Search: For - diplomacy

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QUAD 3.0: A security-oriented reincarnation?
Jun 08, 2023

QUAD 3.0: A security-oriented reincarnation?

As the Indo-Pacific region becomes more contested, the QUAD will have to work together to expand its scope of diplomacy, influence, and security

Quad Meets Amid Russian Invasion of Ukraine
Mar 08, 2022

Quad Meets Amid Russian Invasion of Ukraine

There are clear differences between India and the rest of the Quad, but it is also evident they are willing to work together to resolve those differences.

Rating Modi's foreign policy
Sep 14, 2016

Rating Modi's foreign policy

PM Modi's queue for a reality check to balance diplomacy, with domestic interests, for keeping the economic interests higher.

Rebooting Germany’s foreign policy towards China
Mar 25, 2022

Rebooting Germany’s foreign policy towards China

After Germany’s geopolitical awakening to the threat posed by Russia, would it also reconsider its foreign policy on China?

Reclaiming the Indo-Pacific: A political-military strategy for Quad 2.0
Mar 27, 2018

Reclaiming the Indo-Pacific: A political-military strategy for Quad 2.0

After a decade, officials from India, Japan, Australia and the United States convened in Manila in November 2017 to renew their quadrilateral cooperation in the Indo-Pacific. While the agenda of the quad is still unknown, this paper presents a political-military strategy for the grouping directed at shaping Chinese behaviour in the region. Viewing strategy through the ends-means-ways lens, the paper describes key objectives of dissuasion, deterre

Regional dimensions of global response to COVID-19
May 19, 2020

Regional dimensions of global response to COVID-19

The regional approach to collectively combat the pandemic may have allowed global institutions such as the United Nations and its agencies to engage r

Responding to Donald Trump’s disruption
May 24, 2018

Responding to Donald Trump’s disruption

US President Donald Trump’s ham-handed handling of global diplomacy has once again brought the world back to early 1990s when the threat of American unipolarity drove countries like Russia, China and India towards collective action.

Restructuring Sri Lanka’s debt talks
Oct 19, 2022

Restructuring Sri Lanka’s debt talks

There is no doubt that International Monetary Fund (IMF) loans often come with a set of conditionalities that most countries find unfavourable to implement. With its ongoing economic crisis and complex multilateral debt negotiations between creditor nations, Sri Lanka is no exception.

Rethinking the relevance of existing credit rating agencies to BRICS
May 24, 2017

Rethinking the relevance of existing credit rating agencies to BRICS

Global growth is expected to experience an uptick this year due to renewed economic activity in the emerging and developing market economies. These economies have large investment requirements for infrastructure development and maintaining a sustainable level of economic growth—for which they are dependent on international credit markets. With the growing need of economies to borrow capital abroad, the role of credit rating agencies—most of t

Robust defence
Aug 16, 2017

Robust defence

Smt. Sushma Swaraj was at her best in Parliament while she covered a wide terrain, from Pakistan, China West Asia to Indian diplomacy.

Russia-Ukraine War: रूस और यूक्रेन के बीच जारी युद्ध को रोकने की कोशिशें कहां हो रही हैं?
Jul 26, 2023

Russia-Ukraine War: रूस और यूक्रेन के बीच जारी युद्ध को रोकने की कोशिशें कहां हो रही हैं?

रूस और यूक्रेन के बीच जारीwar को समाप्त करने और शांति स्थाप�

Russia’s Pivot to Asia policy in the wake of western sanctions
Mar 22, 2022

Russia’s Pivot to Asia policy in the wake of western sanctions

In the face of sanctions imposed by the West, Russia and Belarus look towards developing and maintaining economic and geopolitical partnerships with c

Sanctions as a Weapon of War: The European Experience
Dec 09, 2022

Sanctions as a Weapon of War: The European Experience

The Russia-Ukraine war has raged for over 10 months now, and the expectation of an easy Russian walkover over Ukraine has been belied. The war is witnessing strong and determined resistance from the Ukrainian forces, with the support of Western countries through arms and other forms of aid, and sanctions against Russia. This report explores how sanctions are used in modern diplomacy and warfare, and their impact on the Ukraine war and the global

SCO under India’s presidency
Aug 14, 2023

SCO under India’s presidency

India’s presidency of the SCO assisted it in gaining recognition as a crucial regional power and establish itself as a reliable partner for all SCO

Securing Afghanistan: Historic Sources of India’s Contemporary Challenge
Aug 11, 2023

Securing Afghanistan: Historic Sources of India’s Contemporary Challenge

This paper looks at debates from the days of the British Raj until now that have shaped India's strategic thought on Afghanistan. It highlights the impact of India's territorial construct on its strategic imagination and argues that India's Afghan policy is determined by its political geography. Afghanistan has proved to be a security lynchpin in South and A Central Asia over the last two decades. Home to a variety of militant networks with regi

Sino-Indian transitions in the energy sector
Apr 20, 2020

Sino-Indian transitions in the energy sector

Where China and India indicate conspicuous commonalities, aim for similar objectives and reflect identical challenges — exploring Sino-Indian partne

South Asia Weekly Report | Volume XII; Issue 20
May 22, 2019

South Asia Weekly Report | Volume XII; Issue 20

Exploring India's successful management of Cyclone Fani, Nepal's Buddhist diplomacy and other recent developments from South Asia.

South China Sea dispute could lead to China-Indonesia conflict
Oct 08, 2014

South China Sea dispute could lead to China-Indonesia conflict

As the pressure on the new government in Jakarta increases to overtly declare its status against the Chinese in the South China Sea, it also risks falling into the 'extended coercive diplomacy' strategy of the Chinese which focuses on the coercion of an adversary aligned with the US.

Sri Lanka: Implications of Saudi funding in China’s CPC project
Dec 27, 2022

Sri Lanka: Implications of Saudi funding in China’s CPC project

Although Saudi’s funds fit Sri Lanka’s investment needs, it could have unwittingly facilitated the Beijing-Riyadh strategic partnership.

Sri Lanka: Navigating the geopolitics of Asia
Oct 07, 2022

Sri Lanka: Navigating the geopolitics of Asia

Given the IMF's stringent bailout conditions and China's distinct approach, Sri Lanka's road to economic recovery will be a long and arduous one

Sri Lankan crisis: The perils of inherited fallacies and economic mismanagement
Jun 16, 2022

Sri Lankan crisis: The perils of inherited fallacies and economic mismanagement

Sri Lanka, one of the leading countries in the South Asian region, has now descended into a crisis due to flawed policies. Will it be able to undo the

Sri Lankan President Visits India, Highlights Close Relations
Aug 07, 2023

Sri Lankan President Visits India, Highlights Close Relations

Last year’s economic crisis crippled the island nation, but it also provided India an opening to offset some of the inroads that China has made in Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka’s ‘love–hate’ relationship with the IMF
Apr 15, 2022

Sri Lanka’s ‘love–hate’ relationship with the IMF

As Sri Lanka descends into economic despair, only two options are open to it: Either seek further assistance from the IMF or seek loans from individua

Steel in Xi's message
Mar 26, 2013

Steel in Xi's message

A healthy respect for China's power under Xi and an appreciation of what it means for international relations, rather than romantic notions about building an Eastern Bloc against the West, must guide Indian diplomacy in Durban.

Strategic crossroads: Maldives’ debt dynamics with China
Mar 15, 2024

Strategic crossroads: Maldives’ debt dynamics with China

The China-Maldives FTA encourages economic cooperation between the two countries, potentially resulting in China's debt share growing to unsustainable

Strengthening Global Rule-Making: India’s Inclusion in the UN Security Council
Oct 12, 2021

Strengthening Global Rule-Making: India’s Inclusion in the UN Security Council

India’s August 2021 presidency of the United Nations Security Council allowed New Delhi to exhibit clout, creativity, and diplomacy, as it pushed for its inclusion in the Council permanently. Such a push reignites the “responsible stakeholder” debate in Washington and other Western capitals, particularly to gauge India’s rise against the interests of the US and its allies. This brief argues that the West needs to reassess India in a renew

Stronger India-Italy ties can transform Indo-Pacific
Mar 07, 2023

Stronger India-Italy ties can transform Indo-Pacific

At the heart of Italy’s Indo-Pacific vision lies the understanding of this region as the neighbourhood of its strategic Mediterranean Sea.

Sweeping changes in Nepal-China relations
Jun 18, 2024

Sweeping changes in Nepal-China relations

The current political climate has led to unprecedented cooperation between Nepal and China, bringing them closer than ever. This partnership is likely

T20 Side Event | Think20 Youth Engagement: Geopolitics of Multilateralism
Feb 14, 2023

T20 Side Event | Think20 Youth Engagement: Geopolitics of Multilateralism

Think20, Youth Engagement, Geopolitics, Multilateralism, G20, Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam, SDG, macroeconomics, India, G20 Presidency, RCEP, FTA, Trade, economic, infrastructure, diplomacy, Climate Change

Taking a ‘Far East’ turn to deepen a friendship
Aug 29, 2019

Taking a ‘Far East’ turn to deepen a friendship

During Modi’s visit to Vladivostok, India should signal more willingness to invest in a less-developed part of Russia

Technologies changing diplomatic practices: Pre and post-Covid-19 reality
Oct 06, 2020

Technologies changing diplomatic practices: Pre and post-Covid-19 reality

In the time of modern means of communication, diplomacy must evolve as well. The question is — what is the right direction of this evolution?

Technology: Taming – and unleashing – technology together
Jan 16, 2024

Technology: Taming – and unleashing – technology together

Innovative approaches will require regulatory processes to include all stakeholders.

The aftermath of post-coup Niger
Aug 21, 2023

The aftermath of post-coup Niger

Regional African blocs should try to find solutions through diplomacy before the coup in Niger causes regional instability and leads to a full-fledged

The Arab Gulf’s outreach to Iran amidst a flailing nuclear deal
Aug 24, 2022

The Arab Gulf’s outreach to Iran amidst a flailing nuclear deal

With the Arab Gulf states hoping to renew ties with Iran, a collective-diplomacy approach has now kicked in.

The ASEAN, PIF, and IORA drive the agenda of the Quad Leaders’ Meeting in Hiroshima
May 25, 2023

The ASEAN, PIF, and IORA drive the agenda of the Quad Leaders’ Meeting in Hiroshima

China’s growing footprint in Southeast Asia, the Pacific and Indian Ocean has prompted closer cooperation between the Quad and organisations such as

The Brahmaputra conundrum
Dec 04, 2017

The Brahmaputra conundrum

Despite denials from the Chinese authorities, there is strong speculation that plans for a 1000 km-long tunnel is being tested in order to transfer water from the Yarlung Tsangpo in Tibet to Xinjiang. Given this mix of Chinese denial and Indian apprehension, how should Indian strategists react?

The BRI and Covid-19: A tale of two crises
May 28, 2020

The BRI and Covid-19: A tale of two crises

The fallout from Covid-19 makes imminent two crises for BRI’s continued progression: a crisis of credibility and a crisis of viability.

The Bush - Blair media campaign backfires.
Dec 10, 2003

The Bush - Blair media campaign backfires.

The good old days of media diplomacy launched by Washington and London to justify the Iraq invasion seem to be getting over.The American and the British administration had successfully hijacked media spaces across the world to build legitimacy for the offensive on Iraq.

The Changing Global Trade Regime and Emergence of Mega FTAs: Strategy for India’s External Sector Sustainability
Jan 12, 2015

The Changing Global Trade Regime and Emergence of Mega FTAs: Strategy for India’s External Sector Sustainability

This study discusses three major mega free trade agreements (the TPP, TTIP and the RCEP) and attempts to develop a strategy for India to navigate the repercussions engendered by these groupings and thereby safeguard India?s trade and sustain its economic growth.

The Chinese discourse on Xi’s Middle East visit
Dec 23, 2022

The Chinese discourse on Xi’s Middle East visit

Though Xi’s recent trip to the Middle East might have added new momentum to Sino-GCC cooperation, they still need to iron out certain differences

The coming of strategic autonomy in the Gulf
Mar 29, 2022

The coming of strategic autonomy in the Gulf

With the US no longer playing the role of security guarantor to Gulf states, they are diversifying their foreign relations through partnerships involving China and Russia, thereby acquiring greater autonomy.

The dragon in the room
Dec 21, 2012

The dragon in the room

India has indeed sounded the trumpet of defence diplomacy as part of its engagement with the ASEAN over the last two decades. If Delhi does not help promote a stable balance of power in Southeast Asia now, India's own security challenges in the future could get a lot more daunting.

The extent of China’s soft power in South Asia
Jul 11, 2020

The extent of China’s soft power in South Asia

Soft power in South Asia has ushered a fear of retaliation; negative impacts such as debt traps appear less threatening to these countries than turnin

The facade cracks for China
Dec 28, 2020

The facade cracks for China

The more pushback Xi Jinping faces globally, the more aggressive his domestic and foreign policy agenda is likely to become.

The final burial of non-alignment
Nov 17, 2015

The final burial of non-alignment

India, which clung to non-alignment as its international identity since Independence, had little inclination for defence diplomacy. But now New Delhi is slowly moving away from a fastidious avoidance of military partnerships in the past to making security cooperation an important part of India's foreign relations now.

The Future of India’s Development Cooperation in Afghanistan
Nov 08, 2021

The Future of India’s Development Cooperation in Afghanistan

In August 2021, Kabul fell to the Taliban, marking their return nearly 20 years since they first ruled Afghanistan in the mid-1990s. This report examines the prospects of restarting India’s engagements in Afghanistan under the current Taliban regime. It builds on the insights shared during an exclusive, virtual roundtable organised by ORF’s Centre for New Economic Diplomacy (CNED) in September 2021, and makes a case for India to consider the