Search: For - income

142 results found

Congress promise of monthly income to poor: A game changer or a recipe for economic disaster?
Mar 29, 2019

Congress promise of monthly income to poor: A game changer or a recipe for economic disaster?

The Indian National Congress's promise of guaranteed minimum income (NYAY) has shifted the narrative surrounding the general elections back to economi

Doubling farm incomes: Why change is still slow
Oct 16, 2018

Doubling farm incomes: Why change is still slow

Nor has the Narendra Modi government been deaf to the needs of the farming community.

Inequality 4.0: Digital resurgence widening income gaps?
Dec 23, 2020

Inequality 4.0: Digital resurgence widening income gaps?

The coming decade requires an urgent effort toward the establishment of mechanisms that ensures an egalitarian re-distribution of the tech-revolution

Inequality of incomes will remain in India
Nov 14, 2016

Inequality of incomes will remain in India

To reduce inequality of income, the government should increase taxes rather than reduce taxes.

Kisan Rail: Towards raising farmer incomes
Feb 11, 2021

Kisan Rail: Towards raising farmer incomes

Kisan Rails is a step taken in the right direction as it intends to capitalise on the robust railway network — and cutting-edge technology — to co

Microfinance, low-income borrowers, and digital loans: Good intent, mixed signals
May 04, 2022

Microfinance, low-income borrowers, and digital loans: Good intent, mixed signals

To ensure responsible borrowing, FinTechs should build a credit assessment framework that the microfinance industry can adopt to help keep low-income

Should India embrace Universal Basic Income scheme?
Jan 31, 2019

Should India embrace Universal Basic Income scheme?

While the jury is yet to be out globally on the UBI, it has many takers in India.

Towards Universal Access to Clean Cooking Fuels and Technologies: The Role of Policy, National Incomes, and Social Behaviour
Aug 14, 2023

Towards Universal Access to Clean Cooking Fuels and Technologies: The Role of Policy, National Incomes, and Social Behaviour

Goal seven of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) commits the international community to providing access to clean cooking fuels and technologies to all by 2030. Progress has been slow, however, and in about 40 of the UN’s 189 member countries for which data is available, more that 80 percent of the populations continue to lack such access. Using case studies, this brief analyses the role of a country’s policies, i

Universal basic income and India's China lesson: Paradiplomacy revisited
May 10, 2017

Universal basic income and India's China lesson: Paradiplomacy revisited

Robust economic growth, coupled with a dibao-like subsistence guarantee to target poor through poverty household registry, and UBI in Macau and Hong K

UP is home to people with dangerously wide gaps in skills, income and caste
Nov 18, 2011

UP is home to people with dangerously wide gaps in skills, income and caste

If Uttar Pradesh was to be declared a separate country, it would be the sixth-largest nation. With a population at par with Brazil and per-capita income similar to Kenya's,

Widening income inequalities
May 16, 2014

Widening income inequalities

To correct the trend of agglomeration of wealth, young economist Thomas Picketty has suggested an annual progressive tax on wealth. He also says it will be difficult to implement it because there will always be flight to tax havens. In India, any type of wealth tax would be hardest to implement because a huge amount of wealth is already stashed away abroad.

24×7 cities: Recommendations for an India playbook
May 12, 2023

24×7 cities: Recommendations for an India playbook

In 2016, the Indian government cleared the Model Shops and Establishments (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Services) Act, allowing retail establishments to remain open throughout the day and night. Proponents say that when fully implemented, the act will drive nighttime economy and, in turn, increase cities’ incomes. In the past few years, certain states have begun implementing such concept of “24×7 cities”, including Mumbai, Ah

7 economic reforms that await Modi Season 2
May 24, 2019

7 economic reforms that await Modi Season 2

With Verdict 2019 giving a greater political force to Modi’s next five years, we hope some of them will make the grade, or at least, in experiential

A cautionary tale for our decision-makers
Feb 14, 2019

A cautionary tale for our decision-makers

Overlay this construct with the income-tax data for the same year and the situation becomes even worse.

Aspirations must be backed by investments for the energy transition
Jan 16, 2024

Aspirations must be backed by investments for the energy transition

To achieve both its development goals and energy transition goals, India needs consistently higher levels of growth in national income to enhance the

Beyond Poverty Alleviation: Envisioning Inclusive Growth in the BRICS Countries
May 26, 2023

Beyond Poverty Alleviation: Envisioning Inclusive Growth in the BRICS Countries

This paper presents a status report of the BRICS nations (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) on two crucial development parameters—inequality and poverty—that have a significant bearing on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs; especially SDG-1 and SDG-10). The paper tracks the origins and movements of absolute and relative poverty, and income and wealth inequality in the BRICS economies over time, highlights the associated cha

Big budget promises can’t mask govt’s poor economic performance
Feb 01, 2019

Big budget promises can’t mask govt’s poor economic performance

The government’s promises on jobs and farmers’ incomes have fallen flat, so it may look to fill the gap with ‘sound and fury’.

Boosting demand in the Indian economy: Role of formal and inclusive labour markets
Aug 06, 2020

Boosting demand in the Indian economy: Role of formal and inclusive labour markets

Reviving the economy will require addressing the two major challenges — of a rising informal labour force, and slackening demand.

Bringing the Covid-19 Vaccine to Every Hamlet: The Story of Raigarh
Jun 27, 2022

Bringing the Covid-19 Vaccine to Every Hamlet: The Story of Raigarh

India has achieved better Covid-19 vaccine coverage than most other countries in its income class, aided mainly by domestic production capacity and the government’s decision to offer the vaccines to the adult population for free. There are stark sub-national differences, however, in the pace and coverage of the vaccine rollout. This special report tells the story of the district of Raigarh in Chhattisgarh—one of the low-income, Empowered Acti

Budget 2024: Sri Lanka’s road to economic recovery?
Jan 17, 2024

Budget 2024: Sri Lanka’s road to economic recovery?

Sri Lanka’s Budget 2024 has ambitious proposals that could push the country forward, however, it continues to stare at a long road to economic recov

Budgets priorities under different regimes
Apr 10, 2012

Budgets priorities under different regimes

While the coverage of Budgets in the media and research reports are mainly limited to high interest items like income-tax, sales tax, excise, inflation etc., the "Part A" of the budget, which is an indicator of government intention and priority, remains relatively under explored.

Building India’s Economy on the Backs of Women’s Unpaid Work: A Gendered Analysis of Time-Use Data
Oct 17, 2022

Building India’s Economy on the Backs of Women’s Unpaid Work: A Gendered Analysis of Time-Use Data

This paper undertakes an analysis of the gender-disaggregated data from the National Statistical Organisation’s Time-Use Survey 2019, and finds that Indian women spend eight times more hours on unpaid care work than men. The patterns are similar across educational qualification, and employment or marital status: women with higher education, or earn their own incomes, do not spend any less time on unpaid care work. Shifting mindsets and rebalanc

Can a corporate tax cut alone revive growth?
Oct 04, 2019

Can a corporate tax cut alone revive growth?

Investment and demand are interlinked, thus a lack of investment creates a lack of demand as it impacts income and employment levels, which in turn im

COVID-19 Compounds Global Challenges to Food Security
Aug 04, 2021

COVID-19 Compounds Global Challenges to Food Security

Across the globe, the COVID-19 pandemic has had a massive impact on food and nutrition security. Efforts to meet Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2 on Zero Hunger have been stalled, and it is estimated that an additional 137 million people faced acute food insecurity as 2020 ended. The reasons are many: interrupted food supply chains, high levels of unemployment, loss of incomes, and rising food cost. Climate change and the resultant extreme we

COVID-19’s origins maybe in Asia but its breaking point has been in the West
May 28, 2020

COVID-19’s origins maybe in Asia but its breaking point has been in the West

The juxtaposition between the death toll in Asia and the West as well as government response teams has been stark.

COVID19 Vaccine: Development, Access and Distribution in the Indian Context
May 12, 2023

COVID19 Vaccine: Development, Access and Distribution in the Indian Context

The race to develop a COVID-19 vaccine is gaining ground in many parts of the world. This brief examines the challenges that India must hurdle to successfully manufacture and distribute a vaccine. It argues for a fair and equitable distribution of vaccine with an aim to save the maximum number of lives. It suggests a multi-parameter model based on age, co-morbidity, income and profession to justify one’s claim for vaccine. The imperative is to

Data divide: The new face of digital inequality
May 17, 2024

Data divide: The new face of digital inequality

The data divide can drastically impact the progress of the 2030 Agenda, thus bridging this divide is imperative to ensure that no one is left behind

Decarbonising road transport in India: More wheels needed
Apr 12, 2023

Decarbonising road transport in India: More wheels needed

A policy of carrot and sticks would need to be adopted with affluent and low-income families to decarbonise transport in India

Domestic Violence and Women’s Health in India: Insights from NFHS-4
Jan 21, 2022

Domestic Violence and Women’s Health in India: Insights from NFHS-4

Across the globe, more than 730 million women report ever having experienced some form of gender-based violence; those in low- and lower-middle-income countries are disproportionately affected. In the past two years, the COVID-19 pandemic has only increased the incidence of violence suffered by women in the hands of their intimate partners, owing to heightened stresses of loss of livelihood, disruption of social and protective networks, a

Double jeopardy of inflation and IIP slowdown
Oct 18, 2022

Double jeopardy of inflation and IIP slowdown

This double whammy will pose a challenge to those at the bottom of the income pyramid

Downturn demystified: Decoding the slowdown in the Indian economy
Sep 04, 2019

Downturn demystified: Decoding the slowdown in the Indian economy

Even though the government seems to be addressing concerns ailing the economy, the slowdown seems to be deeper than what the numbers suggest.

Drastic reforms needed to bridge inequality
Apr 08, 2019

Drastic reforms needed to bridge inequality

The problems India is facing are hard to solve in the short term and only incremental changes can be undertaken in the five-year term of any government at the Centre. As per an Oxfam survey, India is a highly unequal country on all counts. There are inequalities in wealth, income and consumption as well as structural inequalities of opportunity, region and social groups.

Economy stuck in a rut
Dec 24, 2019

Economy stuck in a rut

Domestic climate of social peace and stability needed to turn the tide

Federal reserve swap line: The next big thing on the Indo-US agenda
Feb 08, 2023

Federal reserve swap line: The next big thing on the Indo-US agenda

It will prove beneficial in terms of growth and income for both countries to establish a federal reserve swap line

Financing for Agenda 2030: Deepening India-EU Development Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific
Feb 12, 2024

Financing for Agenda 2030: Deepening India-EU Development Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific

As the world confronts multiple challenges which are intricately connected, our path for development stands at a crucial juncture. In the context of the embroiling polycrisis, progress on the sustainable development goals (SDGs) has been steady but fragile with major and persistent challenges. Financing for Agenda 2030 has emerged as a major bottleneck with several developing economies, especially the least developed countries (LDCs), low-income

Focus on industrialisation to tackle rural poverty
Apr 04, 2012

Focus on industrialisation to tackle rural poverty

Why have the north-eastern States remained poor? This has to be looked into carefully. It has to do with inadequacy or inefficacy of development programmes for income generation. Why have some states like Bihar, UP and Chhattisgarh also not done well?

Frailty in the concrete jungle: Why are the urban poor more vulnerable to multimorbidities?
Jun 26, 2023

Frailty in the concrete jungle: Why are the urban poor more vulnerable to multimorbidities?

Low-income groups are more susceptible to multimorbidities due to unequal access to healthcare in urban areas

G20’s Debt Service Suspension Initiative: A historical comparison
Jun 28, 2022

G20’s Debt Service Suspension Initiative: A historical comparison

With the rise of global debt levels in recent times, the current requirement of debt restructuring programmes is to ameliorate debt transparency.

Gender in the Waterscape: Creating Economic Ripples in India’s Labour Markets
Dec 13, 2023

Gender in the Waterscape: Creating Economic Ripples in India’s Labour Markets

This paper assesses the gendered division of labour for household-level domestic service activities, of which water management remains a primary component, across Indian states and the various dimensions of gender that are relevant in this context. Women have traditionally played an essential role in water management at the household level, devoting a significant share of their day to related unpaid domestic service activities. Such engagements o

Geostrategic aspects of the Ukraine war
Apr 20, 2022

Geostrategic aspects of the Ukraine war

What awaits the world in the aftermath of the Ukrainian war as years of trust and cooperation to tackle global challenges have been dismantled?

Global Approaches to Vehicle Electrification and Their Lessons for India
Mar 21, 2023

Global Approaches to Vehicle Electrification and Their Lessons for India

Emissions from fossil fuel-powered motor vehicles adversely affect air quality and contribute to global warming. The manufacture and use of electric vehicles (EVs) is among the ways by which this challenge can be mitigated. This brief evaluates the best practices adopted by countries in the forefront of EV adoption, and outlines the lessons India can draw from them to inform its own EVs strategy. It finds that in addition to strengthening

Household consumption expenditure in India: A small share for energy
Apr 25, 2024

Household consumption expenditure in India: A small share for energy

In India, expenditure on energy grew faster than expenditure on food and non-food expenditure. This could either mean energy prices increased or that

Household LPG access in India: An Update
Sep 21, 2022

Household LPG access in India: An Update

Nearly half of Indian households still use biomass for cooking. A credible transition to LPG or equivalent cooking fuels will come only when household

How fares India in healthcare? A sub-national analysis
Feb 25, 2020

How fares India in healthcare? A sub-national analysis

India’s geographical landscape is vast, cultural differences can be sharp, and income disparities are stark in certain regions. Access to healthcare, therefore, is varied and the on-ground gaps and challenges are complex. The NITI Aayog Health Index is an attempt by the current government to formulate a mechanism to monitor at the sub-national level the country’s performance in improving healthcare. This paper uses the findings of the Health

Index of Industrial Production glitches continue to cloud GDP optimism
Mar 23, 2021

Index of Industrial Production glitches continue to cloud GDP optimism

The Indian economy cannot attain normalcy in the long run without addressing glitches in its industrial sectors — particularly in manufacturing.

India needs to increase public spending
Feb 04, 2014

India needs to increase public spending

India, which has experienced a 4.6 per cent growth rate in 2013-14, requires higher public spending on infrastructure. More public services and goods are needed to bring relief to the lower income groups, especially health services, otherwise they are likely to slip into poverty.