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If Pakistan remains India’s problem, Taiwan will remain America’s
Sep 23, 2021

If Pakistan remains India’s problem, Taiwan will remain America’s

The US needs to alter its policy towards Pakistan for an enhanced partnership on the Taiwan front

If talks and terror can’t go together, neither can trade and terror
Mar 29, 2024

If talks and terror can’t go together, neither can trade and terror

Pakistan may want to normalise relations by bifurcating their “India policy” from their “Kashmir policy”, but this is no longer acceptable to

Implications of the INF pullout
Mar 08, 2019

Implications of the INF pullout

Although the INF treaty may seem outdated in essence, it was crucial in making the two powers — the US and Russia — accountable. The demise of the

In search of a coherent international approach to governing technologies
Oct 17, 2021

In search of a coherent international approach to governing technologies

If States cannot agree on legally binding rules, norms are the next best option for shaping State behaviour in cyberspace, but is that enough?

In search of a settlement in Afghanistan
Oct 15, 2005

In search of a settlement in Afghanistan

In the past few weeks, Afghanistan has received a stream of important visitors from western capitals that are in a position to preside over its destiny ¿ U.S. National Security Council Advisor Stephen J. Hadley, Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, British Secretary of State for Defence John Reid, and U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice.

India & Japan take recent shifts in their stride
Mar 23, 2022

India & Japan take recent shifts in their stride

Talks of a major rift were also put to rest by the joint statement, which largely hewed to India's stated position

India and a new Asian order
May 21, 2022

India and a new Asian order

India should join hands with Japan, South Korea, and Australia to collaborate on shared geopolitical and security interests so that it can counterbala

India and Australia defence relations: Towards a common vision of an open Indo-Pacific region?
Sep 21, 2019

India and Australia defence relations: Towards a common vision of an open Indo-Pacific region?

Despite differences that remain, there is clear evidence of growing strategic convergence by both countries in the security realm.

India and China caught in vicious cycle to secure the Himalayan heights
Feb 10, 2023

India and China caught in vicious cycle to secure the Himalayan heights

They can keep trying to match each other’s capabilities but that will only increase chances of war.

India and Counterforce: A Question of Evidence
May 14, 2020

India and Counterforce: A Question of Evidence

Even as India has had a long-running debate about many aspects of its nuclear doctrine, most importantly, its No First Use (NFU) policy, the country continues to maintain the NFU. This paper makes a critical assessment of recent arguments made by Christopher Clary and Vipin Narang that India may be reconsidering its NFU policy because of counterforce “temptations”. The paper dissects the evidence they present—statements made by mostly retir

India and Cyber Power: भारत की साइबर ताक़त और प्रतिकार स्वरूप ‘ऑपरेशन’ की अनिवार्यता!
Dec 28, 2022

India and Cyber Power: भारत की साइबर ताक़त और प्रतिकार स्वरूप ‘ऑपरेशन’ की अनिवार्यता!

नेटवर्क की सुरक्षा के लिए रक्षात्मक साइबर परिचालन अर्था�

India and France in the Indian Ocean: The making of a new strategic partnership
May 21, 2022

India and France in the Indian Ocean: The making of a new strategic partnership

India and France's shared maritime security and geopolitical interests in the Indo-Pacific encourage the two nations to strengthen their strategic mar

India and France: A joint step forward
May 27, 2020

India and France: A joint step forward

The signing of a Strategic Partnership in 1998 between France and India under President Jacques Chirac was the first step in a partnership that has gr

India and global trade governance: Redefining its ‘national’ interest
Dec 24, 2017

India and global trade governance: Redefining its ‘national’ interest

This paper considers and explains the shifts and consistencies in India’s engagement with structures of global trade governance beginning from the Uruguay round of trade negotiations in late 1980s. It makes three major arguments. First, that although India has participated actively in global trade negotiations since the establishment of the General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs (GATT) it was only under the present-day trade governance institut

India and Israel can be pivots in reglobalising Asia
Mar 28, 2023

India and Israel can be pivots in reglobalising Asia

In the face of growing regional uncertainty and global instability, India and Israel, with other partners, must explore and develop robust cooperation

India and Israel: Conflicted Friends Look to the Future
Oct 27, 2015

India and Israel: Conflicted Friends Look to the Future

India's ability to separate the Palestinian issue from Indo-Israeli relations could be tested in the future. As the security situation in Israel and the Palestinian territories deteriorates and Israel faces greater international pressure to negotiate an end to the conflict, it may not be long before Tel Aviv turns to New Delhi for diplomatic support.

India and Japan Hold 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue
Sep 20, 2022

India and Japan Hold 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue

The India-Japan engagement has been enhanced both on the bilateral front as well as in minilateral formats such as the Quad in recent years.

India and Japan: Changing Dimensions of Partnership in the post-Cold War Period
Mar 06, 2010

India and Japan: Changing Dimensions of Partnership in the post-Cold War Period

Indo-Japanese relations have witnessed a paradigm shift since 2000 when both countries launched a global partnership in order to address a range of issues affecting regional and global peace and prosperity. Systematic efforts made by the leaders of both countries since then have strengthened their partnership. Until very recently, their interactions were mainly limited to economic issues, but today they cover a wide spectrum of subjects including

India and Nepal’s Kalapani border dispute: An explainer
May 24, 2023

India and Nepal’s Kalapani border dispute: An explainer

Neighbours India and Nepal, who share an open border, have not always had the most amicable of relations, oscillating from one extreme to the other. One of their long-standing disputes is over the border area of Kalapani. This discord has the potential to disrupt the other aspects of their ties, especially in the domains of the economy and cross-border security. Further, if the two countries fail to arrive at a resolution to the disagreement, it

India and New Zealand Improve Ties with Jaishankar Visit
Oct 19, 2022

India and New Zealand Improve Ties with Jaishankar Visit

The deepening of India-New Zealand after a lull in relations is important both in bilateral terms and also within the wider regional context.

India and Pakistan - Bridging the gap
May 09, 2009

India and Pakistan - Bridging the gap

The First R K Mishra Memorial Lecture was delivered by Major General Mahmud Ali Durrani. He was Pakistan's National Security Adviser till January 2009. A former Ambassador to the United States, General Durrani has been closely associated with Mr RK Mishra, and Observer Research Foundation, in promoting peace and dialogue between India and Pakistan

India and the European Union: A relationship yet to achieve its true potential
Feb 08, 2022

India and the European Union: A relationship yet to achieve its true potential

Over 60 years of friendship, both India and the EU have maintained robust strategic relation;, however, in some critical areas, there is still room fo

India and the Global Commons: A Case Study of the International Solar Alliance
Aug 14, 2023

India and the Global Commons: A Case Study of the International Solar Alliance

This brief reviews the crucial role of India in global climate politics and highlights the country’s partnerships on sustainable energy in Africa through the India-led International Solar Alliance (ISA). The brief finds that, beyond contributing to climate change mitigation, India—through ISA, in particular—is helping ensure energy security and sustainable livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa by providing poor communities access to natural, ec

India and the U.S. can together make tech more accessible to all
Jun 20, 2023

India and the U.S. can together make tech more accessible to all

A strategic partnership of two great democracies will counter the rising influence of techno-authoritarians.

India bets big on Kashmir
Aug 31, 2019

India bets big on Kashmir

Why did the Indian government decide on this course of action?

India Calibrates its South China Sea Approach
Jul 19, 2021

India Calibrates its South China Sea Approach

India has historically taken a neutral position in the disputes along the South China Sea involving China and countries of Southeast Asia, even as the tensions have threatened the security in the region. In more recent times, however, there has been a noticeable change in India’s stance. This brief ponders this shift: the rationale behind India’s responses vis-à-vis the disputes, and their implications on the country’s ‘Act East’ and

India can provide a model to West Asia
Nov 22, 2007

India can provide a model to West Asia

An International conference on "Emerging Security Concerns in West Asia" was organised by ORF at its Rouse Avenue campus on November 21-22, 2007 in partnership with the Rosa Luxemburg Foundation of Germany.

India can't afford to lower its guard against Pakistan
May 30, 2011

India can't afford to lower its guard against Pakistan

Al-Qaida has put Pakistan at the top of its priorities. Its leaders judge Pakistan as the most vulnerable country for them to hijack, while independent estimates by security and intelligence officials suggest that Pakistan has the capability to add 8-10 China-model low-yield nuclear weapons in its kitty every year.

India can't ignore Rohingya Muslim crisis
Sep 15, 2017

India can't ignore Rohingya Muslim crisis

It demands New Delhi fulfil its obligations as a natural regional power and one lobbying for a permanent seat at the United Nations Security Council.

India Engages Myanmar
Dec 06, 2022

India Engages Myanmar

What explains New Delhi’s greater engagement with the country’s military government?

India expands diplomatic efforts amid border standoff with China
Jun 05, 2020

India expands diplomatic efforts amid border standoff with China

For New Delhi, the pressure from an unrelenting China is pushing India farther away — and leading it to deepen its security partnerships.

India has no ulterior-motives in Nepal, say experts
Aug 16, 2010

India has no ulterior-motives in Nepal, say experts

India's interests in Nepal have been to protect its own security, and that Nepal should have no doubt about its role there. This was observed during an interaction between a Nepali-media delegation and Indian scholars at ORF on 16 August.

India in the Indo-Pacific: A Kautilyan Strategy for the Maritime Mandala
Aug 14, 2023

India in the Indo-Pacific: A Kautilyan Strategy for the Maritime Mandala

This brief seeks to apply ancient Indian strategic thought in the study of the country’s contemporary maritime relations. It argues that India should shift its maritime strategy from a largely continental posture to one that focuses on the country’s maritime mandala. Using concepts from the ancient Indian political treatise, Arthashastra, this brief contends that a “return of history” via the Indo-Pacific, and re-emerging multipolarity, r

India is for global, broad-based internet architecture: Minister
Sep 03, 2015

India is for global, broad-based internet architecture: Minister

India supports freedom of speech and expression in Internet. But, security is equally important to India, and terrorism is a huge problem. Therefore, a secure architecture should recognise the role that the state can play, says the Indian Minister for Communication and Technology.

India is ill-prepared for the changing dynamics in Afghanistan
Feb 16, 2019

India is ill-prepared for the changing dynamics in Afghanistan

India has a range of interests to protect in Afghanistan. For far too long New Delhi’s reliance on Washington’s role as a security provider has been its major vulnerability.

India is still losing to China in the border infrastructure war
Oct 01, 2018

India is still losing to China in the border infrastructure war

Unless India accelerates the pace of the physical border infrastructure build-up, New Delhi will face serious difficulties in any future confrontation with China.

India learned valuable lessons from 26/11. But so have terrorists across the border
Nov 27, 2018

India learned valuable lessons from 26/11. But so have terrorists across the border

Worse, by attacking the social fabric of the country, the Hindutva groups are laying the ground for greater insecurity in the future.

India much advanced in refugee protection:  UNHCR CoM
Mar 12, 2013

India much advanced in refugee protection: UNHCR CoM

India is quite advanced in refugee protection as compared to many signatories of the 1951 Refugee Convention, according to chief of mission of the UNHCR, India. Even when refugee protection comes into odds with national security, India has managed to provide social security, education and medical security.

India must address Vietnam’s concerns in the South China Sea
Mar 04, 2018

India must address Vietnam’s concerns in the South China Sea

India must quickly come to terms with the fact that Vietnam’s concerns on the looming security crisis in the South China Sea will lead Hanoi to search for new partners.

India must be a regional power to realise its aspiration of becoming a global power
Sep 30, 2019

India must be a regional power to realise its aspiration of becoming a global power

The two most-important objectives of foreign policy is ‘security’ — both external and internal — and ‘economy’.

India must raise its Asian Game
Jun 21, 2013

India must raise its Asian Game

For a decisive role in the region's future, India must accelerate its economic growth, build a stronger security partnership with Washington, contain the boundary dispute with China, and strengthen ties with key Asian middle powers.

India need to be pro-active to strengthen relations with Bangladesh
Apr 05, 2012

India need to be pro-active to strengthen relations with Bangladesh

The fourth India-Bangladesh Security Dialogue, organised by ORF in association with the BEI, Dhaka, stressed on the need for the Indian government to be more proactive in the promotion of its ties with Bangladesh.