Search: For - accountability

87 results found

COVID-19: The question of China and its accountability
May 07, 2020

COVID-19: The question of China and its accountability

It stands to reason that not only is an investigation into the issue a vital necessity, but also that such an investigation would be incomplete and la

COVID19: Taiwan, accountability and global institutions
Apr 10, 2020

COVID19: Taiwan, accountability and global institutions

Health crises may originate anywhere in the world, but the subsequent responses from the concerned countries characterise their roles as responsible c

Déjà vu – Failures in Intelligence & Accountability?
Jun 19, 2020

Déjà vu – Failures in Intelligence & Accountability?

While many will be content to lay the blame only on China, questions also need to be asked about the systemic shortcomings in strategic analysis and intelligence.

E-politics and public accountability over digital rights, with a focus on Latin America
Dec 29, 2020

E-politics and public accountability over digital rights, with a focus on Latin America

Governments and political actors must be liable for their performance and the virtual realm is not a playground anymore.

Health equity through transparency and accountability
Sep 25, 2017

Health equity through transparency and accountability

Healthcare in India could use the help of better data and analysis from both public health systems and private sector interventions.

Horizontal Accountability: The Quest for Effective Democratic Governance
Dec 12, 2007

Horizontal Accountability: The Quest for Effective Democratic Governance

Mr. Larry Diamond, Senior Fellow in Stanford University, US, spoke on 'Horizontal Accountability: The Quest for Effective Democratic Governance, at an Interaction of the ORF Chennai Chapter of the Observer Research Foundation, on 12 December.

Improving accountability in management of municipal solid waste
Feb 24, 2014

Improving accountability in management of municipal solid waste

While the civic agencies responsible for daily cleaning of streets and removal of garbage are not demonstrating the desired level of efficiency, many urban residents do not follow any of the waste disposal rules, making waste management increasingly difficult.

Judicial Accountability Bill: A step in right direction
Dec 26, 2011

Judicial Accountability Bill: A step in right direction

The Judicial Accountability Bill, looked at in a holistic manner, is indeed a step ahead to restore some of the fundamental values in the judicial bodies of the government -- integrity of the judges, transparency and independence of judiciary.

Judicial Standards and Accountability Bill 2010: Key Features
Jan 17, 2012

Judicial Standards and Accountability Bill 2010: Key Features

The Judicial Standards And Accountability Bill 2010 seeks to repeal The Judges (Inquiry) Act 1968 which was enacted with a view to lay down the procedure for removal of Supreme Court and High Court Judges, but does not contain the mechanism for it.

Machine-driven weapons need an international system of accountability
Feb 22, 2019

Machine-driven weapons need an international system of accountability

In the absence of clear norms on human accountability and attribution for autonomous weapons, we could see states like Pakistan deploy LAWS for operations outside their borders.

Manifestos as a Tool for Accountability: A Content Analysis of the 2004-2019 UPA and NDA Poll Manifestos
Aug 14, 2023

Manifestos as a Tool for Accountability: A Content Analysis of the 2004-2019 UPA and NDA Poll Manifestos

This brief analyses the manifestos of the Indian National Congress and Bharatiya Janata Party in the past four Lok Sabha elections. It introduces the concept of “falsifiability” to evaluate whether promises made in manifestos can be verified, to begin with; it then outlines the poll promises that are falsifiable across various sectors. The authors examine whether or not the promises were fulfilled, and if not, if they were carried aga

No solace in this quantum of accountability
Feb 26, 2013

No solace in this quantum of accountability

Deploying the "national security" argument against reform in the intelligence agencies is a fig leaf for defending cronyism, incompetence, inefficiency, and corruption. A proper regulatory mechanism can only strengthen national security, not weaken it. It is time to bring in facts and lessons from global best practices to this debate.

Pak accountability bill: More harm than good
May 19, 2012

Pak accountability bill: More harm than good

The Pakistan Accountability Act, moved in the US Congress this week, lacks the necessary coercive elements required to persuade Pakistan or to alter its strategic calculus in the context of Afghanistan. It very well realises its importance to the US for successful completion of the counter-insurgency campaign and sustaining troops.

Portends from Polls-2011: Performance and accountability
May 13, 2011

Portends from Polls-2011: Performance and accountability

With the decisive verdicts in these Assembly elections, and more Assembly elections slated in Uttar Pradesh and a host of others States before 2014 general elections, the voter has put Governments and leaders on notice, when it comes to performance and accountability.

Power and accountability
May 14, 2021

Power and accountability

Covid crisis won’t affect India’s rise. Forego partisanship, bring in expertise.

RBI versus the government: Independence and accountability in a democracy
Dec 07, 2018

RBI versus the government: Independence and accountability in a democracy

Conflicts between central banks and governments are embedded in the evolving discourse of every democracy. The recent discord between the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and the Ministry of Finance (MoF) is neither the first nor likely to be the last. Institutionally, once a disagreement between the RBI and the MoF crosses the Rubicon, the government has the power to overrule the central bank’s decisions. Moreover, such a structure is not restricte

The Uri fiasco and ensuring accountability
Sep 28, 2016

The Uri fiasco and ensuring accountability

There were serious lapses in following Standard Operating Procedures over the Uri fiasco.

Will the accountability court judgment end Nawaz Sharif's political career?
Jul 06, 2018

Will the accountability court judgment end Nawaz Sharif's political career?

There are two options in front of the former Pakistan PM — jail or self-exile.

#CyberSpace: सायबर विश्व महिलांसाठी सुरक्षित कसे बनवायचे?
Mar 14, 2024

#CyberSpace: सायबर विश्व महिलांसाठी सुरक्षित कसे बनवायचे?

कोविड साथीपासून देशातील महिलांकरता ऑनलाइन धोके वाढले आ�

'Lok Pal' does not mean it has to cover all Indians!
Jun 17, 2011

'Lok Pal' does not mean it has to cover all Indians!

The Government and the political and bureaucratic class should be sensitive to the cause professed by the civil society and acknowledge that absence of accountability and responsibility could lead to anarchy of a more militant kind.

A paragraph on wealth creation for Modi’s Independence Day speech
Jul 19, 2019

A paragraph on wealth creation for Modi’s Independence Day speech

Modi must ensure administrative accountability, redraft coercive laws and end the trust deficit to unleash an Entrepreneurial Revolution in India

A.I. Systems as Digital Public Goods: Exploring the Potential of Open-Source A.I.
Feb 08, 2023

A.I. Systems as Digital Public Goods: Exploring the Potential of Open-Source A.I.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems are showing promise in addressing the complex and interrelated challenges facing the world. During the pandemic, for example, AI voice enablement helped in broadcasting advisories in the vernacular and acted as a fact-checking tool. Yet, most AI systems are designed and developed in countries of the Global North. Policymakers in developing economies remain wary of AI systems, especially for use in soci

Accountable Tech: क्या जवाबदेही से जुड़े भारत के तौर-तरीक़ों को अमेरिका अपनाएगा?
Sep 13, 2022

Accountable Tech: क्या जवाबदेही से जुड़े भारत के तौर-तरीक़ों को अमेरिका अपनाएगा?

डिजिटल इंडिया उस बदलाव का शुरुआती बिंदु बनने जा रहा है जो

After the upgrade, can FM widen our smile?
Nov 21, 2017

After the upgrade, can FM widen our smile?

Bond issuers from any country can never have a credit rating higher than their country’s rating.

AI Governance in India: Aspirations and Apprehensions
Dec 06, 2023

AI Governance in India: Aspirations and Apprehensions

The Observer Research Foundation’s first Tech Huddle was held on 23 November 2023 and focused on the governance of artificial intelligence (AI) in India, highlighting the rapid growth and adoption of AI as well as the complexities associated with developing regulatory frameworks for it. AI governance is in its infancy, both globally and in India, and grapples with issues such as the explainability of AI systems as well as the embedded biases, s

AI standards and certification programmes in a competitive global landscape
Jan 30, 2024

AI standards and certification programmes in a competitive global landscape

Given the rapid pace of change in AI systems, the development of AI standards and certification programmes has become more urgent

Anna movement: Need for more probity
Dec 29, 2011

Anna movement: Need for more probity

By moving the Mumbai High Court for rent-exemption for the MMRDA ground, and at the same time paying up-front when compelled to do, Team Anna has showed what they are worth in terms of public morals and fiscal accountability.

Armed drones in Indian military: Can machines understand the rules of war?
Jan 11, 2023

Armed drones in Indian military: Can machines understand the rules of war?

Despite their growing usage in armed conflict, artificially intelligent unmanned combat systems raise questions of law, ethics and accountability

Beyond the ‘Lethal’ in lethal autonomous weapons: Applications of LAWS in theatres of conflict for middle powers
Dec 21, 2018

Beyond the ‘Lethal’ in lethal autonomous weapons: Applications of LAWS in theatres of conflict for middle powers

Even as Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS) promise to revolutionise the battlefield, very little analysis moves beyond the great powers to examine the interests that middle powers may have in these systems. Shaped by their own geostrategic contexts, demographic issues and geography challenges, countries like India, South Korea, Indonesia or the Philippines may find utility in LAWS for improving the efficiency of their forces, reducing both

Big Tech and climate change: There’s more to it than meets the eye
Jan 12, 2022

Big Tech and climate change: There’s more to it than meets the eye

Is Big Tech using financial metrics and emission-based metrics to evade accountability?

Bull by the Horns
May 10, 2021

Bull by the Horns

To decisively fight the Maoists, India needs a culture of accountability at all levels

Can LTTE win or lose elections one more time?
Aug 03, 2015

Can LTTE win or lose elections one more time?

In Sri Lanka, whoever wins or loses the parliamentary polls, and whoever forms the government afterward, it's President Maithripala Sirisena who would be at the centre of all post-poll politics over the ethnic issue, political solution and 'accountability issues' of the UNHRC kind.

Caught off guard
Apr 02, 2019

Caught off guard

Accountability is needed for both past and present regimes

China is yet to restore status quo ante on the India-China border
Feb 11, 2022

China is yet to restore status quo ante on the India-China border

The lack of accountability and consensus on key foreign policy and national security matters has set India on a back foot in its conduct of the Sino-I

China’s belt and road initiative: Implications in Africa
May 10, 2023

China’s belt and road initiative: Implications in Africa

Over the last two decades, China has established a significant economic presence in most African countries. Its lucrative economic investment package, flexible political approach, and focused big-ticket development projects under the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) provide an ostensibly massive opportunity to African countries. However, the unilateral nature of the initiative, the lack of transparency and accountability to African countries, and t

Community Driven Development in Developing Countries
Aug 11, 2023

Community Driven Development in Developing Countries

This paper highlights the increasing importance of Community Driven Development (CDD) in the delivery of public services to the poorest sections and enhancing access, voice and accountability in developing countries. Community participation in the delivery of ‘public services’ to the poorest sections of the population in developing countries has often been regarded as an effective mechanism to enhance access, voice and accountability.

COVID-19: Between a smiling Xi and a tweeting Trump stands a lady called Merkel
Apr 24, 2020

COVID-19: Between a smiling Xi and a tweeting Trump stands a lady called Merkel

Not known for dramatic outbursts or playing to the gallery, Merkel’s moves will be inclusive and transparent as she clears space for accountability

Cyber Mercenaries: The Failures of Current Responses and the Imperative of International Collaboration
Dec 11, 2023

Cyber Mercenaries: The Failures of Current Responses and the Imperative of International Collaboration

Digital adoption, hastened globally by the COVID-19 epidemic, brought along with it both benefits and threats, including concerns of safety and security of the cyberspace. Current geopolitical dynamics, ongoing strategic and economic disputes, as well as attempts by authoritarian regimes to preserve power have allowed companies with malicious intent—known as ‘cyber mercenaries’—to develop and deploy offensive cyber capabilities. The tools

Decoding India's Abstention on UNHRC Vote
Aug 10, 2015

Decoding India's Abstention on UNHRC Vote

In what is being touted as a major shift in Indian policy towards Israel, New Delhi abstained from a vote against Israel at the UN Human Rights Commission. The UN human rights body called for Israel's accountability in alleged war crimes committed by its officials during the conflict in Gaza in July 2014.

Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020: Imperatives for Further Reforms
Feb 04, 2021

Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020: Imperatives for Further Reforms

The Ministry of Defence released the Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020 (DAP 2020) in September last year, in a move to further streamline the procurement process and provide a boost to indigenous arms manufacturing. This brief argues that measures articulated in the DAP—highly anticipated as it was—need to be complemented by additional reforms to create a robust procurement machinery that supports faster and cheaper acquisition as well as hi

Democracy: Debugging in process
May 21, 2021

Democracy: Debugging in process

It is important to harness informed technology so that we protect against and mitigate the very risks that are likely to play spoilsport in our attemp

Deploying open government data for AI-enabled public interest technologies
Jul 21, 2021

Deploying open government data for AI-enabled public interest technologies

This effort should begin with a demand-side assessment of the Open Data ecosystem via consultations with AI innovators at startups, domestic corporat

Facial recognition in law enforcement is the litmus test for India’s commitment to “Responsible AI for All”
Oct 17, 2021

Facial recognition in law enforcement is the litmus test for India’s commitment to “Responsible AI for All”

Responsible and ethical AI is premised on an infrastructure of trust; it is imperative that accountability and governance frameworks establish transpa