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A.I. in the Chinese military: Current initiatives and the implications for India
Feb 11, 2020

A.I. in the Chinese military: Current initiatives and the implications for India

The different service arms of China’s armed forces are all undergoing substantial transformation, including exploring the possibilities of integrating Artificial Intelligence (AI) to boost their combat power and effectiveness especially in a time of war. This paper evaluates the significance and potential of AI in improving China’s military capabilities. Chinese official documents and their enunciation of military doctrine indicate that the c

Catalysing Progress Through Capacity-Building Initiatives: Learnings from India’s Pan-African e-Network Project in Ghana and Malawi
Nov 14, 2023

Catalysing Progress Through Capacity-Building Initiatives: Learnings from India’s Pan-African e-Network Project in Ghana and Malawi

Capacity building is a central feature of India’s outreach to Africa. Over the last seven decades, the Indian government has provided numerous scholarships to African students through the Indian Council for Cultural Relations and the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation scheme. India has also established several technical institutes throughout the continent. However, assessments of India’s capacity-building initiatives remain limited. Th

China’s power crisis: Outrage over power outages may affect Xi’s green initiatives
Oct 09, 2021

China’s power crisis: Outrage over power outages may affect Xi’s green initiatives

If China continues to undergo a major energy crunch, its green policy might be under jeopardy

Global initiatives in quantum computing: The role of international collaboration
Sep 19, 2023

Global initiatives in quantum computing: The role of international collaboration

Quantum computing is a novel technology that requires international cooperation for its growth. This should continue unabated despite the incumbent th

Important to connect research institutions to smart city initiatives
Jan 31, 2015

Important to connect research institutions to smart city initiatives

With there being a strong connection between smart cities and a nation's pride, it is important to connect universities and research institutions with smart city initiatives, says Dr. Meric Gertler, President of the University of Toronto.

India-France Trilaterals in the Indo-Pacific: Imperatives, Interests, Initiatives
Nov 04, 2023

India-France Trilaterals in the Indo-Pacific: Imperatives, Interests, Initiatives

By broadening the scope of bilateral cooperation from the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) to encompass the entire Indo-Pacific region, the India-France Indo-Pacific Roadmap, released in July 2023, underscores the importance of moving beyond the traditional self-centred approach to foster a more outward-looking dynamic with key regional partners. The cooperative trilateral mechanisms established by India and France in 2020 (India-France-Australia) and i

Linking Indian and Chinese Maritime Initiatives: Towards a Symbiotic Existence
Sep 15, 2023

Linking Indian and Chinese Maritime Initiatives: Towards a Symbiotic Existence

China’s maritime economic initiative, the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road (MSR) that is part of the larger One Belt One Road (OBOR), has been under considerable international focus recently. India, for its part, has remained non-committal despite China’s charmed offensive. However, with the signing of the Trans-Pacific Partnership and the proposed Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, both of which exclude the growing economies of I

Urban and Regional Development Initiatives in India
Aug 05, 2008

Urban and Regional Development Initiatives in India

The Observer Research Foundation (ORF) India-China Centre (Kolkata) in association with the University of Calcutta, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies (Kolkata), and the Kolkata Municipal Corporation, supported a seminar on Urban Experiences: India, China and the Chinese Indians. The seminar was organised by the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), Kolkata on August 5, 2008 at the Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities, Calc

#Corporate India: भारतीय उद्योग जगत के लिए गवर्नेंस से जुड़ी पहल
Jan 17, 2022

#Corporate India: भारतीय उद्योग जगत के लिए गवर्नेंस से जुड़ी पहल

गवर्नेंस के मज़बूत मानकों के साथ ही भारत का कॉरपोरेट क्ष�

A blueprint to evaluate digital governance
Apr 18, 2013

A blueprint to evaluate digital governance

Sooner than later, India will have to start evaluating its e-governance projects. And in the near future, the focus will shift to the outcomes of e-governance initiatives.

A Proposed Roadmap to Enhance Last-Mile Connectivity in India’s Metro Rail Transit Systems
Aug 14, 2023

A Proposed Roadmap to Enhance Last-Mile Connectivity in India’s Metro Rail Transit Systems

Evidence from several countries suggests that last-mile connectivity solutions—the transport options available to commuters from the origin of their journey to the point of accessing a public transit system—enhance citizens’ mobility and increase metro rail ridership. This brief evaluates India’s operational metro rail transit systems to identify the missing links in the provision and effective implementation of last-mile connecti

A Roadmap for India’s Climate Cooperation with Pacific Small Island Developing States
Aug 16, 2023

A Roadmap for India’s Climate Cooperation with Pacific Small Island Developing States

Pacific Small Island Developing States (PSIDS) are highly vulnerable to disasters emanating from the impacts of climate change, geopolitical tensions, and fluctuations in global energy markets. To overcome this, the PSIDS have committed to ambitious carbon reduction targets, and to adopting renewable energy and low carbon emission initiatives. However, they must contend with critical barriers, such as the lack of finance, capacity, and te

A stable government at the Centre after long!
May 17, 2014

A stable government at the Centre after long!

For the first time in 30 years, Elections-2014 has thrown up a decisive Parliament. The Treasury Bench does not have to do number-crunching all the time, to push policy initiatives, legislative initiatives and even budgets - which have more often than not been passed in the midst of din and dust.

Abe's and Modi's policies on Indo-Pacific becoming concurrent: Japanese Ambassador
Oct 18, 2014

Abe's and Modi's policies on Indo-Pacific becoming concurrent: Japanese Ambassador

The idea of a united Indo-Pacific put forward by t he Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is becoming increasingly concurrent with the foreign policy initiatives of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, according to the Ambassador of Japan to India, Mr. Takeshi Yagi.

Afghanistan: Rising violence, uncertain peace
Mar 23, 2015

Afghanistan: Rising violence, uncertain peace

In Afghanistan, how the unity government strikes an internal balance will in turn determine in long run its ability to carry forth a range of bold policy initiatives through political consensus. It would also to an extent impact morale on the battlefield.

Agriculture 2.0: Harnessing agri-tech towards a US$5 trillion economy
Jul 25, 2023

Agriculture 2.0: Harnessing agri-tech towards a US$5 trillion economy

Galvanising inclusivity, data mining, and exchange and innovation initiatives under the Agriculture Accelerator Fund can help unlock agri-tech’s ful

Are Indian CO2 emissions development-oriented?
Oct 22, 2021

Are Indian CO2 emissions development-oriented?

As the third-largest emitter of carbon dioxide, India needs to chart a development plan rooted in green initiatives to achieve the 1.5 ℃ climate tar

Article 370 a burden on Jammu and Kashmir people
Jul 05, 2014

Article 370 a burden on Jammu and Kashmir people

Article 370 is a burden on the people of Jammu and Kashmir which has been misused by successive State governments to stall the delivery of several public welfare initiatives of the Central Government, according to dean of Jammu Central University.

Aspirations must be backed by investments for the energy transition
Jan 16, 2024

Aspirations must be backed by investments for the energy transition

To achieve both its development goals and energy transition goals, India needs consistently higher levels of growth in national income to enhance the

Assessing Europe’s spiralling energy crisis
Sep 28, 2022

Assessing Europe’s spiralling energy crisis

As the implementation of various energy initiatives has not kept pace with the EU’s diversification plan, the road to achieving energy security rema

AUKUS and the Eastern Indo-Pacific’s Evolving Security Architecture
Aug 14, 2023

AUKUS and the Eastern Indo-Pacific’s Evolving Security Architecture

The formation of AUKUS (a security alliance between Australia, the UK, and the US) and its likely forward momentum in the near- and medium-term is certain to redefine the security architecture in the eastern Indo-Pacific region. Given the twin objectives of maintaining the balance of power and ensuring deterrence against China, several new initiatives and defence agreements between the member countries are on the anvil. The interface of A

Bangladesh–India ties: Time to seize the opportunities
Mar 25, 2021

Bangladesh–India ties: Time to seize the opportunities

The window of opportunity opened up through the ongoing initiatives must now be seized through win-win follow-up initiatives.

Beefing up cybersecurity for India’s energy transition
Oct 07, 2023

Beefing up cybersecurity for India’s energy transition

To create a world-class clean energy ecosystem in India that is safe, all stakeholders must work collectively to develop all critical components and a

Beyond the Preamble: Measuring up the right to education in practice
Jan 24, 2024

Beyond the Preamble: Measuring up the right to education in practice

While the right to education is widely recognised by national constitutions, its actual implementation remains inadequate

BIMSTEC and climate change: Setting a common agenda
Oct 18, 2017

BIMSTEC and climate change: Setting a common agenda

The BIMSTEC region is among the most vulnerable in the world from increased threat due to climate change. In the foreseeable future, climate change is projected to affect each BIMSTEC member country with greater severity and frequency, thereby impeding their response capacity significantly. This brief explores the vulnerability of the region from climate change and the BIMSTEC-level initiatives that have taken place to address the issue. Although

BIMSTEC into the mainstream: The role of the media
May 12, 2023

BIMSTEC into the mainstream: The role of the media

This brief is an experienced journalist’s view of how the media should regard the relevance of BIMSTEC, or the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation; and, in turn, how BIMSTEC can utilise the media in making its issues known to the public and the policymakers, in its immediate region and beyond. The brief argues that if BIMSTEC is to become an effective forum for regional cooperation, it should be more o

BIMSTEC: A call for robust institutionalisation
Jun 07, 2023

BIMSTEC: A call for robust institutionalisation

BIMSTEC’s recent initiatives of strengthening institutional mechanisms are indeed a start but the road ahead is long if not arduous

BJP manifesto outlines Modi’s vision of Indian nation  
Apr 10, 2019

BJP manifesto outlines Modi’s vision of Indian nation  

The BJP manifesto promises to launch a set of initiatives that include "Jal Jivan Mission” under which a special programme will be introduced to ens

Boosting India with maritime domain awareness
Jan 08, 2021

Boosting India with maritime domain awareness

Indian decision makers recognise the need for cooperative tools to fight transnational crime in the littorals. Indian initiatives, however, are yet to bring about an alignment of objectives and strategies of regional littoral states.

Boosting India-Africa defence and security partnership
Mar 24, 2023

Boosting India-Africa defence and security partnership

While new initiatives, platforms, and exercises attest to the growing synergy in Indo-African defence and security partnership, the true potential con

Border Haats: A new horizon of revitalising connectivity and old bonding between citizens of Bangladesh and India
Mar 25, 2021

Border Haats: A new horizon of revitalising connectivity and old bonding between citizens of Bangladesh and India

Small initiatives can have a far-reaching impact in building a stable relationship between India and Bangladesh and also help resolve the gaps in bigg

BRICS’ reserve currency: An attempt to reduce the dollar's dominance?
Sep 01, 2022

BRICS’ reserve currency: An attempt to reduce the dollar's dominance?

Whilst Russia and China are leading de-dollarisation initiatives due to their geopolitical rivalry with the US, India, Brazil, and South Africa have s

Budget 2023: Assessing the social welfare dimensions
Feb 10, 2023

Budget 2023: Assessing the social welfare dimensions

The budget has prioritised capital expenditure for addressing the needs of public infrastructure along with some focussed welfare initiatives in cruci

Building a BIMSTEC agenda for counterterrorism
Nov 28, 2017

Building a BIMSTEC agenda for counterterrorism

Member states of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) continue to grapple with a host of security issues, including the burgeoning ISIS threat and the humanitarian crisis in Myanmar. In the recent months, the region has witnessed the immense social, political, economic and geo-strategic implications of terrorism and displacement. BIMSTEC’s counterterrorism initiatives must therefore be scr

Building African Capacity: What’s the story beyond the numbers?
Nov 10, 2020

Building African Capacity: What’s the story beyond the numbers?

Despite the importance of capacity building in India’s development cooperation programme with African countries, a comprehensive assessment of India

Building blocks of a digital powerhouse: Data centres in India
Mar 30, 2024

Building blocks of a digital powerhouse: Data centres in India

India, with its burgeoning digital landscape, needs to understand the significance of data centres and make substantial investments to harness their p

Building Indian Narratives and Battling New Militancy in Kashmir
Jul 26, 2021

Building Indian Narratives and Battling New Militancy in Kashmir

‘Us vs. Them’ narratives fuel conflicts and make them thrive. This brief examines the role of such narratives in impeding the path to peace and stability in Kashmir, especially in the current era of so-called ‘new militancy’ that is aided by social media. This brief explores how India should build a broad, collective identity in Kashmir—one that will supersede radicalism and a desire for secession. It outlines a history of past and curr

Can the pandemic foster regional cooperation?
Dec 23, 2020

Can the pandemic foster regional cooperation?

While India has stated that it hopes to insulate itself from future shocks, most of the members of the BIMSTEC have become aware of an over-reliance o