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Merkel's visit: A milestone in India-German relations
Oct 21, 2015

Merkel's visit: A milestone in India-German relations

After 70 years of being constrained, following its defeat in two world wars and being partitioned into East and West Germany, a unified Germany is today poised to be a great power again, having overcome its historical legacy of militarism, and the Holocaust. And German Chancellor Merkel's visit underlines the changed dynamics of the relationship between India and Germany.

Migrant labour crisis and the imperative of a robust national database
Jul 17, 2021

Migrant labour crisis and the imperative of a robust national database

From initiating schemes to aid migrant workers to deciding on budget allocations, information is integral to the development of effective state respon

Militaries, pandemics and leadership
Apr 10, 2020

Militaries, pandemics and leadership

To those at the helm of affairs and in the military, what leadership lessons do they derive from the ongoing worldwide crisis?

Missing the big stick in Kashmir
Aug 29, 2016

Missing the big stick in Kashmir

Theodore Roosevelt in his famous dictum “speak softly, and carry a big stick,” spoke on Pakistan Occupied Kashmir and Balochistan.

Moderate voter turnout rekindles hope in Jammu and Kashmir
Dec 21, 2020

Moderate voter turnout rekindles hope in Jammu and Kashmir

That the turnout is despite the sweeping constitutional changes and the harshest lockdown that Kashmir has ever witnessed in its troubled history is s

Modi picks up the gauntlet
Sep 14, 2016

Modi picks up the gauntlet

PM Modi becoming a proactive participant in the great game

Modi's Lexicon
Sep 03, 2014

Modi's Lexicon

Prime Minister Narendra Modi's fluent Hindi, through which he engages foreign interlocutors and the rhetorical instinct for catchy phrases, is helping expand India's diplomatic lexicon.

Modi’s Kozhikode masterstroke reflects maturity in Pakistan policy
Sep 26, 2016

Modi’s Kozhikode masterstroke reflects maturity in Pakistan policy

In his Kozhikode speech, Modi managed to underscore how Pakistan was going against the forces of history and how isolated it stood today as a result.

Moment of reckoning for India’s electric two-wheeler industry
Oct 28, 2023

Moment of reckoning for India’s electric two-wheeler industry

India can grasp world leadership in EVs, and the opportunity is at hand. It's the right time for policymakers and the industry to embark on this path

Monitoring India’s Development Partnerships: Recommendations for a Framework of Indicators
Aug 17, 2023

Monitoring India’s Development Partnerships: Recommendations for a Framework of Indicators

Development partnerships between countries are crucial in addressing policy challenges in the developing world. Cooperation between countries in the Global South, in particular—such as those that India engages in, under its Development Partnership Administration (DPA)—is heightening conversations around the demands of sustainability. Yet, India continues to lack an appropriate framework by which to assess its development partnerships

MPLAD Scheme: Need to work on loopholes
Mar 23, 2012

MPLAD Scheme: Need to work on loopholes

A study undertaken by ORF on the Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) found that there is a need to work on the loopholes of the scheme and take corrective measures for its better implementation.

Mumbai - A city of maximum contrasts
Jan 03, 2012

Mumbai - A city of maximum contrasts

For long we have been fed lies. Mumbai has no scarcity of houses and the key to the truth lies in using digital technology to unlock the city's housing potential.

Mumbai attacks: Time to Rethink CT Strategy
Jul 16, 2011

Mumbai attacks: Time to Rethink CT Strategy

The coordinated serial bombings in Mumbai on July 13, 2011, have raised serious questions about India's counter-terrorism (CT) policies which rely more on technology enablers and not as much on robust intelligence gathering and analysis at the local as well as national level.

Mumbai Metro 3 car shed at Aarey colony
Sep 18, 2020

Mumbai Metro 3 car shed at Aarey colony

The Maharashtra government should dispassionately conduct a rigorous cost-benefit analysis before committing to an alternative site for the Metro 3 ca

Mumbai’s dabbawalas: Victims of COVID19’s collateral damage
Jul 04, 2020

Mumbai’s dabbawalas: Victims of COVID19’s collateral damage

Mumbai’s quintessential ‘dabbawalas’, who fed lakhs daily, are seeking help to feed their own

Municipal bonds: A sustainable source of finance for Indian cities
Jun 10, 2020

Municipal bonds: A sustainable source of finance for Indian cities

There have been various factors that have limited the growth of the municipal bond market, but importantly it reflects the state of finances in the in

Municipal governance - The Indian narrative
Nov 25, 2014

Municipal governance - The Indian narrative

Municipal governance has once again taken centre stage in Indian polity. There is a current re-shaping of narratives within the national government to make local governance effective. It is realised that deficit in the delivery of urban services results in chaos, which forms the basis for citizens doubting the functioning of the local government.

Myanmar: 'Environment' in the changing environment
Jan 26, 2012

Myanmar: 'Environment' in the changing environment

When the world finding itself in a deadlock on the issues of environment and sustainable development, Myanmar is poised to enter a new era that could pave the way for economic prosperity without any significant negative impact on the environment.

Myanmar: India relations on upswing
Oct 20, 2020

Myanmar: India relations on upswing

The strategic location of Myanmar is beneficial for India’s economic engagement as well as physical and social connectivity.

National Asset Monetisation Programme – Nash Equilibrium vs Pareto Optimum
Sep 23, 2021

National Asset Monetisation Programme – Nash Equilibrium vs Pareto Optimum

Recent experience shows that there is ample global and local investor appetite for well-structured assets at valuations

Need for a holistic perspective towards India’s migrant workers
Sep 28, 2021

Need for a holistic perspective towards India’s migrant workers

The pandemic exposed and exacerbated the precarious conditions in which migrant workers survive in cities

Nepal: Is Biden’s win win-win for the Himalayan Republic?
Nov 25, 2020

Nepal: Is Biden’s win win-win for the Himalayan Republic?

The situation now seems to be ripe to reorient the relationship by instilling new foreign policy mechanisms that can be helpful for not only the US an

Nepal’s response to the Ukrainian Crisis
Mar 23, 2022

Nepal’s response to the Ukrainian Crisis

Is Nepal abandoning its non-aligned policy and siding with the Western bloc as it denounces the Russian invasion?

New energy in India-Saudi Arabia ties
Oct 31, 2019

New energy in India-Saudi Arabia ties

India and Saudi Arabia are re-defining their foreign policy priorities: For New Delhi, Saudi Arabia and the Arab Gulf states are becoming key interlocutors in the Middle East. For Riyadh, India is one of the eight major powers with which it wants to forge strategic partnerships as part of its Vision 2030.

New Maldives President: India’s Friend or Foe?
Oct 17, 2023

New Maldives President: India’s Friend or Foe?

It likely that Malé will remain sensitive to India’s broad strategic concerns around China, but will likely push also for closer ties to Beijing.

Nexus with politicians helping the PWG
Oct 13, 2003

Nexus with politicians helping the PWG

THE politician's lust for power is a significant factor that has allowed the People's War Group (PWG) Naxalites to grow and gain in strength. Routinely, several political leaders at various levels have sought the rebels' support to win elections. In April 2003, a local legislator in Warangal district went to pay "homage" to a PWG leader killed in a police encounter, Polam Sudarshan Reddy "Ramakrishna",

Now taking forward Brexit deal won’t be  a challenge
Jan 09, 2020

Now taking forward Brexit deal won’t be  a challenge

The elections reflected the public discontent with the political deadlock on Brexit, and Boris Johnson’s strategy of reinforcing simple and clear slogans worked in his favour, bolstering the Conservative Party’s victory.

O-RAN समजून घेण्याचा प्रयत्न: 5G च्या पलीकडे डिजिटल कनेक्टिव्हिटीसाठी ब्लूप्रिंट
May 09, 2024

O-RAN समजून घेण्याचा प्रयत्न: 5G च्या पलीकडे डिजिटल कनेक्टिव्हिटीसाठी ब्लूप्रिंट

O - RAN ची लेगसी सिस्टीमचे हार्डवेअर आणि सॉफ्टवेअर वेगळे करण

Oil, Ethnicity, and Insurgency in Nigeria
Jun 29, 2011

Oil, Ethnicity, and Insurgency in Nigeria

In mid-June, the oil giant Shell was forced to declare force majeure in its Nigeria unit excusing it from liability and contractual obligations due to sabotage by local militias on its oil pipelines.

On World Environment Day, Let's Reaffirm Our Commitment to Co-Existing With Wildlife
Jun 05, 2021

On World Environment Day, Let's Reaffirm Our Commitment to Co-Existing With Wildlife

Can we bring ‘nature’ beyond the confines of just protected forests into a city, while allowing the wildlife with it?

Onward to the Sustainable Development Agenda 2030: Will COVID-19 leave many behind?
Feb 16, 2021

Onward to the Sustainable Development Agenda 2030: Will COVID-19 leave many behind?

The multiple ramifications of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the lockdowns imposed by countries as a response, are being felt in sectors ranging from agriculture to healthcare. The global community must now hurdle massive obstacles to achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). To correctly assess the impact of the pandemic on global sustainability-driven concerns, it is important to understand not only the inter-linkages between the SDGs,

Optimising Urban Agriculture: A Pathway to Food Security in India
Aug 17, 2023

Optimising Urban Agriculture: A Pathway to Food Security in India

As global and urban populations continue to grow, and climate change threatens food security, it is imperative that cities—often the largest food consumers—contribute to its production through urban agriculture. Urban agriculture comprises food and non-food products grown for self-consumption or sale. Entrepreneurs, non-governmental organisations, and citizens worldwide are adopting new technologies to optimise production amid space c

ORF roundtable on Personal Data Protection Bill, 2018
Oct 12, 2018

ORF roundtable on Personal Data Protection Bill, 2018

Will data localisation — or a diluted mirroring requirement — serve India’s strategic interests as outlined in the Srikrishna Committee’s report? Moving forward, how can India build data ecosystems that not only feed back into domestic innovation but also protect user privacy at scale keeping in mind the interests of the private sector?

Pak Army's Second Kargil
Apr 13, 2004

Pak Army's Second Kargil

Waziristan last month ostensibly to hunt down al Qaida and Talibanelements has been a visible failure which could dramatically alterthe already existing fault lines in the force divided betweenloyalty to Musharraf, nation and religion.South Waziristan is one of the seven areas -Khyber, Kurram,Orakzai, Mohmand, Bajaur, North and South Waziristan - which wereclubbed together as the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)by the British who wanted

Pakistan Elections 2007-2008: Key Players
Jul 28, 2023

Pakistan Elections 2007-2008: Key Players

In November this year, the world will witness one of the most keenly awaited presidential elections in Pakistan with President Pervez Musharraf seeking a second term from the existing parliament without giving up his uniform. A few months later, in early 2008, will follow the general elections for the National Assembly. Contrary to perceptions, the road to re-election may not be smooth. There are chances that the situation in Balochistan and Wazi

Pakistan elections and PPP
Apr 15, 2013

Pakistan elections and PPP

Pakistan's PPP-led government failed to end the domination of the military over the government, much less bring the military machine, particularly the army, under the government's control. A huge percentage of the country's budget is allocated to the military.

Pakistan: Ceasefire violations could undo peace moves
Jul 18, 2014

Pakistan: Ceasefire violations could undo peace moves

The continuing ceasefire violations on the India-Pakistan border could become a stumbling block in the renewed attempts by the leadership of the two neighbours to improve their relationship.

Pakistan: On COVID-19 steps, Imran gives in to radical mullahs
Apr 28, 2020

Pakistan: On COVID-19 steps, Imran gives in to radical mullahs

COVID-19 has once again exposed the widening rift between radical religious organisations, their parochial leaders — and the government.

Pakistan: People’s protests unnerves deep state
Jan 17, 2024

Pakistan: People’s protests unnerves deep state

With protests breaking out across Pakistan, it has become clear that the Pakistan Army’s power over the people is eroding

Pakistan: Relationship with US deteriorating
Jun 28, 2015

Pakistan: Relationship with US deteriorating

The relationship between the United States and Pakistan is one that grew exponentially in the first decade of the new millennia. However, following the post-US drawdown from Afghanistan, the United States' relationship with Pakistan has hit a roadblock of sorts.

Panchsheel 2014
Jul 04, 2014

Panchsheel 2014

As an increasingly powerful China seeks to reorder Asia, Delhi must firmly locate China's Panchsheel campaign in a clinical assessment of Asia's rapidly evolving geopolitics and its consequences for Indian security. China is doing what rising powers, including the US, have done before. But Delhi appears a long way from developing an appropriate strategy to cope with Asia's new power play.