Search: For - development

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A Survey of India-US Defence Cooperation
Mar 15, 2024

A Survey of India-US Defence Cooperation

Manoj Joshi, “A Survey of India-US Defence Cooperation,” ORF Special Report No. 224, March 2024, Observer Research Foundation.

A thaw in Saudi-Iran relations?
Jun 02, 2014

A thaw in Saudi-Iran relations?

Saudi Arabia recently extended an invitation to Iranian Foreign Minister, indicating towards a possible thaw in relations. Is this shift in Riyadh's stand because of a change in US-Iran relations and the positive reception of Iran's overtures by the other GCC States?

A time to lead
Apr 16, 2015

A time to lead

India must accept its own exceptionalism. It must thereafter understand how to establish it. India is in a position to shape cyberspace debates, but for that it will need to be flexible, propositional and present everywhere that internet governance is debated. Its strong and diverse contingent at The Hague is a good beginning.

A treaty in progress
Jul 31, 2012

A treaty in progress

The Arms Trade Treaty being an instrument impacting many countries, it is important for it to come into being through consensus. A treaty without support from major exporting and importing countries would undermine its very purpose.

A tribute to our selfish needs: Conservation in the Anthropocene
Jul 28, 2023

A tribute to our selfish needs: Conservation in the Anthropocene

The paradigm that conservation is the anti-thesis to development needs to change; conservation is central to development in the Global South

A turbulent beginning to a new phase in Afghanistan
Sep 26, 2014

A turbulent beginning to a new phase in Afghanistan

A lack of legitimacy of the new leadership in Kabul in the eyes of the Afghan public could pose potential problems for it at a time when it is confronted with a number of challenges. This could be exploited by the Taliban as well.

A year of lassitude
Dec 28, 2012

A year of lassitude

India, today, has the heft to influence the geopolitical dynamic around it. In pushing for improved relations with one, India's ability to enhance ties with the other two will significantly improve. Masterly inactivity, on the other hand, would surely make India lose ground with all the three.

A ‘social’ index for ease of doing business
May 29, 2019

A ‘social’ index for ease of doing business

The SDG index is a better alternative to the World Bank’s parameters as it takes a holistic view of development

A. Q. Khan: The Ghost that Continues to Haunt
Dec 21, 2004

A. Q. Khan: The Ghost that Continues to Haunt

Dr.A. Q. Khan, the self-styled father of Pakistan's atomic bomb, is back in the headlines following a statement disseminated by the National Council of Resistance of Iran, a group opposed to the present regime in Teheran, on November 17, 2004, that between 1994 and 1996 (Mrs.Benazir Bhutto was then in power) Dr. Khan gave Iran a Chinese-developed nuclear warhead design.

AAP gets a second chance... But can the party build on it?
Feb 11, 2015

AAP gets a second chance... But can the party build on it?

The Aam Aadmi Party's victory in 67 out of 70 Delhi Assembly seats has simply blown the established parties like the BJP and the Congress out of the water. It has inflicted by far the most crushing defeat to its opposition in independent India's electoral history.

AAP's arrival signals urban discourse in politics
Dec 10, 2013

AAP's arrival signals urban discourse in politics

There has clearly been a Modi effect in the assembly polls, but but whether or not there is a Modi wave in 2014 will depend on just how the BJP uses the momentum it has now gathered. And the stunning performance of AAP in Delhi signals the arrival of the urban discourse into national politics and the breakdown of identity politics of yore.

Abandon ad hocism, focus sharp on the Maoist menace
Apr 30, 2012

Abandon ad hocism, focus sharp on the Maoist menace

The trends emerging from Odisha and Chhattisgarh following the latest kidnappings of popular officials confirm to a certain global pattern - desperation leads to unpopular acts. These measures suggest they become considerably weaker and are making desperate attempts to wage easy propaganda.

Abe in Delhi
Jan 23, 2014

Abe in Delhi

In inviting Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe to be the chief guest of this year's Republic Day celebrations, Delhi has underlined the special importance it attaches to East Asia. Abe is the fourth East Asian leader to be part of the annual event in the last five years.

Abe wants decisive responses to China's ambitions near Japan waters
Sep 24, 2013

Abe wants decisive responses to China's ambitions near Japan waters

Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe believes that his country needs quicker and more decisive responses to China's increasing maritime ambitions in waters near Japan, according to two Japanese security experts, Dr Marie Izuyama and Dr Hikaru Yamashita.

Abe's African Safari: Will it pay off?
Feb 10, 2014

Abe's African Safari: Will it pay off?

At the beginning of the year, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe made a trip to Africa. His renewed engagement in Africa is seen as a part of his broader effort to put an assertive stamp on Japan's foreign policy. Will his African Safari pay off? Can Japan have the same amount of influence in the continent as its arch rival China?

Abe's and Modi's policies on Indo-Pacific becoming concurrent: Japanese Ambassador
Oct 18, 2014

Abe's and Modi's policies on Indo-Pacific becoming concurrent: Japanese Ambassador

The idea of a united Indo-Pacific put forward by t he Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is becoming increasingly concurrent with the foreign policy initiatives of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, according to the Ambassador of Japan to India, Mr. Takeshi Yagi.

Abe's decision could mark a turning point in security policy
Jul 09, 2014

Abe's decision could mark a turning point in security policy

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's recent decision to reinterpret the Japanese constitution to exercise the right of collective self-defence is truly significant and could mark a turning point in Japan's security policy in the coming years.

Abe's defence
Jul 21, 2015

Abe's defence

It's not often that one sees leaders take risks in the pursuit of a political conviction. Abe, a rare exception, has been steadfast in his determination to remove the extraordinary restraints on Japan's military imposed by its post-war constitution. Abe wants Japan to be a "normal" power, 70 years after World War II.

Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi and the rise of the ISIS
Jul 07, 2014

Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi and the rise of the ISIS

Baghdadi, who has led the ISIS since 2010, has acquired significant financial and military power and influence among Sunni foreign fighters. But the ISIS's violent and extremist methods have alienated Sunni militias and Baghdadi's unwillingness to share power is likely to limit the group's territorial expansion.

Access to green technology only way to reduce to carbon emissions: Minister
Oct 21, 2015

Access to green technology only way to reduce to carbon emissions: Minister

Admitting that the government's 'Make in India' initiative will result in increase in carbon emissions as it focuses on manufacturing, and industries, India's Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change Prakash Javedkar emphasises the need for developing countries to get cheaper access to green technology on humanitarian grounds, notwithstanding Intellectual Property Rights.

Access to Yuan loans:  A wise decision
Sep 24, 2011

Access to Yuan loans: A wise decision

India's decision to allow corporates to borrow yuan denominated loans is guided by many factors. There is a big demand for Yuan loans from companies who are importing equipment and machinery from China for infrastructure development.

Accountable Tech: क्या जवाबदेही से जुड़े भारत के तौर-तरीक़ों को अमेरिका अपनाएगा?
Sep 13, 2022

Accountable Tech: क्या जवाबदेही से जुड़े भारत के तौर-तरीक़ों को अमेरिका अपनाएगा?

डिजिटल इंडिया उस बदलाव का शुरुआती बिंदु बनने जा रहा है जो

Act East through Northeast: Success depends on implementing CMs’ suggestions
May 25, 2018

Act East through Northeast: Success depends on implementing CMs’ suggestions

Considering the complexities and ground realities, development in Northeast will require special handling.

Act of last resort
Sep 01, 2004

Act of last resort

Why does Manipur continue to be on fire? Civil and human rights activists, social scientists and even the media would have you believe that the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) is primarily responsible for this. Is that so? Why is this act necessary? What does it imply?

Addressing challenges of rainwater harvesting in Delhi
Sep 21, 2020

Addressing challenges of rainwater harvesting in Delhi

Rainwater harvesting (RWH) is a useful method to address the problem of water shortage. However, the Delhi government is unable to tap its full potent

Addressing Dhaka
Jun 24, 2014

Addressing Dhaka

Bangladesh offers a rare strategic opportunity to transform the geopolitics of the subcontinent. A comprehensive partnership with Dhaka might be the key that will eventually open the door to a productive engagement with Pakistan.

Addressing India's missing girls: Time to re-evaluate strategies
Jul 28, 2015

Addressing India's missing girls: Time to re-evaluate strategies

The government is approaching the issue of declining sex ratio with a new commitment. It should be tackled with nuanced policy interventions. Instead of introducing more schemes, the existing schemes could be made more accessible and the loopholes could be confronted.

Addressing stunting: A critical concern in Africa
May 24, 2024

Addressing stunting: A critical concern in Africa

Stunting remains a significant public health challenge in Africa, with far-reaching implications for child health, development, and future prospects

Addressing the SIDS challenge: An India-Australia-SIDS trilateral?
Apr 24, 2024

Addressing the SIDS challenge: An India-Australia-SIDS trilateral?

While India and Australia prioritise cooperation with the SIDS, in the face of current geopolitical competition, the SIDS also gain from fostering a d

Admiral Gorshkov to INS Vikramaditya
Nov 19, 2013

Admiral Gorshkov to INS Vikramaditya

While the state of defence cooperation between India and Russia could be described as "healthy and robust", there are some underwater reefs the two sides should carefully steer past.

Advances in Chinese missile defence and hypersonic capabilities
Jun 19, 2023

Advances in Chinese missile defence and hypersonic capabilities

In light of the advances in Chinese defence capabilities, India must prioritise the development of the second phase of India’s BMD capability as wel

Advancing women's role in India's economic progress
Oct 05, 2023

Advancing women's role in India's economic progress

India’s female workforce participation remains paltry and calls for an urgent review of India’s policies and schemes related to women’s empowerm

Aero India 2011: Glimpses of State's changing mindset
Mar 11, 2011

Aero India 2011: Glimpses of State's changing mindset

Aero India 2011 raises a few issues for future debates. Should aerospace modernisation be a national priority as India enhances its hard power? An affirmative answer validates the significance of Aero India. But, such fundamental issues need to be debated beyond the confines of the government.

Aerospace power: IAF’s doctrinal overview
Feb 10, 2023

Aerospace power: IAF’s doctrinal overview

The newly revised doctrine seeks to overcome the past inadequacy in the wider knowledge and leveraging of air power in India’s national security and

AfCFTA: Need for integrating the African Continental Infrastructure Framework
Jun 06, 2019

AfCFTA: Need for integrating the African Continental Infrastructure Framework

An efficient and low-cost transport system is a prerequisite for African countries to become competitive in the global market.

Affordable Airpower: Need for refining business processes
Oct 30, 2013

Affordable Airpower: Need for refining business processes

Pointing out that the problem for an upcoming Indian defence industry is in the basics, experts suggest that a refinement of processes in conducting business and procurement would go a long way.

Afghan President's Taliban predicament
Apr 20, 2015

Afghan President's Taliban predicament

More than six months into his tenure, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani is possibly as far from achieving a breakthrough with the Taliban. There is no unanimity in the Taliban for peace talks. And Pakistan's failure to bring the Taliban to the table could possibly be a reflection of its limited influence over the group and a bigger obstacle to the talks may be the Taliban itself.

Afghan presidential elections: Implications and the road ahead
Apr 16, 2014

Afghan presidential elections: Implications and the road ahead

The voluminous participation by the Afghans in the elections, in which all major candidates asserted their desire to sign the Bilateral Security Agreement with the US, does not bode well for the Taliban, which describes signing of the BSA as "a huge crime".

Afghan situation likely to become complicated, says Chinese scholar
Apr 20, 2011

Afghan situation likely to become complicated, says Chinese scholar

Cautioning that the security situation in Afghanistan may become complicated in future, Chinese scholars said since both India and China have interests in that country, it could provide an opportunity for both to play a bigger role, setting aside the disagreements regarding Pakistan.

Afghanistan 2015: New Delhi's policy options
Dec 12, 2014

Afghanistan 2015: New Delhi's policy options

Delhi must not forget that the tyranny of geography limits India's role in Afghanistan. Delhi is in no position to compete with Rawalpindi in Afghanistan. Nor can it dream of replacing US military power across the Durand Line. For now, Delhi must welcome the current dialogue between Kabul and Rawalpindi.

Afghanistan and women's rights
Dec 19, 2013

Afghanistan and women's rights

Comparing Afghanistan and the rest of the world, Farkhunda Zarah Naderi, Member of the Afghan National Assembly, said that while the world is looking forward to achieve the status quo, Afghans are still fighting for their primary rights, be it women's, cultural or ethical.

Afghanistan Today & Tomorrow
Oct 11, 2010

Afghanistan Today & Tomorrow

Saeed Naqvi, Distinguished Fellow at ORF, recently journeyed across Afghanistan where he met scores of political leaders, Taleban, US officials, filmmakers, journalists, NGOs, religious leaders and ordinary Afghans. The result is an insightful document on Afghanistan at the crossroads. Do Americans have an Endgame planned? Or, more important, can a superpower in a theatre of strategic importance, have a linear exit plan when multiple strategic op

Afghanistan's tryst with reality
Dec 04, 2003

Afghanistan's tryst with reality

After months of painstaking deliberations, Afghanistan's draft Constitution was finally made public on November 3, 2003. However, the road to the final document would in all probability prove to be a daunting process as the formation of the draft was, and might end up being an inconclusive battle for supremacy between the liberals in charge of the country at present and the radicals who once called the shots.