Search: For - Development

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Enhanced bilateral cooperation will help both India and Pakistan: Experts
Jul 30, 2013

Enhanced bilateral cooperation will help both India and Pakistan: Experts

India and Pakistan can reap multiple benefits from an enhanced cooperation on the economic and energy fronts, according to experts at a recent conference at Observer Research Foundation.

Enough is enough
Jul 13, 2006

Enough is enough

There she was, a wisp of a girl in her teens, out in Mahim at 11.30 in the night, feeding strangers stranded after the bomb blast. This was her answer, and those of countless citizens of Mumbai, to the terrorists who thought they could break the city¿s indomitable spirit. Salaam, Mumbai.

Ensuring Cyber Security in India’s Nuclear Systems
May 11, 2023

Ensuring Cyber Security in India’s Nuclear Systems

Cyber security should take centrestage in nuclear-policymaking. This brief evaluates the current state of cyber security in India’s civilian and military nuclear systems, as gleaned from both incidents of breach on-ground and analyses in the public discourse. It outlines the level of threats faced in this domain, and makes a case for the development of policy measures for an integrated cyber-nuclear security strategy.

Ensuring food security: Will it be for all or only a few?
Jan 17, 2011

Ensuring food security: Will it be for all or only a few?

HOW to ensure food security and control inflation has emerged as a major challenge for the government in the New Year. The hangover of food inflation from 2010 cannot be ignored as it is still in double digits.

Ensuring Water Security in Asia
Feb 18, 2011

Ensuring Water Security in Asia

Adequate access to water is not only a human right but it also forms the cornerstone of economic development. It is growing in importance in Asia where the population is rising at an exponential rate making it home to more than half of the world's population.

Enter the mellowed dragon
Dec 30, 2014

Enter the mellowed dragon

The world often sees China as a monolithic, monochromatic nation, relentlessly marching towards a future which it has clearly defined for itself. The reality, however, is a nation led by a Communist Party elite, which is very good at doing what it does, and which works hard at remaining where it is ? at the top of the country's political pyramid.

Entry of youth in Nepalese politics: Will they bring change?
Dec 21, 2022

Entry of youth in Nepalese politics: Will they bring change?

The entry of the youth and the new political parties into Nepalese politics is a welcome development as people become disenchanted with old leaders

Escalating tension is not good for either India or Pakistan
Oct 29, 2014

Escalating tension is not good for either India or Pakistan

The tensions between India and Pakistan have to be seriously examined and ways and means to bring back normalcy should be worked out and implemented. India stands to lose much more if terrorist organisations are deployed in various cities in the country at a time of Pakistan's choice.

Establishing Rules of the Road in Space: Issues and Challenges
May 06, 2011

Establishing Rules of the Road in Space: Issues and Challenges

Space is once again becoming the sphere of rivalry and potential conflicts. But the EU Code of Conduct does not move towards a legally binding mechanism that has been the demand from the Asian countries at various multilateral forums.

Estimating the Productivity of India’s Agricultural Waters: Towards Water and Nutritional Security Through Crop Choices
Jul 21, 2023

Estimating the Productivity of India’s Agricultural Waters: Towards Water and Nutritional Security Through Crop Choices

This paper presents an approach towards promoting nutritional security on one hand, and water security on the other, in an integrated framework. Using econometric models, it delineates water use efficiency on the basis of calorific estimates of the productivity of agricultural water use in the context of various crops. Based on the estimated marginal product of water across the various crops, the paper finds that alternative crops such as maize a

Estonian Case – डिजिटल पब्लिक इंफ़्रास्ट्रक्चर का विकास और प्रसार
Jul 18, 2023

Estonian Case – डिजिटल पब्लिक इंफ़्रास्ट्रक्चर का विकास और प्रसार

एस्टोनियाई अनुभव ने हमें बताया है कि डीपीआई (Digital Public Infrastructure) �

Ethics and International Relations
May 28, 2009

Ethics and International Relations

Why does a diplomat who has been in this profession for 40 years turn to a theme such as ethics and international relations? The real reason is that I think that any field of human activity has an ethical dimension.

Ethics of A.I.: Principles, Rules, and the Way Forward
Aug 17, 2023

Ethics of A.I.: Principles, Rules, and the Way Forward

In recent years, different research institutions, government bodies, and private entities across countries have issued principles and guidelines for the ethical use of Artificial Intelligence (AI). There is little consensus, however, over universal ethical principles and how to implement them. What are the similarities and differences in AI ethics discussions across geographies, and what are the existing gaps? Crucially, if the larger goa

Ethics of emerging technologies on the battlefield
Jul 12, 2023

Ethics of emerging technologies on the battlefield

By integrating diverse perspectives and expertise, it is possible to foster responsible development and deployment of AI in warfare

Ethics of neurotechnology: The intersection of neuroscience and military applications
Sep 05, 2023

Ethics of neurotechnology: The intersection of neuroscience and military applications

Striking a balance between technological advancement and ethical considerations will be essential to safeguard human rights and global security

Ethnic violence in South Sudan viewed through a political lens
Apr 21, 2014

Ethnic violence in South Sudan viewed through a political lens

South Sudan does not possess the political leadership to resolve the current crisis of citizenship and governance. But it is time for an unbiased state to step in and address vital issues and questions that it did not address immediately after independence for the collective sake of all South Sudanese.

EU Counter-Terrorism Coordinator Office: A Non-Starter?
Apr 22, 2004

EU Counter-Terrorism Coordinator Office: A Non-Starter?

The immediate concerted European response in the aftermath of Madrid blasts on March 11, 2004 was the creation of the post of a Counter-Terrorism Coordinator, who would directly work under the European Union (EU) High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy, Javier Solana. In fact, the idea of effective counter-terror coordination and intelligence sharing

EU Counter-Terrorism Coordinator Office: A Non-Starter?
Apr 22, 2004

EU Counter-Terrorism Coordinator Office: A Non-Starter?

The immediate concerted European response in the aftermath of Madrid blasts on March 11, 2004 was the creation of the post of a Counter-Terrorism Coordinator, who would directly work under the European Union (EU) High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy, Javier Solana. In fact, the idea of effective counter-terror coordination and intelligence sharing

EU courts support for Space Code of Conduct
Jul 15, 2014

EU courts support for Space Code of Conduct

While there has been progress over the last few years in terms of garnering greater support for the EU Space code, there appear to be a few outstanding issues that need further elaboration and alteration to make the code more appealing. The way forward might be to shift from a consultative to a negotiating phase, before moving to hold a diplomatic conference.

EU unemployment is likely to continue
Jan 29, 2014

EU unemployment is likely to continue

The euro zone's recovery is obstructed by its own structural weaknesses. And the idea of a crisis relapse cannot be discounted as yet and the consequences of it are hard to fathom. The euro zone may also need to abandon its optimistic view.

EU's new Space Code: A significant improvement
Nov 12, 2013

EU's new Space Code: A significant improvement

The new draft of the EU-initiated International Code of Conduct for Outer Space is a significant step forward. The language has been tightened to make it more precise. The document is particularly mindful of the interests of emerging Space actors and instituting measures for greater international cooperation. There have also been several practical measures suggested for more transparency.

EU-AU Summit: Quest to match ambitions with actions
Feb 24, 2022

EU-AU Summit: Quest to match ambitions with actions

Would the recent summit help the AU and EU reboot their ties?

EU-India free trade pact will power India's growth
Jul 05, 2013

EU-India free trade pact will power India's growth

A successful conclusion of the FTA with EU would go a long way in building international market confidence, giving much needed stimulus to the international economy. The loss of revenue from reduction in tariffs should be viewed in gains of transfer of technology, productivity increases and greater competition.

EU-India FTA: Can it be revived?
Apr 29, 2014

EU-India FTA: Can it be revived?

It is quite likely that whoever ascends to power in New Delhi will primarily be focused on domestic politics, and the question of an FTA with Europe will receive less attention than in the past. Additionally, unless the remaining key issues are resolved through some give and take by both sides, the BTIA negotiations may remain stalled in the foreseeable future.

EU-India FTA: Is India undermining its position as a defender of the developing world?
Aug 23, 2013

EU-India FTA: Is India undermining its position as a defender of the developing world?

With one seventh of the world's population and one of the fastest growing economies India has the potential to be a major player in global trade negotiations. It should bear this position in mind while moving ahead with the EU-India FTA.

Europe Helps Create 'Jihad' Next Door
Mar 28, 2011

Europe Helps Create 'Jihad' Next Door

The Libyan revolt was led by a group called the National Conference of the Libyan opposition, founded in London in 2005. Can overseas Libyans make a revolution? If Qaddafi survives, will not opposition to his soft Islam be the harder version of the faith?

Europe overcoming India’s nuclear status
May 09, 2023

Europe overcoming India’s nuclear status

New Delhi’s increasing bilateral outreach to the individual member states of the EU presents an opportunity to promote cooperation

Europe's Role for Security in a Multipolar World: Views from India and China
Nov 26, 2013

Europe's Role for Security in a Multipolar World: Views from India and China

This report of a conference, hosted by the NFG Research Group "Asian Perceptions of the European Union" at ORF and JNU on September 26-27, 2013, provides a summary of the key themes which emerged from the conference.

Europe: Consumer society collides with spectre of austerity
May 11, 2012

Europe: Consumer society collides with spectre of austerity

The return of a socialist President in France since Mitterand's victory in 1981 confirms a trend in Europe which, instead of lifting the mist, is adding to the fog. The other day, David Cameron, who has never quite found his feet, had egg all over his face.

Eurozone to blame for Greece's problems
Jul 21, 2015

Eurozone to blame for Greece's problems

Greece's problems were inevitable because the concept of Eurozone is based on flawed solidarity. While the monetary policy is controlled by the ECB, the fiscal policy is under the member states. They have to obey the diktat of the ECB regarding interest rates and this has made Greece uncompetitive with rising costs.

Even after 20 years, Decentralisation still remains a challenge
May 04, 2013

Even after 20 years, Decentralisation still remains a challenge

Mere constitutional creation of new political space would not become the answer to the growing demands for inclusion and participation in the countryside. For substantive democracy to become a reality, Centre and States need to show willingness to share powers (3Fs).

Even On Slippery Slope, An Ace Up Pak Sleeve
May 30, 2011

Even On Slippery Slope, An Ace Up Pak Sleeve

The Af-Pak conflict's center of gravity has over the past five years shifted decisively to the very heart of Pakistan. Hence, the ultimate ace up Pakistan's sleeve is to search seriously for peace with India, step by step, but sincerely.

Evolving geopolitics in Eurasia: Implications for India
Jul 27, 2015

Evolving geopolitics in Eurasia: Implications for India

To improve India's role in Central Asia, its focus should recognize the diversity of relationships that are possible - economic, defence, and connectivity. Politically and historically, each of the five countries in the region is distinct.

Evolving maritime geopolitics in the Indo-Pacific region
Jul 10, 2014

Evolving maritime geopolitics in the Indo-Pacific region

A four-day maritime conference on "Maritime Geo-Politics in the Indo-pacific" was organised in Chennai, Kochi and New Delhi recently. The conference saw speakers deliver perspectives from India, China, Japan, US, Australia and Indonesia.

Examining Pakistan Army's new doctrine
Jan 04, 2013

Examining Pakistan Army's new doctrine

Pakistan Army recently declared adopting a new doctrine of war fighting, termed sub-conventional warfare, in its policy document, the Green Book. The book, published at regular intervals, is a manual of new doctrines and guidelines which the GHQ distributes among senior military officials.

Executive Presidency: A flawed 'inheritance' that is not?
Nov 16, 2012

Executive Presidency: A flawed 'inheritance' that is not?

As anticipated, the much-touted and ill-prepared protest by the Bhiku movement and Sarath Fonseka's Democratic National Alliance (DNA), seeking to replace the Executive Presidency, has Sri Lanka ended in a whimper.

Exercise Malabar: What does it means for Japan?
Oct 29, 2015

Exercise Malabar: What does it means for Japan?

For Japan, which deployed missile destroyer J S Fuyuzuki and SH 60K helicopters on India's invitation, the Malabar Exercise signals the growing importance of ties between the two nations as well as the personal importance that PM Modi has attached to India's strategic ties with Japan.

Existential dilemma of Indian think tanks
Sep 09, 2009

Existential dilemma of Indian think tanks

why should Delhi have a monopoly on good ideas? While Mumbai is the economic capital of India, its history has also forced it to be a center of strategic and policy thought from which Delhi remains divorced

Expectations from new Budget: More funds a must for farm sector
Feb 05, 2011

Expectations from new Budget: More funds a must for farm sector

In the next Budget Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee will have to strive hard to reduce fiscal deficit because a big fiscal deficit gives wrong signals to investors. The current year's Central and state combined fiscal deficit stands at 8.5 per cent.