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The Arab divide on Syria
Sep 02, 2013

The Arab divide on Syria

The Libyan case is vastly different from that of Syria. The maverick Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi had few friends in the Arab League. Unlike Libya, Syria is a critical element of the regional balance of power in the Middle East.

The Arab Spring & India: Promises and Challenges
Jul 20, 2011

The Arab Spring & India: Promises and Challenges

Saeed Naqvi, Distinguished Fellow at the Observer Research Foundation, traveled to Bahrain, Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia, Baghdad, Najaf, Amman, Cairo, Jerusalem and Ramallah after the Arab Spring broke out. Earlier, he visited Tunisia, Iran, Yemen, Somalia, Sudan, Western Sahara and Libya. In this paper, he shares his first-hand experiences and discussions with leaders and diplomats, many of whom have requested anonymity. This paper follows

The art of the deal with America
Jan 29, 2015

The art of the deal with America

To understand the strategic significance of the second summit meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and US President Barack Obama, it is necessary to look beyond the very important and tangible outcomes that the two leaders have unveiled.

The Baloch want to tell their story
Jan 09, 2014

The Baloch want to tell their story

Whatever be the demands of the Baloch nationalists, the situation now is that of a growing humanitarian crisis that the rest of the world chooses to ignore. Continued indifference will not help the problem go away but will only exacerbate it further and make it more intractable.

The battle for Kunduz
Oct 17, 2015

The battle for Kunduz

Kunduz has a large ethnic mix of Pashtun, Uzbeks, Tajiks, and others - all of whom wish to hold the province. The recent move to capture Kunduz by the Taliban is significant in many ways. It is the first major engagement by the Taliban after Mullah Akhtar Mansour succeeded Mullah Omar.

The battle for States' rights in India
Feb 24, 2012

The battle for States' rights in India

Though it will be difficult for the Central Government and the States to agree upon certain foreign policy issues, they should work together on issues of national importance-such as terrorism and foreign policy-in order to enact policies that benefit its citizens.

The battle of narratives and the Russian response to the Crocus attacks
Apr 09, 2024

The battle of narratives and the Russian response to the Crocus attacks

In Moscow’s calculus, the Crocus attacks require a thorough investigation to ascertain the actors involved in the attacks, apart from the Islamic St

The Belt and Road Forum: Two years on
Apr 24, 2019

The Belt and Road Forum: Two years on

The BRI is fast evolving from a patchwork of infrastructure investments to an alternative model for the international system centered around Beijing.

The Beslan Jihadi Carnage & After
Sep 09, 2004

The Beslan Jihadi Carnage & After

From the available facts of the jihadi terrorist carnage at the North Ossetian town of Beslan in Russia on September 3, 2004, the following reconstruction is possible:

The best of both worlds
Nov 15, 2013

The best of both worlds

The West has finally woken up to something that strategic analysts in India have been saying for decades: Saudi Arabia funded the Pakistani nuclear programme. In this connection, we have three questions to analyse; First, how valid is this information? Second, how is it then that Saudi Arabia gets away with so much? Third, why is Nato and Israeli intelligence taken seriously but not the Indians?

The Bhagidari Programme of Delhi Government
Jun 04, 2008

The Bhagidari Programme of Delhi Government

In January 2000, the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi initiated a 'Bhagidari Programme' as an attempt to resolve the various problems being faced by the city's residents. Smt. Sheila Dikshit, the Honorable Chief Minister of Delhi, visited the Observer Research Foundation campus on April 10, 2008 to make a presentation on the programme. The discussion was facilitated by Ambassador M. Rasgotra. This discourse is an abridged documen

THE BIGGER PICTURE: Can China and India now press the reset button?
Aug 27, 2013

THE BIGGER PICTURE: Can China and India now press the reset button?

China is looking at their problems and working on them and willing to shift established positions if the situation so demands, while India seems to be trapped in the verities of the past and are unable to move beyond tired slogans and nostrums.

The BIMSTEC Master Plan for Transport Connectivity: A Stocktaking
Jun 03, 2024

The BIMSTEC Master Plan for Transport Connectivity: A Stocktaking

Connectivity facilitates economic growth, social development, and people-to-people interactions. Recognising the imperative of connectivity in regional engagement, the Bay of Bengal Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) in 1997 declared ‘transport and communication’ as one of its sectors of cooperation. In 2018, BIMSTEC drew up its Master Plan for Transport Connectivity, and subsequently updated the plan at the fifth BIM

The BRI in Melanesia: Connecting political statecraft with chequebook diplomacy
Oct 23, 2023

The BRI in Melanesia: Connecting political statecraft with chequebook diplomacy

While the four Melanesian countries recognise Beijing’s economic heft, these nations consider the national security implications of overtly involvin

The BRICS view on Iran: India's motivations
Apr 20, 2012

The BRICS view on Iran: India's motivations

The problem with imposing sanctions on a country which has the world's third largest proven reserves of oil and second largest conventional natural gas reserves is that the implications are felt globally. The price of oil is highly correlated throughout the world due to market arbitrage.

The Budapest Convention and cyber cooperation
Mar 18, 2015

The Budapest Convention and cyber cooperation

There is no universally accepted international cyber treaty. However, the Council of Europe?s Budapest Convention on Cybercrime, which has been in force for a decade and has been ratified by 44 countries, is the closest.

The Budget to usher in the Amrit Kaal
Feb 02, 2023

The Budget to usher in the Amrit Kaal

Tax rationalisation, higher capex, the idea of green growth, and agricultural markets — highlights of Budget 2023 

The Bush - Blair media campaign backfires.
Dec 10, 2003

The Bush - Blair media campaign backfires.

The good old days of media diplomacy launched by Washington and London to justify the Iraq invasion seem to be getting over.The American and the British administration had successfully hijacked media spaces across the world to build legitimacy for the offensive on Iraq.

The case for R&D in climate tech innovation
Nov 07, 2022

The case for R&D in climate tech innovation

A combined push from government, investors, corporations, and entrepreneurs will provide opportunity for R&D climate tech start-ups to scale up their

The Caucasus and Iraq - The Chechen Connection
Jun 25, 2004

The Caucasus and Iraq - The Chechen Connection

On June 22, 2004, over 200 well-armed persons simultaneously raided three towns in the Ingushetia Republic of Russia, adjoining Chechnya, and attacked police stations, government buildings and checkpoints with automatic weapons and rocket-propelled grenades. The Russian and the local security forces were totally taken by surprise. Ninety-five persons were killed, the majority of them members of the security forces and other Government officials,

The Centre, the State - and Tamil Nadu
Jan 30, 2013

The Centre, the State - and Tamil Nadu

There is an urgent need for the appointment of a new commission, on the footsteps of the Sarkaria Commission and the Justice E Venkataramaiah Commission, to review Centre-State relations, and State-to-State relations.

The Changing Global Trade Regime and Emergence of Mega FTAs: Strategy for India’s External Sector Sustainability
Jan 12, 2015

The Changing Global Trade Regime and Emergence of Mega FTAs: Strategy for India’s External Sector Sustainability

This study discusses three major mega free trade agreements (the TPP, TTIP and the RCEP) and attempts to develop a strategy for India to navigate the repercussions engendered by these groupings and thereby safeguard India?s trade and sustain its economic growth.

The Chicago chance
May 22, 2012

The Chicago chance

If the Obama Administration avoids the temptation of returning to business as usual with Rawalpindi, it has an opportunity to get both Afghanistan and Pakistan right.

The China Big Picture
Oct 15, 2011

The China Big Picture

India needs to take a broad approach to its foreign policy. One of the biggest mistakes Delhi could make would be to see the Indo-Vietnam relationship as simply a means for countering China.

The China effect? Behind India’s mysterious U-turn at the IMF
Jun 20, 2020

The China effect? Behind India’s mysterious U-turn at the IMF

Previous attempts at building alternate multilateral institutions like the New Development Bank and Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank have been hij

The China factor in the global coal market
May 10, 2012

The China factor in the global coal market

The idea of energy security which was hitherto rooted in the supply and price of oil has now been expanded to include concerns over the availability and trade of coal. The key concern is the demand growth from China and its impact on coal price and availability, given the level of concentration in its sources of supply.

The China-India Defense Dialogue
Apr 20, 2015

The China-India Defense Dialogue

China is touting its vision of linking two Indian projects (Mausam and Spice Route) with its One Belt One Road (OBOR) initiative. China's main goal is to coordinate regional policy so that each country's economic development plan becomes part of a larger regional vision.

The Chinese are coming
Apr 03, 2015

The Chinese are coming

While West Asia is volatile, the Chinese are beginning to get more active in Afghanistan, retain their pre-eminence in Pakistan and strengthen ties with Iran. In fact, Iran is the third leg of China?s policy in our immediate western neighbourhood. The Chinese are obviously making preparations for the time when peace returns to the Arab world, which might leave a stronger Iran.

The Chinese interest in Special Drawing Rights
Apr 26, 2011

The Chinese interest in Special Drawing Rights

The fall in the value of the dollar would be worrying the central bankers in China because the value of their reserves also declines simultaneously. The promotion of the SDR agenda by the Chinese is certainly no coincidence given the position of the dollar today.

The collusive threat: Chinese and Pakistani cooperation in strategic capabilities
Jun 13, 2023

The collusive threat: Chinese and Pakistani cooperation in strategic capabilities

Despite the current economic and political upheaval in Pakistan, the Sino-Pakistani strategic nexus remains stable

The complex battlefields of Iraq
Oct 10, 2005

The complex battlefields of Iraq

Yemen is the cradle to the Arabs, Iraq their grave. So goes an Arab proverb. Since March 2003 Iraq has certainly been the grave of a great many Arabs ¿ men, women, and children caught in the crossfire of a conflict wantonly unleashed to sustain a misbegotten thesis.

The Congress Crisis: Existential challenge or battle for relevance?
May 29, 2019

The Congress Crisis: Existential challenge or battle for relevance?

The Congress is confronted with an existential crisis that on the one hand threatens to make the country’s oldest party extinct and on the other pro

The cow, India's icon: Who'll pay the price?
Jun 05, 2017

The cow, India's icon: Who'll pay the price?

The Centre has chipped in by banning the export of beef and cows, thereby minimising the incentive for cow slaughter.

The Crucial 60 Percent: Building the Commonwealth’s Youth Capital
Jul 17, 2023

The Crucial 60 Percent: Building the Commonwealth’s Youth Capital

Young people across the world today are facing multiple challenges: lost school years due to the pandemic-induced lockdowns, the looming climate crisis, increasingly dangerous virtual spaces, and food and energy security concerns triggered by the Ukraine-Russia conflict. This paper analyses the challenges facing the youths of the Commonwealth, where 60 percent of the combined population are under 30 years old, and explores the investments require

The curious case of India and China
Oct 29, 2013

The curious case of India and China

India and China, the two pillars of the dawning Asian century, are still prisoners to their perceived insecurities and imagined magnificence. They seem condemned to "never miss an opportunity to miss an opportunity," as one wise man had once remarked. And Mr Manmohan Singh's China visit has added yet another chapter to this narrative.

The decline of America
Mar 23, 2010

The decline of America

The decline has gone unnoticed because of the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War

The Delhi Blasts: What Next?
Nov 09, 2005

The Delhi Blasts: What Next?

The three synchronised Delhi blasts of October 29,2005, have proved¿¿if further proof was needed¿¿that the motivation and the morale of the pan-Islamic jihadi terrorists belonging to the International Islamic Front (IIF) formed by Osama bin Laden in 1998 continue to remain undamaged, despite the successes scored by our security agencies in neutralising many of their sleeper cells.

The Dilemma of Pay Hikes
Dec 14, 2015

The Dilemma of Pay Hikes

With 23.5 per cent proposed salary hikes, everyone expects that the government will work more efficiently. But the hard performance criteria of the pr

The Disappearing Crafts
Feb 04, 2005

The Disappearing Crafts

Indian designers seem to be gaining in importance both in India and abroad because they are using a lot of embellished textiles in which intricate embroidery, zari, beads and semi precious stones are sown into the fabric. Unlike the western designers who use the cut of the dress or suit as the unique selling point,

The doctrine of "national interest"
Nov 05, 2005

The doctrine of "national interest"

In a perceptive essay written some years ago, Joseph Nye had observed that "national interest is a slippery concept used to describe as well as prescribe policy." Decades earlier, the philosopher Gilbert Ryle had cautioned against "systematically misleading expressions" couched in a syntactical form improper to the facts recorded.