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Maldives: Taking the political momentum forward
May 18, 2012

Maldives: Taking the political momentum forward

It did not receive as much media attention as the one by predecessor Mohammed Nasheed a fortnight earlier in the host nation. Yet when President Mohammed Waheed Hassan Manik came calling at New Delhi he did make his points, loud and clear at corridors and quarters that mattered.

Maldives: Talk of 'another coup'
Feb 11, 2014

Maldives: Talk of 'another coup'

For a second occasion in almost as many weeks, former Maldives President Mohammed Nasheed hinted at a change of the country's leadership. Such reports will sound credible only if the MDP is able to muster two-thirds majority in Parliament.

Maldives: The importance of the three presidential candidates' meeting
Nov 01, 2013

Maldives: The importance of the three presidential candidates' meeting

The recent three-presidential-candidate-meeting and their meaningful proposal to complete the poll process in time has brought back political pragmatism back to the nation's centre-table, where electoral expediency and excesses alone seemed to rule for an interim.

Maldives: The stranglehold of coalition politics continues
Nov 19, 2013

Maldives: The stranglehold of coalition politics continues

The recent presidential polls show the continuing stranglehold of 'coalition politics' in the contemporary Maldivian context. It became visible when Nasheed defeated incumbent Maumoon Abdul Gayoom in the second round of the 2008 polls, after securing only 25 percent vote-share in the first round.

Maldives: Towards a free and peaceful poll
Sep 05, 2013

Maldives: Towards a free and peaceful poll

There is a need for all-party coordination committees at the island and atoll-levels, besides at the highest level, to ensure a smooth presidential polls on September 7. There is also a greater need for coordination between the police and the EC officials at all levels.

Maldives: Trivialising the Presidency
Jan 03, 2015

Maldives: Trivialising the Presidency

In Maldives, a ruling coalition member's decision to move an amendment to the 2008 Constitution, to fix an upper age-limit of 65 years for contesting presidential election, has landed President Abdulla Yameen in an unnecessary controversy.

Maldives: Uniting in the name of Islam and Palestine
Aug 06, 2014

Maldives: Uniting in the name of Islam and Palestine

In Maldives, the use of religion for political purposes should not be confused with a return or advent of 'fundamentalist Islam' or whatever.

Maldives: What after Nasheed's 'refuge' in Indian mission?
Feb 14, 2013

Maldives: What after Nasheed's 'refuge' in Indian mission?

In Maldives, the development following former President Nasheed seeking refuge in Indian Embassy after an arrest warrant from a local court has raised a number of issues -- legal, political and diplomatic. Presidential polls are due in the country in September this year.

Maldives: What after ruling coalition splitting over Speaker's choice
May 30, 2014

Maldives: What after ruling coalition splitting over Speaker's choice

In Maldives, the three-party ruling coalition, led by President Abdulla Yameen's Progressive Party of Maldives, has split on the very first day of the very first session of the People's Parliament, elected only in March.

Maldives: When will Modi follow suit after Sushma's visit?
Oct 17, 2015

Maldives: When will Modi follow suit after Sushma's visit?

Indian Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj undertook a two-day weekend visit to Maldives, setting the stage for Prime Minister Narendra Modi to follow suit, but possibly based on the quick-changing domestic developments in the Indian Ocean archipelago.

Maldives: Where from here after emergency
Nov 05, 2015

Maldives: Where from here after emergency

The question of the emergency-declaration by Maldives President Abdulla Yameen being a political ploy for the President if only to effect an across-the-board purge, needs even more convincing arguments than what former President Nasheed's MDP has now put forth.

Maldives: Why 'national govt' ahead of polls?
Mar 30, 2012

Maldives: Why 'national govt' ahead of polls?

Now that the nation has regained some semblance of order and some of its lost direction, it is time that the divided polity in Maldives sat down and discussed pending issues for a political solution aimed at breaking what is increasingly becoming a passive deadlock.

Maldives: WikiLeaks can add to Nasheed's woes
Dec 03, 2010

Maldives: WikiLeaks can add to Nasheed's woes

As was only to be expected, the WikiLeaks whistle-blower's accounts of US diplomatic exchanges within has something to say of little Maldives too, and it has also the potential to embarrass, if not harass, the incumbent Government of President Mohammed Nasheed.

Maldives: Will court-ordered re-poll bring out clear victor?
Oct 18, 2013

Maldives: Will court-ordered re-poll bring out clear victor?

With Maldives' Election Commission setting in motion the process for holding the first round of Supreme Court-ordered re-poll for the nation's presidency, political parties and voters alike are gearing up for a repeat performance of sorts, twice in as many months.

Maldives: Will early polls end this drift?
Jun 29, 2012

Maldives: Will early polls end this drift?

Though there is a feeling of political stability now with the Government of President Mohammed Waheed Hassan Manik in Maldives, it has also flagged news issues that could challenge the internals of the uneasy coalition that he has been heading.

Maldives: Will Gayoom's opting out impact polls?
Feb 26, 2013

Maldives: Will Gayoom's opting out impact polls?

Gayoom's decision means more things than one in contemporary Maldivian politics. His reference to his party having other worthy candidates for the presidency could imply that Gayoom may not back the candidacy of President Mohammed Waheed Hassan Manik.

Maldives: Will Nasheed pull it off again in the run-off?
Sep 09, 2013

Maldives: Will Nasheed pull it off again in the run-off?

In the Maldives presidential polls run-off on September 28, an additional percentage point or two could make the difference to the results in a way. A deduction in that figure could make any second-round prediction even more complex and complicated.

Maldives: Yameen 'returns' Bill barring politics for Nasheed
Apr 08, 2015

Maldives: Yameen 'returns' Bill barring politics for Nasheed

While it may be inconceivable in the Third World democratic context that the Bill that restricts political rights of Nasheed was moved and passed without the President's consent, Yameen has now returned the Bill to Parliament.

Maldives: Yameen camp’s efforts to take ‘India Out’ campaign to Parliament fails
Oct 20, 2020

Maldives: Yameen camp’s efforts to take ‘India Out’ campaign to Parliament fails

While there is greater cohesion in the government’s response to India-centric development agreements, it is also seeking to keep the China relations

Maldives’ new pro-China tilt is worrisome but India hopes for pragmatism
May 17, 2024

Maldives’ new pro-China tilt is worrisome but India hopes for pragmatism

India has been understanding of the Maldivian government’s new policy, but it expects the island nation to respect Indian sensitivities and equally uphold its commitment to bilateral ties

Mali: Will it disintegrate?
Apr 23, 2012

Mali: Will it disintegrate?

On April 6, the Tuaregs rebelled against the Mali state, captured large areas in the northern region (Kidal, Gao and Timbuktu) and declared autonomy by forming a new "Azawad" state.

Mamata's Dhaka visit sets tone for Modi visit
Feb 25, 2015

Mamata's Dhaka visit sets tone for Modi visit

Boosting further the relations between India and Bangladesh, West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee recently undertook a three-day visit to Dhaka. The successful visit is expected to create a positive ground for Prime Minister Modi's visit likely later in the year.

Managing Expectations: Explainable A.I. and its Military Implications
Aug 16, 2023

Managing Expectations: Explainable A.I. and its Military Implications

The rapid uptake of artificial intelligence (AI) in the military in the past couple decades has been accompanied by a slow but gradual build-up in attempts to understand how these AI systems work to achieve better results in military operations. The idea behind what is called ‘eXplainable AI’ (XAI), and the technologies driving it, are a manifestation of this trend. The question, however, is if XAI in its current form is the solution

Managing Indo-Pacific crises
Nov 21, 2014

Managing Indo-Pacific crises

Tensions in Asia are rising over unresolved territorial disputes and sovereignty issues. In contrast to the immediate post-Cold War period, recent tensions are characterised by the evident proclivity of some, if not all, parties towards the threat or use of limited force.

Managing Security An Agenda for the New Government
Oct 30, 2004

Managing Security An Agenda for the New Government

Former Prime Minister Vajpayee¿s government may not have left India shining, but to its credit, it notched up several major achievements on the national security font. Foremost among these was declaring India a nuclear weapons state, a move that unquestionably enhanced India¿s quest for strategic autonomy.

Managing the energy trilemma: Role of liquefied petroleum gas
Aug 16, 2023

Managing the energy trilemma: Role of liquefied petroleum gas

LPG use in transport and industry will further strengthen its energy security without compromising on sustainability and equity

Managing the nation's defence, somehow
Mar 06, 2014

Managing the nation's defence, somehow

15 years ago the cabinet had drawn up a 30-year submarine modernisation plan to have 24 submarines by 2030. Half-way through this period, we now have more than half of the 14 submarines which have completed three-fourths of their operational lives. What is more, the Navy is increasingly deployed on coast guard anti-terror duties and not for its primary role.

Manish Tewari's address to the UN General Assembly
Nov 16, 2009

Manish Tewari's address to the UN General Assembly

An Indian delegation had gone to the United Nations to take part in the 64th session of the UN General Assembly. Member of Parliament Manish Tewari, who is also advisor to the ORF, was part of the delegation

Manmohan Singh - Bush Joint Statement
Aug 01, 2005

Manmohan Singh - Bush Joint Statement

The fact that the People's Republic of China (PRC) has so far avoided giving any direct official comment on the Manmohan Singh-Bush Joint Statement, needs to be weighed carefully for its significance.

Manmohan Singh's last summit meeting with Shinzo Abe
Jan 23, 2014

Manmohan Singh's last summit meeting with Shinzo Abe

From all reports, it is quite clear that the Japanese PM's Delhi visit would mainly be devoted to consolidate the partnership and draw up a fresh road map for future developments. The much anticipated agreement on civil nuclear cooperation is not likely to happen during the current visit.

Manufacturing growth needs a push
Sep 04, 2013

Manufacturing growth needs a push

It is important that manufacturing growth picks up otherwise India's demographic dividend in terms of having a youthful population could become a demographic liability. Around half of India's population is under 25 years old. Unless they have jobs or job prospects, they will become dissatisfied and disgruntled.

Maoism: Lessons for traditional Left and Govt
Jul 30, 2012

Maoism: Lessons for traditional Left and Govt

The traditional Left in the country too has failed to 'grow' with the new-generation labour force, with the result that there is a vacuum that the Maoists possibly seem to be exploiting. This is not the first time traditional Left have failed the labour force.

Maoist insurgency and the 'numbers paradox'
Jul 09, 2013

Maoist insurgency and the 'numbers paradox'

Despite the high number of casualties suffered in the Maoist attacks, the government's action unfortunately depends on the 'paradox of numbers'. And it clearly mirrors the phenomenon of "lumpy adjustment" instead of the needed incremental steps.

Maoists return to power
Sep 01, 2011

Maoists return to power

There has been two political developments in Nepal of high significance in the last few days. On August 28, vice-chairman of UCPN (Maoist) Dr Baburam Bhattarai became the 35th prime minister of Nepal by a majority vote of the legislature-parliament.

Mapping Next Big Steps in India-US defence partnership
Oct 01, 2015

Mapping Next Big Steps in India-US defence partnership

As the power balances of the 21st century shift, Indo-US defence partnership will not be solely about defence commerce. Instead this vital partnership flows from geopolitical interests. To sustain the momentum, both countries should undertake proactive measures to resolve the complex policy challenges.

Mapping out State response to Left Wing Extremism
Nov 27, 2012

Mapping out State response to Left Wing Extremism

Attempting to map out key trends emerging from the state intervention to contain the rise of left-wing extremism in India, Observer Research Foundation organised a panel discussion on "State Response to Left-Wing Extremism: A Report Card".

Mapping Skills: A Roadmap for India and the UAE
Jul 06, 2020

Mapping Skills: A Roadmap for India and the UAE

The presence of almost nine million Indian nationals in the Gulf region makes India a key source of human capital for the six GCC nations. The majority of these Indians are blue-collar workers engaged in low-paying jobs. As countries like the United Arab Emirates (UAE) move up the technology ladder, they are increasingly seeking workers with specific, certified skills. This report outlines a pilot project for the mapping, harmonisation and accred

Mapping the Arc of US Support to Ukraine: Economic, Political, and Strategic Imperatives
Apr 24, 2024

Mapping the Arc of US Support to Ukraine: Economic, Political, and Strategic Imperatives

The US has provided financial and military support to Ukraine since 2014, when Russia took control of Crimea, and more firmly since February 2022, when the ongoing Russia-Ukraine war began. Indeed, US military, political, and strategic support to Ukraine is crucial to Kyiv as the conflict continues. For the Biden administration, aid to Ukraine is a vital principle on which his party politics hinges; it is a critical pathway to rebuild transatlant

Marco Rubio: Return of the Republican Savior?
Nov 06, 2015

Marco Rubio: Return of the Republican Savior?

Whilst the US presidential polls are never about foreign policy issues, the 2016 elections would be markedly different and foreign policy is going to be central to the elections. And Marco Rubio's ability to articulate the message of America's international leadership will sustain him in the long race to the Oval Office.

Marine Governance in Asia: A Case for India-ASEAN-South Korea Cooperation
Aug 11, 2023

Marine Governance in Asia: A Case for India-ASEAN-South Korea Cooperation

Maritime Asia is at a crossroad. Growing military activity, and rising non-traditional challenges in the littorals threaten the health of the oceans and the people who depend on them. Asia’s leading maritime powers must engage in a development alliance that can help deliver security and sustainable growth. This brief evaluates the prospects for a partnership between India, South Korea, and ASEAN in the areas of ocean governance, maritime connec

Maritime agendas on mere paper won't do
Aug 17, 2012

Maritime agendas on mere paper won't do

India's Maritime Agenda may appear to be a major step forward, but unless translated into a time-bound action plan which is resolutely implemented and closely monitored, it may remain merely another document.

Maritime dispute resolved, Delhi and Dhaka should work for turning Bay into economic hub
Jul 16, 2014

Maritime dispute resolved, Delhi and Dhaka should work for turning Bay into economic hub

Resolution of the maritime dispute between India and Bangladesh has opened up a new horizon for cooperation between the two countries. They can now join together to exploit the natural sources in the Bay. Both countries should try to transform the Bay of Bengal region into a major hub for trade and commerce, bringing prosperity to the region.

Maritime India: The Quest for a Steadfast Identity
Jul 23, 2023

Maritime India: The Quest for a Steadfast Identity

India’s geography lends itself favourably to the cultivation and expansion of maritime ties. Yet, for much of the country’s contemporary history, the country has overlooked these opportunities. As the world reengages with its vast ocean spaces, India too, has become more willing and capable of participating in the maritime domain. This paper outlines the evolution of the country’s maritime outlook as it shifts its largely continental-orient

Maritime Security & Maritime Counter-Terrorism
Dec 07, 2004

Maritime Security & Maritime Counter-Terrorism

Post-9/11, counter-terrorism experts all over the world have been focussing attention on three new aspects of counter-terrorism: counter-terrorism relating to weapons of mass destruction (WMD), maritime counter-terrorism and counter-terrorism relating to energy security. Each of these requires a new approach and a new thinking.

Maritime security issues in the region cannot be separated: Japan's Vice Minister
Sep 06, 2015

Maritime security issues in the region cannot be separated: Japan's Vice Minister

During a lecture on 'Japan's foreign policy: Strategy and practice', Japan's Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs, Mr Akitaka Saiki reiterated the Japanese position that the security issues in the Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, the South China Sea and East China Sea cannot be treated separately.

Maritime Strategy vs Continental Defence
Feb 05, 2015

Maritime Strategy vs Continental Defence

Debate on whether Indian armed forces need a continental land defence strategy or a sea-based maritime strategy has gained currency in recent years, but there is yet a clear answer to emerge.