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China, the US, and Russia go on a diplomatic charm offensive in Africa
Feb 01, 2023

China, the US, and Russia go on a diplomatic charm offensive in Africa

How are the African countries dealing with the renewed interest in Africa by China, the US, and Russia?

China, US and India should work together for peace in region: Prof. Huang Jing
Jan 23, 2013

China, US and India should work together for peace in region: Prof. Huang Jing

As the power of the US is declining, China, the US and India will have to work together for peace in the region, according to Prof. Huang Jing, Director of the Centre on Asia and Globalisation at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore.

China-Pak air drill in Tibet: Lessons for India?
Oct 16, 2015

China-Pak air drill in Tibet: Lessons for India?

China's relation with Pakistan has become one of the most comprehensive one that Beijing has with any country. The strategic imperatives of developing Pakistan as a bulwark against India has been among Beijing's overriding objectives in influencing the balance of power in South Asia.

China-UK: A strategic partnership
Oct 27, 2015

China-UK: A strategic partnership

Xi's visit to the United Kingdom was not about trade and investment only. It has an important strategic component, viz, shaping China as a truly global power. Recall that the end station of both the land and maritime components of the Belt Road Initiative is Europe. As China shifts its economy towards high-end manufacturing and services, it is targeting the European market, where its two largest partners are Germany and UK.

China: Today and Tomorrow
Oct 17, 2006

China: Today and Tomorrow

In China, the regime's vision and capacity to transform the society and state has made a lot of difference, said Mr Harish Khare, Senior Associate Editor and Chief of the Delhi Bureau of The Hindu. Contemporary Chinese elite, cohesive as they are, have played a vital role in shaping-up the country.

China: Vision for Tibet-Indian Ocean Trade Route
Sep 21, 2005

China: Vision for Tibet-Indian Ocean Trade Route

The People's Republic of China (PRC) is now revealing, more assertively than before, its high expectations with regard to the opening up of Sino-Indian border trade specifically through revival of Yadong (Shigatse, Tibet) Trade Post, which was set up on May 10,

China’s Belt and Road Initiative in the Energy Sector: Progress, Direction, and Trends
Dec 05, 2023

China’s Belt and Road Initiative in the Energy Sector: Progress, Direction, and Trends

China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is central to the country’s ambitious policy reorientation. The energy sector accounts for nearly 40 percent of all investments under the BRI, with significant geostrategic and geoeconomic implications. In recent years, China has adopted a “greening the BRI” strategy, emphasising green energy projects. This brief analyses China’s BRI investments in the energy sector to establish the potential trend

China’s belt and road initiative: Implications in Africa
May 10, 2023

China’s belt and road initiative: Implications in Africa

Over the last two decades, China has established a significant economic presence in most African countries. Its lucrative economic investment package, flexible political approach, and focused big-ticket development projects under the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) provide an ostensibly massive opportunity to African countries. However, the unilateral nature of the initiative, the lack of transparency and accountability to African countries, and t

China’s Cruise Missile Capabilities: Implications for the Indian Army and Air Force
Apr 10, 2023

China’s Cruise Missile Capabilities: Implications for the Indian Army and Air Force

This brief evaluates the state and development of China’s cruise missile capabilities, specifically that of its air-launched and ground-launched missile forces. It finds that China has developed a formidable inventory of cruise missiles, which poses a threat to India’s own military infrastructure.  The brief lays out the imperative for India: to build up its long-range cruise missile forces. It argues that India’s current capabilities woul

China’s quest for the renewables
Jul 18, 2022

China’s quest for the renewables

In its quest to achieve net zero, China has introduced new plans to promote green transition and has made significant progress in low-carbon developme

China’s renewed push to tame religion
Sep 14, 2022

China’s renewed push to tame religion

The CCP uses both coercion and co-optation to ensure that organised religion remains aligned with its interests.

China’s Response to ‘De-risking’ Strategy of the West
Nov 07, 2023

China’s Response to ‘De-risking’ Strategy of the West

The annual parliamentary sittings of China’s National People’s Congress and the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference—usually held at the same time—are important political events, with speeches of leaders at the meetings reflecting the country’s policy trajectory. During the last sessions of both in March 2023, President Xi Jinping noted that western countries led by the United States (US) are seeking to “contain and en

China’s Sharp Power: Blunting the World’s Edge or a Moment of Global Awakening?
Aug 16, 2023

China’s Sharp Power: Blunting the World’s Edge or a Moment of Global Awakening?

Sharp power—a state's attempt to alter the behaviour of other countries through the manipulation of culture, education systems, and the media to further its interests—is a key tool of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Issues related to regime legitimacy and the CCP's development priorities have shaped China's sharp power approach. In the Xi Jinping era, there is some anxiety in the party ranks that external conditions are turning aga

China’s West Asian peace diplomacy a reality check for India
Mar 23, 2023

China’s West Asian peace diplomacy a reality check for India

The China-brokered Saudi Arabia-Iran deal puts the spotlight on New Delhi’s ties with Tehran

Chinese attempting a new security architecture in Indo-Pacific
Dec 20, 2014

Chinese attempting a new security architecture in Indo-Pacific

With the enhancement of power in the Indo-Pacific region, China is attempting to create new constructs in the security arena which will be exclusively for Asians and it will bestow primacy to themselves.

Chinese BRI ambitions in Europe hinge on the Caucasus
May 02, 2024

Chinese BRI ambitions in Europe hinge on the Caucasus

The EU must capitalise on TITR’s development to assert its position as a dominant geoeconomic power in the region and curb China’s influence.

Chinese claim over South China Sea has as much to do with economics as history
Dec 08, 2012

Chinese claim over South China Sea has as much to do with economics as history

An Indian maritime expert feels China, which had increased its defence budget several-fold in order to retain or recover its territories in the disputed area, is also cleverly diffusing the situation by having joint military exercises with countries around the area to prevent them from banding together against its claims.

Chinese diaspora
Jul 09, 2014

Chinese diaspora

As ancient and highly populated regions, China and the Indian subcontinent have for long shaped global migration patterns. But, unlike Delhi, which has had to deal with diaspora issues ever since Independence, Beijing's problems have just begun.

Chinese FM's talks with new Govt: A close look
Jun 11, 2014

Chinese FM's talks with new Govt: A close look

India needs to get a lot more clarity on what it expects from China. For all the economic engagement that India may have with China, it should not be under the illusion of its impact on the overall India-China relations.

Chinese keep a keen eye on Modi's visit
May 11, 2015

Chinese keep a keen eye on Modi's visit

In Beijing, the overwhelming question a visitor faces is: What will be the outcome of the visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi? Will he bring a package to resolve the border question, or will he come with a basket of measures to attract Chinese investment in India?

Chinese leadership promoting strategy of military assertiveness
Jul 24, 2015

Chinese leadership promoting strategy of military assertiveness

China's increasing assertiveness is not ad hoc and random; it fits in with their overall military strategy. And, finding this strategy to be quite effective, Chinese leadership are promote it, according to Dr. Oriana Skylar Mastro of the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University.

Chinese N-subs in the Indian Ocean and Indian naval concerns
Apr 14, 2015

Chinese N-subs in the Indian Ocean and Indian naval concerns

The deployment of a Chinese nuclear submarine - presumably a Type 093 Shang-class - as part of the anti-piracy patrol of two ships and a supply vessel operating off the Gulf of Aden has set alarm bells ringing loudly in the Indian Navy. The implications of such a strategically significant move are simply enormous.

Chinese newspaper coverage of the BRICS summit
Aug 04, 2014

Chinese newspaper coverage of the BRICS summit

The 6th BRICS Summit brought together the leaders of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa on July 15 in Brazil. The annual diplomatic meeting announced plans for the New Development Bank, which would be located in Shanghai, China.

Chinese perceptions of Modi's foreign policy
Nov 14, 2014

Chinese perceptions of Modi's foreign policy

Tibet and the Dalai Lama's status continue to worry the Chinese. India's stated policy that Tibet is part of China notwithstanding, Chinese feel that India has a hidden agenda. The fact that Lobsang Sangay was invited to Modi's swearing-in has made the Chinese nervous.

Chinese reactions to Nepal’s election result
Dec 29, 2022

Chinese reactions to Nepal’s election result

Despite the “communist victory” in Nepal, there seem to be some apprehensions within Chinese strategic circles about the stability of this new coa

Chinese shift poses new challenges to India
Dec 09, 2014

Chinese shift poses new challenges to India

The shift in Chinese foreign policy poses new and different kind of challenges to India. Even while we are working feverishly to ensure the defence of our Himalyan border militarily, the Chinese are throwing an economic challenge, as manifested by its growing ties with Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Maldives and Nepal.

Chinese submarines
Jul 01, 2015

Chinese submarines

India paid a high price for failing to anticipate the Sino-Pak nuclear nexus in the 1970s and 1980s. It is erring again by neglecting the potential for a maritime alliance between China and Pakistan that could severely constrain India's freedom of action in the Indian Ocean.

Chinese submarines in IOR: Game changers?
Jul 07, 2015

Chinese submarines in IOR: Game changers?

Given that the Chinese submarines are likely to be found operating frequently in the IOR, the Indian defence establishment must develop some adequate responses, rather than just being alarmed repeatedly.

Chinese surprise
Apr 11, 2012

Chinese surprise

It is not often that Pakistan's leaders justify their outreach to India by citing its all-weather friend, China. That is precisely what Pakistan's premier Yousuf Raza Gilani did last Sunday when he welcomed the talks between President Asif Ali Zardari and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.

Chinese Takeaway
Jul 25, 2012

Chinese Takeaway

With the World Bank punishing Bangladesh by withdrawing support to $3 billion multipurpose bridge over River Padma, Dhaka is hoping that China will step into the breach. Could India pit ch in too? Or Delhi and Beijing collaborate on a transformative economic venture in Banglade sh, setting a new basis for regional cooperation?

CIA Vs DIA
Jan 25, 2005

CIA Vs DIA

I have been in receipt of some mail from my readers asking for my comments on the reports carried by the "Washington Post" and the CNN TV channel of the US during the week-end regarding the Defence Intelligence Agency (DIA) of the USA setting up a new intelligence collection unit called the Strategic Support Branch (SSB), which has been operating in Iraq, Afghanistan and other countries since 2002.

CIA'S Exasperation with Pakistan
Jun 21, 2005

CIA'S Exasperation with Pakistan

The exasperation of Porter Goss, the Director of the US' Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), with Pakistan's role in the hunt for Osama bin Laden and other remnants of the Al Qaeda, is evident from his remarks on bin Laden during an interview with the "Time" magazine which has been carried by it this week

Citizen Kalam: Fine mind, biggest heart
Jul 28, 2015

Citizen Kalam: Fine mind, biggest heart

In generations to come, India will no doubt produce finer minds; but it is unlikely to give us a bigger heart. More than his achievements as a missile and defence technologist, beyond governmental accomplishments and far removed from the prizes and honours he received, President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam touched human lives.

Citizens paying for private sector inefficiency
Jun 17, 2013

Citizens paying for private sector inefficiency

Privatised electricity distribution in Delhi completed ten years last June. Now an important question which we have to ask time and again is, why should the citizens pay for the inefficiency of the distribution companies? This is yet another public service that has become a score point for political parties, giving no relief to the ordinary citizen.

Civil society and nuclear weapons policy
Jan 15, 2015

Civil society and nuclear weapons policy

At a conference on "Civil Society and Nuclear Weapons Policy", organised by ORF and Chatham House in Bangkok, there was a general consensus among participants that the emphasis should be given on raising awareness on the various hazardous impacts of the nuclear weapons explosion, especially in the nuclear weapons states.

Civil War in Yemen
Jun 08, 2015

Civil War in Yemen

Beginning March 26, 2015, a Saudi Arabia-led coalition of countries, comprising nine other Arab countries, backed by the USA, France and UK, launched air strikes in Yemen against the Houthis and army units loyal to former Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh.

CJ becomes now Govt Head in Nepal: But will he be able to hold polls in June?
Mar 14, 2013

CJ becomes now Govt Head in Nepal: But will he be able to hold polls in June?

Nepal's Chief Justice Khil Raj Regmi has been appointed the Head of the interim government. His main mandate is to hold elections for the CA. But 22 opposition political parties have begun their protest programmes against the new government, raising doubts whether polls can be held in June this year.

CJ's impeachment case in Sri Lanka: Poised for interesting climax?
Jan 08, 2013

CJ's impeachment case in Sri Lanka: Poised for interesting climax?

In the CJ impeachment case in Sri Lanka, the options for the Government are fewer, while for the Chief Justice, it is still worse - when it comes to enforcing Parliament's will on the one hand and the judiciary's decisions on the other.

Claiming space: Women for prosperity
Jan 26, 2020

Claiming space: Women for prosperity

Gender disparity has wide and reverberating impacts across all pillars of society, including significant economic implications.

Cleaning DRDO's Augean stables
Jan 22, 2015

Cleaning DRDO's Augean stables

Cost and time over-runs have reportedly led to losses of approximately Rs29,000 crore in the DRDO; some 10 projects have been delayed for over five years. The Armed Forces continue to be woefully short of modern weapon systems, ammunition and a vast range of critical equipment.

Clear danger to India from CBR terrorism: ORF-RUSI Study
Jun 14, 2012

Clear danger to India from CBR terrorism: ORF-RUSI Study

A research study by Observer Research Foundation (ORF) and Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) has found that there is a clear danger to India from CBR (Chemical, Biological and Radiological Materials) terrorism due to the known intentions of terrorist groups active within India's borders.

Climate change and human security: Building a framework for action
Apr 05, 2011

Climate change and human security: Building a framework for action

The climate narrative is beginning to exert itself in the development processes of poor countries. The impact of climate negotiations, and green capitalism that is rearing its head, are some elements that will define climate and security for India and other developing countries.

Climate Change and Sea-Level Rise in the BIMSTEC Region: Towards a Suitable Response
May 11, 2023

Climate Change and Sea-Level Rise in the BIMSTEC Region: Towards a Suitable Response

Global warming threatens lives and livelihoods across the Bay of Bengal region. With about nine million people living in low-lying coastal areas in these littoral countries, it is important to understand the changes in key climate variables in the region—primary of which is sea-level rise—and examine the states’ response measures. This brief describes the strategies being taken by countries of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral