Search: For - expenditure

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Defence expenditure: Going beyond the Budget
Mar 20, 2013

Defence expenditure: Going beyond the Budget

Defence needs to be viewed as an integral part of national planning so as to comprehensively quantify the overall requirement to meet our legitimate security needs and strategic aspirations.

Household consumption expenditure in India: A small share for energy
Apr 25, 2024

Household consumption expenditure in India: A small share for energy

In India, expenditure on energy grew faster than expenditure on food and non-food expenditure. This could either mean energy prices increased or that

Household Consumption Expenditure Survey: Irrational challenges
Apr 17, 2024

Household Consumption Expenditure Survey: Irrational challenges

The changes brought to the Consumption Expenditure Survey have raised concerns over comparability with previous rounds of surveys

Indian Consumption Expenditure Survey: Focusing beyond the trends
Mar 29, 2024

Indian Consumption Expenditure Survey: Focusing beyond the trends

By studying India’s consumption patterns over time, effective policies can be undertaken to boost India’s economic growth

#Budget2022’s big capital investment bonanza leaves the health sector largely untouched
Feb 02, 2022

#Budget2022’s big capital investment bonanza leaves the health sector largely untouched

Against the backdrop of the pandemic, the budget continues to club the health sector with the social determinants of health

A second glance at the Interim Budget
Feb 05, 2024

A second glance at the Interim Budget

While the Interim Budget is a temporary plan, the government’s priority and the country’s imperatives remain inclined towards inclusive developmen

A tale of four manifestos in the battle over Bengal: The development dimension
Apr 05, 2021

A tale of four manifestos in the battle over Bengal: The development dimension

One thing is pretty sure from the manifestos. Political parties are more interested in showing the carrots that are readily saleable to their electora

An investment in knowledge: Boosting India-US educational ties
Sep 20, 2023

An investment in knowledge: Boosting India-US educational ties

Educational cooperation between India and the United States (US) has gone from strength to strength, and there is much more that can be done.

Budget 2023: Assessing the social welfare dimensions
Feb 10, 2023

Budget 2023: Assessing the social welfare dimensions

The budget has prioritised capital expenditure for addressing the needs of public infrastructure along with some focussed welfare initiatives in cruci

Can a corporate tax cut alone revive growth?
Oct 04, 2019

Can a corporate tax cut alone revive growth?

Investment and demand are interlinked, thus a lack of investment creates a lack of demand as it impacts income and employment levels, which in turn im

Challenges and opportunities for India: An assessment of the 20th Report on Demands for Grants
Apr 18, 2023

Challenges and opportunities for India: An assessment of the 20th Report on Demands for Grants

As India anchors itself as an emerging pole in this multipolar world order, it is crucial to understand the operational requirements of the Ministry o

Charging India’s battery manufacturing capacity
Aug 27, 2020

Charging India’s battery manufacturing capacity

India could jump a complete technology phase by moving straight to novel battery technologies and strategically reduce its battery import dependence a

China’s new defence white paper
Sep 27, 2019

China’s new defence white paper

The white paper is an amalgamation of past experiences as well as the role that China will play in the global order in the coming years.

COVID-19 and Indian defence planning
May 14, 2020

COVID-19 and Indian defence planning

The Ministry of Defence has fixated on process rather than outcomes for decades with little effort to remedy this, stymying timely modernisation of th

Credible emerging market central banks could embrace quantitative easing to fight COVID19
Jul 09, 2020

Credible emerging market central banks could embrace quantitative easing to fight COVID19

Emerging economies are fighting COVID-19 and the economic sudden stop imposed by the containment and lockdown policies, in the same way as advanced ec

Debt ad Infinitum: Pakistan’s Macroeconomic Catastrophe
May 31, 2023

Debt ad Infinitum: Pakistan’s Macroeconomic Catastrophe

This paper dissects the causes behind Pakistan’s ongoing economic crisis. The causes include dwindling forex reserves, the phenomenon of ‘galloping inflation’, a falling Pakistani Rupee, uncompetitive and undiversified export basket, burgeoning external debt, lack of fiscal prudence, debt distress, and a worsening business environment—all cascading to a balance of payment crisis. While austerity measures, appeals for loan rollover to debt

Defence budget : Long-term strategy needed
Feb 16, 2006

Defence budget : Long-term strategy needed

The emergence of Bangladesh as the new hub of international Islamist terrorism, insurgency in Nepal and Maoist militancy across several states, add new challenges to national security threats that India traditionally tackles. Despite these, India's defence expenditure continues to decrease in real terms and as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) every year.

Defence Budget and its discontents
Jan 24, 2023

Defence Budget and its discontents

Allocations made for capital expenditure must increase if India is to keep pace with China's rising military might

Defence, beyond action-reaction
Mar 31, 2011

Defence, beyond action-reaction

The defence component of the national budget accounts for 14% of central government expenditure, but gets less than 5% of media space. Virtually no discussion on the issue takes place in Parliament either. A call for increased resources for national defence usually goes out only when defence spending by Pakistan and China makes headlines.

Enhancing population health: India's policies and programmes
Apr 05, 2024

Enhancing population health: India's policies and programmes

India is prioritising access to affordable, high-quality healthcare services through recent government policies, reflecting a strong commitment to hea

Examining India’s Interim Defence Budget 2024-‘25
Feb 26, 2024

Examining India’s Interim Defence Budget 2024-‘25

Presenting the Interim Budget 2024-’25 on 1 February, the finance minister announced an allocation of INR 6,21,541 crore (approx. US$75 billion) for the Ministry of Defence (MoD). Representing 1.9 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 13 percent of Central Government Expenditure (CGE), MoD’s new budget is an increase of 4.7 percent over the previous outlays. This brief examines the MoD’s latest budget and contextualises it in the curr

Ganga: Why generous flows of funds have failed so far
Feb 15, 2018

Ganga: Why generous flows of funds have failed so far

A plan to clean Ganga needs to shift focus from centralised large capital expenditure projects, to a decentralised process that undertakes cleaning-up from upstream to downwards, progressing through each watershed before entering the major trunk channel.

Gender-Responsive Budgeting in India: A Stocktaking
May 02, 2023

Gender-Responsive Budgeting in India: A Stocktaking

India introduced Gender-Responsive Budgeting (GRB) in financial year 2005-06 to design public spending in a way that ensures that the benefits accrue as much to the country’s women as they do to the men. India’s effort has influenced both the government’s expenditures and its revenue policies—such as additional tax rebates on properties owned by women, for instance—at the levels of both central and state governments. However, 18

Global Innovation Index 2019: Key takeaways for India
Aug 30, 2019

Global Innovation Index 2019: Key takeaways for India

A proper understanding of India’s thriving R&D services industry and its impact on national innovation capability needs to be developed.

Growing fiscal deficit apprehensions in Bangladesh
Dec 16, 2022

Growing fiscal deficit apprehensions in Bangladesh

Dhaka needs to urgently focus on effective methods for revenue enhancement and expenditure rationalisation to deal with the budgetary problems

Has PMAY-U succeeded in providing affordable housing?
Aug 08, 2022

Has PMAY-U succeeded in providing affordable housing?

Although the scheme has ensured housing supply to millions of households, a focused approach is necessary to address the challenges of slum redevelopm

Healthcare infrastructure remains neglected: The case of Nanded hospital
Nov 09, 2023

Healthcare infrastructure remains neglected: The case of Nanded hospital

To address the issue of poor healthcare infrastructure, the states need to prioritise this sector by diverting funds, creating more capacity in existi

Is consumption-led growth waning?
Jun 14, 2024

Is consumption-led growth waning?

There is at least a temporary decoupling of consumption and GDP, with investment picking up pace and acquiring a greater share of domestic output

Marching to a new drumbeat: What to expect from Budget
Jul 01, 2019

Marching to a new drumbeat: What to expect from Budget

Budget FY2020 should break this dismal trend and increase capital expenditure to 2 per cent of projected GDP.

Military expansion among ASEAN members
Aug 23, 2023

Military expansion among ASEAN members

The changing world order and the growing Chinese aggression in the SCS have compelled the ASEAN countries to increase their military expenditures

New States: Small may be beautiful, but where will it stop?
Aug 12, 2013

New States: Small may be beautiful, but where will it stop?

Can India, in its present state of economy, afford the colossal amount of expenditure and administrative confusion in creating new States? The answer is firmly in the negative. Therefore, it is advisable for the UPA Government to remain firm and refuse to accede to the demand for a new commission for the reorganisation of States.

Pakistan budget 2020-21: The numbers don’t add up
Jun 16, 2020

Pakistan budget 2020-21: The numbers don’t add up

Without deep structural reform, which includes reducing the size of government and curtailing the expenses on the overbearing and overfed holy cow —

Political and policy lessons from Thailand’s UHC experience
Apr 25, 2017

Political and policy lessons from Thailand’s UHC experience

Thailand is one of the few developing countries in the world that have successfully implemented Universal Health Coverage (UHC). Beginning three decades ago, Thailand’s UHC first covered the poor, then the near-poor, the formal sector employees, and the children and the elderly, through various publicly funded and contributory schemes until it reached 71 percent of the entire population in 2000. The government elected in 2001 implemented full-p

Post-pandemic development priorities: Need for SDG-consistent macroeconomic frameworks
Dec 23, 2020

Post-pandemic development priorities: Need for SDG-consistent macroeconomic frameworks

It is good governance at the implementation level that becomes a pre-condition for achieving the goals through improving public expenditure efficiency

Revving up demand is key to economic revival
Mar 03, 2020

Revving up demand is key to economic revival

There has to be an increase in government expenditure in labour-intensive industries and it cannot just rely on the monetary policy through interest rate cuts to stimulate demand.

Riding the storm: Russia’s economic landscape since the Ukraine conflict
Feb 28, 2024

Riding the storm: Russia’s economic landscape since the Ukraine conflict

Since the Ukraine war, Russia’s economy has developed resilience against sanctions. However, the escalating military expenditure, while boosting sho

Some issues to ponder with the proposed Development Finance Institution in India
Mar 18, 2021

Some issues to ponder with the proposed Development Finance Institution in India

The need for an institution to provide for capital expenditure (capex) for the infrastructure spree that the nation intends to indulge in is supreme.

South Asia South Asia Weekly 44
Nov 03, 2008

South Asia South Asia Weekly 44

Sri Lankan President unveiled the biggest ever war budget in the history of the country in view of the ongoing war with the Tamil Tigers. The budget has seen the massive rise of 7% in the war expenditure to a record 1.6 billion dollars in the year 2009.

South Asia Weekly Report 85
Aug 17, 2009

South Asia Weekly Report 85

The Sri Lankan government has decided against cutting back expenditure on defence, given that a fragile peace has been established only recently after the decimation of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE).

Taking election reforms forward — and seemingly, too
May 20, 2019

Taking election reforms forward — and seemingly, too

With the current poll processes expected to come to a close long before the month-end, the Election Commission may need to address the two questions t

The consumers’ economy of India: What do the recent macro numbers tell us?
Mar 18, 2024

The consumers’ economy of India: What do the recent macro numbers tell us?

The Indian economy is at a defining moment where the future might show a reversal from the trend of the consumption-driven growth phenomenon

The Indian Air Force and Indian Army Apache fleet need NLOS missiles
Dec 03, 2021

The Indian Air Force and Indian Army Apache fleet need NLOS missiles

The Indian Air Force and Indian Army along with the Ministry of Defence should jointly negotiate for the Israeli NLOS missiles to avoid unnecessarily

The Search for Sustainable Solutions to Debt Accumulation in Sub-Saharan Africa
Jul 21, 2023

The Search for Sustainable Solutions to Debt Accumulation in Sub-Saharan Africa

Like in some other regions of the world, the COVID-19 pandemic accelerated external debt accumulation in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This could have massive, adverse impacts on growth as governments prioritise debt servicing commitments over key development expenditures such as healthcare and education. For the countries in SSA with relatively lower GDP, this could mean getting caught in a vicious cycle of low output and mounting debt. A pa

Unravelling fiscal stress
Apr 03, 2021

Unravelling fiscal stress

Turning on a light switch and flooding a dark room with light instantly is apt for describing what happens once health security–related lockdowns an

US leaving Afghanistan? There is plenty of time for script to change
Mar 02, 2013

US leaving Afghanistan? There is plenty of time for script to change

Neither Defence Secretary Chuck Hagel nor John Kerry, the new Secretary of State, will find it easy to sketch a credible exit strategy from the Afghan war which according to Nobel Laureate Joseph Stiglitz has already cost $700 billion. Surely this vast expenditure has to be explained in terms of some gains for Washington.

Wanted visionary husbanding of public finances
Oct 05, 2020

Wanted visionary husbanding of public finances

The economic advantage from a revived financial sector will generate manifold benefits in investment, growth, and jobs. Every 1% of growth generates 1.2% of tax revenues.

Warning bells in the Maldivian economy
Dec 17, 2022

Warning bells in the Maldivian economy

It is only by reducing its unnecessary expenditure, reforming underperforming SOEs, and diversifying its economy, can Maldives mitigate its economic p

Why India needs urgent police reforms
Dec 04, 2018

Why India needs urgent police reforms

Internal security is very much a prerogative of police and efficient policing is needed in order to tackle threats. But for that, the police system ne

Why India's defence procurement is problematic?
Apr 10, 2012

Why India's defence procurement is problematic?

A country that spends 15 per cent of its Central expenditure on national defence (armed forces and DRDO) and 23 per cent on national security (armed forces and all other security forces like para-military, police) must explain to its citizens as to whether its spending on security is justifiably utilised or not.

Why severe health challenges need proper debate before Himachal voting
Nov 04, 2017

Why severe health challenges need proper debate before Himachal voting

Himachal Pradesh’s health and nutrition challenges are compounded by severe human resource constraints in the public sector. The earlier gains of th