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Diverging US and Indian Approaches to Europe: The Problem of Ukraine
Aug 14, 2023

Diverging US and Indian Approaches to Europe: The Problem of Ukraine

The US-India strategic partnership is rooted in the Indo-Pacific region. Nonetheless, developments in Europe, such as the war in Ukraine, have implications for US-India cooperation. The Ukraine conflict could distract the US, diverting its attention to Europe, and impeding its efforts to build Indian strategic capacity. Differing responses to the war can also create tensions between the two countries, as the US seeks to punish Russia, and

Documentary ban: State using the law to hide the truth
Mar 13, 2015

Documentary ban: State using the law to hide the truth

Restricting the flow of information, either by stopping broadcasts or banning physical books, is today an analogue problem. Given the porous digital borders, the government would find it difficult to block the documentary.

Domestic Violence and Women’s Health in India: Insights from NFHS-4
Jan 21, 2022

Domestic Violence and Women’s Health in India: Insights from NFHS-4

Across the globe, more than 730 million women report ever having experienced some form of gender-based violence; those in low- and lower-middle-income countries are disproportionately affected. In the past two years, the COVID-19 pandemic has only increased the incidence of violence suffered by women in the hands of their intimate partners, owing to heightened stresses of loss of livelihood, disruption of social and protective networks, a

Dr. S. Jaishankar’s Africa sojourn demonstrates continuity in India-Africa engagement
Apr 18, 2023

Dr. S. Jaishankar’s Africa sojourn demonstrates continuity in India-Africa engagement

The regular high-level visits by diplomats to Africa showcase the importance India places on strengthening India-Africa ties

East to West: India’s migrant crisis looms large during COVID-19
Apr 20, 2020

East to West: India’s migrant crisis looms large during COVID-19

While India has numerous policies for social security when it comes to education, healthcare, skilling, food security and pensions — most of these s

Egypt's President Morsy Comes Calling
Mar 16, 2013

Egypt's President Morsy Comes Calling

These are not cheerful times for South Block in its dealings with neighbours or nations as distant as Italy. But there is a whole range of countries, in the Arab world which have traditionally been warm to New Delhi and who have been sending senior envoys to plead their respective cases and seek Indian support bilaterally and in multilateral forums.

Egyptian President Sisi's Latest Move: Germany
Jul 06, 2015

Egyptian President Sisi's Latest Move: Germany

Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi has been engaged in significant diplomatic activism since he took office. He has met with regional leaders from Saudi Arabia, Jordan and the UAE and has emerged as a key pillar in Riyadh's attempts to consolidate a Sunni bloc in the region.

Elusive Respite
Sep 20, 2004

Elusive Respite

Nepalese Prime Ministers generally prefer to call on New Delhi for their first foreign visit after assuming office. The urgency for Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba's visit was, however, accentuated by nearly a week-long effective blockade of Kathmandu imposed by the Maoist insurgents.

End in Sight to Political Crisis in Maldives?
Aug 13, 2010

End in Sight to Political Crisis in Maldives?

With the Opposition-dominated Parliament passing the Judges Bill and the Government coming up with a consensus list of seven Supreme Court Judges that too was passed, there is now hope about an early end to the constitutional deadlock that had engulfed Maldives over the past weeks.

End of the road for the Non-Aligned Movement?
Sep 30, 2016

End of the road for the Non-Aligned Movement?

The 55-year-old Non-Aligned Movement, a once powerful bloc of independent nations, is dying and nobody is sending flowers.

Energy News Monitor | Volume XVII; Issue 27
Jan 09, 2021

Energy News Monitor | Volume XVII; Issue 27

Hydrogen in India, coal block auctions — and other news and analyses from the energy sector.

Energy Transition Through Waste-to-Energy Projects in Peri-Urban and Rural Areas
Jan 25, 2023

Energy Transition Through Waste-to-Energy Projects in Peri-Urban and Rural Areas

Waste-to-energy projects in India have historically been city-centric. As cities are well-served by LPG and CNG distribution systems, the Bio-CNG produced has to be used for either fuelling urban public transport, or moved to rural areas at considerable cost. Distributed production and distribution of compressed biogas (CBG) from municipal organic waste in rural and peri-urban areas could be a cheaper option for local consumers. Such prod

Engaging youth to power the Green Transition
Feb 22, 2024

Engaging youth to power the Green Transition

By unlocking the youth’s potential, we build a more prosperous, healthier, and empowering future for them, for the nation, and for generations to co

Enhancing Access to Urban Climate Finance: Learnings from Four Cities in India
May 22, 2024

Enhancing Access to Urban Climate Finance: Learnings from Four Cities in India

This brief discusses the challenges faced by urban local bodies (ULBs) in India in accessing urban climate finance (UCF), and proposes solutions based on successful strategies used by some of them. The hurdles include institutional barriers and limited capacity. The brief finds that ULBs that have met with success in accessing UCF overcame the obstacles through early sensitisation programmes and global network connections. It offers plausible sol

Enhancing Trade and Development in India’s Northeast
Jun 17, 2021

Enhancing Trade and Development in India’s Northeast

The strategic location of India’s North Eastern Region (NER) offers ample opportunities for enhancing the country’s economic ties. However, supply-chain constraints at the regional level hamper the trade-growth linkages, as do trade barriers, social unrest, and inadequate infrastructure. Enhancing and improving commercial exchanges with neighbouring countries, such as Bangladesh and Myanmar, will strengthen bilateral and regional networks. Th

Enter the ‘DragonBear’: The Russia-China Partnership and What it Means for Geopolitics
Aug 14, 2023

Enter the ‘DragonBear’: The Russia-China Partnership and What it Means for Geopolitics

Russia’s ongoing war against Ukraine follows its annexation of Crimea in 2014 and its continued direct support for separatist activities in eastern Ukraine, marking a new chapter in Moscow's geopolitical approach. China's response and its overt diplomatic, financial, and economic support for Russia was also noteworthy. This brief assesses the contours of the new geopolitical formation (the ‘DragonBear’, a term coined by this author)

Escalate to deter the Pakistan army
May 05, 2017

Escalate to deter the Pakistan army

It is the fear of escalation, which the Pakistan army has masked behind bombastic threats, that India needs to exploit.

Ethics of A.I.: Principles, Rules, and the Way Forward
Aug 17, 2023

Ethics of A.I.: Principles, Rules, and the Way Forward

In recent years, different research institutions, government bodies, and private entities across countries have issued principles and guidelines for the ethical use of Artificial Intelligence (AI). There is little consensus, however, over universal ethical principles and how to implement them. What are the similarities and differences in AI ethics discussions across geographies, and what are the existing gaps? Crucially, if the larger goa

Examining India’s Interim Defence Budget 2024-‘25
Feb 26, 2024

Examining India’s Interim Defence Budget 2024-‘25

Presenting the Interim Budget 2024-’25 on 1 February, the finance minister announced an allocation of INR 6,21,541 crore (approx. US$75 billion) for the Ministry of Defence (MoD). Representing 1.9 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 13 percent of Central Government Expenditure (CGE), MoD’s new budget is an increase of 4.7 percent over the previous outlays. This brief examines the MoD’s latest budget and contextualises it in the curr

Experiments in Alcohol Prohibition: A Review of Maharashtra’s Chandrapur Experience
Aug 14, 2023

Experiments in Alcohol Prohibition: A Review of Maharashtra’s Chandrapur Experience

Maharashtra imposed alcohol prohibition in the Chandrapur district in April 2015. However, in 2021, the state government annulled the liquor ban as evidence indicated that the district administration had failed to comprehensively implement it, with several social and economic consequences that compromised the wellbeing of Chandrapur. Experiments in prohibition in India and the US show that it is nearly impossible for such widespread socia

Exploring Prospects for India-Azerbaijan Ties Through Connectivity Projects
Jan 22, 2024

Exploring Prospects for India-Azerbaijan Ties Through Connectivity Projects

Azerbaijan has become an attractive investment destination, connecting Europe, Central Asia, Russia, and the Indian subcontinent via the International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC) and the Trans-Caspian International Transport Route (TITR). Indeed, over the years, India has explored various options to enhance connectivity with Russia and Europe via Azerbaijan. This brief assesses how the Western Route of the INSTC and the TITR can improv

Exploring the Inequities of Climate Finance
Aug 14, 2023

Exploring the Inequities of Climate Finance

Over the last few decades, a global climate finance architecture has emerged to channel domestic and international funds towards climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts. However, mobilising climate capital at scale has been a challenge, particularly in the Global South, since the current financial system is inept at including climate change metrics in its capital allocation and disbursement processes, and applying a climate justi

Exploring the Metaverse: Challenges and Opportunities for India in the ‘Next Internet’
Aug 16, 2023

Exploring the Metaverse: Challenges and Opportunities for India in the ‘Next Internet’

The metaverse is a real-time, three-dimensional world that is accessible through Virtual Reality (VR) head-mounted display. Called ‘the next Internet’, the metaverse is multi-technology and incorporates hardware infrastructure with immersive technology, blockchain technology, computer vision, and ubiquitous interfaces. Globally, metaverse is still in the nascent stage as stakeholders work to figure out its innovative and practical app

Exploring the nexus: Cryptocurrency, Zakat, and terror funding
May 08, 2024

Exploring the nexus: Cryptocurrency, Zakat, and terror funding

Cryptocurrencies have transformed financial transactions and donations, yet the anonymity they offer has been exploited by terrorist organisations

Fear and loathing of cryptocurrencies
Mar 04, 2021

Fear and loathing of cryptocurrencies

Governments must realise that cryptocurrencies were created as a reaction to neoliberal policies and wholly strive to understand how the state can bui

Fighting against a pandemic: A long road ahead
Apr 15, 2020

Fighting against a pandemic: A long road ahead

The fight against COVID-19 has just begun. It will continue over time.

Fighting Future Wars: Preparing India for Conflicts in the 21st Century
Aug 14, 2023

Fighting Future Wars: Preparing India for Conflicts in the 21st Century

A nation-state—with its numerous institutions, actors, and daily interactions—is a complex system and it is a tall task to predict the future trajectory of any of its sub-systems such as the armed forces. What is certain, though, is that every sovereign state aims to have a military that is of the highest possible calibre. One of two paths may be chosen to achieve this goal: tying-in the military’s capability development with the ec

Financial inclusion is the key
Jan 16, 2015

Financial inclusion is the key

India's self-image needed a re-boot. This rebooting of India's 1.3 billion aspirations was conducted by the Prime Minister on the 15th of August last year. He did it with characteristic simplicity, by a simple call for "Make in India". Financial inclusion is the building block for unleashing the creative capabilities of this country.

Financial Inclusion of Women: Current Evidence from India
Aug 17, 2023

Financial Inclusion of Women: Current Evidence from India

Financial inclusion is critical to achieving the economic empowerment of women—one of the targets under the fifth Sustainable Development Goal on gender equality. In India, one in every five women lack access to a bank account. Although the country’s programmes promoting financial inclusion have increased the percentage of women having access to a bank account, wide gaps remain in account use, and access to savings and credit. Women c

Firebrand cleric scores above Iran-backed militias in the recent elections in Iraq
Oct 21, 2021

Firebrand cleric scores above Iran-backed militias in the recent elections in Iraq

Iraq witnessed a new political force stepping into power as Muqtada al-Sadr’s bloc emerged victorious in the recent elections

Fiscal restructuring and its impact on nutrition financing in India
Aug 24, 2017

Fiscal restructuring and its impact on nutrition financing in India

In 2015, the United Nations agreed to end hunger in all forms by 2030. While India has committed itself as a stakeholder in the 2030 agenda for development, its own record in reducing hunger has been less than satisfactory. Latest data from the National Family Health Survey-4 show an improvement in nutritional indicators of children under-five. However, there are huge differences across states and social groups. Nutrition should thus remain high

Five reasons for an unhappy India
Apr 03, 2021

Five reasons for an unhappy India

The picture about India’s happiness quotient presented by the World Happiness Report 2021 is quite disappointing.

Food safety during the pandemic—a matter of concern and opportunity to make it better
Jun 07, 2021

Food safety during the pandemic—a matter of concern and opportunity to make it better

On World Food Safety Day, we look at how COVID-19 has highlighted the growing concerns around food safety

For power-starved J&K, is transfer of hydro power projects from NHPC to State a solution?
Aug 17, 2018

For power-starved J&K, is transfer of hydro power projects from NHPC to State a solution?

The enlarged footprint of projects in J&K, with one third of its installed capacity being in J&K has earned the NHPC the local sobriquet of the new �

Foreign Fighters in Ukraine: The Indian Position
Aug 14, 2023

Foreign Fighters in Ukraine: The Indian Position

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has led to a full-fledged international armed conflict, and the Ukrainian president has issued a call to people across the world to join the country’s battle through the International Legion of Territorial Defence (ILTD). At the time of writing, 500 Indians have submitted applications to join the ILTD, and one is already in the force. This brief contextualises the rise of Indians fighting ‘foreign’ war

Foreign Universities in India: Lessons and Learnings from Global Experiences
Oct 20, 2023

Foreign Universities in India: Lessons and Learnings from Global Experiences

In May 2023, India’s University Grants Commission announced draft guidelines to allow foreign universities to establish operations in the country. This paper explores the potential outcomes of the decision by assessing the experiences of foreign institutions in China, the United Arab Emirates, South Korea, and Malaysia. The case studies highlight that only a few world-class universities are keen to establish campuses in foreign countries. As su

Forging China-Resistant Supplier Compacts
Aug 14, 2023

Forging China-Resistant Supplier Compacts

China’s approach to trade has stood impervious to change. It is time for a new geoeconomic approach to counter China. Like-minded nations can fashion rapid arrangements to grow the supply chains that matter most, such as for electric vehicles (EV). The US and India, plus Australia, Canada, Japan, Britain, Taiwan, Korea, and Mexico can form an EV supply chain compact to create a level playing field within the group and incentivise their

Four Walls and a Bubble: Coal and the ABC of India's energy security
Oct 27, 2014

Four Walls and a Bubble: Coal and the ABC of India's energy security

In all the hype and hyperbole about what to do with coal blocks, the plain fact is that the real danger lies in our coal reserves turning valueless for the country, of no benefit to the owner - the people of the land. They will be value less if we don't extract them before they turn un-burnable by climate action a few decades from now.