Search: For - disasters

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Disasters without borders: Strengthening BIMSTEC cooperation in humanitarian assistance
Nov 08, 2017

Disasters without borders: Strengthening BIMSTEC cooperation in humanitarian assistance

This brief seeks to understand the importance of Humanitarian Aid and Disaster Relief (HADR) initiatives in the Bay of Bengal undertaken by the BIMSTEC countries individually, and the dynamics of their collaboration as a subregional forum. It opens with an analysis of the turbulent nature of the Bay of Bengal, because of which disaster management gains paramount importance for the littoral states. The aim is to understand the BIMSTEC countries’

Confronting Cascading Disasters, Building Resilience: Lessons from the Indian Sundarbans
Jan 29, 2021

Confronting Cascading Disasters, Building Resilience: Lessons from the Indian Sundarbans

The intersecting impacts of COVID-19 and climate change are compounding the vulnerabilities of coastal communities.  This paper examines the disastrous effects of cyclone Amphan in the Bengal delta region of the Indian Sundarbans amidst a countrywide lockdown triggered by the pandemic, and their cascading consequences for a rural community inhabiting this climate hotspot. It highlights the livelihood crisis experienced by internal rural-urban mi

Dams as disasters: Are the dams in Arunachal Pradesh aggravating flood damages in Assam?
May 12, 2022

Dams as disasters: Are the dams in Arunachal Pradesh aggravating flood damages in Assam?

Constructing structural interventions without undertaking proper evaluations has led to man-made disasters.

Fixing man-made disasters in Indian metro cities
Feb 18, 2019

Fixing man-made disasters in Indian metro cities

India’s metros are building an unenviable reputation for themselves through a series of man-made disasters.

India's sweet spot: Our economy is stable, although financial disasters loom across the world
Sep 09, 2018

India's sweet spot: Our economy is stable, although financial disasters loom across the world

The Indian market has so far remained protected from the downside, with a rise of 20.1% over the past year, after Germany’s 32.4%, and the US’s 21.4%. Barring a slight overvaluation that may correct as the next quarter numbers deliver profits, there is little real risk to the India story.

A Roadmap for India’s Climate Cooperation with Pacific Small Island Developing States
Aug 16, 2023

A Roadmap for India’s Climate Cooperation with Pacific Small Island Developing States

Pacific Small Island Developing States (PSIDS) are highly vulnerable to disasters emanating from the impacts of climate change, geopolitical tensions, and fluctuations in global energy markets. To overcome this, the PSIDS have committed to ambitious carbon reduction targets, and to adopting renewable energy and low carbon emission initiatives. However, they must contend with critical barriers, such as the lack of finance, capacity, and te

African Human Capital investment: Crucial to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals
May 25, 2023

African Human Capital investment: Crucial to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals

Multiple overlapping global crises—such as the COVID-19 pandemic, climate change-related natural disasters, and regional armed conflicts—have high

BIMSTEC on the Cusp: Regional Security in Focus
Aug 16, 2023

BIMSTEC on the Cusp: Regional Security in Focus

The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) is standing on the threshold of a new inning, as it marks its 25th year in 2022. The past months have been momentous for BIMSTEC, as it adopted a charter at the fifth Summit Meeting in March to outline a clearer purpose for the organisation. During the summit, BIMSTEC rationalised its 14 diverse sectors of cooperation into seven core areas of inte

Climate change and food security in India
May 23, 2023

Climate change and food security in India

Climate change has added to the enormity of India’s food security challenges. While the relationship between climate change and food security is complex, most studies focus on one dimension of food security, i.e., food availability. This paper provides an overview of the impact of climate change on India’s food security, keeping in mind three dimensions — availability, access, and absorption. It finds that ensuring food security in the face

COVID-19: South Asian countries need a migrant worker-friendly disaster management policy
Apr 23, 2020

COVID-19: South Asian countries need a migrant worker-friendly disaster management policy

The recent incidents shed light on the desperation of the migrant labours in the South Asian countries that worsen during disasters like the present p

Creating Pathways for Disaster Risk Financing Post-COVID-19
Mar 25, 2021

Creating Pathways for Disaster Risk Financing Post-COVID-19

As South Asia faces an increasingly complex and expanding disaster risk landscape, the COVID-19 pandemic demonstrated the systemic gaps in risk management. There is a need for a paradigm shift in disaster risk reduction—from a single-hazard, single-sector perspective to a multi-hazard, multi-sectoral, and systemic risk perspective supported by parallel risk financing measures. This brief examines the current gaps in the efficient operatio

Cursed by the rain gods? Assam’s climate challenge
Aug 17, 2023

Cursed by the rain gods? Assam’s climate challenge

Unless strategic measures are undertaken to address Assam’s climate and disaster risks, the losses to the state will only continue to mount in the y

Deepening governance crisis in Indian cities
Jun 27, 2024

Deepening governance crisis in Indian cities

The recent tragic incidents in India have highlighted a common issue: local governance lacks effective functioning, accountability, and transparency.

Dilemmas in disaster management: SAARC under scrutiny
Feb 29, 2024

Dilemmas in disaster management: SAARC under scrutiny

The lack of initiative and political will has led to the marginalisation of the SAARC sector of disaster management from mainstream efforts in South A

Disaster resilient infrastructure governance and public health: The role of the international community
Feb 20, 2023

Disaster resilient infrastructure governance and public health: The role of the international community

As the frequency of climate-related disasters rise, there is a greater need for a compounded cooperative approach within the global community

Financing for Agenda 2030: Deepening India-EU Development Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific
Feb 12, 2024

Financing for Agenda 2030: Deepening India-EU Development Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific

As the world confronts multiple challenges which are intricately connected, our path for development stands at a crucial juncture. In the context of the embroiling polycrisis, progress on the sustainable development goals (SDGs) has been steady but fragile with major and persistent challenges. Financing for Agenda 2030 has emerged as a major bottleneck with several developing economies, especially the least developed countries (LDCs), low-income

Identifying Pathways to ‘Net Zero’
Nov 02, 2021

Identifying Pathways to ‘Net Zero’

Current numbers demonstrate why a net-zero framework is needed, but also show that it is unlikely that direct funding from governments and voluntary f

India-Bangladesh relations: A different stroke
Aug 07, 2020

India-Bangladesh relations: A different stroke

The cooperation between the two countries has deepened in areas of tackling disasters like the Covid-19 pandemic and connectivity.

India: Hope for economic turnaround
Sep 16, 2014

India: Hope for economic turnaround

India may exceed the growth forecasts of the IMF and the World Bank but the task ahead is not easy, especially with 10 million jobs to be created, so much cleaning up to be done and so many disasters to be tackled.

India’s fight against health emergencies: In search of a legal architecture
May 24, 2023

India’s fight against health emergencies: In search of a legal architecture

The ongoing pandemic of COVID-19 (caused by the novel coronavirus or SARS-CoV-2) has exposed glaring gaps in India’s domestic laws. Absent a rationally structured legislation to fall back on, the Union government in March advised states to invoke the Epidemic Diseases Act of 1897 to tackle the pandemic in their jurisdictions. The 123-year-old colonial law, however, does not even define what a disease is, let alone an epidemic or a pandemic. Ind

Is China modifying the weather? India has concerns
Mar 15, 2024

Is China modifying the weather? India has concerns

As weather has historically been used as a weapon in warfare, India must assess the geopolitical and strategic implications of China’s growing weath

Maritime Security in the Bay of Bengal: Obstacles and Opportunities
May 14, 2024

Maritime Security in the Bay of Bengal: Obstacles and Opportunities

This paper examines security collaboration in the Bay of Bengal. It argues that despite increased cooperation in the maritime domain, the security perceptions of Bay states differ significantly, arising primarily from disagreements associated with China’s presence in the region. Crucially, the Bay states are wary of being seen as siding with India to counterbalance China. Even in nontraditional security areas where cooperation is readily possib

Musharraf's loss, jihadis' gain
Oct 26, 2005

Musharraf's loss, jihadis' gain

The October 8 earthquake devastated large parts of Kashmir on both sides of the border, and left thousands dead and millions homeless. It also exposed the Pakistan Army's abysmal lack of experience in handling civilian disasters, a clear absence of higher leadership in coordinating and conducting rescue and relief operations in areas that have been traditionally trodden by the troops.

Nature’s Coast Guard: Valuing and Financing Mangrove Conservation in the Indo-Pacific
Jun 20, 2024

Nature’s Coast Guard: Valuing and Financing Mangrove Conservation in the Indo-Pacific

The Indo-Pacific, which holds most of the world’s mangroves, faces serious risks from natural disasters, including those related to the long-term sustainability of coastal communities and valuable ecosystems. Mangroves uphold biodiversity, support ecosystem functionality, and sustain local livelihoods; however, financing their conservation is proving to be a massive challenge. This report examines the ecosystem services provided by mangroves, i

Non-traditional security in the Bay of Bengal
Dec 13, 2021

Non-traditional security in the Bay of Bengal

Natural and man-made disasters continue to plague the Indo-Pacific region; therefore, greater attention should be paid in addressing these problem are

Reimagine cities, rethink urban policymaking, realign its purpose
Jan 28, 2021

Reimagine cities, rethink urban policymaking, realign its purpose

It is about recognising that while cities offer economic opportunities to millions, they come with poor and overcrowded housing, lack of safe water an

SDGs, Indian Cities and Seismic Sustainability
May 24, 2023

SDGs, Indian Cities and Seismic Sustainability

Goal 11 of the UN Sustainable Development Goals aims to “make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.” Its targets include the promotion of resilience to disasters such as earthquakes. Many of India’s cities that lie in high-intensity zones—determined by ‘seismic microzonation’—are extremely vulnerable to earthquakes. Such cities, therefore, must move towards developing and adopting policies that pro

Social media and disaster preparedness — an ORF-CSIS report
Feb 10, 2017

Social media and disaster preparedness — an ORF-CSIS report

The availability of big data during disasters, in the hands of technology companies can be analysed both real-time and historically to inform best pra

Strategies for strengthening disaster finance in Indonesia
Sep 26, 2023

Strategies for strengthening disaster finance in Indonesia

Indonesia is highly vulnerable to climate change disasters and requires the integration of insurance and mitigation strategies as integral components

Terror in a renewed era of interstate conflict — Bringing climate change center stage
Dec 28, 2020

Terror in a renewed era of interstate conflict — Bringing climate change center stage

Climate change induced natural disasters can have quite significant effects on the conflict scenarios in South Asia and, thereby, provide new impetus

The Crisis of Food Insecurity in Afghanistan
Dec 08, 2021

The Crisis of Food Insecurity in Afghanistan

Eleven million people in Afghanistan are experiencing food insecurity, and 97 percent of the country’s population are on the brink of universal poverty by mid-2022. Every year, about 250,000 people suffer the devastating impacts of environmental disasters such as floods, droughts, avalanches, landslides, and earthquakes. The circumstances are climacteric, as agriculture is the biggest livelihood provider in the country and influential in its ec

The Growing Gaps in Global Humanitarian Challenges
Apr 01, 2024

The Growing Gaps in Global Humanitarian Challenges

Emergency humanitarian aid, which aims to save lives and reduce people’s suffering in times of crises, has grown considerably over the last century to become a central feature of international relations and of the multilateral system. It is estimated that over 400 million people depend on such aid today. The future of these people and of the humanitarian aid they depend on are fraught with risks, in light of five palpable trends: exponentially

The Kharghar tragedy: Lessons to be learnt
May 31, 2023

The Kharghar tragedy: Lessons to be learnt

India must learn from the Kharghar tragedy and adopt several measures to prepare for and tackle the impact of heatwaves.

When COVID19 and Natural Hazards Collide: Building Resilient Infrastructure in South Asia
Oct 20, 2020

When COVID19 and Natural Hazards Collide: Building Resilient Infrastructure in South Asia

Countries in South Asia, before COVID-19, were already battling critical socioeconomic vulnerabilities and a deluge of extreme weather events brought about by a changing climate. The pandemic has demonstrated how disasters can cascade and converge to threaten lives, livelihoods, and economic and social systems. Yet, governments in the region have been slow to incorporate a multi-hazard, multi-sectoral perspective into their preparedness managemen

अरुणाचल प्रदेशातील धरणांमुळे आसाममध्ये पुराचे संकट वाढले आहे का ?
Apr 14, 2023

अरुणाचल प्रदेशातील धरणांमुळे आसाममध्ये पुराचे संकट वाढले आहे का ?

शास्त्रशुद्ध अभ्यासाशिवाय उभारल्या जाणाऱ्या प्रकल्पांच्या बांधकामामुळे आपण मानवनिर्मित आपत्तींना आमंत्रण देत आहोत.

आपत्ती व्यवस्थापनाची दिशा… ओडिशा
Sep 09, 2020

आपत्ती व्यवस्थापनाची दिशा… ओडिशा

नैसर्गिकदृष्ट्या असुरक्षित असूनही लवकर पूर्वपदावर येण्याची क्षमता मिळविल्याने, ओडिशा हे राज्य आज संपूर्ण देशासाठी आपत्ती व्यवस्थापनातील आदर्श ठरले आहे.

आपत्ती व्यवस्थापनातील संदिग्धता: सार्कची चौकशी
Mar 18, 2024

आपत्ती व्यवस्थापनातील संदिग्धता: सार्कची चौकशी

पुढाकार आणि राजकीय इच्छाशक्तीच्या अभावामुळे आपत्ती व्य

चीन हवामानात बदल घडवतोय का? भारताची चिंता वाढली
Apr 29, 2024

चीन हवामानात बदल घडवतोय का? भारताची चिंता वाढली

हवामान हे ऐतिहासिकदृष्ट्या युद्धाचे शस्त्र म्हणून वापर