Search: For - poverty

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Poverty Alleviation and Political Primacy: The Way of the Chinese Communist Party
Sep 22, 2021

Poverty Alleviation and Political Primacy: The Way of the Chinese Communist Party

Nearly 100 million people are said to have been lifted out of poverty in China since 2012, coinciding with President Xi Jinping's reign as general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Indeed, closing the income gap is a stated goal of the 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-25) and part of the CCP's objectives till 2035. As resentment of the rich has grown, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic, Xi has encouraged the wealthy to embrace austeri

Poverty, Criminality, Extremism: The Interrelated Sources of Insecurity in Maldives
Aug 16, 2023

Poverty, Criminality, Extremism: The Interrelated Sources of Insecurity in Maldives

Maldives, or the Maldive islands in the north-central Indian Ocean, is widely regarded as a paradise by holiday-seekers from across the world. Yet, its own people are beset by severe issues of insecurity. This brief investigates the various threats to security in the island nation, primary of which is the massive income inequality. It outlines a political and religious history of the nation, and explores their influence in the current sta

Blueprint for measuring poverty: Insights from the capabilities approach
Jun 16, 2020

Blueprint for measuring poverty: Insights from the capabilities approach

Multidimensional poverty indices must consider crucial insights inherent in the capabilities approach propounded by Amartya Sen.

Focus on industrialisation to tackle rural poverty
Apr 04, 2012

Focus on industrialisation to tackle rural poverty

Why have the north-eastern States remained poor? This has to be looked into carefully. It has to do with inadequacy or inefficacy of development programmes for income generation. Why have some states like Bihar, UP and Chhattisgarh also not done well?

Growth must benefit all Better poverty-alleviation schemes needed
Dec 21, 2010

Growth must benefit all Better poverty-alleviation schemes needed

ON the economic front, there is much to cheer about with the GDP growing at 8.9 per cent in the second quarter of 2010-2011. There is now hope that the annual growth rate this fiscal year will be 9 per cent which means that India will be catching up with China soon

Harnessing Agriculture for Achieving the SDGs on Poverty and Zero Hunger
May 11, 2023

Harnessing Agriculture for Achieving the SDGs on Poverty and Zero Hunger

Agriculture remains the world’s biggest employer and the most important source of food and raw material for various economic activities. The fulfillment of a number of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is anchored on the performance of the sector. This brief examines the most crucial negative consequences of how modern agriculture is practiced, and how these will make it difficult for the world to realise the SDGs. Drawing on examples fr

How is urban poverty different from rural?
Nov 25, 2020

How is urban poverty different from rural?

The past practice of seeing all poverty in a rural light and applying rural solutions in urban conditions will not yield the expected results.

India can learn from Brazil's experiences in poverty alleviation
Oct 25, 2013

India can learn from Brazil's experiences in poverty alleviation

In Brazil, extreme poverty has reduced from 15% to 5%, poverty from 34% to 22% and Gini index from 69% to 54% in the period of 1999-2009. So, knowledge sharing between Brazil and India in matters related to public policy and welfare programmes is of high merit.

Japan has second highest poverty level among OECD countries despite being third largest economy
Feb 22, 2014

Japan has second highest poverty level among OECD countries despite being third largest economy

The challenges that Japan and India face are largely complementary and thus hold promise for enhancing ties. A robust India-Japan partnership will support and promote India's increasingly assertive and strong role as well as Japan's leading position in the east Asian region.

Social protection to mitigate poverty: Examining the neglect of India’s informal workers
Aug 21, 2023

Social protection to mitigate poverty: Examining the neglect of India’s informal workers

Social protection is crucial in tackling extreme poverty and ensuring equitable development, thus catalysing the transition to a more stable and robust economy. About 50 percent of India’s economy hinges on its informal workers, who comprise 90 percent of the country’s total workforce. Yet, these informal workers continue to be excluded from current social-protection schemes, leaving them with no social or financial safety net and trapping th

The zero-poverty destination comes closer
Jul 10, 2018

The zero-poverty destination comes closer

Much needs to be done and our destination is still several countries away — the 73 million Indians living in extreme poverty today add up to more than the populations of Thailand, France and the UK.

Understanding the Gender Dimensions of Energy Poverty
Jun 08, 2021

Understanding the Gender Dimensions of Energy Poverty

Among the estimated 1.3 billion people across the world who have no access to electricity, 70 percent are women. This brief discusses the impact of energy poverty on India’s rural women. As women are primarily responsible for securing food and energy for their family, they are the ones who are worst affected by the lack of access to clean and modern energy. The brief calls for a more holistic approach in research and policymaking on energ

Why a lower poverty line?
Mar 27, 2012

Why a lower poverty line?

According to the Planning Commission, rural poverty has declined faster than urban poverty regardless. If this is true, it would definitely have got reflected in better housing and sanitation. It would also have meant a decline in malnourished children and maternal death. But the census figures show a different picture.

Why our political parties romanticise poverty
Feb 04, 2019

Why our political parties romanticise poverty

A politics of hand-outs hasn’t removed poverty from India. It has embedded it even more deeply. Narendra Modi was elected to end this politics. He is now following it.

A case for inclusive wealth assessment of Indian states
Jan 04, 2024

A case for inclusive wealth assessment of Indian states

The Inclusive Wealth (IW) approach provides a more comprehensive analysis of wealth and development, essential for India's diverse and complex socio-e

Afghanistan and Turkmenistan: A model for regional economic cooperation
Jul 19, 2017

Afghanistan and Turkmenistan: A model for regional economic cooperation

Afghanistan and Turkmenistan fight against terrorism and radicalism by reducing extreme poverty.

Africa Monitor | Volume V; Issue XXV |
Dec 13, 2016

Africa Monitor | Volume V; Issue XXV |

EU has reaffirmed its commitment to a renewed co-operation with African nations beyond 2020, with focus on eradicating poverty & other roundups from Africa

Africa’s coup contagion: Factors driving an upsurge in military intervention
Feb 11, 2022

Africa’s coup contagion: Factors driving an upsurge in military intervention

Several factors aside from mismanagement, corruption, and poverty under democratic rule have led to the rise of military coups in the African continen

Agriculture trade rules must protect world's poorest
Sep 21, 2013

Agriculture trade rules must protect world's poorest

The viability and dynamism of the developing world's agriculture sector remains essential to secure success in the developing world's poverty alleviation strategies. The next ministerial at Bali in December must ensure pressure remains on developed nations to meet the aspirations of developing countries with regards to the global agriculture trade.

Amid heightened pandemic-induced inequity, an all-or-nothing fight for humanity
Nov 30, 2021

Amid heightened pandemic-induced inequity, an all-or-nothing fight for humanity

The zero sum game witnessed during this pandemic has deepened cleavages and widened inequality across the world

Angola’s honeymoon with China ends but will that end its woes?
Jul 26, 2022

Angola’s honeymoon with China ends but will that end its woes?

Will Angola be able to develop its economy by improving governance, rooting out corruption, and rebalancing its relationship with China and the West?

Attracting FDI: Look beyond retail and defence
Sep 30, 2010

Attracting FDI: Look beyond retail and defence

If the government wants to reduce poverty through FDI, then some fine-tuning in policies will have to be undertaken. FDI will have to be directed to labour-intensive sectors, especially from the unorganised sector. In Bangladesh, much of the FDI has gone to the garment sector which has enriched workers and reduced poverty.

Bharatiya Janata Party: Prisoners of the past or participants of future?
Feb 04, 2011

Bharatiya Janata Party: Prisoners of the past or participants of future?

Emotion, rather than substance, had been the vehicle of the BJP for spreading its reach. But times are changing and it would have been better if the party was talking of a new vision of India which lays out a roadmap for eliminating poverty and squalor.

Brazil’s COVID-19 response and regional dynamics
Aug 21, 2020

Brazil’s COVID-19 response and regional dynamics

Multiple social issues, such as rising crimes, poverty and lack of education have made it difficult to contain the spread of the pandemic and spread a

Break down the barriers to trade in South Asia
Mar 14, 2014

Break down the barriers to trade in South Asia

Enabling greater free trade and removing NTBs should be undertaken with the goal of not just regional integration and growth but also development of communities, employment and poverty alleviation across South Asia.

Bridging the global gender chasm in 2024: Need for more steam?
Feb 03, 2024

Bridging the global gender chasm in 2024: Need for more steam?

Due to unprecedented global crises, progress in bridging the gender divide has stagnated

Budget 2021: Does it provide for women’s health and nutrition?
Mar 08, 2021

Budget 2021: Does it provide for women’s health and nutrition?

The pandemic will lead to pushing 96 million more people into extreme poverty, with 47 million being women and girls.

Build forward better through nature in the post-pandemic era
Dec 23, 2020

Build forward better through nature in the post-pandemic era

The challenge is not ‘to build back better’ but ‘to build forward better’ where the nature and climate nexus lies within the development parad

Cashing in
Dec 07, 2012

Cashing in

The UPA's cash transfer scheme, delivering over Rs.3.2 lakh crore in subsidies and welfare programmes to the poor directly to their bank accounts, if executed well would not only reduce poverty faster would curb a lot of the wasteful spending that has fattened vested interests at all levels.

Chinese defence spending in the age of COVID-19
Jun 01, 2020

Chinese defence spending in the age of COVID-19

China’s mere 1.2% projected GDP growth for 2020 will undoubtedly pose problems for its recently declared defence budget, possibly leaving other crit

Controversy over GDP futile
Sep 04, 2018

Controversy over GDP futile

While it is true that the high GDP growth can mean that many more people are lifted out of poverty, it does not mean equitable growth. The rich have benefited a lot from the high GDP growth under both the UPA and NDA regimes. But very few poor have risen to high positions of wealth and power during both times.

Coronavirus pandemic and cyclone will leave many Indians hungry and undernourished
Jul 16, 2020

Coronavirus pandemic and cyclone will leave many Indians hungry and undernourished

Undernourished people with weak immune systems and those with co-morbidities are strongly linked to adverse COVID-19 outcomes.

Counting the costs: Child labour in the Global South
Jun 14, 2023

Counting the costs: Child labour in the Global South

To take advantage of their favourable demographic transitions over the coming decades, the developing and least developed countries (LDCs) need to add

Covid-19 and unemployment: Implications for child labour
Jul 31, 2020

Covid-19 and unemployment: Implications for child labour

Poverty is the root cause of child labour, which, despite being a priority for a succession of Indian governments, is yet to be eradicated.

Crisis in Niger: West Africa at the cusp of a proxy war
Aug 05, 2023

Crisis in Niger: West Africa at the cusp of a proxy war

Niger is quickly becoming a new flashpoint in great power competition as ECOWAS mulls military intervention in the wake of the coup in Niger

Dangerous reds
Feb 19, 2005

Dangerous reds

Although it would not be entirely false to suggest that Maoists have managed to capture the imagination of a large section of Nepalese society because of the widespread poverty and continued neglect by successive monarchs and political leadership, there are quite a few other, equally valid, reasons why Maoists have had a run of the Nepalese countryside.

Decoding Rural Revitalisation, Xi Jinping’s New Priority
Aug 16, 2023

Decoding Rural Revitalisation, Xi Jinping’s New Priority

As the world grapples with uncertainty in the post-COVID-19 era, China appears to be focusing on bolstering its rural economy. China claims to have brought nearly 100 million people out of poverty since 2012, but the regime feels that unbalanced development can jeopardise the gains of poverty alleviation. The widening economic gap could also foment unrest in the rural areas. Additionally, the government believes that the reliance on grain