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Rwanda’s COVID-19 Management, Vaccine Challenges and Lessons Learnt
Aug 19, 2021

Rwanda’s COVID-19 Management, Vaccine Challenges and Lessons Learnt

The lessons learnt from COVID-19 management and vaccine distribution challenges

SAARC 'A Non Starter
Dec 08, 2004

SAARC 'A Non Starter

SAARC conjures up an image of jamborees and no results. The South Asian Association of Regional cooperation with its seven members ( India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh) remains one of the most dysfunctional trade blocs and there is hardly any freedom of movement of goods, services and people. The next (13th) SAARC summit is going to be held in Dhaka in the beginning of January 2005.

SCO vs NATO
Jun 07, 2012

SCO vs NATO

For Indian Foreign Policy radicals, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, whose leaders are meeting this week in Beijing, is about an undying dream from the past - building an eastern bloc against the West.

SDGs and Structural Vulnerabilities: The Case of BIMSTEC Countries
Feb 21, 2022

SDGs and Structural Vulnerabilities: The Case of BIMSTEC Countries

This paper studies the case of the countries of BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) to investigate if progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) plays an instrumental role in addressing structural vulnerabilities. It finds that it does. Despite improvements in certain SDGs such as increasing per-capita income levels, improving healthcare, and providing universal

Sea6 Energy: World’s first ocean operating system for bio-sustainable products
Nov 06, 2020

Sea6 Energy: World’s first ocean operating system for bio-sustainable products

Traditional Indian agrichemical companies have always imported innovations from the West and introduced it to local farmers to enhance farm production

Securing property rights in India through distributed ledger technology
Jul 24, 2023

Securing property rights in India through distributed ledger technology

India registered rapid economic growth over the past couple of years, with the GDP growing 7.6 percent in 2015-2016. While economic activity remains buoyant, however, the country still has a long way to go. The government must capitalise on the current economic momentum and use it to accelerate its reform agenda. One of the areas requiring regulatory attention is the property market. Despite a push for reform through the Digital India Land Record

Securing Sea Lines of Communication in Asia
Jul 17, 2023

Securing Sea Lines of Communication in Asia

The Sea Lines of Communication (SLOC) in the Indo-Pacific are a critical enabler of economic development and prosperity in the region but receive little policy attention. In an era of geopolitical contestation, with regional powers reluctant to exert military effort in preserving exclusive access in ‘contested’ spaces, joint military endeavours remain largely confined to non-traditional areas of security. The COVID-19 pandemic, the war in Ukr

Securing Two Oceans: Bolstering India-Australia Defence Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific
Jul 21, 2023

Securing Two Oceans: Bolstering India-Australia Defence Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific

Countries such as India and Australia are redefining their Indo-Pacific policies amidst the growing belligerence of China in the region. The two have a common interest in stability, while standing firmly against any militarisation. Their willingness to partner closely with like-minded countries in the Indo-Pacific lays the foundation for stronger defence and security cooperation between the two middle-power democracies and Indian Ocean li

Security implications of climate change: The case of permafrost thaw
May 12, 2021

Security implications of climate change: The case of permafrost thaw

In addition to environmental consequences, permafrost thaw carries significant and multi-faceted security implications — direct and indirect, ongoin

Shoots of change: India’s agritech revolution
Jan 12, 2024

Shoots of change: India’s agritech revolution

Indian agritech is making impressive strides and expanding its global footprint, but it is still at a nascent stage and has penetrated only 1 percent

Should online sale of liquor and its home delivery be legislated?
May 12, 2020

Should online sale of liquor and its home delivery be legislated?

India is the third largest liquor market in the world with a present value of $35 billion and further to see an exponential growth of 22% by 2022 —

Slovenian children as pawns in the pandemic powerplay
Sep 14, 2021

Slovenian children as pawns in the pandemic powerplay

As the government flip flops between opening and closing schools, children are suffering from the confusion in policy directives

Slow, Not Steady: Assessing the Status of India-Eurasia Connectivity Projects
Feb 03, 2023

Slow, Not Steady: Assessing the Status of India-Eurasia Connectivity Projects

India’s robust economy has tremendous potential. But for sustained economic growth, it needs direct access to the Eurasian markets, backed by reliable, resilient, and diversified supply chains. Indeed, enhanced connectivity with Central Asia and the wider Eurasia is essential to promote regional stability and unlock economic opportunities for all countries in the region. This paper analyses the status of the key connectivity projects in the reg

Smart cities and GIS: Taking it beyond the pandemic
Sep 16, 2020

Smart cities and GIS: Taking it beyond the pandemic

The preparation of informative thematic maps and their integration with city portals can enhance public participation and communication.

Smart city making in India: Union budget 2020 and the way forward
Mar 04, 2020

Smart city making in India: Union budget 2020 and the way forward

The commitment towards local economic development, sustainable development, ease of living, etc. must be showcased by inviting reputed countries of th

Social Marginalisation in Urban India and the Role of the State
Sep 15, 2023

Social Marginalisation in Urban India and the Role of the State

Urban inequality is a blight experienced by many cities, even in the developed world.In developing countries like India, these social and economic inequalities become even morepronounced, with living conditions in certain populations crossing the line to the abysmal. Inthese cities, agencies responsible for addressing welfare concerns are unable to do so, as theythemselves grapple with a host of challenges. This paper argues that any positive tra

Social Media and Political Leaders: An Exploratory Analysis
Jul 21, 2023

Social Media and Political Leaders: An Exploratory Analysis

Politicians have always used the media to communicate with the electorate. What makes social media unique is the scale, speed, and minimal cost at which leaders can do this task. This paper analyses the relationship between political leaders and the microblogging site, Twitter. It provides a comprehensive and systematic analysis of the use of Twitter by two contemporary Indian political leaders—Narendra Modi and Rahul Gandhi. It describ

Social protection to mitigate poverty: Examining the neglect of India’s informal workers
Aug 21, 2023

Social protection to mitigate poverty: Examining the neglect of India’s informal workers

Social protection is crucial in tackling extreme poverty and ensuring equitable development, thus catalysing the transition to a more stable and robust economy. About 50 percent of India’s economy hinges on its informal workers, who comprise 90 percent of the country’s total workforce. Yet, these informal workers continue to be excluded from current social-protection schemes, leaving them with no social or financial safety net and trapping th

Some things are best left secret
Jun 23, 2015

Some things are best left secret

As signaled by the Myanmar operations against militants, the policy shift in New Delhi must be taken seriously. One can hope that it does have a salutary effect on the extremist elements within the Pakistani establishment and the jihadi organisations located in the Pakistan-occupied Kashmir also.

South Asia on land and sea: Old networks, new Links
Jul 19, 2014

South Asia on land and sea: Old networks, new Links

China uses history in imaginative fashion. This aspect is evident in Chinese expansionism over land and sea. Therefore, the challenge is often to locate South Asia within the broader configurations of land and sea, says Prof. Rila Mukherjee, Head of History of the Hyderabad University.

South Asia South Asia Weekly 32
Aug 11, 2008

South Asia South Asia Weekly 32

Ending the four-month old political deadlock, Nepal's Constituent Assembly (CA) elected CPN-Maoist Chairman Prachanda as the first Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. With 464 votes, Prachanda defeated his competitor,

South Asia South Asia Weekly 4
Feb 02, 2008

South Asia South Asia Weekly 4

Darra Adam Khel a semi-tribal town located between Kohat and Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) came under intense threat from militants when conflict broke out between militants and the Pakistan military in the last week of January.

South Asia South Asia Weekly 66
Apr 06, 2009

South Asia South Asia Weekly 66

Clock is ticking fast for the LTTE whose chief along with his son and some of his trusted colleagues has taken a refuge among the civilians in a No Fire Zone. Sri Lankan military intelligence has reported that LTTE's Intelligence Chief Pottu Amman has taken over the command of the dying

South Asia Weekly Report 77
Jun 22, 2009

South Asia Weekly Report 77

Local council elections in the Northern Province districts of Vavuniya and Jaffna will be held on August 8. Though President Mahinda Rajapaksa assured free and fair elections, the opposition wants foreign observers to oversee the conduct of the elections.

South Asia Weekly Report 81
Jul 20, 2009

South Asia Weekly Report 81

The so-called executive committee of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) appointed Kumara Pathmanathan alias Selvarasa Pathmanathan as the chief of the once dreaded outfit. There is intense speculation on where the executive committee is located.

South Asia Weekly Report 84
Aug 10, 2009

South Asia Weekly Report 84

The ruling Sri Lanka Freedom Party of the President Mahinda Rajapaksa recorded an emphatic win in the local council polls held in the turbulent northern areas of Sri Lanka. The elections, held just two months after the defeat of the Liberation Tigers of the Tamil Eelam (LTTE),

South Asia Weekly Report | Volume XIII-36
Sep 08, 2020

South Asia Weekly Report | Volume XIII-36

The talks must be viewed as an opportunity to transform the Afghan social and political landscape, by reflecting local voices – especially that of women, and other marginalised groups – in the agenda of the peace process.

Sovereignty in a ‘datafied’ world: A framework for Indian diplomacy
May 02, 2021

Sovereignty in a ‘datafied’ world: A framework for Indian diplomacy

New Delhi must avoid getting caught up in tired existing machinations and instead forge a new path for itself that prioritises Indian strategic intere

Sovereignty Vs. Sovereign Rights: De-escalating Tensions in the South China Sea
Aug 14, 2023

Sovereignty Vs. Sovereign Rights: De-escalating Tensions in the South China Sea

Competing maritime territorial claims in the South China Sea resulting in frequent provocations and standoffs are well-documented. China’s increasingly assertive stance over its claims has led to increased militarisation of the region, making it a potential flashpoint. To better understand the complex SCS question vis-a-vis the extent of, and jurisdiction over this maritime space, this brief explores the distinction between the principl

Space code debate and the right to self defence under Article 51
Jul 31, 2013

Space code debate and the right to self defence under Article 51

As efforts to develop an ICoC accelerate, states need to come up with constructive ways of debating this issue. We cannot let this issue become a stumbling block that impedes progress on the code as a whole, particularly when the immediate impact of the offending language is arguably neutral.

Sri Lanka: Impasse in peace process should worry friends
Oct 05, 2012

Sri Lanka: Impasse in peace process should worry friends

The current impasse in the peace process in Sri Lanka should worry friends of the nation, including India. Starting haltingly in the post-war months, the negotiations between the Government and the Tamil National Alliance (TNA) has been deadlocked...

Sri Lanka’s quest for strategic prominence in the Indian Ocean
Dec 12, 2016

Sri Lanka’s quest for strategic prominence in the Indian Ocean

At the Galle Dialogue 2016, Sri Lanka sought not only to stress its critical geographical location at the crossroads of important Indian Ocean sea lines of communication, but also to display a catalytic ability to spur regional collaboration in securing the vulnerable commons.

Steady, but Evolving: An Overview of Russia’s Migrant Labour Market
Apr 29, 2024

Steady, but Evolving: An Overview of Russia’s Migrant Labour Market

Russia has long depended on migrant labour. However, the COVID-19 pandemic, the conflict in Ukraine, and a devaluing Ruble have impacted migrants economically. These developments, coupled with institutional hurdles and rising xenophobia in Russia, have pushed migrant labourers to seek alternate employment destinations. Notably, workers from countries such as Kazakhstan, Armenia, Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine are swaying away from Russia, even as

Steel in Xi's message
Mar 26, 2013

Steel in Xi's message

A healthy respect for China's power under Xi and an appreciation of what it means for international relations, rather than romantic notions about building an Eastern Bloc against the West, must guide Indian diplomacy in Durban.

Steer a middle course
Mar 15, 2022

Steer a middle course

The millstone around Pakistan’s neck weighs down India too

Strategic and Managed Retreat as Adaptation: Addressing Climate Vulnerability in the Sundarbans
May 11, 2023

Strategic and Managed Retreat as Adaptation: Addressing Climate Vulnerability in the Sundarbans

Storm strikes are common in the Indian Sundarbans Delta on the northern Bay of Bengal and will only become more frequent and intense in this era of climate change. Every time a cyclone has hit the Sundarbans, the attempt has been to adapt in situ by creating protective infrastructure, and later return to the same conditions prevailing prior to the disaster. Such reliance on the notion of ‘resilience’ has become increasingly unsustainable and

Strategies for strengthening disaster finance in Indonesia
Sep 26, 2023

Strategies for strengthening disaster finance in Indonesia

Indonesia is highly vulnerable to climate change disasters and requires the integration of insurance and mitigation strategies as integral components

Strengthening municipal leadership in India: The potential of directly elected mayors with executive powers
Sep 04, 2018

Strengthening municipal leadership in India: The potential of directly elected mayors with executive powers

The question of municipal leadership is of great significance in urban governance in India. There are various models of the position of chief executive of an urban local body (ULB), predominantly tilting towards the ‘strong mayor’ model either through ‘presidentialisation’ of the office or through a ‘mayor-in-council’[1] system. In India, it is the ‘state appointed municipal commissioner’ model that holds sway, sitting over a popu

String Bio: Integrated methane platform for next-gen sustainable ingredients
Nov 09, 2020

String Bio: Integrated methane platform for next-gen sustainable ingredients

As the ecosystem evolves and companies mature, there are dire requirements for the next phase of innovation driven growth.

Sweden’s ‘Soft’ COVID19 Strategy: An Appraisal
Jul 20, 2020

Sweden’s ‘Soft’ COVID19 Strategy: An Appraisal

Many countries imposed stringent lockdowns in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Sweden, however, adopted a ‘soft’ approach of self-imposed social precautions without state regulation. This evoked extensive criticism within and outside the country, especially in view of its high death rates in comparison to its Nordic neighbours. The Swedish government, however, has been steadfast with its strategy. As countries emerge from lockdowns and begi

Takeaways for India from IPCC’s Assessment of Global Mitigation Efforts
Aug 14, 2023

Takeaways for India from IPCC’s Assessment of Global Mitigation Efforts

The findings of Working Group-III (WG-III) of the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) clearly highlight the global failure to scale-up mitigation actions to achieve the Paris Climate targets. Immediate and unprecedented action will now be needed to avoid catastrophic global warming in this century. The WG-III report details some of the policy actions needed at the global level to enable a sustai

Taliban 2.0: Stronger or Moving Towards Fragmentation?
Sep 07, 2023

Taliban 2.0: Stronger or Moving Towards Fragmentation?

Two years after the Taliban returned to power in Afghanistan, the debates around whether the group remains intact or has become divided have surfaced once again. In the immediate aftermath of the fall of Kabul in August 2021, there were speculations that the country could be going into a civil war or the Taliban would eventually come to a split. This brief analyses the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan’s resurgence in Kabul and weighs in o

Taliban’s Afghanistan: An Emerging Security Challenge for India and Central Asia
Aug 16, 2023

Taliban’s Afghanistan: An Emerging Security Challenge for India and Central Asia

Relations between India and the Central Asia Republics (CARs) have matured over the past three decades, primarily in the areas of military technology, defence, counterterrorism, and economy, and culture. Following the Taliban’s return to power in Afghanistan and the resultant security, geostrategic, and geoeconomic challenges, India and the CARs must aim to strengthen their ties. This brief assesses the evolving situation in Afghanistan

Talking connectivity
Sep 29, 2017

Talking connectivity

Connectivity is paramount importance to landlocked developing countries that do not have direct links to the sea.

TAPI: A reality check
Jun 06, 2012

TAPI: A reality check

The proposed TAPI pipeline goes through Kandahar, enters Balochistan, passes through Multan reaching India at Fazilka, Punjab. Given the nature of Pakistan-India relations one would have little confidence about the ability or even the intention of Pakistan to ensure uninterrupted supplies.

Target 3 of Kunming Montreal Protocol and its implementation in India
May 22, 2023

Target 3 of Kunming Montreal Protocol and its implementation in India

The implementation of the outlined targets needs to be critically examined through the actual actions of nation-states and not by mere percentages of