Search: For - research

378 results found

A lot left to play: The under-researched Indian gaming landscape
Mar 17, 2022

A lot left to play: The under-researched Indian gaming landscape

Despite the rapid rise in the video gaming industry in India, in-depth research and policy interventions in this sector is negligible.

Accelerating the pace of India’s defence research
Jul 23, 2022

Accelerating the pace of India’s defence research

Expanding participation to other stakeholders and cultivating linkages with other countries’ R&D are two ways by which India hopes to stimulate defe

Affirmative action in higher education : Insights from recent empirical research
May 11, 2023

Affirmative action in higher education : Insights from recent empirical research

Affirmative action, especially in the form of reservation policies, to address the issues of inclusion and equity has been in place in India for a long time. The available evidence suggests that the policies of reservation have not been an unqualified success. Indeed, implementation of the reservation policies has faced a variety of issues ranging from problems of identifying the beneficiary groups and the creamy layer to legal interpretation of

Crossroads of Artificial Intelligence: Higher Education and Research in India and China
Nov 11, 2020

Crossroads of Artificial Intelligence: Higher Education and Research in India and China

This paper offers a comparative study of India and China in higher-education reforms for the development of talent in artificial intelligence (AI), and in AI research. It analyses the AI development plans and strategies of the two countries, their automation readiness index, talent retention, and research output. The analysis is based on both primary and secondary sources including interviews, government and industry reports, and recognised ranki

Decoding Sri Lanka’s moratorium on foreign research vessels
Jan 08, 2024

Decoding Sri Lanka’s moratorium on foreign research vessels

In an attempt to balance between India and China, Sri Lanka has imposed a one-year ban on all foreign research vessels

https://www.orfonline.org/research/health-infrastructure-planning-amid-covid-19-the-case-of-mumbai/
Jan 13, 2021

https://www.orfonline.org/research/health-infrastructure-planning-amid-covid-19-the-case-of-mumbai/

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused unprecedented stress on India’s urban public health infrastructure, underscoring the need for urban planning to account for increased demand for health amenities during crises. This paper evaluates the city of Mumbai’s 1991 and 2034 development plans and finds inherent infrastructural inadequacies. It calls on urban-policymakers to complement development plans with robust dynamic health strategies that conside

https://www.orfonline.org/research/no-childs-play-the-enduring-challenge-of-creating-child-friendly-cities/
May 15, 2023

https://www.orfonline.org/research/no-childs-play-the-enduring-challenge-of-creating-child-friendly-cities/

Child-friendly cities’ is an emerging concept in the urban management sector in many countries across the globe, including India, where it complements government schemes that aim to develop India’s urban spaces as centres of human capital development, knowledge hubs, and drivers of growth and prosperity. These flagship missions include, for example, the Smart Cities Mission and the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMR

Important to connect research institutions to smart city initiatives
Jan 31, 2015

Important to connect research institutions to smart city initiatives

With there being a strong connection between smart cities and a nation's pride, it is important to connect universities and research institutions with smart city initiatives, says Dr. Meric Gertler, President of the University of Toronto.

Learning to probe early: Why research should be made part of UG curriculum in India
Jan 29, 2019

Learning to probe early: Why research should be made part of UG curriculum in India

While the concept of UG research is fairly new in India, it is now taken as a given in many parts of the world.

Moratorium on Chinese research ships and Buddhist soft power diplomacy in Sri Lanka
Feb 01, 2024

Moratorium on Chinese research ships and Buddhist soft power diplomacy in Sri Lanka

China aims to use a Buddhist narrative to push forward its geopolitical and geoeconomic ambitions in the South Asian region

Observer Research Foundation (ORF)-Pacific Council on International Policy (PCIP)
Mar 18, 2004

Observer Research Foundation (ORF)-Pacific Council on International Policy (PCIP)

The first meeting of the ORF-Pacific Council Task Force on India-US Relations was held at Jamnagar on March 18-19, 2004.

ORF researcher bags NIXI fellowship
Oct 19, 2010

ORF researcher bags NIXI fellowship

ORF Senior Fellow Dr. R. Swaminathan will work on mobile banking solutions for financial inclusion and prepare a policy document for the government.

Synthetic data in biotechnology research
Sep 01, 2023

Synthetic data in biotechnology research

As the biotechnology industry evolves, integrating synthetic data and model-based reasoning will remain crucial for addressing complex biological chal

'One year after 26/11'
Nov 28, 2009

'One year after 26/11'

Proceedings of the weekly interaction in the Chennai Chapter of the Observer Research Foundation

5th BRICS Academic Forum Recommendations
Mar 11, 2013

5th BRICS Academic Forum Recommendations

The 5th BRICS Academic Forum, comprising experts and scholars from the research and academic institutions of India, China, Brazil, Russia and South Africa, met on the 11th and 12th of March 2013 in Durban and has come up with a 5-point recommendations.

A new development paradigm for sustainable development: A case study of Dhun, Rajasthan
Mar 20, 2021

A new development paradigm for sustainable development: A case study of Dhun, Rajasthan

The Dhun Project aspires to create a microcosm in a 500-acre ecological reserve, comprising of living, working, learning, recreational and research sp

A path to NSG: India’s rise in the global nuclear order
Dec 24, 2017

A path to NSG: India’s rise in the global nuclear order

This research provides an empirical analysis of India’s limited, but transformative position in the global nuclear order. By examining India’s bid for a Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) membership, this paper makes three major arguments. First, India’s attempt to acquire veto power status through the NSG challenges classical revisionism in international relations theory. Second, India’s rise through the NSG is based on selective coalition-bu

A Survey of India-US Defence Cooperation
Mar 15, 2024

A Survey of India-US Defence Cooperation

Manoj Joshi, “A Survey of India-US Defence Cooperation,” ORF Special Report No. 224, March 2024, Observer Research Foundation.

Adopting the One Health approach
Apr 05, 2024

Adopting the One Health approach

Constitutional provisions for the right to health cannot be realised without integrating frameworks for the health of people and the planet.

Afghanistan: A story of US failure and mismanagement
Apr 25, 2014

Afghanistan: A story of US failure and mismanagement

As foreign troops begin to leave Afghanistan, criticism of the international coalition's handling of the war has been pouring in from all corners. A recent survey by the Pew Research Center for People and Press showed that a majority of the public does not think the US has achieved its goals in Afghanistan.

Afghanistan: No Sign of End to Instability
Jan 31, 2008

Afghanistan: No Sign of End to Instability

The situation in Afghanistan is grim. There is a tendency to confuse random acts of violence with the instability caused by the the Taliban or the neo-Taliban. An analysis of the violent incidents in Afghanistan in the past few years has revealed that more than two-thirds of the violence has been related to land, resources or power-politics, pointing towards unequal sharing of power at the sub-national level. A round-table discussion on Afghanis

Agenda for Economic Reform P. N. DHARI. G. PATELM NARASIMHAMR. N. MALHOTRA
Jun 24, 2021

Agenda for Economic Reform P. N. DHARI. G. PATELM NARASIMHAMR. N. MALHOTRA

ndia was facing a massive balance of payment crisis when the Observer Research Foundation released a document, ‘Agenda for Economic Reform’, on 1 July 1991. The Agenda outlined the reasons for the crisis and recommended a broad strategy to enable the country to overcome it. As India marks 30 years since the start of widespread reforms that opened up the economy, ORF revisits the recommendations outlined in the document.

AI Governance in India: Aspirations and Apprehensions
Dec 06, 2023

AI Governance in India: Aspirations and Apprehensions

The Observer Research Foundation’s first Tech Huddle was held on 23 November 2023 and focused on the governance of artificial intelligence (AI) in India, highlighting the rapid growth and adoption of AI as well as the complexities associated with developing regulatory frameworks for it. AI governance is in its infancy, both globally and in India, and grapples with issues such as the explainability of AI systems as well as the embedded biases, s

AI standards and certification programmes in a competitive global landscape
Jan 30, 2024

AI standards and certification programmes in a competitive global landscape

Given the rapid pace of change in AI systems, the development of AI standards and certification programmes has become more urgent

An Assessment of President Hu’s visit to India
Jul 24, 2023

An Assessment of President Hu’s visit to India

In the backdrop of Chinese President Hu Jintao's visit to India, a roundtable discussion was organized by Observer Research Foundation on December 1, 2006 to assess the outcome of the visit and its impact on relations between the two countries. The discussion focused on how the India-China relationship would evolve in the wake of the visit.

An Intellectual History of Modern Leftist Politics in the US
Aug 14, 2023

An Intellectual History of Modern Leftist Politics in the US

Left-wing activism amongst young people in the United States is on the rise, in no small part aided by the internet and social media. The generation which demographic researchers refer to as ‘Gen-Z’—or those born between the mid- to late 1990s to the early 2010s—is becoming more politically engaged. This brief offers an intellectual history of modern-day leftist politics in the US, and argues that it is primarily driven by the pur

Army Aviation: Does the Army Needs it own Air Force?
Aug 23, 2023

Army Aviation: Does the Army Needs it own Air Force?

The National Security Initiative of the Observer Research Foundation held a workshop to examine the relevance of the Army Aviation Corps. This report details the outcome of a discussion amongst prominent defence personnel.

Asian-European Policy Dialogue 2013
Nov 26, 2013

Asian-European Policy Dialogue 2013

Observer Research Foundation and Rosa Luxembourg Stiftung recently organised the Asian-European Policy Dialogue 2013. The theme of the dialogue was local level politics, related policy areas and the role of the state.

Assessing the Achievements and Challenges of EU-India Cybersecurity Cooperation
Feb 27, 2024

Assessing the Achievements and Challenges of EU-India Cybersecurity Cooperation

The European Union’s (EU) and India’s paths towards becoming “cyber powers” could hardly be more different. The EU has a long tradition of protecting personal privacy rights and patents, while urging to enhance multilateral norms on cyberspace. India’s thinking on cybersecurity has continuously been boosted by the cyber threats emerging from China and Pakistan. It has further been shaped by India’s domestic Information Technology indu

Australia and India : A People-based Partnership
Jul 22, 2009

Australia and India : A People-based Partnership

Senator Chris Evans visited the Observer Research Foundation, New Delhi on July 22 and spoke on the close cultural ties that have been forged between the two countries, the safety of Indian students in Australia and migration prospects in the future.

Australian agriculture amidst droughts: Productivity gains and integration into global value chains key to global competitiveness
Feb 11, 2022

Australian agriculture amidst droughts: Productivity gains and integration into global value chains key to global competitiveness

Despite extreme climate events, through timely policy measures, Australia has not only achieved food security but also has become a large exporter

Avoid privileging public sector over private sector in space
Jan 09, 2021

Avoid privileging public sector over private sector in space

Guarding against the temptation of statist developmental efforts in the space sector will be a key test for the government — and for ISRO’s scient

Bay of Bengal diplomacy
Oct 10, 2017

Bay of Bengal diplomacy

Setting up of research taskforces on various climate change and environment risks in the BIMSTEC sub-region can develop a common understanding of the threats, create standards for emergency management and come up with cost-effective solutions.

Be a Benevolent Big Brother: Shujaat Hussain
Mar 31, 2005

Be a Benevolent Big Brother: Shujaat Hussain

A lively and frank debate on India-Pakistan relationship marked the meeting between a high-powered delegation from Pakistan led by former Prime Minister Chaudhary Shujaat Hussain and an Indian team of senior diplomats, strategic analysts, commentators and policy makers led by former Indian Foreign Secretary M Rasgotra, who is presently, International Affairs Adviser, Observer Research Foundation (ORF), New Delhi, at ORF, Campus on March 31, 2005.

Bhagidari Programme of Delhi Government
Oct 04, 2008

Bhagidari Programme of Delhi Government

Observer Research Foundation (ORF) invited Hon'ble Chief Minister of Delhi, Smt. Sheila Dikshit on April 10, 2008 to deliver a talk on the 'Bhagidari Programme of Delhi Government' at the New Delhi campus. The event was attended by more than 80 participants

BIMSTEC and Japan: Exploring prospects for renewed cooperation
Aug 20, 2023

BIMSTEC and Japan: Exploring prospects for renewed cooperation

As the Bay of Bengal region continues to rise as an economic and strategic hub, there is increasing awareness of the role to be played by the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) in promoting growth, development and stability in the region. Having kept a low profile in its 20 years of existence, BIMSTEC is now being seen as a potential driver of integration between South Asia and Southeast As

Breaking down hurdles to e-commerce
Feb 16, 2015

Breaking down hurdles to e-commerce

As India's online footprint has increased, so has the role of e-commerce. The industry is expected to cross $6 billion in revenues by 2015, not including ticketing and travel, according to Gartner Research. It must then follow that e-commerce should be encouraged to play a key role in building requisite supply chain efficiencies across India.