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Technology and Terror: A new era of threat in a borderless online world
May 21, 2019

Technology and Terror: A new era of threat in a borderless online world

Terror requires spectacle to thrive and technology has allowed this opera of violence to find new audiences and locales.

Technology: Taming – and unleashing – technology together
Jan 16, 2024

Technology: Taming – and unleashing – technology together

Innovative approaches will require regulatory processes to include all stakeholders.

Tensions in South China Sea can destabilise region and the world
Nov 16, 2015

Tensions in South China Sea can destabilise region and the world

Tensions between India and Pakistan or North Korean provocations or South East Asia's maritime problems should not be perceived as local. The tensions in the South China Sea can single-handedly destabilise the region and the world, argues Prof. Rory Medcalf.

Terror go round
Jun 04, 2015

Terror go round

Local militants of Afghanistan joining the Islamic State's (IS) and violent clashes involving "IS jihadists" in different parts of the country suggest a realignment of loyalties of local militants. Kabul and the region must not be complacent.

Terrorist Strike at Ayodhya
Jun 06, 2005

Terrorist Strike at Ayodhya

Security Guards belonging to the Indian Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) foiled a daring attempt by a group of six terrorists to penetrate a Hindu place of worship at Ayodhya, a holy town of the Hindus in the state of Uttar Pradesh in North India, on July 5, 2005. The site at which the place of worship is located has been a bone of contention between sections of the Hindus and the Muslims for many years.

Thanks to COVID-19, the future of work is now
May 03, 2020

Thanks to COVID-19, the future of work is now

We need to make the gig economy a dignified one, as it will certainly embrace the future of work, if not be the basis of it.

The Africa Climate Action Performance Report
Aug 12, 2022

The Africa Climate Action Performance Report

Although Africa’s greenhouse gas emissions are low, its contribution to climate change mitigation is critical to global climate action. This report evaluates Africa’s climate policy through the lens of ‘common but differentiated responsibilities,’ an asymmetrical allocation of responsibility for climate action, determined by differences in countries’ contributions to historical emissions and their current capabilities to fight climate c

The African Continental Free Trade Area: Opportunities for India
Jul 21, 2023

The African Continental Free Trade Area: Opportunities for India

Unlike in other regions of the world, the value of intra-Africa trade has remained low over the years. Moreover, Africa accounts for just 2 percent of global trade. In 2021, African countries launched the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), which aims to create a single African market for the free movement of goods, services, labour, and capital, and increase intra-African trade. AfCFTA may be able to provide Indian firms and in

The aftermath of post-coup Niger
Aug 21, 2023

The aftermath of post-coup Niger

Regional African blocs should try to find solutions through diplomacy before the coup in Niger causes regional instability and leads to a full-fledged

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands: Indian Territory, Regional Potential
Sep 27, 2021

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands: Indian Territory, Regional Potential

Often referred to as among the most strategically located island chains in the world, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are critical for India’s strategic interests. The islands comprise the sole archipelago in the Bay and they straddle important sea channels. As the long-standing protectionist regime in the islands morphs into a more flexible form of governance that will balance development with conservation, the stage appears set for India to c

The Australia-India-Japan-US Quadrilateral: Dissecting the China Factor
Aug 10, 2020

The Australia-India-Japan-US Quadrilateral: Dissecting the China Factor

This paper analyses the domestic compulsions in Australia, India, Japan and the US that are influencing their positions on the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad). The paper notes that as the four countries are becoming increasingly aware of the risks posed by China’s rise over the last few years, they have sought to converge to the Quad. For Australia, the concerns are over trade dependency on China, and China’s sharp power projection and

The Bay of Bengal in the Emerging Indo-Pacific
May 12, 2023

The Bay of Bengal in the Emerging Indo-Pacific

This brief looks at the growing strategic significance of the Bay of Bengal within the emerging and increasingly contested geography of the Indo-Pacific. In three parts, the brief outlines the historic evolution of the littoral, examines the implications of its strategic location at the heart of the Indo-Pacific, and ponders the unfolding challenges to regionalism in the Bay of Bengal. It concludes with a call on India to intensify its efforts to

The Bike-Taxi Alternative to Enhancing Urban Mobility in India
Aug 14, 2023

The Bike-Taxi Alternative to Enhancing Urban Mobility in India

Despite concerted efforts to improve urban public transport, the use of personal vehicles has increased across India. City administrations must consider promoting the use of paratransit vehicles, such as bike-taxis, that can provide ridership to more commuters than a private vehicle. While bike-taxis are prevalent in some Indian cities, their use is curtailed elsewhere in the country by state policy and statutes. Amid growing city congest

The case against weaponising water
Feb 10, 2017

The case against weaponising water

With growing water scarcity across many parts of the world, competition over access to this vital resource has been known to spark conflict. Following the September 2016 Uri attack in India, the government made plans to retaliate against its neighbour by exercising its right to use water of the western rivers—allocated to Pakistan under the Indus Waters Treaty—by building dams, canals and reservoirs. This paper aims to address the legal, econ

The Case for Agnipath
Aug 16, 2023

The Case for Agnipath

The Union Cabinet announced in June this year the Agnipath scheme, designed to recruit youths into the Other Ranks (ORs) of the Indian armed forces. The scheme, which came into effect immediately, will enable new recruits, or Agniveers, to serve in the military for four years. While the stated aim is to turn the Indian military into a younger and more tech-savvy force, this brief argues that there is also a strong financial imperative beh

The Caucasus and Iraq - The Chechen Connection
Jun 25, 2004

The Caucasus and Iraq - The Chechen Connection

On June 22, 2004, over 200 well-armed persons simultaneously raided three towns in the Ingushetia Republic of Russia, adjoining Chechnya, and attacked police stations, government buildings and checkpoints with automatic weapons and rocket-propelled grenades. The Russian and the local security forces were totally taken by surprise. Ninety-five persons were killed, the majority of them members of the security forces and other Government officials,

The centrality of Qatar in the Israel–Hamas war
Dec 08, 2023

The centrality of Qatar in the Israel–Hamas war

Qatar aims to be a political power broker in the Middle East as witnessed by its efforts in brokering the temporary Israel-Hamas truce. However, with

The Changing Contours of Bhutan’s Foreign Policy and the Implications for China and India
Jul 21, 2023

The Changing Contours of Bhutan’s Foreign Policy and the Implications for China and India

Bhutan has historically maintained a neutral relationship with China, to its north, and a more special relationship with India, whose states border its west, east, and south. Over the past two decades, however, many factors are forcing Bhutan to settle its longstanding territorial disputes with China and diversify its relations. These factors include its own changing economy and transition from an absolute monarchy to a democracy, a gener

The changing nature of India’s Lines Of Credit to Africa
May 25, 2018

The changing nature of India’s Lines Of Credit to Africa

The many success stories of Indian LOC funded projects, which has been welcomed positively by Africa, indicates the point that African countries have

The China-Pakistan love affair in troubled waters
Nov 29, 2018

The China-Pakistan love affair in troubled waters

With roadblocks growing on global and domestic fronts, the China-Pakistan economic relationship needs reassessment

The collapse of China’s Zero-COVID policy
Jan 07, 2023

The collapse of China’s Zero-COVID policy

Beijing’s mismanagement of the recent COVID surge is adversely affecting the credibility of both the party and its leader, Xi Jinping

The Crucial 60 Percent: Building the Commonwealth’s Youth Capital
Jul 17, 2023

The Crucial 60 Percent: Building the Commonwealth’s Youth Capital

Young people across the world today are facing multiple challenges: lost school years due to the pandemic-induced lockdowns, the looming climate crisis, increasingly dangerous virtual spaces, and food and energy security concerns triggered by the Ukraine-Russia conflict. This paper analyses the challenges facing the youths of the Commonwealth, where 60 percent of the combined population are under 30 years old, and explores the investments require

The curious case of central and state government properties in cities  
Jun 09, 2022

The curious case of central and state government properties in cities  

If the ULBS are to execute the mandates issued by the government, adequate funds need to be allocated.

The developmental implications of the Union Budget 2021
Feb 01, 2021

The developmental implications of the Union Budget 2021

Much in contrary to the thinking that “markets are ruthless,” the lockdown brought to the fore the importance of market forces in promoting equity

The dialectic of the bathwater and the baby
Jul 07, 2017

The dialectic of the bathwater and the baby

In every case a measure of balance is essential. However, while considering America, structural difference must be kept in mind. Russia, unlike the US

The Distracted City: Increasing distress by deviating from the ordained path
Feb 23, 2021

The Distracted City: Increasing distress by deviating from the ordained path

The Indian municipal financial pie is woefully narrow, and a large unfunded mandate is the city’s sad fate.

The Eastern Corridor and the Law of the Sea: Ensuring Sea-Lane Security
Dec 01, 2020

The Eastern Corridor and the Law of the Sea: Ensuring Sea-Lane Security

The Eastern Corridor is a crucial highway for global trade flows, where any disruption could severely affect the global economy. The route comprises some of the world’s most vulnerable Sea Lanes of Communication (SCLOs), with potential flashpoints such as the South China Sea. For years, these SLOCs have been characterised by tensions in South Asia and Southeast Asia; the more recent years are seeing a heightening of both intent and capacity for

The Emerging Domains of Conflict in the 21st Century
Aug 14, 2023

The Emerging Domains of Conflict in the 21st Century

Human civilisation is at a new moment of transition across social norms, economics, governance, and the environment, and is facing the dawn of a new era of inter-planetary human migration (to Mars). In the future, historians will look to the first half of the 21st century to tell the story of how these changes started and unfolded through five domains of conflict. These domains touch on the unravelling of governance structures in need of

The ethical cost of NFTs in Art: A focus on the fashion Industry
Aug 29, 2022

The ethical cost of NFTs in Art: A focus on the fashion Industry

Proper regulations need to be put in place to control the NFTs’ impact not only from a climate perspective but also in the ethics and legislation ar

The EU’s Economic Security Strategy update: Ready for a new era?
Apr 06, 2024

The EU’s Economic Security Strategy update: Ready for a new era?

The recent update released by the EU on its Economic Security Strategy is aimed at positioning it as a geopolitical as well as a geoeconomic bloc

The evidence on Syria is thin
Sep 03, 2013

The evidence on Syria is thin

Like about the Loch Ness Monster, we have only heard that the West has proof of the Assad regime using chemical weapons. But we've seen no credible testimony. For all one knows, it may have been the rebels' doing to instigate a US military response.

The F-16s and India-Pakistan-USA Relations
Apr 01, 2005

The F-16s and India-Pakistan-USA Relations

Fifteen years ago, the USA had promised to sell F-16s to Pakistan. Lockheed Martin Aeronautics, the company manufacturing the aircraft, took the necessary advance for it. Then there were sudden changes in the global and regional strategic environment. The Jehadi war in Afghanistan got over and Pakistan started diverting Jehadism into Jammu and Kashmir. The Cold war also was over.

The Fintech Landscape in India and Africa: A Primer
Aug 16, 2023

The Fintech Landscape in India and Africa: A Primer

The adoption of digital payments has risen exponentially over the past decade in many countries including India and those in the African continent. In India, the growth has run parallel to rapid mobile penetration, aided by initiatives like Aadhaar, the Unified Payments Interface (UPI), and IndiaStack, as well as the unintended push factor created by demonetisation in November 2016. This brief discusses the landscape of fintech—‘finan

The foggy trend in Europe
May 19, 2012

The foggy trend in Europe

The return of a Socialist in France since Mitterand's victory in 1981 confirms a trend in Europe which, instead of lifting the mist, is adding to the fog. The other day in the UK, Labour had trounced the Conservatives in local bodies election across the country.

The Future of Care Work Post-COVID-19
Sep 08, 2021

The Future of Care Work Post-COVID-19

Care work, both paid and unpaid, is at the heart of most economies. The care sector comprises formal healthcare, childcare services, early childhood education, disability and long-term care, and eldercare. Two-thirds of care workers globally are women, and women and girls perform more than three-quarters of all unpaid care work. The COVID-19 pandemic has amplified the vulnerability of care workers and deepened the gender gap. This paper a

The Geoeconomics of Climate Finance
Nov 22, 2021

The Geoeconomics of Climate Finance

The global climate finance architecture tends to restrain emerging economies from mobilising and accessing global private commercial capital for energy transition. This brief explores the different global financial regulations that influence climate capital flows between countries, and argues that institutions must enhance their role in facilitating the optimal allocation of capital. It evaluates the role of Multilateral Development Banks from a

The Geopolitical Imperative for Reorganising Global Supply Chains
Aug 14, 2023

The Geopolitical Imperative for Reorganising Global Supply Chains

Global supply chains are being restructured to achieve distinct geopolitical goals, given the strategic vulnerability of such networks due to being controlled by a few nations. Countries that are prominent sourcing hubs for some supply chains could potentially ‘weaponise’ their economic influence for larger geopolitical gains. This brief argues that although multiple global efforts have been initiated to address such threats, efforts

The Global War Against Terrorism: A Progress Report
Feb 23, 2005

The Global War Against Terrorism: A Progress Report

The idea was to capture the different dimensions of the war on terror as has been perceived and to locate the war in the larger geo political context in order to appreciate and understand the consequences, according to Dr Ashley Tellis, a well-known senior US policy analyst.

The Growing Gaps in Global Humanitarian Challenges
Apr 01, 2024

The Growing Gaps in Global Humanitarian Challenges

Emergency humanitarian aid, which aims to save lives and reduce people’s suffering in times of crises, has grown considerably over the last century to become a central feature of international relations and of the multilateral system. It is estimated that over 400 million people depend on such aid today. The future of these people and of the humanitarian aid they depend on are fraught with risks, in light of five palpable trends: exponentially

The horror story of urban water wars
Jul 11, 2019

The horror story of urban water wars

Unless a sectoral re-allocation of water resources enforcing adequate demand management is done, the issues of water scarcity might not be resolved.

The Impact of COVID-19 on Children and Adolescents: Early Evidence in India
Mar 04, 2021

The Impact of COVID-19 on Children and Adolescents: Early Evidence in India

This brief collects and analyses current evidence in India regarding the impact of COVID-19 on the health and well-being of children (5-9 years) and adolescents (10-19). Using the ‘snowball retrieval’ strategy, the authors identified peer-reviewed studies, reports and government articles published between January 2020 and February 2021 that were relevant to the research question. The brief finds that not only are children and adolescent

The impact of environment on FDI
Oct 27, 2017

The impact of environment on FDI

Most FDI has gone to south India, Gujrat and Maharashtra. In the north, FDI is located around Delhi, Haryana and Punjab.

The Imperatives of India’s Climate Response
Oct 25, 2021

The Imperatives of India’s Climate Response

As the global climate crisis intensifies, nations are becoming more hard-pressed to formulate responses that will be acceptable to all stakeholders. In an effort to understand India’s approach to addressing the challenges of climate change, this paper describes the natural circumstances that have historically shaped its responses. The paper also discusses the most crucial imperatives that have guided such actions and suggests that these

The implications of India’s medical tourism industry
Jul 30, 2019

The implications of India’s medical tourism industry

As India becomes a top medical tourism destination, the government must prioritise quality and affordable healthcare — not just for medical tourists

The Implications of India’s Revised Roadmap for Biofuels: A Lifecycle Perspective
Aug 14, 2023

The Implications of India’s Revised Roadmap for Biofuels: A Lifecycle Perspective

Transport activity in India has increased more than sevenfold over the last two decades, its gasoline-fuelled pathway leading to a rapid rise in negative environmental externalities. To decouple the sector’s growth from high emissions, policymakers are scaling up efforts to deploy cleaner fuels for the sector; in particular, liquid biofuels have received a significant push. However, while biofuels help lower emissions at the point of us

The importance of India’s defence partnership with Vietnam
Jun 28, 2022

The importance of India’s defence partnership with Vietnam

As Vietnam seeks to diversify its arms purchases, India could emerge as a potential exporter of defence equipment.

The Iraq Crisis and PM Nouri al-Maliki
Aug 08, 2014

The Iraq Crisis and PM Nouri al-Maliki

Iraq's Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki faces challenges to his power not only from receding American support but also from political rivals like the Sadrists and the al-Iraqiyya bloc, and the rise of Sunni insurgent groups like the Islamic State.

The Kashmir that India Lost: An Analysis of India’s Post-1980s Policy on Gilgit Baltistan
Jul 21, 2023

The Kashmir that India Lost: An Analysis of India’s Post-1980s Policy on Gilgit Baltistan

This paper dissects the history and politics of Gilgit-Baltistan, a part of Pakistan-occupied Jammu and Kashmir (PoJK), from the 1980s to the present day. It analyses the policies implemented by Pakistani leaders in the region and how successive political parties have attempted to justify Pakistan’s administrative control of it while disregarding any democratic, secular or moral principles in the ruling of its supposed subjects. The pap