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Understanding India, UK perspectives on Afghanistan
Mar 21, 2013

Understanding India, UK perspectives on Afghanistan

To understand the different perspectives of the UK and India on the evolving situation in Afghanistan and the implications of the Arab Spring, Observer Research Foundation organised an interaction with experts from the Foreign Commonwealth Office on March 21, 2013.

Understanding the different shades of populism around the world
Aug 14, 2019

Understanding the different shades of populism around the world

The 21st century sees the rise of populist politics. It should be investigated in its myriad manifestations taking root across the world.

Understanding the dynamics of Baloch nationalism
Nov 23, 2009

Understanding the dynamics of Baloch nationalism

The state of Pakistan, dominated by Punjabis, has responded to Baloch nationalism with brutal methods of suppression

Understanding the Economic Issues in Sri Lanka’s Current Debacle
Jul 20, 2023

Understanding the Economic Issues in Sri Lanka’s Current Debacle

Sri Lanka, which in the 1970s was being hailed as a development success story for a low-income nation, is now mired in a financial and economic disaster, its worst yet since independence in 1948. Despite notable investments in infrastructure projects, and a largely stable growth rate from 2013 to 2019, the Sri Lankan story was marred by a series of untimely and mismanaged economic measures that led to the current meltdown. External factors have c

Understanding the Emerging Contours of Power and Hegemony
Mar 15, 2011

Understanding the Emerging Contours of Power and Hegemony

Observer Research Foundation and the Experimental Creativity Centre (ECC), Moscow, completed the second leg of their collaborative research project on the theme "Understanding the Emerging Contours of Power and Hegemony - Contemporary Geo-political Narratives" in New Delhi on March 15-16, 2010.

Understanding the Rejuvenation of China’s Revolutionary Impulse
Sep 15, 2022

Understanding the Rejuvenation of China’s Revolutionary Impulse

Various explanations have been proffered for Chinese President Xi Jinping’s renewed emphasis on ideology. The popular narratives attribute it to either Xi’s power ambitions, or a reaction rooted in his personal trauma during the Cultural Revolution of the 1960s. Meanwhile, an alternative discourse projects the rise of ideology politics as a response to a possible legitimacy crisis facing the Communist Party of China (CPC). This paper weighs i

Understanding the situation in Pakistan
Mar 11, 2009

Understanding the situation in Pakistan

Most experts who attended the focus group discussion on the situation in Pakistan at ORF felt that South Punjab is going to be next stronghold of terrorism in Pakistan

Unemployment: China's Internal Stability Concerns
Jun 06, 2015

Unemployment: China's Internal Stability Concerns

China has built up capacity to control unrest in the form of the ever increasing budget for maintaining domestic stability, but the state cannot forever use the tool of coercion to control unrest in the face of ever increasing unemployment.

Unending Lokpal debate: Is there a hidden agenda?
Jun 28, 2011

Unending Lokpal debate: Is there a hidden agenda?

Some observers believe after closely watching the activities of Anna Hazare and his civil society team that it is nothing short of the beginning of a political movement for changing the Government. Only time will tell whether such thinking is right or wrong.

Unequal Accommodation: A National Stockholm Syndrome?
Apr 19, 2005

Unequal Accommodation: A National Stockholm Syndrome?

Both India and Pakistan would have reasons to be satisfied with the joint statement issued at the end of President General Pervez Musharraf's visit to New Delhi from April 16 to 18, 2005, for talks with our Prime Minister Dr.Manmohan Singh.

UNESCO caught in the Japan-Korea crossfire
Jun 02, 2015

UNESCO caught in the Japan-Korea crossfire

Historical issues straining Japan-Korea ties have severely limited the two countries to leverage their strategic and economic convergences to strengthen their partnership which could contribute a lot for regional peace and stability.

Unfamiliar territory
Jul 24, 2013

Unfamiliar territory

BSF's firing incident near Ramban has caused widespread protest in Kashmir and once again brought into focus the atrocious record of the BSF in Kashmir, for which the responsibility must rest with the Union Home Ministry. The BSF were never raised as a counterinsurgency force, yet, in 1990, they were pitched into Kashmir.

UNHRC takes 'Global War' to the ground
Mar 31, 2014

UNHRC takes 'Global War' to the ground

In Geneva UNHRC session, while West resolution against Sri Lanka, that satisfied none - possibly starting with the movers and shakers of the world that the US and Europe think they are - managed to muster 23 votes, those 'not in favour' added up to a higher 24, comprising 12 against and 12 'abstentions'

Uniform Civil Code will simplify justice delivery
Jul 17, 2015

Uniform Civil Code will simplify justice delivery

If the government is serious about the empowering aspects of the Uniform Civil Code, it is imperative that the minority scepticism is assuaged. Clubbed together with contentious issues like Ram Mandir and abrogation of Article 370, and in the absence of a draft, the UCC becomes nightmare for the minorities.

Unimaginative Opposition
Jul 07, 2010

Unimaginative Opposition

Political parties appear to lack imagination. In this age of information technology, they need to apply their mind to devise innovative ways of arousing popular interest in public issues. There is a serious disconnect between the political representatives and the people.

Union Budget 15-16: Hopes for a market driven rebalance
Feb 28, 2015

Union Budget 15-16: Hopes for a market driven rebalance

The premise of this Budget seems to be a market oriented growth strategy - wholly fair given that the government will struggle to fund the growth needs of the country otherwise. One should hope this budget has set the controls for a larger shift in the government's approach towards administration and efficacy.

Union Budget has to deliver on reforms
Feb 05, 2015

Union Budget has to deliver on reforms

What the people want of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, and indeed expect, is an economic revolution that will change their lives and those of their children. To this end, Modi's actions, so far, add up to several IOUs, and a number of promises in the form of temporary measures pushed through in the form of ordinances.

Union Budget inflationary, says former Revenue Secretary
May 03, 2011

Union Budget inflationary, says former Revenue Secretary

If the dreams of this Union Budget have to become a reality, two important aspects need to be addressed -- transparency and efficiency, says former Revenue Secretary Sivaraman.

United Nations should be used to pressure Pakistan: Shashi Tharoor
Feb 22, 2011

United Nations should be used to pressure Pakistan: Shashi Tharoor

Drawing on his immense knowledge as a former UN career diplomat, Dr. Shashi Tharoor, suggested enforcement of various instruments of the United Nations to force Pakistan to comply with its counterterrorism commitments.

United States and the world
Jan 25, 2005

United States and the world

Continuity rather than change may well be the mark of the second Bush administration's foreign policy.It was billed as `the liberty speech.' George W. Bush, beginning his second term as President, said: ""It is the policy of the United States to seek and support the growth of democratic movements and institutions in every nation and culture, with the ultimate goal of ending tyranny in our world.""

Unjust economic system, mal-governance behind Dhaka Rana Plaza disaster
Mar 18, 2014

Unjust economic system, mal-governance behind Dhaka Rana Plaza disaster

The Rana Plaza disaster in Bangladesh, which had killed 1133 workers and injured more than 1800, was symbolic of a much deeper crisis, not limited to Bangladesh, according to Prof. Rehman Sobhan, chairman of the Centre of Policy Dialogue, Dhaka.

Unleashing the CBI, the BJP style
Oct 16, 2015

Unleashing the CBI, the BJP style

From 'being the Congress's most trusted alliance partner' during the UPA years, the CBI has now morphed into the BJP's instrumentality of 'fixing' political opponents. Prima facie it appears to be the case and analysts think one will see more empirical evidence of an aggressive CBI in the coming weeks as the BJP feels the pressure on rising intolerance in the country.

Unlocking the Potential of Marine Natural Gas Hydrate Energy in India
Jul 04, 2023

Unlocking the Potential of Marine Natural Gas Hydrate Energy in India

Natural gas is an efficient bridge fuel between high-emission fuels and renewable energy systems. Due to limited conventional natural gas reserves, India imports more than half of its natural gas requirements. Increased production of natural gas from domestically available resources could help India reduce gas imports, achieve national emission intensity targets, and honour international climate commitments. Marine gas hydrates ar

Unpacking Pakistan's economic meltdown
Jun 15, 2023

Unpacking Pakistan's economic meltdown

The likelihood of Pakistan defaulting on its foreign obligations this year appears more imminent than ever

Unquiet on the front
Aug 12, 2013

Unquiet on the front

After the Ladakh intrusion, Delhi has sensibly stepped up the conversation on LAC management with Beijing. The recent violence on the LoC demands the same with Islamabad. When he meets Nawaz Sharif in New York next month, Manmohan Singh must seek Pakistan's renewed political support for the LoC ceasefire and an agreement to translate that commitment into a military reality.

Unravelling fiscal stress
Apr 03, 2021

Unravelling fiscal stress

Turning on a light switch and flooding a dark room with light instantly is apt for describing what happens once health security–related lockdowns an

Unrest in Tibet and the Chinese response
Mar 30, 2009

Unrest in Tibet and the Chinese response

The current phase of disturbances in Tibet began when five monks in the monastery town of Derge in Gansu province on 27 January demanding the independence of Tibet and return of the Dalai Lama demonstrated outside the monastery attracting crowds of villagers

Unrest in Tunisia, protestors demand dissolution of government
Aug 05, 2013

Unrest in Tunisia, protestors demand dissolution of government

Protests broke out in Tunisia after opposition politician Mohamed Brahmi was assassinated outside his home on 25 July, 2013. His assassination is not the first in recent months.

UNSC Reforms and India
Feb 18, 2011

UNSC Reforms and India

India is all set to begin serious efforts to secure a permanent seat in the UN Security Council (UNSC). Two years of non-permanent membership after 19 long years with rotating Presidency of the Council twice over the next two years will mark India's innings.

UNSC seat: Is there a short-cut on the long road ahead?
Nov 15, 2010

UNSC seat: Is there a short-cut on the long road ahead?

India will repent at leisure if it gives up the race for the UNSC seat now only to find, after some years, that countries with lesser weight but greater perseverance have left us irretrievably a rung lower in the international hierarchy.

UP is home to people with dangerously wide gaps in skills, income and caste
Nov 18, 2011

UP is home to people with dangerously wide gaps in skills, income and caste

If Uttar Pradesh was to be declared a separate country, it would be the sixth-largest nation. With a population at par with Brazil and per-capita income similar to Kenya's,

UP: Emerging scenario gets confusing
Feb 15, 2012

UP: Emerging scenario gets confusing

As things stand at present, the UPA-II has to get its mandate renewed. The Congress party's alliance with the RLD and the induction of RLD leader Ajit Singh as a Cabinet minister looking after Civil Aviation last year, in fact, may have no meaning if that alliance is not put to optimum use in the post-electoral scene in UP.

Updating India's nuclear posture
Apr 09, 2014

Updating India's nuclear posture

India's nuclear doctrine and strategy still continues to harp on the mantra of "minimum credible deterrent", even though Pakistan has now overtaken India in the number of nuclear warheads it possesses. Some analysts say that there are no signs that the Pakistani buildup is slowing down.

UPI in the Gulf: Revolutionising remittances
Feb 20, 2023

UPI in the Gulf: Revolutionising remittances

Enabling UPI services in the Gulf can simplify and streamline the process of sending money to India

Urban and Regional Development Initiatives in India
Aug 05, 2008

Urban and Regional Development Initiatives in India

The Observer Research Foundation (ORF) India-China Centre (Kolkata) in association with the University of Calcutta, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies (Kolkata), and the Kolkata Municipal Corporation, supported a seminar on Urban Experiences: India, China and the Chinese Indians. The seminar was organised by the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), Kolkata on August 5, 2008 at the Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities, Calc

Urban development needs more attention, says Jagmohan
May 15, 2009

Urban development needs more attention, says Jagmohan

Jagmohan's address to the ORF faculty included a discussion on six important topics, namely slums and illegal constructions, human settlement patterns, culturally significant towns, cities and climate change, pattern of governance after the enactment of the Constitution (seventy-fourth amendment) Act, and resource mobilisation for city development

Urban infrastructure is under siege
Apr 14, 2010

Urban infrastructure is under siege

A country's development is judged by visitors from the general atmosphere and ambience of its big cities and not by the number of five star hotels and their posh lobbies

Urban population: Challenges before policy-makers
Mar 15, 2013

Urban population: Challenges before policy-makers

ORF and GIZ, Germany, have jointly initiated an Urban Workshop Series 2013 to facilitate interaction among key national and international stakeholders and offer and discuss critical inputs that are urgently needed for effective policy-making in India and other emerging economies.

Urbanisation and the need for new settlements
May 07, 2013

Urbanisation and the need for new settlements

A striking feature of India's urbanisation is the phenomenal size of population of some urban centres. As per Census 2011, there are 53 cities/urban agglomerations in the country that have recorded a population of more than a million. In some of these centres, the population is as high as 18.4 million.

Urbanisation in China in the Light of the Latest Census
Jun 06, 2011

Urbanisation in China in the Light of the Latest Census

With its transition from a middle income to a developed country, China is facing several challenges. Inconsistent and changing categories of administrative divisions create problems in the governance of urban centres.

Urgent need for new architecture for India’s neighbourhood policy
Oct 10, 2016

Urgent need for new architecture for India’s neighbourhood policy

With the crippling of the South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC), India’s quest for a new architecture for its neighbourhood policy

Urgent need to enhance India's maritime capacity
Aug 08, 2012

Urgent need to enhance India's maritime capacity

The limited development of India's maritime capacities is a cause for strategic concern, especially considering the impact on the nation's economy, which is currently dependent on sea-borne trade for its well being.

Urgent need to improve India's border infrastructure
Sep 06, 2010

Urgent need to improve India's border infrastructure

India needs to improve its border infrastructure in the background of the changing geopolitics of Asia that will increasingly be shaped by Sino-Indian relations, pointed out a panel discussion on "India's Border Infrastructure" at ORF.

Urgent need to introduce drastic reforms in the IAS
Apr 09, 2010

Urgent need to introduce drastic reforms in the IAS

Do we need the IAS? This was the subject of an interaction organized by Observer Research Foundation Chennai Chapter on Saturday, 4 September, 2010, in the light of 'IT czar' N R Narayana Murthy's call for abolishing the system of generalised administrators under the Indian Administrative Service (IAS)

Urgent steps must for Delhi Metro security
Aug 21, 2010

Urgent steps must for Delhi Metro security

Exceptional and urgent measures must be put in place to ensure the security of the Delhi Metro rail network in the run-up to the Commonwealth Games scheduled for October this year.