Search: For - development

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Light Tanks: A Missing Priority for the Indian Army
Jul 16, 2021

Light Tanks: A Missing Priority for the Indian Army

The Indian Army’s (IA) difficulties with regard to the acquisition of light tanks are as much self-inflicted as they are a product of fiscal constraints. The Army has exerted only half-hearted efforts in developing its light-armoured capabilities—inconsistent with current Army doctrine and in disregard of history. Indeed, the IA has used light armour in high-altitude operations in the past. This paper argues that the IA is hobbled by an infan

Light tanks: A shot in the arm for the Indian Army
Mar 21, 2022

Light tanks: A shot in the arm for the Indian Army

As commendable as the indigenous development of light tanks by the Indian Army is, we need to be aware of the thorny path that lies ahead.

Like a Lady Macbeth
Nov 13, 2014

Like a Lady Macbeth

Throughout the 1990s, the Anglo-US duo remained obsessed with India's nuclear plans and virtually refused any discussions on Pakistani assistance to terrorism in India. The US also did succeed in delaying our missile programme even as they equipped Pakistan with nuclear capable F-16s.

Like Sisyphus, gold mountain too high to scale
Nov 09, 2015

Like Sisyphus, gold mountain too high to scale

The NDA Government has launched a fresh gold monetisation scheme, but skeptics aren't convinced that this will succeed where others in the past have failed abysmally. Till the scheme is made much more lucrative and perhaps mandatory in some form, it is doubtful that this scheme will perform better than the earlier ones.

Lima conference should set reasonable expectations for Paris
Sep 20, 2014

Lima conference should set reasonable expectations for Paris

Climate change experts at a roundtable at Observer Research Foundation emphasised the need for maintaining a pragmatic attitude at the 20th Conference of the Parties of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change at Lima. According to them, the goal should be to set reasonable expectations that can be achieved in Paris.

Lima UNFCCC: Preparatory Consultations by Peruvian CoP Presidency
Sep 12, 2014

Lima UNFCCC: Preparatory Consultations by Peruvian CoP Presidency

Observer Research Foundation organised a closed door roundtable meeting of Indian Non-Government Experts on climate change with Amb. Antonio Garcia, Special Envoy for Climate Change, Peru.

Limited platforms to resolve US-China nuclear issues
May 06, 2013

Limited platforms to resolve US-China nuclear issues

While there are fears in both the US and China about each other on the nuclear issue, the platforms to resolve the issues and dispel hostile perceptions were limited, says Dr. Lora Saalman, Carnegie's Beijing-based Nuclear Policy Program scholar.

Limited War and Escalation Control
Nov 22, 2004

Limited War and Escalation Control

Clausewitz may be out of fashion and less relevant today but no one can question his evergreen noting, ¿Each age has had its own peculiar forms of war.... Each, therefore, would also keep its own theory of war¿.

Limits to efficiency: Rethinking current perspectives on climate action
Sep 19, 2018

Limits to efficiency: Rethinking current perspectives on climate action

Climate change and economic development are emotive subjects that are closely related: yet one is caused by the other. People’s lives are increasingly getting affected by the negative side-effects of climate change, particularly in developing countries which, at the same time, face enormous challenges to their aspirations for economic growth. Leading scientists agree that global warming is a reality and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are requir

Lingering Doubts over Security Transition
Nov 04, 2011

Lingering Doubts over Security Transition

The ongoing security transition is critical to the success of the peace process in Afghanistan. As part of the US 2014 plan, the NATO forces are to hand over the responsibility of security of the country to the Afghan security forces, district by district.

Lingering mistrust
May 13, 2013

Lingering mistrust

Media's increasing reach cannot be ignored and policymakers and policymaking has to adapt itself to this grind. Media, despite it many vices, serves as a medium for greater appraisal of government policies. But media should understand that sustained attention comes only with sustained credibility.

Linkages between Jihadis of Singapore and India
Jun 13, 2006

Linkages between Jihadis of Singapore and India

According to the Delhi Police, Haroon Rashid, an Indian mechanical engineer, who is alleged to be a member of the Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT), was arrested by them at the Delhi airport on May 16, 2005, on his arrival from Singapore where he had reportedly gone to do a training course.

Linking Rivers in China: Lessons for India
Oct 29, 2003

Linking Rivers in China: Lessons for India

China and India both face the twin problem of floods and droughts. While building dams has been the typical way of dealing with this problem, both the countries are exploring the more controversial project for water transfer between river basins, with China taking the lead with its South-North Water Transfer Project (SNWTP).

Literacy in India: The gender and age dimension
Oct 31, 2019

Literacy in India: The gender and age dimension

This brief examines the literacy landscape in India between 1987 and 2017, focusing on the gender gap in four age cohorts: children, youth, working-age adults, and the elderly. It finds that the gender gap in literacy has shrunk substantially for children and youth, but the gap for older adults and the elderly has seen little improvement. A state-level analysis of the gap reveals the same trend for most Indian states. The brief offers recommendat

Little room for fresh India-Pak initiative
Mar 06, 2017

Little room for fresh India-Pak initiative

India's Pakistan policy is now inextricably linked to its China policy.

Little scope for genuine  democracy in Egypt
Jan 15, 2013

Little scope for genuine democracy in Egypt

Though the 'Arab Spring' had dethroned the long serving President of Egypt Hosni Mubarak, there is still little scope for genuine democracy, according to Mr. Swashpawan Singh, former Indian Ambassador to Kuwait.

Little to choose between the candidates in the third debate
Oct 25, 2012

Little to choose between the candidates in the third debate

The US Presidential debates might not change the election result, but the good thing is that the world now knows what exactly a Romney Presidency would look like from a foreign policy point of view and what Obama is likely to do if he wins a second term -with little substantial difference in their foreign policy positions.

Living up to the Cold War stereotype
Mar 10, 2014

Living up to the Cold War stereotype

A solution to the Ukrainian imbroglio lies in shedding old Cold War stereotypes and treating the crisis as an opportunity to complete the unfinished business of establishing geopolitical equilibrium in the former Soviet Space.

Local elections to decide the future of Nepal
May 10, 2022

Local elections to decide the future of Nepal

As Nepal is on the cusp of elections, would the new local government be able to meet the people’s aspirations for development?

Local political economy biggest non-tariff barrier
Mar 04, 2014

Local political economy biggest non-tariff barrier

To check non-tariff barriers in the south Asian region, India being the largest economy in the region must take the lead, but other partners must extend cooperation and come together on a common platform.

Localising Globalisation in the Bay of Bengal: The Indian Imperative
Mar 15, 2023

Localising Globalisation in the Bay of Bengal: The Indian Imperative

Growing economic protectionism and recurrent geo-economic and geo-political tensions in recent years are testing the resilience of the global economic order. Erstwhile proponents of globalisation such as the United States and the European Union are themselves recoiling from the global value chains that are over-reliant on China. As the localisation of goods and services has become more critical, it calls to question the viability of a globalised

Locating the Madrasa in 21st-Century India
Apr 01, 2021

Locating the Madrasa in 21st-Century India

Madrasas in India offer basic literacy to millions of mostly poor Muslims, generally free of cost; they also serve as safe spaces for the preservation of Islamic culture. In many areas across the country, madrasas are the only option for poor Muslim families to provide their children basic education. This brief evaluates current madrasa education in India and identifies specific weaknesses that hamper its modernisation. It recommends remedial mea

Locating Xinjiang in China’s Eurasian ambitions
Sep 25, 2018

Locating Xinjiang in China’s Eurasian ambitions

The importance of Xinjiang Province in China’s Eurasian connectivity initiative—the Silk Road Economic Belt (SREB)—has received some coverage in the media. However, these news articles offer only a cursory view of China’s primary motive in pursuing the initiative, that is the ethnic unrest in Xinjiang. This paper argues that the conflict in Xinjiang is a main driving force to pursue SREB and that the initiative is congruent with a broader

Logbook of a lost war
Jul 31, 2010

Logbook of a lost war

What does the 90,000-plus leaked classified documents on Afghan War show? Two things are most obvious-one, the Americans have lost the script in Afghanistan and two, Pakistan has emerged as a full-fledged terrorist State,

Lokpal and Governance
Sep 15, 2011

Lokpal and Governance

The crucial question is this: Is it time to look beyond institutions, which are supposed to repositories of our trust but routinely betray them, and look at means of self governance?

Lokpal Bill: Some Thoughts
Sep 03, 2011

Lokpal Bill: Some Thoughts

After Sweden introduced the office of the Lokpal or Ombudsman in 1809, 125 countries across the world have enacted statutory laws for the creation of such an institution to tackle the problem of corruption and bring in accountability.

Lokpal logjam: Is there a meeting ground?
Dec 14, 2011

Lokpal logjam: Is there a meeting ground?

With the Parliament Standing Committee omitting a number of key demands of Team Anna, the Lokpal Bill is likely to plunge the nation into yet another round of agitations and street protests. But is there a possible wayforward?

London Blasts: An Analysis
Jul 11, 2005

London Blasts: An Analysis

In the recent history of terrorism, there have been four instances of well-planned, well-executed and well-synchronised multiple explosions by terrorist groups causing large casualties. These are the explosions in Mumbai (Bombay) in March,1993, which killed over 200 innocent civilians, at Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu in February,1998,

Look East and West
Jul 11, 2012

Look East and West

As Washington and Beijing circle each other in Asia, Delhi needs to step up engagement with both. The question is not about picking sides, but about relentlessly pursuing India's own interests.

Look East Policy compulsions
Feb 07, 2013

Look East Policy compulsions

India as an external power is keen to play the role of a credible stabilising factor in the South China Sea region and cannot afford to be ambivalent. The advantages of taking a stand are many. Such a venture in the South China Sea will give India strategic leverage. Hence joining the fray is not an option but an imperative to safeguard our strategic interests and aspirations.

Look Middle East Policy
Jun 02, 2014

Look Middle East Policy

Narendra Modi is in a good position to take a strategic approach to the Middle East. While Delhi must be sensitive to the multiple faultlines, old and new, Modi must signal that India is open to business with all countries in the region.

Looking afresh at the Lokpal Bill
Jan 21, 2012

Looking afresh at the Lokpal Bill

Now that the fate of the Lokpal Bill is hanging in balance, it may be a good time for the polity and the nation as a whole to take a fresh look at the legislation between now and the Budget session of Parliament.

Looking Beyond the 'Tiranga Yatra'
Feb 04, 2011

Looking Beyond the 'Tiranga Yatra'

Despite having been in power at the Centre for six years at a stretch, the BJP seems to be still suffering from the 'Opposition' conundrum. It is yet to produce a leader who is independent of the party's past.

Looking beyond the land boundary deal
Jun 08, 2015

Looking beyond the land boundary deal

Modi's visit to Dhaka has been a forward-looking step, in the effort to strengthen bilateral relations between the two countries. However, there has been little focus on the common challenges that the neighbours face. Unless these are addressed, future cooperation between the two will not be effective enough.

Looking East, especially Bangladesh, seriously
Nov 14, 2013

Looking East, especially Bangladesh, seriously

It is in India's interest to ensure that there is a friendly government in Dhaka which is not swayed by fundamentalist interests. It had to be more subtle where friendship with India is seen as beneficial by the average person in Bangladesh. For this India needs to take bigger steps like a deal on the Teesta waters and Land Border Agreement.

Looking West
Dec 26, 2012

Looking West

The gathering of southeast Asian leaders last week at a summit in Delhi was a celebration of India's Look East policy. Could we imagine a similar "Look West" strategy towards the Arabian Peninsula?

Loose Nukes in Russia: A Catastrophe Waiting to Happen
Nov 23, 2003

Loose Nukes in Russia: A Catastrophe Waiting to Happen

A nightmare scenario facing the world today is that of nuclear weapons in the possession of terrorists. As US President George Bush remarked during his recent UK trip, ¿the greatest threat of our age is nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons in the hands of terrorists.¿ Terrorist groups, as they have proved time and again in the past with conventional weapons

Losing the Bay of Bengal
Mar 04, 2014

Losing the Bay of Bengal

The next government must recognise that the Bay of Bengal is no longer a backwater but a strategic hub connecting the Indian and Pacific Oceans as well as China and the Bay of Bengal. Delhi must match its rhetoric on trans-border connectivity with much needed political will and administrative competence.

Loss of control
Oct 24, 2013

Loss of control

When a government yields to every pressure group at home, its capacity to pursue national interests abroad inevitably erodes. The UPA government's diplomacy in the final months of its decade-long tenure is a good example of the costs of violating this canon. The failure to clinch a commercial agreement on Kudankulam with Moscow is not a reflection on India's diplomatic skills.

Love thy neighbour
Jun 11, 2015

Love thy neighbour

Beyond resolving outstanding problems, Modi's visit to Bangladesh has led to the setting up of agreements, MoUs and protocols which will transform our relations in the future. The key issues here are connectivity and economic partnership.

Low allocation may hit modernisation plan
Mar 01, 2013

Low allocation may hit modernisation plan

The defence budget had grown by 17% in 2011-12 and 12% in 2012-13. A mere 1.79% of the GDP, it is a far cry from the stated goal of spending 3% of GDP on defence backed by the Parliamentary Committee on Defence.

Low FDI inflow may affect infrastructure sector
Apr 16, 2011

Low FDI inflow may affect infrastructure sector

If India is to sustain a high growth rate, there will have to be more foreign investment in infrastructure and manufacturing. So, it is going to be a challenge for the government to make investments in areas that are important for us more attractive to foreigners.

LRA conflict in Central Africa
Jan 10, 2012

LRA conflict in Central Africa

Africa's longest running militia is back in focus. Lord's Resistance Army or LRA, active since 1988, has recently become a subject of United States interest as the Obama administration deployed 100 "combat-equipped troops" to Uganda.