Search: For - Development

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Agreements boost Indo-Bangla relations
Feb 16, 2013

Agreements boost Indo-Bangla relations

India and Bangladesh relations got a major boost following the signing of two agreements, an extradition treaty and a liberalised visa agreement between the two neighbouring countries.

Agriculture trade rules must protect world's poorest
Sep 21, 2013

Agriculture trade rules must protect world's poorest

The viability and dynamism of the developing world's agriculture sector remains essential to secure success in the developing world's poverty alleviation strategies. The next ministerial at Bali in December must ensure pressure remains on developed nations to meet the aspirations of developing countries with regards to the global agriculture trade.

Ahead of fisheries talks, TNA too says 'Indians are robbing' their fish
May 07, 2014

Ahead of fisheries talks, TNA too says 'Indians are robbing' their fish

A lot will depend on how the TNA and the NPC proceed during the upcoming fishers' talks in Colombo. For any fishers-negotiated solution to be effective, it has to have the cooperation of the Tamil Nadu and Northern Province Governments across the Palk Straits.

Ahead of Secretary Carter's India visit, bipartisan support for expansion of defence cooperation
May 26, 2015

Ahead of Secretary Carter's India visit, bipartisan support for expansion of defence cooperation

India-US defence ties are driven not only by business and commercial interests, but by the logic of geopolitics. Sustained bipartisan support in favour of burgeoning India-US ties is necessary.

AI economies of (hyper)scale
Apr 19, 2024

AI economies of (hyper)scale

Tech giants wield vast computational resources, fostering complexity and vendor reliance, underscoring the need for local capability development for s

AI Governance in India: Aspirations and Apprehensions
Dec 06, 2023

AI Governance in India: Aspirations and Apprehensions

The Observer Research Foundation’s first Tech Huddle was held on 23 November 2023 and focused on the governance of artificial intelligence (AI) in India, highlighting the rapid growth and adoption of AI as well as the complexities associated with developing regulatory frameworks for it. AI governance is in its infancy, both globally and in India, and grapples with issues such as the explainability of AI systems as well as the embedded biases, s

AI policy analysis: AIDP of China vs. India’s NITI Aayog AI policy paper
Jul 10, 2019

AI policy analysis: AIDP of China vs. India’s NITI Aayog AI policy paper

Tighter collaboration between private, government, nonprofits and educational institutes will be the key to India’s development of new-age technolog

AI standards and certification programmes in a competitive global landscape
Jan 30, 2024

AI standards and certification programmes in a competitive global landscape

Given the rapid pace of change in AI systems, the development of AI standards and certification programmes has become more urgent

AICTE LITE NEP 2020 EdTech classrooms: Early outcomes highlight the need for mindset change
May 31, 2023

AICTE LITE NEP 2020 EdTech classrooms: Early outcomes highlight the need for mindset change

Nationwide implementation of LITE in NEP’s letter and spirit cannot be completed without proper and fool-proof preparation

AICTE LITE: A promising government-led industry-academia partnership
Dec 09, 2022

AICTE LITE: A promising government-led industry-academia partnership

The recently launched government-led AICTE (LITE) programme supports the professional development of teachers in engineering education

Aim at zero-defect products
Apr 14, 2015

Aim at zero-defect products

The new foreign trade policy (2015-20) announced by the Commerce Minister recently is aimed at doubling India's exports from $465.9 billion in 2013-14 to $900 billion in 2020. However, for this, India has to gain the reputation of producing good quality, zero-defect products which can compete in international markets. To achieve this goal, much needs to be done.

Air India clipping private players' wings
Jan 20, 2015

Air India clipping private players' wings

The government should immediately stop this aviation pricing strategy if it wants to remain being seen as serious about raising investor confidence. One wonders, if the move by Air India has the prior approval and blessing from the Civil Aviation Ministry.

Air Pollution in Delhi: Filling the Policy Gaps
Dec 18, 2020

Air Pollution in Delhi: Filling the Policy Gaps

Delhi, a Union Territory that is home to India’s capital, New Delhi, is among the world’s urban agglomerations with the most toxic air. The magnitude of air pollution is massive. It causes devastating impacts on people’s health, the city’s environment, and economic well-being. Despite overwhelming evidence of the severity of air pollution and its consequences, however, India’s policy measures remain weak. This paper identifies the most

AirSea Battle and its Indo-Pacific Future
Mar 13, 2012

AirSea Battle and its Indo-Pacific Future

India and the US face a growing anti-access challenge. By working together to mitigate A2/AD threats, both the countries may come to a better mutual understanding on major security issues in Asia.

Al Qaeda video and its message for India
Sep 12, 2014

Al Qaeda video and its message for India

The al Qaeda video showing its current head Ayman al-Zawahari declaring a renewed bout of jihad in the Indian subcontinent has triggered widespread alarm in the region, especially in India. The alarm over a video may seem exaggerated but there are enough reasons for India to worry.

Al Qaeda Watchers
Dec 15, 2004

Al Qaeda Watchers

Remember the Kremlin Watchers of yore during the height of the cold war and their best-sellers on the Evil Empire? And the scary stories on communism they used to disseminate? And how the newspaper columns of those days were filled with their analyses? And the so-called classified documents of the Soviet State and Communist Party to which they managed to have access and which they used liberally in their writings and books?

Al Qaeda: Casablanca & Madrid
Mar 16, 2004

Al Qaeda: Casablanca & Madrid

Sections of the Spanish media, quoting the authorities investigating the Madrid blasts of March 11,2004, have reported that the terrorists, who orchestrated the blasts, had used the mobile telephones as timers for the improvised explosive devices (IEDs) along with copper detonators, different from the aluminium detonators used in the past by the ETA, the Basque terrorist organisation. According to one report, the IEDs had the alarms set for 7-39

Al-Qaeda, ISIS and India's challenges
Jul 10, 2015

Al-Qaeda, ISIS and India's challenges

There are two epicentres of terrorism today. One is in the AfPak region, a byproduct of the Cold War. Another epicentre which has risen in the recent times is in West Asia, which in some ways represents the first post-Cold War conflict between various competing forces.

Al-Shabaab emerging as a dangerous Jihadist organisation in Africa?
Feb 02, 2015

Al-Shabaab emerging as a dangerous Jihadist organisation in Africa?

Following the ideology of global Jihadism and maintaining links with Al-Qaeda, Al-Shabaab is emerging as a lethal organisation in Africa, posing a strategic challenge to the United States besides Somalia and its neighbours.

Alarming job problem: Time for investment in skills training
Dec 07, 2010

Alarming job problem: Time for investment in skills training

Today the two biggest countries in the world - the US and China - are playing in the world arena on their own terms. Jobs are, indeed, something to be worried about because not only is there a threat of a deflationary spiral in the US but there is also a huge fiscal deficit. This means austerity (decline in demand) and job losses.

Aligning climate and health goals
Nov 02, 2021

Aligning climate and health goals

The sustainable development, climate action and COVID-19 recovery strands of the common agenda need to be better aligned to target the most vulnerable

All the roads that lead to Kabul
Oct 30, 2017

All the roads that lead to Kabul

India must expand its development role further and enhance its security profile in Afghanistan

All this to Nab Terrorists
Dec 21, 2004

All this to Nab Terrorists

There are only two ways to look at the recent decision of the US administration to arm Pakistan with new weapons. First, as the Bush administration officials have been trying, rather hard, to convince the international community, particularly India, that the weapons they are selling to President Pervez Musharraf¿s Pakistan are meant to fight terrorism.

Allergies From The Arab Spring In India
Aug 24, 2011

Allergies From The Arab Spring In India

The tremors from the convulsions wracking the Arab world are being felt in India too, in the amplitude that the Hazare drama is acquiring. This may not be grasped immediately as independent India has an autonomous record of organising non-violent political and social protests

Allied to the problem
Apr 11, 2006

Allied to the problem

At the end of a French delegation's visit to Pakistan recently, the Pakistan Foreign Office put out its usual statement. It referred to Pakistan as an anchor of peace in the region and said that the leader of the French delegation, former Premier Senator (Francois) Poncet, had commended Pakistan's role in promoting peace and stability.

Almost covert, wholly illegal
Sep 05, 2011

Almost covert, wholly illegal

Even assuming that Gaddafi is gone for good, Libya's future still looks uncertain. If Libya becomes unstable, violent, or a fertile ground for radicals, it will raise questions about the wisdom of the entire enterprise.

Ambassadors to Pakistan
Nov 12, 2012

Ambassadors to Pakistan

Delhi must bite the bullet and make the political case for moving forward boldly with Islamabad and Dhaka. Nothing will demonstrate India's commitment to transforming its relations with its neighbours more than an early visit to Pakistan by the Prime Minister.

Ambiguities galore: Verify before placing trust
Jul 27, 2005

Ambiguities galore: Verify before placing trust

At first glance, the July 18 India-US joint statement promises a giant leap forward in bilateral relations and a paradigm shift in the US policy towards India. The agreement undoubtedly is a testimony to the growing trust and meaningful strategic partnership between New Delhi and Washington.

America's evolving foreign policy debate
Jul 31, 2015

America's evolving foreign policy debate

The US needs to have a more practical approach combating the Islamic State, and it needs to collaborate with partner countries to end Islamic radicalism, according to a scholar from the Center for American Progress.

America's Summer of Discontent
Aug 30, 2005

America's Summer of Discontent

One grieving mother camping outside the ranch where President Bush is on vacation has made her countrymen sit up and introspect about the war the US is waging in Iraq. Cindy Sheehan, mother of army specialist Casey Sheehan who died in the Sadr City section of Baghdad on April 4, 2004, and other family members who too have lost their loved ones, have become the new face of opposition to the war in Iraq.

American 'Pivot to Asia': Great strategy, but badly implemented
Feb 05, 2013

American 'Pivot to Asia': Great strategy, but badly implemented

Describing the US's 'Pivot to Asia' as "rhetoric without reassurance", Chatham House scholar on US foreign policy says it is a great strategy, but it has been badly implemented.

Amidst calls for a ban, India leads the debate on Lethal Autonomous Weapons
Nov 29, 2017

Amidst calls for a ban, India leads the debate on Lethal Autonomous Weapons

At a decisive meeting on the future of LAWS, countries such as Pakistan and Cuba have called for a pre-emptive ban, while others like US, Germany and Russia disagree.

Amman Blasts: The Message
Nov 14, 2005

Amman Blasts: The Message

The Al Qaeda in Iraq, headed by Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, who is of Jordanian origin, has reportedly claimed responsibility for the blasts directed at three hotels in Amman on November 9,2005, in which about 60 innocent civilians, the majority of them Jordanian nationals, were killed. There is no valid reason for doubting the claim.

Amritsar tragedy: Face hard truth
Oct 23, 2018

Amritsar tragedy: Face hard truth

We can turn blue in the face discussing the importance of the rule of law but more than its imposition, isn’t it the responsibility of every citizen to follow the law, both in letter and spirit?

An 'India exception' for climate talks
Jan 23, 2015

An 'India exception' for climate talks

If the U.S. partners with India for more efficient industrialisation and supports an "India exception" in global climate talks, it could be the kind of investment that cements ties between these two countries. From the perspective of a stable international order, it would be a big deal; from the perspective of climate talks, it is the only realistic path forward.

An arms race? And to what end?
Mar 22, 2004

An arms race? And to what end?

By announcing the American decision to ¿nominate¿ Pakistan as a ¿major non-NATO ally¿, US Secretary of State Colin Powell may have done a calculated disservice to the ongoing peace process between Islamabad and New Delhi. His reference to greater military-to-military cooperation with Islamabad may have stirred,

An assessment of India’s readiness for tracking SDG targets on Health and Nutrition
Jul 24, 2023

An assessment of India’s readiness for tracking SDG targets on Health and Nutrition

India’s endeavour to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in a well-defined and time-bound manner is critical for national and global development. This paper examines India’s data availability to assess the SDGs related to health and nutrition. While India is still facing severe challenges of generating disaggregated information on mortality and cause-specific deaths, the desired data on nutrition and healthcare utilisation are la

An Assessment of the European Union’s Indo-Pacific Strategy
Nov 10, 2021

An Assessment of the European Union’s Indo-Pacific Strategy

The new Indo-Pacific strategy by the European Union (EU) follows previous measures to increase engagement with the region in the economic, security and connectivity domains. The plan indicates a clear intent to position the EU in the emerging global and regional governance structures, focusing on strategic autonomy, inclusivity, the rules-based order, and common public goods. Implementing the action plan based on the strategy is likely to face nu

An explanation for Russia's interest in Syria
Aug 09, 2012

An explanation for Russia's interest in Syria

While Kremlin may be playing to a Russian audience by blocking the West, broader interests, namely, geopolitics, multilateralism, regional stability, and doubts about the feasibility of UNSC resolutions drive its actions in Syria.

An indefensible posture
Aug 08, 2014

An indefensible posture

The Modi government should recognise the advantages of a defence diplomacy that mobilises external partnerships to accelerate India's defence modernisation, shapes its regional strategic environment and helps Delhi emerge as an indispensable element of a new balance of power system in the Indo-Pacific.

An interaction with Obama's former Campaign Chief
Jan 11, 2010

An interaction with Obama's former Campaign Chief

India should work more closely with the members of the US Congress in order to strengthen the strategic relationship between the two largest democracies in the world.

An interaction with US Congressional Staff
May 01, 2013

An interaction with US Congressional Staff

The US Congressional Staff was pointed out that though Pakistan's political machinery is willing to work with all parties, including India, on Afghanistan, the army apparatus and the ISI still remains a liability. These factors must be taken into account while US deals with Pakistan.

An Interim Budget for the transforming economy
Feb 05, 2024

An Interim Budget for the transforming economy

The Interim Budget indicates that the economic thinking is in the right direction— India is slated to have capital-driven growth in the coming futur