Search: For - sanctions

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Sanctions as a Weapon of War: The European Experience
Dec 09, 2022

Sanctions as a Weapon of War: The European Experience

The Russia-Ukraine war has raged for over 10 months now, and the expectation of an easy Russian walkover over Ukraine has been belied. The war is witnessing strong and determined resistance from the Ukrainian forces, with the support of Western countries through arms and other forms of aid, and sanctions against Russia. This report explores how sanctions are used in modern diplomacy and warfare, and their impact on the Ukraine war and the global

Sanctions on Myanmar will not work
Oct 18, 2007

Sanctions on Myanmar will not work

Observer Research Foundation (ORF) organised a brainstorming session on "Possible Approaches for India's policy towards Myanmar" on October 18, 2007. The meeting discussed a gamut of issues including India's Myanmar policy, sanction regime, the China factor, Myanmar's political transition, and international community's response to the recent uprising in Myanmar.

Sanctions only delay nuclear Iran
Mar 04, 2013

Sanctions only delay nuclear Iran

To understand the different aspects of the Iranian nuclear programme and its impact on the region, especially India, Observer Research Foundation, in collaboration with the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), organised a workshop on March 4, 2013.

America’s sectoral sanctions are against the Syrians
Feb 15, 2021

America’s sectoral sanctions are against the Syrians

Since America passed the Caesar Act which threatens sanctions on any third country that invests in Syria, countries have placed their plans to rebuild

Are Western sanctions against Russia working?
Jun 26, 2024

Are Western sanctions against Russia working?

Although Western sanctions have impacted Russia but not in the way expected.

Assessing the Efficacy of the West’s Autonomous Cyber-Sanctions Regime and its Relevance for India
Sep 09, 2022

Assessing the Efficacy of the West’s Autonomous Cyber-Sanctions Regime and its Relevance for India

Cyber-sanctions have emerged as a preferred tool for Western governments to deter cyberattacks emanating from their adversaries’ territories. As they implement such sanctions, however, these states face various challenges one of which is the difficulty in attribution. Moreover, the sanctions have only partially curbed the malicious cyber activities. Yet, the regime continues to expand, and many allies of the United States are emulating its prac

Beyond JCPOA — Secondary sanctions, projects and investments
Jul 20, 2018

Beyond JCPOA — Secondary sanctions, projects and investments

India has planned several oil and gas development projects, and pipeline projects in Iran. It is believed that the proposed investment for these proje

Can Economic Sanctions Replace Armed Forces in Modern Warfare?
Aug 17, 2023

Can Economic Sanctions Replace Armed Forces in Modern Warfare?

Economic sanctions are often seen as an alternative to war, but they do not always have the desired effect. This brief argues that for such sanctions to be effective, economic interdependence must be established, economic rationality must outweigh political ambition in the sanctioned country, and the message of the sanctions must be clear. Using the sanctions against Russia as an example, this brief contends that because of the interdepen

Decoding India's stand on international sanctions
Dec 17, 2014

Decoding India's stand on international sanctions

The Modi government's policy of engagement, rather than isolation of sanctioned countries, is very much in line with its predecessor, United Progressive Alliance, led by Manmohan Singh. However, like Singh, Modi too has refrained from speaking on the issue of sanctions.

Digital Ruble: Growing influence amidst sanctions?
Aug 01, 2023

Digital Ruble: Growing influence amidst sanctions?

As the Digital Ruble becomes more accessible, it promises to revolutionise financial transactions and reshape Russia's financial landscape

How US sanctions are fatal to Iran’s COVID19 fight
Apr 09, 2020

How US sanctions are fatal to Iran’s COVID19 fight

More than the inaction of the Iranian government, questions have been raised regarding the role of US sanctions in crippling Iran’s economy, infrast

India and International Sanctions: Delhi’s Role as a Sanctioner
Sep 26, 2013

India and International Sanctions: Delhi’s Role as a Sanctioner

Over the years, sanctions have emerged as a preferred foreign-policy tool for many States, especially in the West. Sanctions serve a number of purposes, including the application of economic and political pressure on specific governments with a view to change their stance on a particular issue. International organisations, throughout the 20th century, used sanctions to impose their positions. The League of Nations first imposed sanctions in 1921

India-Iran and the Easing of Sanctions
May 14, 2015

India-Iran and the Easing of Sanctions

India's deepening engagement with the states of the Gulf Cooperation Council as well as Israel could also moderate New Delhi's diplomatic ties with Tehran. India-Iran relations were at their peak during then Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee's visit to Tehran in 2001 and then Iranian President Mohammad Khatami's visit to India in 2003.

Masood Azhar: A critical look at the flawed sanctions procedure
Apr 25, 2019

Masood Azhar: A critical look at the flawed sanctions procedure

The ISIL (Da-esh) and Al Qaida sanctions committee, also known as the 1267 sanctions committee, oversees sanctions measures related to individuals, en

Myanmar: Right time to lift sanctions?
Nov 20, 2010

Myanmar: Right time to lift sanctions?

The imposition of sanctions was intended to effect political change inside Myanmar, albeit unsuccessful, in the first place. And because the issue is how best to encourage change, perhaps, it is the right time to lift sanctions as incentive for change.

New sanctions, old debate: The case of North Korea
Mar 13, 2013

New sanctions, old debate: The case of North Korea

The US threats and its troop presence in South Korea are alleged to have contributed to North Korean insecurity, but its drive to develop more nuclear weaponry cannot be understood without taking into account domestic dynamics. To bring about a genuine change in North Korea's behaviour, its internal dynamics will have to be considered.

Questioning the legality of unilateral economic sanctions
Nov 23, 2022

Questioning the legality of unilateral economic sanctions

Since the imposition of unilateral economic sanctions does not abide by international law, its use should be reconsidered

Russia’s Pivot to Asia policy in the wake of western sanctions
Mar 22, 2022

Russia’s Pivot to Asia policy in the wake of western sanctions

In the face of sanctions imposed by the West, Russia and Belarus look towards developing and maintaining economic and geopolitical partnerships with c

S-400 CAATSA sanctions ball in US court
Nov 18, 2021

S-400 CAATSA sanctions ball in US court

The US wants to grab a major share of the Indian defence hardware market. But any imposition of sanctions will dampen chances of defence cooperation gaining further traction

The Central Asian countries’ response to anti-Russian sanctions
May 26, 2022

The Central Asian countries’ response to anti-Russian sanctions

How are the Central Asian countries affected by the West’s sanctions on Russia?

The Economic Rationale for India to Maintain Ties with Sanctions-Afflicted Russia
Dec 18, 2023

The Economic Rationale for India to Maintain Ties with Sanctions-Afflicted Russia

Russia is now the world’s most heavily sanctioned country, with unprecedented punitive action targeting its energy exports, central bank, and other sectors. Given Russia’s economic resilience amid such economic restrictions and India’s dependence on Russia for its defence and energy requirements, this issue brief highlights the economic rationale for New Delhi to maintain existing trade ties with Moscow despite continued geopolitical pressu

The Russia-Ukraine Conflict and Sanctions: An Assessment of the Economic and Political Impacts
Oct 21, 2022

The Russia-Ukraine Conflict and Sanctions: An Assessment of the Economic and Political Impacts

In the modern era, sanctions measures have evolved into a major policy instrument, and their usage has increased rapidly since the end of the Cold War. Sanctions have been used by the US and the European Union extensively since 2014 in the context of the Russia-Ukraine conflict, with a new set of sharp and comprehensive sanctions implemented following the Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. This paper examines the political and economic

The Russia-Ukraine War, Economic Sanctions, and Global Headwinds
Jul 22, 2022

The Russia-Ukraine War, Economic Sanctions, and Global Headwinds

The negative impact of the Russia-Ukraine war and attendant economic sanctions have been seen in different parts of the world, raising a new set of ch

The Ukraine war, sanctions, and the resilient Russian economy
Feb 26, 2023

The Ukraine war, sanctions, and the resilient Russian economy

The Russian economy has shown resilience in the face of being the most sanctioned country in the world

The US sanctions Russia: The “thousand cuts” tactic inflicts collateral damage
Mar 16, 2022

The US sanctions Russia: The “thousand cuts” tactic inflicts collateral damage

The sanctions imposed on Russia is weighing down the global economy as supply chains are affected.

Unilateral Economic Sanctions: एकतरफ़ा आर्थिक प्रतिबंधों की वैधता पर उठते सवाल!
Jul 28, 2023

Unilateral Economic Sanctions: एकतरफ़ा आर्थिक प्रतिबंधों की वैधता पर उठते सवाल!

एकतरफा आर्थिक प्रतिबंध लगाना चूंकि अंतर्राष्ट्रीय क़ान

Unilateral Economic Sanctions: एकतरफ़ा आर्थिक प्रतिबंधों की वैधता पर उठते सवाल!
Nov 29, 2022

Unilateral Economic Sanctions: एकतरफ़ा आर्थिक प्रतिबंधों की वैधता पर उठते सवाल!

एकतरफा आर्थिक प्रतिबंध लगाना चूंकि अंतर्राष्ट्रीय क़ान

US sanctions on Pakistan and their failure as strategic deterrent
Aug 21, 2023

US sanctions on Pakistan and their failure as strategic deterrent

The US has subjected Pakistan to a unilateral sanctions regime at several crucial junctures in the history of their bilateral ties. Though the reasons for cutting off economic and military aid to Pakistan have been contingent on strategic exigencies prevalent at different points in time and therefore not singular, countering Pakistan’s nuclear ambitions has been a recurring theme. It is widely believed that these sanctions have not been able to

US Secondary Sanctions and Petroleum Imports: Safeguarding India’s Energy Security
Apr 06, 2022

US Secondary Sanctions and Petroleum Imports: Safeguarding India’s Energy Security

The drastic and sudden drop in Venezuelan and Iranian oil exports to India in 2019-2020, due to the looming threat of US secondary sanctions, is the latest supply chain disruption to India’s energy security. To avoid similar disruptions in the future, India must act decisively to increase its Strategic Petroleum Reserves to meet at least 90 days of emergency oil stocks, and combine lobbying efforts between India’s private and public oil compa

US secondary sanctions: Framing an appropriate response for India
Jan 07, 2019

US secondary sanctions: Framing an appropriate response for India

Sanctions, a mechanism to penalise international legal violations, usually prohibit nationals of the “sanctioning country” from engaging in specified activities with the “targeted country.” Secondary or extraterritorial sanctions, on the other hand, penalise third-country individuals and companies for dealing with sanctioned countries. Recent measures adopted by the US—the enactment of the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanc

Why CAATSA sanctions would be counterproductive to the Indo-US strategic partnership
Nov 30, 2021

Why CAATSA sanctions would be counterproductive to the Indo-US strategic partnership

As India’s strategic partnership with the US deepens, it is not necessary that India get caught in the crosshairs of US-Russia tensions

Why UN’s report and sanctions are unlikely to change Myanmar
Aug 29, 2018

Why UN’s report and sanctions are unlikely to change Myanmar

The UN report may not change India’s official position on Myanmar and New Delhi will continue its constructive engagement with the country

(Re)Claiming its influence: Russia’s role in Afghanistan
Jul 29, 2023

(Re)Claiming its influence: Russia’s role in Afghanistan

The coming months will see Moscow balancing its security and strategic interests in the Afghan region, along with attempts to expand its economic infl

50 years of Pokhran I: Revisiting India's peaceful nuclear explosion
May 30, 2024

50 years of Pokhran I: Revisiting India's peaceful nuclear explosion

India's nuclear odyssey should be understood through the lens of geopolitical tensions, technological ambitions, and ethical dilemmas