Search: For - development

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Colombia's Agenda for 'Democratic Prosperity'
Dec 02, 2011

Colombia's Agenda for 'Democratic Prosperity'

Address by Colombian Deputy Foreign Minister, at the Observer Research Foundation, New Delhi, on November 3, 2011 on Colombia's Agenda for Domestic Prosperity.

Colombo correction
Apr 01, 2014

Colombo correction

The UPA's policy failures on Bangladesh and Sri Lanka have generated much bemoaning in Delhi's national security establishment about the breakdown of the rules of the republic that made the conduct of foreign policy the sole responsibility of the Centre. A closer look reveals that it is not the states that are exercising a veto over foreign policy decisions.

Column : Arming while aiming
Dec 22, 2010

Column : Arming while aiming

My revered teacher late professor Matin Zuberi had once remarked that major states in global affairs, real or aspiring, end up possessing superfluous arsenals often times through superficially planned and mostly ad hoc manners.

Comfort women issue: Why can't Japan, South Korea reconcile?
Apr 10, 2015

Comfort women issue: Why can't Japan, South Korea reconcile?

The year 2015 marks an important date in international history - the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II. It is also the 50th anniversary of normalisation of relations between South Korea and Japan. And, it is a chance that both Japan and South Korea should grab with an aim to re-normalise their relations.

Command and Ctrl: India’s Place in the Lethal Autonomous Weapons Regime
May 25, 2016

Command and Ctrl: India’s Place in the Lethal Autonomous Weapons Regime

Technological advancement in artificial intelligence has created a situation where the deployment of Lethal Autonomous Weapons has become practically, if not legally, possible within a few years. As the international community struggles to arrive at a definition of ‘autonomous weapons’, the need to regulate their use has become paramount. Apart from the legal and ethical considerations in the use of autonomous weapons, there are also con

Commissions, Omissions in Obama's Speech
May 21, 2011

Commissions, Omissions in Obama's Speech

It is commonly recognised in Jerusalem, and elsewhere that the Likud PM, Mr. Benjamin Netaniyahu, nurses an adversarial chemistry with the US President. He went ahead with Jewish settlements in a most insulting reception to US Vice President, Joe Biden.

Competition with China not antagonism: S M Krishna
Jul 01, 2010

Competition with China not antagonism: S M Krishna

The foreign minister said the boundary issue between the two countries has not prevented mutually beneficial and functional cooperation in a number of areas

Completely overhaul civil aviation sector: Experts
Dec 23, 2008

Completely overhaul civil aviation sector: Experts

Senior Supreme Court lawyer and ORF trustee Lalit Bhasin moots a comprehensive law to replace the obsolete Aircraft Act of 1934

Comprehensive approach needed on fishing front
Oct 24, 2011

Comprehensive approach needed on fishing front

The Centre could start well with the creation of an independent 'fisheries ministry'. In the emerging situation, such a ministry may have to comprehensively address all issues of maritime concerns and interests.

Conceptualising a new multidimensional poverty index for India
Apr 13, 2020

Conceptualising a new multidimensional poverty index for India

While India has successfully lifted millions out of poverty over the past few decades, the issue remains among the foremost challenges confronting the country. One of the first crucial steps to solving the problem of poverty is to measure its extent. Although there is some agreement on the multidimensional nature of poverty and the inability of unidimensional measures to capture its true magnitude, a national or global consensus on a single pover

Conference Summary: ORF-CSIS Dialogue on East Asia
Mar 17, 2005

Conference Summary: ORF-CSIS Dialogue on East Asia

Participants from India and the United States shared their respective viewpoints on the political, economic, and security environment to identify areas of mutual interest in East Asia. The discussion focused on identifying current and future challenges & opportunities in the bilateral relationship

Conflict in Syria and the possibility of peace
Dec 01, 2014

Conflict in Syria and the possibility of peace

THE United Nations Security Council (UNSC) achieved the almost impossible recently by adopting a unanimous resolution on providing access to humanitarian aid to Syria, breaking a deadlock that pitted Russia and China against the Western powers.

Conflict is Counterproductive
Apr 21, 2005

Conflict is Counterproductive

It is usually only the politically naive who are optimistic about the future of India's relations with Pakistan. The terms "enduring rivalry", "protracted discord" and "communal conflict in armour" have become part of the global political vocabulary because of the depressing saga of India-Pakistan ties.

Confronting Cascading Disasters, Building Resilience: Lessons from the Indian Sundarbans
Jan 29, 2021

Confronting Cascading Disasters, Building Resilience: Lessons from the Indian Sundarbans

The intersecting impacts of COVID-19 and climate change are compounding the vulnerabilities of coastal communities.  This paper examines the disastrous effects of cyclone Amphan in the Bengal delta region of the Indian Sundarbans amidst a countrywide lockdown triggered by the pandemic, and their cascading consequences for a rural community inhabiting this climate hotspot. It highlights the livelihood crisis experienced by internal rural-urban mi

Confusing the Kashmir Conundrum
Sep 23, 2010

Confusing the Kashmir Conundrum

It is sad that caught unawares, the nation is finding new ways to explain away the current puzzle that Jammu and Kashmir once again has become. Issues such as 'trust deficit' and 'governance deficit',

Confusion in India's Nepal policy
May 03, 2005

Confusion in India's Nepal policy

India has almost blinked to the King of Nepal on the question of arms supply. These supplies were put on hold on February 1, 2005, following King Gyanendra¿s coup against the democratic system and leadership.

Congress must craft a solid policy platform to survive
Oct 31, 2014

Congress must craft a solid policy platform to survive

The depth of the Congress's problems is evident from the party's inability to come to grips with the problem of party leadership. For structural reasons -- primarily the fact that it is a proprietorial entity -- this is the most critical problem for the party. This was evident from the reactions to P. Chidambaram's remark that a "non-Gandhi" could "someday" become president of the party.

Congress: In a mood to take risk
Jan 24, 2013

Congress: In a mood to take risk

The Congress' brain storming session at Jaipur seemed to suggest that the party is now in a mood to take big risks in the months ahead. The diesel price hike clearly was the most risky one, politically speaking.

Connecting northeast India
Jul 01, 2015

Connecting northeast India

India's Northeast remains disconnected from the rest of the country. This disconnect is not just in the geographical realm, but also at the level of the superstructure. With the advent of newer forms of communication, many research organisations or think tanks have come up to to study the eight States in the region.

Consensus President need of the hour
Apr 27, 2007

Consensus President need of the hour

The discussion on "Forthcoming Presidential Election" in India saw crucial issues impacting the election of the next Indian President being analysed and debated

Constituent Assembly will have to be extended again, says senior Nepali leader
Jun 23, 2011

Constituent Assembly will have to be extended again, says senior Nepali leader

Senior leader of the CPN-UML, K P Sharma Oli, feels that the Constituent Assembly of Nepal is unlikely to complete its task by the August 31 deadline and another extension is unavoidable.

Constituting Special Planning Authority within the area of a planning authority
Apr 29, 2022

Constituting Special Planning Authority within the area of a planning authority

Complications are arising over the need to establish special planning authorities (SPAs) within the physical boundaries of urban local bodies (ULBs).

Constitution: Power-sharing needs a fresh look
Aug 06, 2011

Constitution: Power-sharing needs a fresh look

In the backdrop of the ever-evolving global situations and demands of sustainable development, there is now an increasing need to widen the scope of the discourse on the Centre-State relations, expanding to include new areas of concerns and the various arms of the State.

Constitutional and political disconnect necessary for Nepal's stability
Aug 17, 2010

Constitutional and political disconnect necessary for Nepal's stability

Ms Menaka Guruswamy, Supreme Court lawyer, who has been associated with Constitution making in Nepal, outlined four major areas of divergence in Nepalese Constitution. Federalism is one such area which is highly contested.

Constitutional crisis averted, but road ahead full of traps
May 27, 2011

Constitutional crisis averted, but road ahead full of traps

A constitutional crisis that was threatening to undo all the achievements of the popular struggle against the Nepalese monarchy and establishment of a republic was averted on Sunday.

Contemporary aspects of India’s relations with East and South Africa
Jan 19, 2017

Contemporary aspects of India’s relations with East and South Africa

This paper trains the spotlight on India’s relations with Africa by studying the country’s relations with two east African countries – Tanzania and Kenya, and two south African countries – Mozambique and South Africa. The paper opens with a description of the trade, investment, and development cooperation links between India and these countries. An assessment follows of three key areas in these bilateral relationships: energy, food securi

Contemporary Conflicts in Jammu & Kashmir
Mar 22, 2007

Contemporary Conflicts in Jammu & Kashmir

The internal dynamics of Jammu and Kashmir have assumed significance in the context of the ongoing India-Pakistan normalisation process, on the one hand, and the Centre's continuing efforts at peace-building with non-militant political groups in the State, on the other. Often, efforts aimed at understanding the complexities of the issues are bogged down by the past, or are confined to the 'Indian angle'. There is very little reference to Pakistan

Contemporary History of Anthropogenic Environment Change
Sep 01, 2009

Contemporary History of Anthropogenic Environment Change

The earth's geological past has seen violent climate shifts. The extinction of the dinosaurs, the Neolithic Revolution that followed the retreat of the last ice age, and the sudden demise of ancient civilizations, has been linked to climate change. While mankind has been altering the planetary environment ever since the Neolithic Revolution, it is only after the Industrial Revolution that it has attained the weight of numbers and technological ca

Contesting Mutual Security: India- Nepal Relations
Jun 26, 2003

Contesting Mutual Security: India- Nepal Relations

The present paper analyses the existing security relations and strategic perceptions of India and Nepal and attempts to identify the common and divergent perceptions existing, if any. It tries to understand the reasons for the erosion of mutuality and its impact on Indo- Nepal relationship.

Continental China
Sep 19, 2013

Continental China

Even as China becomes a maritime power to reckon with, Beijing has no desire to give up on its continental aspirations. Chinese President Xi Jinping's continuing tour of Central Asia this past week showcased the nation's rise at the heart of the Eurasian landmass.

Continuity and Change in Bangladesh’s Indo-Pacific Outlook: Deliberating Post-Election Scenarios
Jan 04, 2024

Continuity and Change in Bangladesh’s Indo-Pacific Outlook: Deliberating Post-Election Scenarios

Bangladesh’s Indo-Pacific Outlook, released in April 2023, is a projection of its interests in the region, and a testament to its political nonalignment and commitment to economic development. Its focus on upholding the rule of law and maintaining regional stability makes it a conducive partner for neighbouring countries and major powers in the Indo-Pacific. Bangladesh enjoys close ties with China, Japan, and the US, and a special relationship

Contours of a new terror matrix
Mar 16, 2006

Contours of a new terror matrix

The stage is set for a new terrorist confederation with the sole agenda of wreaking havoc across the heartland of India in the months to come. Ignorance or indifference to the clear signs of such an alliance - visible from Bangalore to Delhi, via Ayodhya, Nalgonda, Mulund and Varanasi - would prove suicidal for India.

Control inflation by non-monetary means
Oct 22, 2010

Control inflation by non-monetary means

India may have to apply capital controls in the future like Brazil has done to regulate the inflow of FIIs, and there could be more effective intervention in the currency market by the RBI to stabilise the rupee to promote export growth.

Cool Syria to focus on Afghanistan in Chicago
Apr 16, 2012

Cool Syria to focus on Afghanistan in Chicago

It is President Barak Obama's political requirement to have a calm Middle East so that he can keep a steady gaze on Afghanistan, the country on which the NATO Summit in Chicago must focus in May in ways that it is useful for his re election in November.

Cooperation with China important for India's Eurasian energy policy
May 27, 2014

Cooperation with China important for India's Eurasian energy policy

For Russia and even Central Asian countries, China can act as a catalyst to market their hydrocarbon resources to South Asia and beyond, opening an opportunity for gas exports too. Russia's $400 billion gas deal with China is a case in point.

Cooperation, not competition
Aug 20, 2012

Cooperation, not competition

On a proposal by Vietnam recently, ONGC Videsh Limited (OVL), the overseas investment arm of ONGC, has decided to stay invested in Block 128. The decision was taken after Hanoi offered to provide additional data to make future exploration economically feasible and discovering hydrocarbons commercially viable.

Copter attack: grim reminder of challenges in Afghanistan
Aug 08, 2011

Copter attack: grim reminder of challenges in Afghanistan

While President Barack Obama is pursuing his two-pronged approach in Afghanistan that involves talking to the Taliban and handling over the security to the Afghan National Army (ANA).

Cordial yet cold: Explaining China's aversion to international sanction regimes
Nov 03, 2014

Cordial yet cold: Explaining China's aversion to international sanction regimes

China has sometimes been cordial to sanction imposers depending on the issue-salience of the sanction, yet its posture towards international sanctions regimes remains cold, especially when they conflict with its national interests.

Corporate governance, business responsibility integral to market
Apr 08, 2013

Corporate governance, business responsibility integral to market

At a workshop on responsible corporate governance at Observer Research Foundation, it was noted that corporate governance and business responsibility are no longer add-ons to markets; they are integral to them.

Corruption And Eleven Day Test Matches
Nov 22, 2010

Corruption And Eleven Day Test Matches

There had always been a nexus between the Congress party and big business. After all, Mahatma Gandhi?s Ashram at Sevagram was financed by Jamnalal Bajaj; Gandhiji was assassinated in Birla House, New Delhi.

Corruption! What's that?
Aug 16, 2010

Corruption! What's that?

There is nothing more anti poetic than the image of Suresh Kalmadi and his alleged shananegans. Yet the mind, that strange instrument, moved mysteriously to Josh Malihabadi one of the greatest poets of the 20th century.

Cosmetic changes in Myanmar might lead to unintended consequences as in Soviet Union
Feb 19, 2013

Cosmetic changes in Myanmar might lead to unintended consequences as in Soviet Union

Though Myanmar's reforms are mostly'cosmetic' now, the changes can have unintended consequences, as witnessed in the case of Mikhail Gorbachev's Glasnost & Perestroika in the erstwhile Soviet Union, says Bertil Lintner, author of many books on Myanmar.

Could Iran be Obama's legacy?
Mar 12, 2013

Could Iran be Obama's legacy?

If Richard Nixon sought a breakthrough in China after failure in Vietnam, George Bush had a breakthrough with India after failure in Iraq, Barack Obama could work on a legacy that is a breakthrough with Iran after failure in Afghanistan.