annan will be out on Thursday ¿ and India is stepping up its efforts to become a part of an expanded UN Security Council sounds heretical.

Doklam, Gipmochi, Gyemochen: It’s hard making cartographic sense of a geopolitical quagmire
Jul 21, 2017

Doklam, Gipmochi, Gyemochen: It’s hard making cartographic sense of a geopolitical quagmire

While India has been assertive in protecting interests it considers vital to its security posture in the region, New Delhi remain cagey when it comes to drawing lines on a map.

Donald Trump's generals: Why 9/11 will shape what follows 11/9
Nov 30, 2016

Donald Trump's generals: Why 9/11 will shape what follows 11/9

The President-elect Donald Trump has already confirmed that Lieutenant General Michael Flynn will serve as the next National Security Advisor

Do’s and Don’ts for India in Sri Lanka’s politico-economic crises
May 13, 2022

Do’s and Don’ts for India in Sri Lanka’s politico-economic crises

As the Sri Lankan crisis worsens with every passing hour, India could help the Sri Lankan state by extending further economic assistance.

DRDO seizes mislabeled autoclave from a Chinese ship: A nuclear opportunity for India
Apr 13, 2020

DRDO seizes mislabeled autoclave from a Chinese ship: A nuclear opportunity for India

The relationship between China and Pakistan has been a major hurdle in India’s membership to the Nuclear Suppliers Group.

Drone Terror Attack on Jammu Airport: A Deadly and Dangerous Dare
Jun 30, 2021

Drone Terror Attack on Jammu Airport: A Deadly and Dangerous Dare

There is a sort of consensus among the security agencies that this attack couldn’t have happened without the Pakistani army’s involvement.

Drones and India: Exploring Policy and Regulatory Challenges Posed by Civilian Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
Feb 06, 2015

Drones and India: Exploring Policy and Regulatory Challenges Posed by Civilian Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

This paper explores the ways in which UAVs are increasingly integrating themselves in civilian life, outlines the policy implications of this rapid proliferation, and identifies specific policy blind spots India must address.