Search: For - development

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Predictability & transparency in governance
Jan 28, 2015

Predictability & transparency in governance

As the curtains come down of one of the best Republic Day ceremonials in 65 years, focus shifts to the way forwards. Modi's promises of large scale reforms to make 'doing business' in India simple have been welcomed by Obama and the America Inc.

Prepare for a turbulent winter
Nov 15, 2004

Prepare for a turbulent winter

Jammu & Kashmir will emerge as one of the key areas of conflict and is likely to witness an increased US interest during the second term of President George W Bush. The reasons are not far to seek. Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf has been Mr Bush's strong ally in the war against terror and will continue to be so. President Bush's return to the White House,

Prepare for war in the East China Sea
Dec 17, 2013

Prepare for war in the East China Sea

The Chinese say that their interests in the East China Sea are what bother them the most because of their proximity to the Chinese heartland. The South China Sea, they insist, is not a problem area of the same dimension. Beijing's unambiguous goal is to isolate Japan, divide the ASEAN and befuddle the United States.

Preparing for Rio+20: Emerging Dilemmas
Jun 21, 2012

Preparing for Rio+20: Emerging Dilemmas

With clearly increasing patterns of inequity, social strife and marginalisation, India's policymakers must understand that they cannot continue to articulate its pro poor agenda shamelessly at the global high table, without first enabling visible socio-economic transformation at home.

Preparing Indian Cities for a Shift to E-Mobility
Apr 12, 2021

Preparing Indian Cities for a Shift to E-Mobility

India is driving a transition to e-mobility in a bid to meet its commitments to the Paris climate agreement. Meeting the e-mobility targets will have multiple benefits, including cleaner air, improved health, and a reduced oil import bill. India’s cities will play a key role in achieving the e-mobility transition through planning and the implementation of local policies, but they must first overcome certain challenges. Assistance from the centr

Presence of US troops in Afghanistan has only increased terrorism: Iran
Feb 01, 2013

Presence of US troops in Afghanistan has only increased terrorism: Iran

The presence of US and NATO troops in Afghanistan has been counter-productive and has only led to increase in terrorism, according to Dr. Saeed Jalili, Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council of Iran.

Preserving the slender thread in Pakistan
Jul 02, 2010

Preserving the slender thread in Pakistan

Pakistan seems ready to expand its counter-terrorism strategy. But such a break from the past needs time, and a sense of ownership. Patience, therefore, will yield greater long-term returns. So, repeated public admonishment by the US will serve to be only counter-productive.

President Asif Ali Zardari: Can he measure up to the challenges?
Sep 09, 2008

President Asif Ali Zardari: Can he measure up to the challenges?

Asif Ali Zardari, 53, the 12th President of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is not new to politics, nor is he to the Machiavellian twists and turns necessary to survive in the intensely fratricidal politics of Pakistan where the final shots are called by the Chief of Army Staff.

President in Russia
May 05, 2015

President in Russia

The Indian President's presence at the 70th anniversary of the Allied victory in World War II in Russia on May 9 is in part about extending New Delhi's solidarity with Moscow at a time when many Western leaders have decided not to show up in protest against Russian President Vladimir Putin's policy in Ukraine.

President Medvedev's Visit
Feb 09, 2011

President Medvedev's Visit

President Medvedev's recent visit to India (December 21-22) has contributed to retrieving some of the ground being lost in India-Russia ties. A perception has been growing that the relevance of Russia to India has declined in the context of the changed international situation,

President Nasheed wrests the initiative
Oct 29, 2010

President Nasheed wrests the initiative

Politics is no more news in Maldives. Even media commentaries these days focus on culture and other aspects even as the news columns take time off to report more on crimes like abuse of foreigners by resort employees and the like.

President Obama and the Midterm Elections
Oct 22, 2010

President Obama and the Midterm Elections

A few days before President Obama's Indian visit, the US will witness midterm elections. If the opinion polls are anything to go by, the Democratic Party appears to be in trouble. However, Obama can utilize the polls to retool his strategy and win back the voters as Bill Clinton did in 1994.

President Sirisena's global outreach commences on a positive note
Feb 19, 2015

President Sirisena's global outreach commences on a positive note

During the meeting with visiting Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena, Modi has indicated he would like to visit Sri Lanka in March. During the tour, the Indian PM may also visit Maldives, Mauritius and Seychelles. The visit has the great potential for these nations to emerge as a collective Indian Ocean Rim voice.

Presidential poll exposes alliance realities
Jun 29, 2012

Presidential poll exposes alliance realities

Independent of the Presidential poll results, which seem to be a foregone conclusion at the moment, the run-up to the poll has exposed chinks in the rival alliances, existing and prospective.

Pressure cooker bombs: Low-intensity but greater headache than RDX
Apr 20, 2013

Pressure cooker bombs: Low-intensity but greater headache than RDX

After the Boston bombings, the big counter terrorism question for the US will be how to prevent such attacks in the future. The possibility of 'copy cat' attacks cannot be ruled out. It will be difficult to prevent or monitor the sale of pressure cookers or other utensils. Tracking the locally available incendiary materials could be a better and more effective counter action.

Preventing hunger and malnutrition in India
Jun 09, 2017

Preventing hunger and malnutrition in India

The prevalence of malnutrition—encompassing both undernutrition and overnutrition—is an important indicator of a country’s health. Those who are either undernourished or are obese underperform in various aspects of life, missing out on opportunities to become productive members of society. India is among those countries in the world with the highest recorded numbers of undernourished. As the country aspires to fulfil its economic and social

Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi: Opportunities and Challenges
Aug 30, 2014

Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi: Opportunities and Challenges

Iraq's Prime Minister designate, Haider al-Abadi, a member of the Shia-led Islamic Dawa Party, must build an inclusive national government and unite Iraq's fragmented ethno-religious communities against the rise of the Islamic State (IS).

Principle of 'closest partners'
Oct 01, 2013

Principle of 'closest partners'

The US has placed India in the category of 'closest partners' for defence cooperation. The official spin was that New Delhi would now be on the same footing as the closest allies of the US such as Britain. That may be the endpoint that New Delhi and Washington have decided upon, but it is far from the current reality. Both sides would need to do an enormous amount of work to attain that goal.

Priorities of Peace Process
Jul 14, 2005

Priorities of Peace Process

One of the critical issues that seem to have missed the Indian-Pakistan peace process is terrorism. Pakistan has quietly managed to keep the issue on the backburner by raising the issues of Baglihar dam and Kashmir.

Prioritising the appointment of the CDS
Jul 08, 2022

Prioritising the appointment of the CDS

Amid all the developments, considerable attention needs to be paid on the appointment of the new CDS in the aftermath of the demise of General Bipin R

Privacy Through Fragmentation?
Oct 05, 2014

Privacy Through Fragmentation?

Long before Snowden, it was suggested that the best way forward was to abandon 'the Internet' and embrace multiple internets, essentially privatising networks. The splintering of the Internet is one possible consequence of viewing Internet rights through the prism of private property.

Privacy, property and sovereignty in the cyber age
Oct 08, 2013

Privacy, property and sovereignty in the cyber age

CyberSpace is a free-wheeling mind- Space at the cutting edge of innovation precisely because of the absence of sovereignty and artificial barriers. Declaring sovereignty here is as absurd as extending one's jurisdiction deep into the minds of others.

Privatisation of security can derail US-led stabilisation of Afghanistan
Aug 22, 2017

Privatisation of security can derail US-led stabilisation of Afghanistan

Using embedded PMC personnel would hinder the development of cohesive Afghan security forces, which can both deter terrorists and sensitively respond

Problems before the G20 in Seoul
Oct 21, 2010

Problems before the G20 in Seoul

The G20 meeting in Seoul next month ( November 11 and 12th) for the Finance Ministers of the twenty member countries that include India, China and the US, is likely to be a stormy one judging from the controversies surrounding the state of the world economy.

Productivity growth in Indian manufacturing: Policy implications from an econometric analysis
Jan 08, 2018

Productivity growth in Indian manufacturing: Policy implications from an econometric analysis

This paper evaluates the impact of various policy reforms, including the economic reforms of the 1990s, on India’s manufacturing sector. Covering the priority sectors relevant to the government’s ‘Make in India’ initiative, the paper analyses the productivity of registered manufacturing units from 1974-75 to 2012-13. It offers empirical evidence on the growth of productivity in the organised manufacturing sector through an inter-tem

Promoting Effective Collective Action to Counter Terrorism -I
Jul 06, 2004

Promoting Effective Collective Action to Counter Terrorism -I

For their survival and success, terrorist organisations need recruits, sanctuaries from which they could operate, funds and arms and ammunition, explosives and other material required for their acts of terrorism. Where, in addition, sponsorship by a State is available, it adds to their strength and to the difficulties of the counter-terrorism agencies in dealing with them.

Promoting Menstrual Health: Towards Sexual and Reproductive Health for All
Feb 10, 2023

Promoting Menstrual Health: Towards Sexual and Reproductive Health for All

There is evidence that sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is strongly linked to menstrual health and hygiene (MHH). Yet globally, governments, policymakers, and non-government organisations (NGOs) fail to include MHH in their SRH agenda. This brief examines the most crucial evidence linking MHH and SRH, and offers a framework to underline the imperative of pushing MHH into the mainstream of India’s SRH agenda. It argues that gaps in t

Prospects of Building A New Nepal
Dec 07, 2006

Prospects of Building A New Nepal

The Observer Research Foundation hosted an exciting, in-depth interaction with Nepalese Maoist leaders Prachanda and Baburam Bhattarai on November 18, 2006. Addressing their first international audience together from the same platform, the Maoist leaders put before the distinguished gathering, which included political leaders, former diplomats and members of the academia and media, their vision about a new Nepal which they would like to bui

Prospects of Indo-Japanese cooperation in energy efficiency
Jul 26, 2010

Prospects of Indo-Japanese cooperation in energy efficiency

Japanese are leaders in global technology dealing with energy efficiency and energy savings. As a result, Japan has lowest energy intensity amongst all countries. This situation was brought about in a dramatic change after the 1974 oil shock.

Protest in Kaliningrad rattles Kremlin
Feb 06, 2010

Protest in Kaliningrad rattles Kremlin

Moscow took serious note of the event and President Dmitry Medvedev sent his envoy to the northwest region Ilya Klebanov and Deputy General-Prosecutor Aleksandr Gutsan to Kaliningrad for an emergency meeting

Protesting veterans overshadow NATO summit
May 25, 2012

Protesting veterans overshadow NATO summit

War on terror was the rationale for the occupation of Afghanistan and Iraq. What was the rationale for the destruction of Libya and now persistent destabilization of Syria?

Protests reflect battle of old and new India
Jan 08, 2013

Protests reflect battle of old and new India

The rape of the young medical student in Delhi, who was returning from a movie with a friend, is not only a failure of the law and order system but also traditional India's incapacity to accommodate the 21st century nation.

PTA revokes 'obscene' SMS ban
Nov 25, 2011

PTA revokes 'obscene' SMS ban

The Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) placed itself in a highly embarrassing situation with its decision to ban the usage of 'obscene' words in text messages. Stiff resistance from users,

Public health concerns and reforms: Perceptions of the civil society
May 01, 2012

Public health concerns and reforms: Perceptions of the civil society

The problem of female foeticide and sex selection was highlighted as a big public health concern at a seminar on 'Public Health Concerns and Reforms' organised by ORF and RLS in Delhi. It was said that India could witness elimination of 9-10% girls in the times to come.

Public protests and policy issues
Oct 14, 2011

Public protests and policy issues

The Centre having addressed issues in terms of suppliers' liability through parliamentary legislation in the case of nuclear power projects, the nation will have to now decide if it wants growth with risks or would be happy with riskless regression.

Public-Private partnership way forward for engineering education
Aug 21, 2008

Public-Private partnership way forward for engineering education

Some of the country's most prominent scientists, academicians, policy makers and industry leaders have pledged to come together to explore ways to strengthen research-oriented higher studies in engineering education in India. At a panel discussion on 'India's Leadership in Manufacturing: Role of Engineering Education' organised by the Observer Research Foundation (ORF), India's leading

Pulses: Sustaining the Earth and nourishing communities
Feb 10, 2024

Pulses: Sustaining the Earth and nourishing communities

The World Pulse Day provides an opportunity for various stakeholders to come together and celebrate the significance of pulses in achieving certain SD