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Public Awareness on Antimicrobial Resistance: Results of a Community-Based Survey and Implications for Policy
May 04, 2022

Public Awareness on Antimicrobial Resistance: Results of a Community-Based Survey and Implications for Policy

Knowledge assessment is essential to policymaking, including for health. This report measures awareness of antibiotics and antimicrobial resistance, and finds crucial gaps in understanding on many issues. In a survey among visitors to a science museum in Kolkata, the authors found, for example, more than six of every 10 respondents (67 percent) believing that antibiotics can be used to treat viral infections. This report highlights the need to de

Public Credit Guarantee for Small Enterprises in India: An Explainer
Jun 10, 2021

Public Credit Guarantee for Small Enterprises in India: An Explainer

In many parts of the world, including India, Public Credit Guarantee Programmes (PCGP) improve access to credit for small enterprises that are unable to obtain assistance from mainstream financers. This brief discusses the relevance of PCGPs in India, their mechanisms, features, and efficiency. Although these programmes have improved access to credit for MSMEs (micro, small and medium enterprises), there are concerns regarding their efficiency an

Public digital platforms – the value co-creation imperative
Dec 16, 2022

Public digital platforms – the value co-creation imperative

Beyond trust in digital platforms, a key factor affecting adoption of platforms is that of “value co-creation”

Public health concerns and reforms: Perceptions of the civil society
May 01, 2012

Public health concerns and reforms: Perceptions of the civil society

The problem of female foeticide and sex selection was highlighted as a big public health concern at a seminar on 'Public Health Concerns and Reforms' organised by ORF and RLS in Delhi. It was said that India could witness elimination of 9-10% girls in the times to come.

Public health worst spot in India’s economic path
Dec 11, 2017

Public health worst spot in India’s economic path

Public health is the worst spot in India’s economic path despite a recent rise in GDP growth. Without a healthy population and labour force, India cannot hope to compete with countries in the West or the ASEAN.

Public Perceptions on Education Provision: The Case for Reforming India’s Unequal School System
Jul 21, 2023

Public Perceptions on Education Provision: The Case for Reforming India’s Unequal School System

According to the 2020/21 Global Education Monitoring Report, India has the weakest public perception of the government as the primary provider of school education. This issue brief analyses what such low public support for government education provision indicates and discusses the implications in terms of educational equity. It highlights how the hierarchical Indian education system, in which a family’s ability to pay decides the course

Public policy lessons from Pakistan’s experience with COVID-19
Sep 25, 2020

Public policy lessons from Pakistan’s experience with COVID-19

Pakistan must proceed beyond providing immediate relief to its people by investing in programmes that reduce vulnerability and lead to sustained impro

Public private partnerships: Fostering health system resilience
Apr 23, 2024

Public private partnerships: Fostering health system resilience

Employing Public-private partnerships (PPPs) in the health sector has the potential to deliver quality healthcare services that are both affordable an

Public protests and policy issues
Oct 14, 2011

Public protests and policy issues

The Centre having addressed issues in terms of suppliers' liability through parliamentary legislation in the case of nuclear power projects, the nation will have to now decide if it wants growth with risks or would be happy with riskless regression.

Public spending: Cut the fat, finance growth enablers
Nov 02, 2022

Public spending: Cut the fat, finance growth enablers

Focusing on outputs and outcomes can push India towards better health indicators

Public-Private partnership way forward for engineering education
Aug 21, 2008

Public-Private partnership way forward for engineering education

Some of the country's most prominent scientists, academicians, policy makers and industry leaders have pledged to come together to explore ways to strengthen research-oriented higher studies in engineering education in India. At a panel discussion on 'India's Leadership in Manufacturing: Role of Engineering Education' organised by the Observer Research Foundation (ORF), India's leading

#Public Policy: सरकारी नीतियों में व्याप्त कमियों को कैसे दूर किया जाए?
Jul 14, 2022

#Public Policy: सरकारी नीतियों में व्याप्त कमियों को कैसे दूर किया जाए?

आज जब महामारी से लेकर यूक्रेन संकट तक तमाम तरह की उठा-पटक �

#Public Policy: सरकारी नीतियों में व्याप्त कमियों को कैसे दूर किया जाए?
Jul 14, 2022

#Public Policy: सरकारी नीतियों में व्याप्त कमियों को कैसे दूर किया जाए?

आज जब महामारी से लेकर यूक्रेन संकट तक तमाम तरह की उठा-पटक �

#PublicTransport: सार्वजनिक परिवहन के कारण शहरी यातायात की भीड़ पर पड़ने वाला प्रभाव
Oct 20, 2023

#PublicTransport: सार्वजनिक परिवहन के कारण शहरी यातायात की भीड़ पर पड़ने वाला प्रभाव

उचित नीतिगत उपाय और सार्वजनिक परिवहन के प्रदर्शन में सुध

#USElections2016: Why Republicans won
Nov 16, 2016

#USElections2016: Why Republicans won

Republicans will control the White House, Senate and House of Representatives.

70 Policies — Public Provident Fund, 1968
Aug 04, 2018

70 Policies — Public Provident Fund, 1968

Initially offered by post offices and branches of select public sector banks, today, most private sector banks can offer the provident fund scheme to

A long-drawn and rising public-health concern: Hepatitis in the post-COVID world
Jul 28, 2022

A long-drawn and rising public-health concern: Hepatitis in the post-COVID world

As World Hepatitis Day is being observed, it is imperative to be aware of this public health threat, especially since the incidence of hepatitis cases

A matter of choice: Determining public transport systems for urban India
Feb 12, 2024

A matter of choice: Determining public transport systems for urban India

The attainment of sustainable urban public transportation in Indian cities will be crucial for its aspiration to rank among the top three economies

A Public-Private-People Partnership Model for Digital Economy Recovery in the Post-Pandemic World
Aug 03, 2023

A Public-Private-People Partnership Model for Digital Economy Recovery in the Post-Pandemic World

The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic hastened the widespread adoption of digitaltechnologies across the globe. The pace of digitalisation—from the micro levels ofeducation and e-commerce to the macro levels of supply chains and productionnetworks—has galvanised governments to advance digital regulations. Thetightrope walk of creating policies that enable digital innovation and ensureregulations are in the larger public interest have led to inte

A warming warning: Why climate crisis is a public health emergency
May 31, 2024

A warming warning: Why climate crisis is a public health emergency

Recognising climate change as a public health emergency is imperative due to its profound implications for human health and well-being

A.I. Systems as Digital Public Goods: Exploring the Potential of Open-Source A.I.
Feb 08, 2023

A.I. Systems as Digital Public Goods: Exploring the Potential of Open-Source A.I.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems are showing promise in addressing the complex and interrelated challenges facing the world. During the pandemic, for example, AI voice enablement helped in broadcasting advisories in the vernacular and acted as a fact-checking tool. Yet, most AI systems are designed and developed in countries of the Global North. Policymakers in developing economies remain wary of AI systems, especially for use in soci

Aadhaar: Underutilised in promoting preventive and public health
Nov 16, 2023

Aadhaar: Underutilised in promoting preventive and public health

India can craft a holistic public and preventive health policy paradigm by using Aadhaar to cultivate health-positive behaviours

Are our medical device policies aligned for maximal public good?
Jun 22, 2018

Are our medical device policies aligned for maximal public good?

The phase of mandatory approvals and vastly expanded scope under the rulebook heralds a new era for the regulation of medical devices.

ASEAN leaders at Republic Day show India’s strategic pivot for a new Asia
Jan 29, 2018

ASEAN leaders at Republic Day show India’s strategic pivot for a new Asia

When it comes to Asean, the challenge for India is to scale up trade and investment. While ease of doing business is improving and projections by the IMF are all positive, there is long way to go to tackle corruption, energise the bureaucracy and cut through bureaucratic red tape that deters business and trade

Assessing the Impact of Climate Change on Public Health and Nutrition Security
Mar 22, 2024

Assessing the Impact of Climate Change on Public Health and Nutrition Security

Climate change poses a significant risk to global food security. Rising temperatures, extreme weather events, and shifting precipitation patterns impact food production, disrupting food supply chains, increasing food prices, and diminishing food safety. These effects are particularly apparent in developing countries, where vulnerable populations struggle to access nutritious foods and small farmers face financial challenges. Tackling the impacts

Avoid privileging public sector over private sector in space
Jan 09, 2021

Avoid privileging public sector over private sector in space

Guarding against the temptation of statist developmental efforts in the space sector will be a key test for the government — and for ISRO’s scient

Between a Republic and an Emirate: The Future of Afghanistan
Dec 17, 2020

Between a Republic and an Emirate: The Future of Afghanistan

This special report was written before the 2020 United States presidential elections. Under the incoming Biden administration, the US military withdrawal from Afghanistan is likely to be more gradual and “responsible”, despite the President-elect being in favour of American troops exiting the war-weary country soon. In retrospect, Donald Trump’s insistence on pulling out all US troops from Afghanistan by Christmas 2020 was not misguided, si

Bridging the gaping holes in public policy
Jul 08, 2022

Bridging the gaping holes in public policy

As multiple curve balls hit in the form of the pandemic and the Ukraine crisis, the government would have to help recover the economic damages rendere

Building bridges, fostering peace:  J&K's new DGP connects with the public
Feb 28, 2024

Building bridges, fostering peace: J&K's new DGP connects with the public

The continued collaboration between various stakeholders is crucial to effectively foster trust and maintain peace in the Valley.

Building resilience with digital public infrastructure
Oct 26, 2022

Building resilience with digital public infrastructure

The G20 can steward inclusive approaches to digital transformation, directing international development cooperation, and strengthening multilateralism