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Agnipath Military Recruitment Scheme: Embracing the Global Practice for the Indian Context
Aug 17, 2023

Agnipath Military Recruitment Scheme: Embracing the Global Practice for the Indian Context

The short-term military enlistment scheme, Agnipath, announced in June this year, is a radical departure from India’s past recruitment policies. This brief examines the military recruitment practices of other militaries such as those of the United States, China, Russia, and the United Kingdom. It finds that these Western militaries' adoption of short-term enlistment is driven by imperatives which may not apply in the Indian context. Ind

Agriculture 2.0: Harnessing agri-tech towards a US$5 trillion economy
Jul 25, 2023

Agriculture 2.0: Harnessing agri-tech towards a US$5 trillion economy

Galvanising inclusivity, data mining, and exchange and innovation initiatives under the Agriculture Accelerator Fund can help unlock agri-tech’s ful

AI economies of (hyper)scale
Apr 19, 2024

AI economies of (hyper)scale

Tech giants wield vast computational resources, fostering complexity and vendor reliance, underscoring the need for local capability development for s

Amidst global economic ruin, Indian story will be no different
Jun 09, 2020

Amidst global economic ruin, Indian story will be no different

National lockdown in four consecutive phases is already having a negative multiplier effect on the economy.

An explanation for Russia's interest in Syria
Aug 09, 2012

An explanation for Russia's interest in Syria

While Kremlin may be playing to a Russian audience by blocking the West, broader interests, namely, geopolitics, multilateralism, regional stability, and doubts about the feasibility of UNSC resolutions drive its actions in Syria.

An incomplete transformation: Multilateral development banks and the green infrastructure gap
Aug 17, 2023

An incomplete transformation: Multilateral development banks and the green infrastructure gap

The global effort to meet the targets set by the Paris Agreement on Climate Change and the Sustainable Development Goals will depend crucially on reforming the structure of development finance. Mobilising private capital will be an essential part of this effort, and existing development finance institutions, led by the complex of multilateral development banks (MDBs), will have to re-orient their strategies and functioning to prioritise this mobi

An Intellectual History of Modern Leftist Politics in the US
Aug 14, 2023

An Intellectual History of Modern Leftist Politics in the US

Left-wing activism amongst young people in the United States is on the rise, in no small part aided by the internet and social media. The generation which demographic researchers refer to as ‘Gen-Z’—or those born between the mid- to late 1990s to the early 2010s—is becoming more politically engaged. This brief offers an intellectual history of modern-day leftist politics in the US, and argues that it is primarily driven by the pur

Andaman and Nicobar can lift India’s maritime capacity
Jan 14, 2023

Andaman and Nicobar can lift India’s maritime capacity

The strategic location of these islands demands New Delhi’s full attention as it can open new vistas for India’s maritime strategy

Anna, Home-Grown-Terror, Sonia's Health And Other Stories
Aug 21, 2011

Anna, Home-Grown-Terror, Sonia's Health And Other Stories

The Congress, with luck, must have its leader, Sonia Gandhi, back soon or, in the alternative, find some way to keep together the flock which has grown accustomed to the apotheosis of a family. A simple way is to hold party elections, never attempted after the Tirupati session of the Congress in 1993.

Are India–Bangladesh relations at a crossroad?
Mar 25, 2021

Are India–Bangladesh relations at a crossroad?

The two South Asian neighbours — Bangladesh and India — share a common history, and linguistic and cultural heritage. Their strategic locations co

As India rebuilds its economy, it is time to make it circular and sustainable
May 28, 2020

As India rebuilds its economy, it is time to make it circular and sustainable

Circular economic model of growth offers India the roadmap for making ecological and economic welfare complement and sustain each other.

As Quetta bleeds, Pakistan must remember what is at stake
Oct 26, 2016

As Quetta bleeds, Pakistan must remember what is at stake

The attack in Quetta should be understood as an attack on the stability and future of Pakistan's economic dream project.

Asian-European Policy Dialogue 2013
Nov 26, 2013

Asian-European Policy Dialogue 2013

Observer Research Foundation and Rosa Luxembourg Stiftung recently organised the Asian-European Policy Dialogue 2013. The theme of the dialogue was local level politics, related policy areas and the role of the state.

Assessing Biden’s Climate Agenda: Bold Promises, Slow Results
Aug 14, 2023

Assessing Biden’s Climate Agenda: Bold Promises, Slow Results

The Biden administration’s climate agenda is a crucial plank to restore American commitments to climate actions and reinstate US leadership globally. However, the agenda has been slow on results. Although the climate fight has been linked to most other federal goals, such as economy, jobs, infrastructure, and procurements, the Biden administration faces both domestic and external challenges that continue to limit how much it can achieve

Assessing Co-benefits from Metro Rail in India: Industrialisation and Land Value Capture Financing
Jan 06, 2023

Assessing Co-benefits from Metro Rail in India: Industrialisation and Land Value Capture Financing

The report examines India's urbanization, highlighting rapid population growth, metro rail expansion, sustainable transport policies, and financing challenges, while assessing efforts in localization and revenue enhancement for metro systems.

Assessing the Merger of Delhi’s Municipal Corporations
Jul 20, 2023

Assessing the Merger of Delhi’s Municipal Corporations

In April, the Delhi Municipal Corporation (Amendment) Act, 2022, merged the North, South, and East Delhi municipal corporations into a single urban local body (ULB) called the Delhi Municipal Corporation. The unification is expected to lead to better service delivery, greater financial strength, economies of scale, and eliminate administrative duplication. However, the Act does not outline the functional and financial domains of ULBs and aspects

Atmanirbhar Bharat: Missing a focus on air pollution and climate change
May 12, 2023

Atmanirbhar Bharat: Missing a focus on air pollution and climate change

Will the government’s ambitious mission, ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat (self-reliant India)’ eventually prove to be a missed opportunity? Earmarking funds worth 10 percent of India’s GDP, the mission not only aims to respond to the devastating blow caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, but also to serve as a long-term roadmap to growth. It is largely hinged on business-as-usual practices, including providing a push to the coal sector, which may be under

Atmanirbhar package a feeble fiscal straw to sinking economy
May 29, 2020

Atmanirbhar package a feeble fiscal straw to sinking economy

India is staring at its fourth recession since Independence, first since liberalisation was initiated, and in all likelihood — the worst till date.

AUKUS and the Eastern Indo-Pacific’s Evolving Security Architecture
Aug 14, 2023

AUKUS and the Eastern Indo-Pacific’s Evolving Security Architecture

The formation of AUKUS (a security alliance between Australia, the UK, and the US) and its likely forward momentum in the near- and medium-term is certain to redefine the security architecture in the eastern Indo-Pacific region. Given the twin objectives of maintaining the balance of power and ensuring deterrence against China, several new initiatives and defence agreements between the member countries are on the anvil. The interface of A

Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav: भारत की विकास गाथा, विकासात्मक विरोधाभास और आर्थिक विकास की बदलती दृष्टि!
Sep 13, 2022

Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav: भारत की विकास गाथा, विकासात्मक विरोधाभास और आर्थिक विकास की बदलती दृष्टि!

 India at 75:  भारत के विकास (Development of India) की राह परंपरागत रूप से इस सोच के अनुरूप नहीं रही है. हालांकि, अब यह सोच बदल रही है. सरकार ने महामारी (Coronavirus Pandemic) की वजह से लगाई गई तालाबंदी (Lockdown in India) के �

Balancing IP and Competition Concerns in India’s Audio-Visual Content Sector
Aug 16, 2023

Balancing IP and Competition Concerns in India’s Audio-Visual Content Sector

India has become the largest and fastest-growing producer of audio-visual (AV) content in the world, with the highest number of hours of content every day. This brief discusses issues of intellectual property (IP) and competition in the AV content sector. Under India’s Copyright Act 1957, the owner of AV content is accorded exclusive copyright over their work, which includes the right to monetise. Effective copyright protection incentiv

Baluchistan on the boil
Jan 04, 2006

Baluchistan on the boil

Pakistan¿s largest province, Baluchistan, is again on the boil. Two rocket firing incidents took place in early December, 2005. The first incident involved firing on a helicopter carrying the Inspector-General of the Frontier Corps. In the second, a rocket was fired at a public meeting addressed by Gen Pervez Musharraf at Kohlu. These incidents appear to have provided an immediate provocation to launch an operation by the Pakistan Army and the F

Bangladesh: Warring Begums
Jan 12, 2015

Bangladesh: Warring Begums

The political situation in Bangladesh is reverting to the bad old days of hartals and blockades. Major countries which could influence the Sheikh Hasina government, including India, seem reluctant to pressurise her. India has been clearly backing her for the time being, knowing that the alternative could be worse.

Behind Gotabaya Rajapaksa’s threat to quit global bodies
May 21, 2020

Behind Gotabaya Rajapaksa’s threat to quit global bodies

President Rajapaksa has now chosen the local audience and delivered the message/threat personally — from the highest levels of the Sri Lankan state.

Behind the lines of credit
Mar 30, 2015

Behind the lines of credit

The Modi government must now attempt to transition India's economic engagements towards a more deliberate, durable and definitional framework. Well-administered LoCs offer a great avenue to do this -- and therefore must be given commensurate strategic priority and attention.

Bhutan PM’s visit: Special ties to be nurtured
Dec 27, 2018

Bhutan PM’s visit: Special ties to be nurtured

Bhutan is of great importance to India for its location as a landlocked country between India and China.

Bhutan: 'National Happiness', environment and the neighbours
Nov 08, 2012

Bhutan: 'National Happiness', environment and the neighbours

The landlocked Kingdom of Bhutan, which borders two Asian giants--China in the north and India to the south-- is some sort of a misfit in this tightly enclosed geographic space. Its two neighbours when compared to Bhutan are a world apart,

Bhutan: Pandemic and economic resilience
Apr 20, 2020

Bhutan: Pandemic and economic resilience

Tourism is the worst hit sector in Bhutan. The livelihood of 50,000 citizens depends on this or allied sectors.

Bhutan: Prospects of powering the sub-region
Oct 25, 2013

Bhutan: Prospects of powering the sub-region

Bhutan, the tiny South Asian country, is a power-house literally. Power constitutes the country's single largest export item. The Himalayan kingdom is located in one of the fastest growing regions of the world.

Bhutan: The new hub for regional cooperation
May 24, 2013

Bhutan: The new hub for regional cooperation

The little Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan, owing to its strategic geographic location, is turning out to be the new hub for regional cooperation in South Asia. Bhutan's hydro-power prospects are no secret.

Bigger, Not Necessarily Better: India’s Defence Budget 2022-23
Aug 11, 2023

Bigger, Not Necessarily Better: India’s Defence Budget 2022-23

This brief examines India’s defence allocations for 2022-23. It outlines the conceptual and definitional aspects of the defence budget, examines defence allocations from the prism of state of the economy and public finance, and explores the potential impacts of the budget announcements on the defence production sector of the government’s self-reliance mission, Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. The analysis also utilises a comparison of India’s mi

BIMSTEC and Japan: Exploring prospects for renewed cooperation
Aug 20, 2023

BIMSTEC and Japan: Exploring prospects for renewed cooperation

As the Bay of Bengal region continues to rise as an economic and strategic hub, there is increasing awareness of the role to be played by the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) in promoting growth, development and stability in the region. Having kept a low profile in its 20 years of existence, BIMSTEC is now being seen as a potential driver of integration between South Asia and Southeast As

BIMSTEC and regional security
Jan 15, 2021

BIMSTEC and regional security

Seen against the backdrop of geopolitical rivalries — and the lack of a common strategic vision among BIMSTEC members — it is hardly surprising th

BIMSTEC on the Cusp: Regional Security in Focus
Aug 16, 2023

BIMSTEC on the Cusp: Regional Security in Focus

The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) is standing on the threshold of a new inning, as it marks its 25th year in 2022. The past months have been momentous for BIMSTEC, as it adopted a charter at the fifth Summit Meeting in March to outline a clearer purpose for the organisation. During the summit, BIMSTEC rationalised its 14 diverse sectors of cooperation into seven core areas of inte

BIMSTEC: Rediscovering old routes to connectivity
Dec 04, 2017

BIMSTEC: Rediscovering old routes to connectivity

As BIMSTEC pushes for transport connectivity, it stands to gain from other, complementary transport connectivity projects that are emerging in the region. BIMSTEC can also take advantage of extant policy designs, and aligning its projects with the various national, bilateral and multilateral projects either ongoing or being planned. Given India’s key role in BIMSTEC — owing not only to its geographical location but also its capabilities — i

Bitter morning-after pill for new govt post elections
May 20, 2019

Bitter morning-after pill for new govt post elections

Severe inequality in the allocation of public finance is a primary reason for rural impoverishment.

Border Haats: A new horizon of revitalising connectivity and old bonding between citizens of Bangladesh and India
Mar 25, 2021

Border Haats: A new horizon of revitalising connectivity and old bonding between citizens of Bangladesh and India

Small initiatives can have a far-reaching impact in building a stable relationship between India and Bangladesh and also help resolve the gaps in bigg

Boston bombings: The challenges ahead for the US counter-terrorism policy
Apr 25, 2013

Boston bombings: The challenges ahead for the US counter-terrorism policy

Given the US's counter-terrorism experience and security threat, it is in its interest to come out of its earlier bureaucratic deadlock and view the threat of terrorism more objectively and work to enhance counter-terrorism cooperation with countries such as India.

Bracing up for ‘herd immunity’ against COVID19
Jun 19, 2020

Bracing up for ‘herd immunity’ against COVID19

India’s balancing act for safeguarding lives and livelihoods with generous lockdown relaxations is set to see a spike in cases and death toll before

Brexit Blues: Navigating EU-UK trade talks
Nov 24, 2020

Brexit Blues: Navigating EU-UK trade talks

The EU wants to make sure that the UK doesn’t walk away with all the benefits of remaining in the bloc while avoiding the bureaucratic challenges.

BRICS @15: From an economic to a strategic plurilateral forum
Sep 17, 2021

BRICS @15: From an economic to a strategic plurilateral forum

Critique of BRICS is logical and natural but can be unfair without careful examination of its evolution and contribution

BRICS and BRI: China Aims for Strategic Alignment
Aug 17, 2023

BRICS and BRI: China Aims for Strategic Alignment

China has twice broached the matter of expanding the membership of BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa): first, at the 2017 Xiamen Summit, and again, more recently, at the 14th BRICS Leaders’ Meeting in June 2022 convened virtually under the chairmanship of Beijing. With China and India locked in a stalemate along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), the Chinese proposal has raised concerns in New Delhi. This brief examine

BRICS rises
Aug 26, 2023

BRICS rises

Now with 11 members, BRICS’ decision-making by consensus will be that much more difficult

BRICS: An evolving forum with limitations
May 27, 2011

BRICS: An evolving forum with limitations

BRICS is an evolving process, and any exaggerated notion of it becoming a power bloc will be out of place. It might work towards "a multi-polar (or poly-centric) world", which a former Brazilian President had described as an important goal of BRICS, but in no sense it is a ganging-up against the US or the West.